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path: root/src/dnsbase.c
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/* This file is part of mailfromd.
   Copyright (C) 2005, 2006, 2007 Sergey Poznyakoff

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
   any later version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */

#define MF_SOURCE_NAME  MF_SOURCE_DNSBASE

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
# include <config.h>
#endif

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <arpa/nameser.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <resolv.h>
#include "mailfromd.h"

struct mx_buffer {
	unsigned pref;
	char *name;
};

static int
comp_pref(const void *a, const void *b)
{
	const struct mx_buffer *ma = a, *mb = b;
	if (ma->pref > mb->pref)
		return 1;
	else if (ma->pref < mb->pref)
		return -1;
	return strcmp(ma->name, mb->name);
}

/* Obtain MX records for domain name HOST. Return them in mxbuf, sorted by
   preference in ascending order.
   Notice that we *have* to use old BIND-4-style method, since glibc folks
   in their incredible wiseness have not exported new interface functions
   from libresolve.so. The only way to access them would be to link with
   -lresolve statically.
   
   Let's hope that someday this stupidity will change. */
   
static dns_status
_getmx(const char *host, char *answer, size_t answer_size, mxbuf_t mxbuf,
       size_t *pcount, unsigned long *pttl)
{
	int i, n, nmx;
	struct mx_buffer mx_buffer[MAXMXCOUNT];
	HEADER *hp;
	unsigned char *eom, *cp;
	unsigned short qdcount, ancount;
	struct __res_state stat;

	debug1(80,"Getting MX records for %s", host);
	memset((void *)&stat, 0, sizeof(struct __res_state));
	res_ninit(&stat);
	n = res_nquery (&stat, host, C_IN, T_MX, answer, answer_size);
	res_nclose(&stat);
	if (n < 0) {
		debug2(10, "res_nquery failed (errno=%s, h_errno=%d)",
		       mu_strerror(errno), h_errno);
		switch (h_errno) {
		case NO_DATA:
		case NO_RECOVERY:
		case HOST_NOT_FOUND:
			return dns_not_found;

		case TRY_AGAIN:
		case -1:
			return dns_temp_failure;

		default:
			mu_error(_("res_nquery(%s) failed with unexpected h_errno %d"),
				 host, h_errno);
			return dns_failure;
		}
	}

	if (n > answer_size)
		n = answer_size;

	hp = (HEADER*)answer;
	cp = (unsigned char *) answer + HFIXEDSZ;
	eom = (unsigned char *) answer + n;
	
	/* Skip query part */
	for (qdcount = ntohs((unsigned short)hp->qdcount);
	     qdcount--;
	     cp += n + QFIXEDSZ) {
		if ((n = dn_skipname(cp, eom)) < 0)
			return dns_failure;
	}

	ancount = ntohs((unsigned short)hp->ancount);

	/* Collect MX records */
	for (i = nmx = 0; i < ancount; i++) {
		unsigned short pref, type;
		char tname[NS_MAXDNAME];
		unsigned long ttl;
		
		if ((n = dn_expand((unsigned char *)answer,
				   eom, cp, tname, sizeof tname)) < 0)
			break;
		cp += n;
		GETSHORT(type, cp);
		cp += INT16SZ;
		GETLONG(ttl, cp);
		if (pttl)
			UPDATE_TTL(*pttl, ttl);
		GETSHORT(n, cp);
		if (type != T_MX) {
			debug2(90,"unexpected answer type %d, size %d\n",
				   type, n);
			cp += n;
			continue;
		}
		GETSHORT(pref, cp);
		if ((n = dn_expand((u_char *)answer, eom, cp,
				   tname, sizeof tname)) < 0)
			break;
		cp += n;
		mx_buffer[nmx].pref = pref;
		mx_buffer[nmx].name = strdup(tname);
		debug2(20,"MX %u %s", mx_buffer[nmx].pref,
			   mx_buffer[nmx].name);
		if (++nmx >= MAXMXCOUNT)
			break;
	}

	/* Sort according to preference value */
	qsort(mx_buffer, nmx, sizeof mx_buffer[0], comp_pref);

