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path: root/imap4d/imap4d.c
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/* GNU Mailutils -- a suite of utilities for electronic mail
   Copyright (C) 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 
   2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   GNU Mailutils is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
   any later version.

   GNU Mailutils is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with GNU Mailutils; if not, write to the Free Software
   Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston,
   MA 02110-1301 USA */

#include "imap4d.h"
#ifdef WITH_GSASL
# include <mailutils/gsasl.h>
#endif
#include "mailutils/libargp.h"
#include "tcpwrap.h"

mu_m_server_t server;
unsigned int idle_timeout;
int imap4d_transcript;

mu_mailbox_t mbox;
char *homedir;
int state = STATE_NONAUTH;
struct mu_auth_data *auth_data;

int login_disabled;             /* Disable LOGIN command */
int tls_required;               /* Require STARTTLS */
int create_home_dir;            /* Create home directory if it does not
				   exist */
int home_dir_mode = S_IRUSR|S_IWUSR|S_IXUSR|S_IRGRP|S_IXGRP|S_IROTH|S_IXOTH;

enum imap4d_preauth preauth_mode;
char *preauth_program;
int preauth_only;
int ident_port;
char *ident_keyfile;
int ident_encrypt_only;

const char *program_version = "imap4d (" PACKAGE_STRING ")";
static char doc[] = N_("GNU imap4d -- the IMAP4D daemon");

#define OPT_LOGIN_DISABLED  256
#define OPT_TLS_REQUIRED    257
#define OPT_CREATE_HOME_DIR 258
#define OPT_PREAUTH         259
#define OPT_FOREGROUND      260

static struct argp_option options[] = {
  { "foreground", OPT_FOREGROUND, 0, 0, N_("Remain in foreground."), 0},
  { "inetd",  'i', 0, 0, N_("Run in inetd mode"), 0},
  { "daemon", 'd', N_("NUMBER"), OPTION_ARG_OPTIONAL,
    N_("Runs in daemon mode with a maximum of NUMBER children"), 0 },

  {"other-namespace", 'O', N_("PATHLIST"), OPTION_HIDDEN,
   N_("Set the `other' namespace"), 0},
  {"shared-namespace", 'S', N_("PATHLIST"), OPTION_HIDDEN,
   N_("Set the `shared' namespace"), 0},
  {"login-disabled", OPT_LOGIN_DISABLED, NULL, OPTION_HIDDEN,
   N_("Disable LOGIN command")},
  {"create-home-dir", OPT_CREATE_HOME_DIR, N_("MODE"),
   OPTION_ARG_OPTIONAL|OPTION_HIDDEN,
   N_("Create home directory, if it does not exist")},
  {"preauth", OPT_PREAUTH, NULL, 0,
   N_("Start in preauth mode") },
#ifdef WITH_TLS
  {"tls-required", OPT_TLS_REQUIRED, NULL, OPTION_HIDDEN,
   N_("Always require STARTTLS before entering authentication phase")},
#endif
  {NULL, 0, NULL, 0, NULL, 0}
};


static error_t imap4d_parse_opt (int key, char *arg,
				 struct argp_state *state);

static struct argp argp = {
  options,
  imap4d_parse_opt,
  NULL,
  doc,
  NULL,
  NULL, NULL
};

static const char *imap4d_capa[] = {
  "auth",
  "common",
  "debug",
  "mailbox",
  "locking",
  "logging",
  "license",
  NULL
};

static int imap4d_mainloop (int, FILE *, FILE *);

static error_t
imap4d_parse_opt (int key, char *arg, struct argp_state *state)
{
  static struct mu_argp_node_list lst;

  switch (key)
    {
    case 'd':
      mu_argp_node_list_new (&lst, "mode", "daemon");
      if (arg)
	mu_argp_node_list_new (&lst, "max-children", arg);
      break;

    case 'i':
      mu_argp_node_list_new (&lst, "mode", "inetd");
      break;

    case OPT_FOREGROUND:
      mu_argp_node_list_new (&lst, "foreground", "yes");
      break;
      
    case 'O':
      mu_argp_node_list_new (&lst, "other-namespace", arg);
      break;

    case 'S':
      mu_argp_node_list_new (&lst, "shared-namespace", arg);
      break;

    case OPT_LOGIN_DISABLED:
      mu_argp_node_list_new (&lst, "login-disabled", "yes");
      break;

    case OPT_CREATE_HOME_DIR:
      mu_argp_node_list_new (&lst, "create-home-dir", "yes");
      if (arg)
	mu_argp_node_list_new (&lst, "home-dir-mode", arg);
      break;
	
