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#! /usr/bin/perl
# This file is part of pam-modules.
# Copyright (C) 2014 Sergey Poznyakoff
#
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
# any later version.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
# with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

use strict;
use Net::LDAP;

=head1 NAME

usergitconfig - initialize user .gitconfig file

=head1 SYNOPSIS

B<usergitconfig> I<LOGIN>

=head1 DESCRIPTION

This program reads the B<.gitconfig> file from the current working directory
and expands occurrences of B<${I<ATTRIBUTE>}> with the value of I<ATTRIBUTE>
from the LDAP B<posixAccount> record for user I<LOGIN>.  If there is no such
attribute, an empty value is substituted.

The program reads its configuration from one of the following files:
B</etc/ldap.conf>, B</etc/ldap/ldap.conf> and B</etc/openldap/ldap.conf>.
These files are tried in this order and the first one of them that exists
is read.

The following configuration statements are used:

=over 4

=item B<uri> B<ldap[si]://>[I<name>[:I<port>]] ...>

Specifies the URI of the LDAP server (or servers) to connect to.  The default
is B<ldap://127.0.0.1>.    
    
=item B<base> I<DN>

Specifies the default base DN to use when performing ldap operations.
The base must be specified as a Distinguished Name in LDAP format.

=item B<binddn> I<DN>

Specifies the default bind DN to use.

=item B<binddnpw> I<PASS>

Specifies the password to use with B<binddn>.    

=item B<uid> I<ATTR>

Name of the attribute to use instead of B<uid>.  The LDAP record is searched
using the filter B<(&(objectClass=posixAccount)(I<ATTR>=I<LOGIN>))>.
    
=back    

All keywords are case-insensitive.

By default, the program expands the keywords in the B<.gitconfig> file.  This
can be changed via the environment variable B<GITCONFIG_TEMPLATE>.  If it is
set, the program uses its value as the name of the file to use.  This file is
read line by line, expanding the keywords encountered and the resulting text
is written to B<.gitconfig>.

The program is intended to be used in B<initrc-command> keyword of the
B<pam_ldaphome>(8) configuration file.

=head1 SEE ALSO

B<pam_ldaphome>(8), B<ldap.conf>(5).

=head1 AUTHOR

Sergey Poznyakoff <gray@gnu.org>    
    
=cut    

# ###################################
# Configuration file handling
# ###################################

my %config = ('uri' => 'ldap://127.0.0.1', 'uid' => 'uid');

sub read_config_file($) {
    my $config_file = shift;
    my $file;
    my $line = 0;

    open($file, "<", $config_file) or die("cannot open $config_file: $!");
    while (<$file>) {
	++$line;
	chomp;
	s/^\s+//;
	s/\s+$//;
	        s/#.*//;
	next if ($_ eq "");
	my @kwp = split(/\s*\s+\s*/, $_, 2);
	$config{lc($kwp[0])} = $kwp[1];
    }
    close($file);
}

# ###################################
# LDAP Functions
# ###################################

sub assert {
    my $mesg = shift;
    my $action = shift;
    die("An error occurred $action: ".$mesg->error) if ($mesg->code);
    return $mesg;
}

sub ldap_connect {
    my $ldap = Net::LDAP->new($config{'uri'})
	or die("Unable to connect to LDAP server $config{'uri'}: $!");
    my @bindargs = ();
    if (defined($config{'binddn'})) {
	push(@bindargs, $config{'binddn'});
	push(@bindargs, password => $config{'bindpass'}) # FIXME
	    if defined($config{'bindpass'});
    }
    assert($ldap->bind(@bindargs), "binding to the server");
    return $ldap;
}

# ###################################
# MAIN
# ###################################

die "bad number of arguments" unless ($#ARGV == 0);

## Read configuration
foreach my $file ("/etc/ldap.conf", "/etc/ldap/ldap.conf",
		  "/etc/openldap/ldap.conf") {
    if (-e $file) {
	read_config_file($file);
	last;
    }
}

my $ldap = ldap_connect;

my $filter = "(&(objectClass=posixAccount)($config{'uid'}=$ARGV[0]))";

my $res = assert($ldap->search(base => $config{'base'},
			       filter => $filter),
		 "searching for $filter in $config{'base'}");
my $entry = $res->entry(0);

my $template = defined($ENV{'GITCONFIG_TEMPLATE'})
                   ? $ENV{'GITCONFIG_TEMPLATE'}
                   : ".gitconfig";
open(my $fd, "<", $template) or die "can't open $template: $!";

my $outfile;
if ($template eq ".gitconfig") {
    $outfile = ".gitconfig.$$";
} else {
    $outfile = ".gitconfig";
}

open(my $ofd, ">", $outfile) or die "can't open $outfile for output: $!";

while (<$fd>) {
    s/\$\{(.*?)\}/$entry->get_value($1)/gex;
    print $ofd $_;
}

close $fd;
close $ofd;

if ($outfile ne ".gitconfig") {
    unlink(".gitconfig")
	or die "can't unlink .gitconfig: $1";
    rename($outfile, ".gitconfig")
	or die "can't rename $outfile to .gitconfig: $1";
}

$ldap->unbind;

			    

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