	/* Prepare return value */
	memset(mxbuf, 0, sizeof(mxbuf_t));
	for (i = 0; i < nmx; i++) 
		mxbuf[i] = mx_buffer[i].name;
	*pcount = nmx;
	return dns_success;
}

int
dns_str_is_ipv4(const char *addr)
{
        int dot_count;
        int digit_count;

        dot_count = 0;
        digit_count = 0;
        while (*addr != 0 && *addr != ' ') {
                if (*addr == '.') {
                        if (++dot_count > 3)
                                break;
                        digit_count = 0;
                } else if (!(isdigit(*addr) && ++digit_count <= 3)) {
                        return 0;
                }
                addr++;
        }

        return dot_count == 3;
}

MUTEX_DCL(dns_mutex)

/* Return MX records for the given HOST. If no records were found, recurse
   to its parent domains until any record is found or recursion depth reaches
   MAXDEPTH */
dns_status
dns_get_mx_records(const char *host, int maxdepth, mxbuf_t mxbuf,
		   size_t *mxcount, unsigned long *ttl)
{
	char *hbuf = NULL;
	dns_status status = dns_failure;
	
	MUTEX_LOCK(dns_mutex);
	if (dns_str_is_ipv4(host)) {
		status = resolve_ipstr(host, &hbuf);
		if (status != dns_success)
			host = NULL;
	}
	
	if (host) {		
		unsigned char *answer = malloc(MAXPACKET);
		if (!answer)
			status = dns_failure;
		else {
			const char *p;
			int depth;
			
			for (p = host, depth = 0; p && depth < maxdepth;
			     p++, depth++) {
				if (ttl)
					*ttl = ~(unsigned long)0;
				status = _getmx(p, answer, MAXPACKET, mxbuf,
						mxcount, ttl);
				if (status == dns_success 
				    || status == dns_temp_failure)
					break;
				p = strchr(p, '.');
				if (!p)
					break;
			}
			free(answer);
		}
	}
	MUTEX_UNLOCK(dns_mutex);
	free(hbuf);
	return status;
}

void
dns_freemx(mxbuf_t mxbuf)
{
	int i;
	for (i = 0; i < MAXMXCOUNT && mxbuf[i]; i++)
		free(mxbuf[i]);
}

#define LOOKUP_FAILURE  -1
#define LOOKUP_SUCCESS 0
#define LOOKUP_CNAME   1

struct loop_data {
	int qtype;                /* Type of the query */
	char *name;               /* Key to look up */ 
	size_t name_size;         /* Length of the key */  
	char *domain;             /* Domain name */
	size_t domain_size;       /* Length of the domain name */ 
	char *answer;             /* Answer buffer */
	size_t answer_size;       /* Size of answer buffer */

	/* Return data: */
	char *hbuf;               /* Return buffer */
	size_t hbsize;            /* Size of return buffer */
	size_t hbcount;           /* Number of items returned */
	
	time_t ttl;               /* TTL value */  
	dns_status status;        /* Status */
	int atype;                /* On input: desired answer type or T_ANY
				     On output: Answer type */  

	/* Internal data */
	size_t loopcnt;           /* Number of CNAME loops allowed */
};

#define NSIZE MAX(MAXPACKET, MAXDNAME*2+2)
#define SET_STATUS(lp,s) if ((lp)->status != dns_success) (lp)->status = s

typedef struct {
	GACOPYZ_UINT32_T x; 
	char a;
} align;

static int
domain_name_cmp(const char *ptr, const char *name, const char *domain)
{
	int c;
	while (*name)
		if (c = *ptr++ - *name++)
			return c;
	if (*domain && *ptr != '.')
		return *ptr - *domain;
	ptr++;
	while (*domain)
		if (c = *ptr++ - *domain++)
			return c;
	return 0;
}

static int
cname_loop_body(struct loop_data *lp)
{
	int i, n, rc;
	HEADER *hp;
	unsigned char *eom, *cp;
	unsigned short qdcount, ancount;
	char *p;
	size_t len;
	struct __res_state statb;
	
	memset((void *)&statb, 0, sizeof(struct __res_state));
	res_ninit(&statb);
	n = res_nquerydomain (&statb, lp->name, lp->domain, C_IN, lp->qtype,
			      lp->answer, lp->answer_size);
	res_nclose(&statb);
	if (n < 0) {
		debug2(10, "res_nquerydomain failed (errno=%s, h_errno=%d)",
		       mu_strerror(errno), h_errno);
		switch (h_errno) {
		case NO_DATA:
		case NO_RECOVERY:
		case HOST_NOT_FOUND:
			SET_STATUS(lp, dns_not_found);
			return LOOKUP_FAILURE;