#ifdef WITH_TLS
    case OPT_TLS_REQUIRED:
      mu_argp_node_list_new (&lst, "tls-required", "yes");
      break;
#endif

    case OPT_PREAUTH:
      preauth_mode = preauth_stdio;
      break;
      
    case ARGP_KEY_INIT:
      mu_argp_node_list_init (&lst);
      break;
      
    case ARGP_KEY_FINI:
      mu_argp_node_list_finish (&lst, NULL, NULL);
      break;
      
    default:
      return ARGP_ERR_UNKNOWN;
    }
  return 0;
}

static int
cb_other (mu_debug_t debug, void *data, char *arg)
{
  set_namespace (NS_OTHER, arg);
  return 0;
}

static int
cb_shared (mu_debug_t debug, void *data, char *arg)
{
  set_namespace (NS_SHARED, arg);
  return 0;
}

static int
cb_mode (mu_debug_t debug, void *data, char *arg)
{
  char *p;
  home_dir_mode = strtoul (arg, &p, 8);
  if (p[0] || (home_dir_mode & ~0777))
    mu_cfg_format_error (debug, MU_DEBUG_ERROR, 
                         _("Invalid mode specification: %s"), arg);
  return 0;
}

int
parse_preauth_scheme (mu_debug_t debug, const char *scheme, mu_url_t url)
{
  int rc = 0;
  if (strcmp (scheme, "stdio") == 0)
    preauth_mode = preauth_stdio;
  else if (strcmp (scheme, "prog") == 0)
    {
      char *path;
      rc = mu_url_aget_path (url, &path);
      if (rc)
	{
	  mu_cfg_format_error (debug, MU_DEBUG_ERROR,
			       _("URL error: cannot get path: %s"),
			       mu_strerror (rc));
	  return 1;
	}
      preauth_program = path;
      preauth_mode = preauth_prog;
    }
  else if (strcmp (scheme, "ident") == 0)
    {
      struct servent *sp;
      long n;
      if (url && mu_url_get_port (url, &n) == 0)
	ident_port = (short) n;
      else if ((sp = getservbyname ("auth", "tcp")))
	ident_port = ntohs (sp->s_port);
      else
	ident_port = 113;
      preauth_mode = preauth_ident;
    }
  else
    {
      mu_cfg_format_error (debug, MU_DEBUG_ERROR, _("unknown preauth scheme"));
      rc = 1;
    }

  return rc;
}
      
/* preauth prog:///usr/sbin/progname
   preauth ident[://:port]
   preauth stdio
*/
static int
cb_preauth (mu_debug_t debug, void *data, char *arg)
{
  if (strcmp (arg, "stdio") == 0)
    preauth_mode = preauth_stdio;
  else if (strcmp (arg, "ident") == 0)
    return parse_preauth_scheme (debug, arg, NULL);
  else if (arg[0] == '/')
    {
      preauth_program = xstrdup (arg);
      preauth_mode = preauth_prog;
    }
  else
    {
      mu_url_t url;
      char *scheme;
      int rc = mu_url_create (&url, arg);

      if (rc)
	{
	  mu_cfg_format_error (debug, MU_DEBUG_ERROR,
			       _("cannot create URL: %s"), mu_strerror (rc));
	  return 1;
	}
      rc = mu_url_parse (url);
      if (rc)
	{
	  mu_cfg_format_error (debug, MU_DEBUG_ERROR,
			       "%s: %s", arg, mu_strerror (rc));
	  return 1;
	}

      rc = mu_url_aget_scheme (url, &scheme);
      if (rc)
	{
	  mu_url_destroy (&url);
	  mu_cfg_format_error (debug, MU_DEBUG_ERROR,
			       _("URL error: %s"), mu_strerror (rc));
	  return 1;
	}

      rc = parse_preauth_scheme (debug, scheme, url);
      mu_url_destroy (&url);
      free (scheme);
      return rc;
    }
  return 0;
}
	