		case TRY_AGAIN:
		case -1:
			SET_STATUS(lp, dns_temp_failure);
			return LOOKUP_FAILURE;

		default:
			mu_error(_("res_nquerydomain(%s) failed with unexpected h_errno %d"),
				 lp->name, h_errno);
			SET_STATUS(lp, dns_failure);
			return LOOKUP_FAILURE;
		}
	}

	if (n > lp->answer_size)
		n = lp->answer_size;

	hp = (HEADER*) lp->answer;
	cp = (unsigned char *) lp->answer + HFIXEDSZ;
	eom = (unsigned char *) lp->answer + n;
	
	/* Skip query part */
	for (qdcount = ntohs((unsigned short)hp->qdcount);
	     qdcount--;
	     cp += n + QFIXEDSZ) {
		if ((n = dn_skipname(cp, eom)) < 0) {
			SET_STATUS(lp, dns_failure);
			return LOOKUP_FAILURE;
		}
	}

	SET_STATUS(lp, dns_not_found);
	
	for (ancount = ntohs((unsigned short) hp->ancount), i = 0;
	     i < ancount && cp < eom;
	     cp += n, i++) {
		unsigned short type;
		unsigned long ttl = ~(unsigned long)0;
		char nbuf[NSIZE];
		char *bp = nbuf;
		size_t blen = sizeof nbuf;
		size_t l;
		
		n = dn_expand((unsigned char *) lp->answer, eom, cp,
			      nbuf, sizeof nbuf);
		if (n < 0)
			break;
		cp += n;
		GETSHORT(type, cp);
		cp += INT16SZ;		/* skip over class */
		GETLONG(ttl, cp);
		UPDATE_TTL(lp->ttl, ttl);
		GETSHORT(n, cp);	/* rdlength */
		
		switch (type) {
		case T_A:
			if (lp->atype != T_ANY && lp->atype != type)
				continue;
			if (domain_name_cmp(bp, lp->name, lp->domain) != 0) 
				continue;

			/* Skip host name */
			l = strlen(bp) + 1;
			bp += l;
			blen -= l;

			blen -= sizeof(align) - ((u_long)bp % sizeof(align));
			bp += sizeof(align) - ((u_long)bp % sizeof(align));

			if (bp + n >= nbuf + blen) {
				debug1(1, "size (%d) too big", n);
			} else {
				if (n != sizeof(GACOPYZ_UINT32_T)) {
					debug1(1,
					       "unsupported address size: %d",
					       n);
				} else if (lp->hbcount * sizeof(GACOPYZ_UINT32_T) >= lp->hbsize)
					debug(1, "Too many addresses");
				else {
					memmove((GACOPYZ_UINT32_T *)
						lp->hbuf + lp->hbcount,
						cp, n);
					lp->hbcount++;
				}
			}
 			bp += n;
			blen -= n;
			lp->atype = T_A;
			SET_STATUS(lp, dns_success);
			break;
				
		case T_PTR:
			if (lp->atype != T_ANY && lp->atype != type)
				continue;
			if ((rc = dn_expand((unsigned char *)lp->answer,
					    eom, cp,
					    nbuf, sizeof(nbuf))) < 0) {
				SET_STATUS(lp, dns_failure);
				return LOOKUP_FAILURE;
			} 
			l = strlen(nbuf);
			if (lp->hbcount + l >= lp->hbsize)
				break;
			memcpy(lp->hbuf + lp->hbcount, nbuf, l);
			lp->hbcount += l;
			lp->hbuf[lp->hbcount++] = 0;
			lp->atype = T_PTR;
			SET_STATUS(lp, dns_success);
			break;
					       			
		case T_TXT:
			if (lp->atype != type)
				continue;
			l = cp[0];
			if (lp->hbcount + l >= lp->hbsize)
				break;
			memcpy(lp->hbuf + lp->hbcount, cp + 1, l);
			lp->hbcount += l;
			lp->hbuf[lp->hbcount++] = 0;
			lp->atype = T_TXT;
			SET_STATUS(lp, dns_success);
			break;
			
		case T_CNAME:
			if (--lp->loopcnt == 0) {
				mu_error(_("DNS failure: CNAME loop for %s"),
					  lp->name);
				SET_STATUS(lp, dns_failure);
				return LOOKUP_FAILURE;
			}

			if ((rc = dn_expand((unsigned char *)lp->answer,
					    eom, cp,
					    nbuf, sizeof(nbuf))) < 0) {
				SET_STATUS(lp, dns_failure);
				return LOOKUP_FAILURE;
			}
			
			/* RFC 1034 section 3.6 specifies that CNAME
			   should point at the canonical name -- but
			   urges software to try again anyway.
			*/
			p = strchr (nbuf, '.');
			if (!p)
				return LOOKUP_SUCCESS;
			len = p - nbuf;
			if (len + 1 >= lp->name_size)
				return LOOKUP_FAILURE;
			memcpy(lp->name, nbuf, len);
			lp->name[len] = 0;
			len = strlen (p + 1);
			if (len + 1 >= lp->domain_size)
				return LOOKUP_FAILURE;
			strcpy(lp->domain, p + 1);
			return LOOKUP_CNAME;
		}
	}	

	return lp->status == dns_success ? LOOKUP_SUCCESS : LOOKUP_FAILURE;
}

static void
cnameloop(struct loop_data *lp)
{
	MUTEX_LOCK(dns_mutex);
	if (!lp->answer) {
		static unsigned char *answer;
		if (!answer)
			answer = xmalloc(MAXPACKET);
		lp->answer = answer;
		lp->answer_size = MAXPACKET;
	}
	while (cname_loop_body(lp) == LOOKUP_CNAME)
		;
	MUTEX_UNLOCK(dns_mutex);
}

typedef char IPBUF[3*4+3+1];

int
dns_reverse_ipstr(const char *ipstr, char *revipstr)
{
	int i;
	const char *p;
	char *q;

	q = revipstr + strlen(ipstr);
	*q = 0;
	for (i = 0, p = ipstr; *p && i < 4; i++) {
		int len;
			
		for (len = 0; p[len] && p[len] != '.'; len++)
			;
		q -= len;
		memcpy(q, p, len);
		if (q > revipstr)
			*--q = '.';
		p += len;
		if (*p == '.')
			p++;
	}
	
	return *p || i != 4;
}

dns_status
dns_resolve_ipstr(const char *ipstr, const char *domain,
		  char *answer, size_t answer_size,
		  char *hbuf, size_t hbsize, unsigned long *ttl)
{
	char namebuf[NSIZE];
	char domainbuf[NSIZE];
	struct loop_data ld;

	ld.qtype = ld.atype = T_ANY;

	if (!domain) {
		if (dns_reverse_ipstr(ipstr, namebuf))
			return dns_failure;
		
		ld.name = namebuf;
		ld.name_size = sizeof namebuf;
	} else {
		strncpy(namebuf, ipstr, sizeof(namebuf)-1);
		namebuf[sizeof(namebuf)-1] = 0;
		ld.name = namebuf;
		ld.name_size = strlen(ld.name);
	}
	
	ld.domain = domainbuf;
	strcpy(domainbuf, domain ? domain : "in-addr.arpa");
	ld.domain_size = sizeof domainbuf;
	ld.answer = answer;
	ld.answer_size = answer_size;
	ld.hbuf = hbuf;
	ld.hbsize = hbsize;
	ld.hbcount = 0;
	ld.ttl = ~(unsigned long)0;
	ld.status = dns_failure;
	ld.loopcnt = MAXCNAMEDEPTH;

	cnameloop(&ld);
	
	if (ld.status == dns_success && ld.atype == T_A) {
		struct in_addr s;
		char *p;
		s.s_addr = *(GACOPYZ_UINT32_T*)hbuf;
		p = inet_ntoa(s);
		strncpy(hbuf, p, hbsize);
	}

	*ttl = ld.ttl;
	return ld.status;
}

dns_status
dns_resolve_hostname(const char *host, char *answer, size_t answer_size,
		     char *ipbuf, size_t ipbsize, unsigned long *ttl)
{
	struct loop_data ld;
	char namebuf[NSIZE];
	char domainbuf[NSIZE] = "";
	
	ld.qtype = ld.atype = T_A;
	
	strncpy(namebuf, host, sizeof namebuf - 1);
	ld.name = namebuf;
	ld.name_size = sizeof namebuf;
	ld.domain = domainbuf;
	ld.domain_size = sizeof domainbuf;
	ld.answer = answer;
	ld.answer_size = answer_size;
	ld.hbuf = ipbuf;
	ld.hbsize = ipbsize;
	ld.hbcount = 0;
	ld.ttl = ~(unsigned long)0;
	ld.status = dns_failure;
	ld.loopcnt = MAXCNAMEDEPTH;

	cnameloop(&ld);

	if (ld.status == dns_success && ld.atype == T_A) {
		struct in_addr s;
		char *p;
		s.s_addr = *(GACOPYZ_UINT32_T*)ipbuf;
		p = inet_ntoa(s);
		strncpy(ipbuf, p, ipbsize);
	}
	