static struct mu_cfg_param imap4d_cfg_param[] = {
  { "other-namespace", mu_cfg_callback, NULL, 0, cb_other, 
    N_("Set other users' namespace.  Argument is a colon-separated list "
       "of directories comprising the namespace.") },
  { "shared-namespace", mu_cfg_callback, NULL, 0, cb_shared,
    N_("Set shared namespace.  Argument is a colon-separated list "
       "of directories comprising the namespace.") },
  { "login-disabled", mu_cfg_int, &login_disabled, 0, NULL,
    N_("Disable LOGIN command.") },
  { "create-home-dir", mu_cfg_bool, &create_home_dir, 0, NULL,
    N_("If true, create non-existing user home directories.") },
  { "home-dir-mode", mu_cfg_callback, NULL, 0, cb_mode,
    N_("File mode for creating user home directories (octal)."),
    N_("mode") },
  { "tls-required", mu_cfg_int, &tls_required, 0, NULL,
    N_("Always require STARTTLS before entering authentication phase.") },
  { "preauth", mu_cfg_callback, NULL, 0, cb_preauth,
    N_("Configure PREAUTH mode.  MODE is one of:\n"
       "  prog:///<full-program-name: string>\n"
       "  ident[://:<port: string-or-number>]\n"
       "  stdio"),
    N_("mode") },
  { "preauth-only", mu_cfg_bool, &preauth_only, 0, NULL,
    N_("Use only preauth mode.  If unable to setup it, disconnect "
       "immediately.") },
  { "ident-keyfile", mu_cfg_string, &ident_keyfile, 0, NULL,
    N_("Name of DES keyfile for decoding ecrypted ident responses.") },
  { "ident-entrypt-only", mu_cfg_bool, &ident_encrypt_only, 0, NULL,
    N_("Use only encrypted ident responses.") },
  { ".server", mu_cfg_section, NULL, 0, NULL,
    N_("Server configuration.") },
  TCP_WRAPPERS_CONFIG
  { NULL }
};

int
imap4d_session_setup0 ()
{
  homedir = mu_normalize_path (strdup (auth_data->dir), "/");
  if (imap4d_check_home_dir (homedir, auth_data->uid, auth_data->gid))
    return 1;
  
  if (auth_data->change_uid)
    setuid (auth_data->uid);

  util_chdir (homedir);
  namespace_init (homedir);
  mu_diag_output (MU_DIAG_INFO,
		  _("User `%s' logged in (source: %s)"), auth_data->name,
		  auth_data->source);
  return 0;
}

int
imap4d_session_setup (char *username)
{
  auth_data = mu_get_auth_by_name (username);
  if (auth_data == NULL)
    {
      mu_diag_output (MU_DIAG_INFO, _("User `%s': nonexistent"), username);
      return 1;
    }
  return imap4d_session_setup0 ();
}

int
get_client_address (int fd, struct sockaddr_in *pcs)
{
  int len = sizeof *pcs;

  if (getpeername (fd, (struct sockaddr *) pcs, &len) < 0)
    {
      mu_diag_output (MU_DIAG_ERROR,
		      _("Cannot obtain IP address of client: %s"),
		      strerror (errno));
      return 1;
    }
  return 0;
}

static int
imap4d_mainloop (int fd, FILE *infile, FILE *outfile)
{
  char *text;
  int debug_mode = isatty (fd);
  static int sigtab[] = { SIGILL, SIGBUS, SIGFPE, SIGSEGV, SIGSTOP, SIGPIPE,
			  SIGABRT, SIGINT, SIGQUIT, SIGTERM, SIGHUP, SIGALRM };

  /* Reset signals */
  mu_set_signals (imap4d_child_signal, sigtab, MU_ARRAY_SIZE (sigtab));
  
  util_setio (infile, outfile);

  if (imap4d_preauth_setup (fd) == 0)
    {
      if (debug_mode)
	{
	  mu_diag_output (MU_DIAG_INFO, _("Started in debugging mode"));
	  text = "IMAP4rev1 Debugging mode";
	}
      else
	text = "IMAP4rev1";
    }
  else
    {
      util_flush_output ();
      return 0;
    }

  /* Greetings.  */
  util_out ((state == STATE_AUTH) ? RESP_PREAUTH : RESP_OK, "%s", text);
  util_flush_output ();

  while (1)
    {
      char *cmd = imap4d_readline ();
      /* check for updates */
      imap4d_sync ();
      util_do_command (cmd);
      imap4d_sync ();
      free (cmd);
      util_flush_output ();
    }

  return 0;
}

int
imap4d_connection (int fd, struct sockaddr *sa, int salen, void *data,
		   mu_ip_server_t srv, time_t timeout, int transcript)
{
  idle_timeout = timeout;
  imap4d_transcript = transcript;
  imap4d_mainloop (fd, fdopen (fd, "r"), fdopen (fd, "w"));
  return 0;
}

int
imap4d_check_home_dir (const char *dir, uid_t uid, gid_t gid)
{
  struct stat st;

  if (stat (homedir, &st))
    {
      if (errno == ENOENT && create_home_dir)
	{
	  mode_t mode = umask (0);
	  int rc = mkdir (homedir, home_dir_mode);
	  umask (mode);
	  if (rc)
	    {
	      mu_error ("Cannot create home directory `%s': %s",
			homedir, mu_strerror (errno));
	      return 1;
	    }
	  if (chown (homedir, uid, gid))
	    {
	      mu_error ("Cannot set owner for home directory `%s': %s",
			homedir, mu_strerror (errno));
	      return 1;
	    }
	}
    }
  
  return 0;
}

int
main (int argc, char **argv)
{
  struct group *gr;
  int status = 0;
  static int sigtab[] = { SIGILL, SIGBUS, SIGFPE, SIGSEGV, SIGSTOP, SIGPIPE,
			  SIGABRT };

  /* Native Language Support */
  MU_APP_INIT_NLS ();

  state = STATE_NONAUTH;	/* Starting state in non-auth.  */

  MU_AUTH_REGISTER_ALL_MODULES ();
  /* Register the desired formats. */
  mu_register_local_mbox_formats ();
  
  imap4d_capability_init ();
#ifdef WITH_TLS
  mu_gocs_register ("tls", mu_tls_module_init);
#endif /* WITH_TLS */
#ifdef WITH_GSASL
  mu_gocs_register ("gsasl", mu_gsasl_module_init);
#endif
  mu_tcpwrapper_cfg_init ();
  mu_acl_cfg_init ();
  mu_m_server_cfg_init ();
  
  mu_argp_init (program_version, NULL);

  mu_m_server_create (&server, program_version);
  mu_m_server_set_conn (server, imap4d_connection);
  mu_m_server_set_prefork (server, mu_tcp_wrapper_prefork);
  mu_m_server_set_mode (server, MODE_INTERACTIVE);
  mu_m_server_set_max_children (server, 20);
  /* FIXME mu_m_server_set_pidfile (); */
  mu_m_server_set_default_port (server, 143);
  mu_m_server_set_timeout (server, 1800);  /* RFC2060: 30 minutes. */
  mu_m_server_set_strexit (server, mu_strexit);
  
  if (mu_app_init (&argp, imap4d_capa, imap4d_cfg_param, 
		   argc, argv, 0, NULL, server))
    exit (EX_CONFIG); /* FIXME: No way to discern from EX_USAGE? */

  if (login_disabled)
    imap4d_capability_add (IMAP_CAPA_LOGINDISABLED);
#ifdef WITH_TLS
  if (tls_required)
    imap4d_capability_add (IMAP_CAPA_XTLSREQUIRED);
#endif
  
  auth_gssapi_init ();
  auth_gsasl_init ();

#ifdef USE_LIBPAM
  if (!mu_pam_service)
    mu_pam_service = "gnu-imap4d";
#endif

  if (mu_m_server_mode (server) == MODE_DAEMON)
    {
      /* Normal operation: */
      /* First we want our group to be mail so we can access the spool.  */
      errno = 0;
      gr = getgrnam ("mail");
      if (gr == NULL)
	{
	  if (errno == 0 || errno == ENOENT)
            {
               mu_error (_("%s: No such group"), "mail");
               exit (EX_CONFIG);
            }
          else
            {
	       mu_error (_("Error getting mail group: %s"), 
                         mu_strerror (errno));
	       exit (EX_OSERR);
            }
	}

      if (setgid (gr->gr_gid) == -1)
	{
	  mu_error (_("Error setting mail group: %s"), mu_strerror (errno));
	  exit (EX_OSERR);
	}
    }

  /* Set the signal handlers.  */
  mu_set_signals (imap4d_master_signal, sigtab, MU_ARRAY_SIZE (sigtab));

  /* Set up for syslog.  */
  openlog (MU_LOG_TAG (), LOG_PID, mu_log_facility);

  /* Redirect any stdout error from the library to syslog, they
     should not go to the client.  */
  {
    mu_debug_t debug;

    mu_diag_get_debug (&debug);
    mu_debug_set_print (debug, mu_diag_syslog_printer, NULL);

    mu_debug_default_printer = mu_debug_syslog_printer;
  }

  umask (S_IROTH | S_IWOTH | S_IXOTH);	/* 007 */

  /* Check TLS environment, i.e. cert and key files */
#ifdef WITH_TLS
  starttls_init ();
#endif /* WITH_TLS */

  /* Actually run the daemon.  */
  if (mu_m_server_mode (server) == MODE_DAEMON)
    {
      mu_m_server_begin (server);
      status = mu_m_server_run (server);
      mu_m_server_end (server);
      mu_m_server_destroy (&server);
    }
  else
    {
      /* Make sure we are in the root directory.  */
      chdir ("/");
      status = imap4d_mainloop (fileno (stdin), stdin, stdout);
    }

  if (status)
    mu_error (_("Main loop status: %s"), mu_strerror (status));	  
  /* Close the syslog connection and exit.  */
  closelog ();

  return status ? EX_SOFTWARE : EX_OK;
}

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