	*ttl = ld.ttl;
	return ld.status;
}


dns_status
a_lookup(const char *host,
	 GACOPYZ_UINT32_T *ipbuf, size_t ipbsize, size_t *ipcount,
	 unsigned long *ttl, char *answer, size_t answer_size)
{
	struct loop_data ld;
	char namebuf[NSIZE];
	char domainbuf[NSIZE] = "";
	
	ld.qtype = ld.atype = T_A;
	strncpy(namebuf, host, sizeof namebuf - 1);
	ld.name = namebuf;
	ld.name_size = sizeof namebuf;
	ld.domain = domainbuf;
	ld.domain_size = sizeof domainbuf;
	ld.answer = answer;
	ld.answer_size = answer_size;
	ld.hbuf = (char*) ipbuf;
	ld.hbsize = ipbsize * sizeof ipbuf[0];
	ld.hbcount = 0;
	ld.ttl = ~(unsigned long)0;
	ld.status = dns_failure;
	ld.loopcnt = MAXCNAMEDEPTH;

	cnameloop(&ld);
	if (ld.status == dns_success) {
		if (ipcount)
			*ipcount = ld.hbcount;
		if (ttl)
			*ttl = ld.ttl;
	}
	return ld.status;
}

static void
textbuf_to_argv(const char *hbuf, size_t hsize, char **argv, size_t argc)
{
	size_t i;
	const char *p;
	
	for (i = 0, p = hbuf; i < argc - 1 && p < hbuf + hsize;
	     p += strlen(p) + 1)
		argv[i++] = xstrdup(p);
	argv[i] = NULL;
}

dns_status
ptr_lookup(struct in_addr ip,
	   char **names, size_t maxnames, unsigned long *ttl,
	   char *answer, size_t answer_size)
{
	char namebuf[NSIZE];
	char domainbuf[NSIZE];
	char hbuf[NSIZE];
	struct loop_data ld;
	char *p;

	ip.s_addr = ntohl(ip.s_addr);
	p = inet_ntoa(ip);
	strncpy(namebuf, p, sizeof namebuf);
		
	ld.qtype = ld.atype = T_PTR;
	ld.name = namebuf;
	ld.name_size = sizeof namebuf;
	ld.domain = domainbuf;
	strcpy(domainbuf, "in-addr.arpa");
	ld.domain_size = sizeof domainbuf;
	ld.answer = answer;
	ld.answer_size = answer_size;
	ld.hbuf = hbuf;
	ld.hbsize = sizeof hbuf;
	ld.hbcount = 0;
	ld.ttl = ~(unsigned long)0;
	ld.status = dns_failure;
	ld.loopcnt = MAXCNAMEDEPTH;

	cnameloop(&ld);

	if (ld.status == dns_success) {
		textbuf_to_argv(ld.hbuf, ld.hbcount, names, maxnames);
		if (ttl)
			*ttl = ld.ttl;
	}
	
	return ld.status;
}

dns_status
txt_lookup(const char *name, 
	   char **names, size_t maxnames, unsigned long *ttl,
	   char *answer, size_t answer_size)
{
	char domainbuf[NSIZE];
	char hbuf[NSIZE];
	struct loop_data ld;

	ld.qtype = T_TXT;
	ld.atype = T_TXT;
	ld.name = xstrdup(name);
	ld.name_size = strlen(ld.name);
	domainbuf[0] = 0;
	ld.domain = domainbuf;
	ld.domain_size = sizeof domainbuf;
	ld.answer = answer;
	ld.answer_size = answer_size;
	ld.hbuf = hbuf;
	ld.hbsize = sizeof hbuf;
	ld.hbcount = 0;
	ld.ttl = ~(unsigned long)0;
	ld.status = dns_failure;
	ld.loopcnt = MAXCNAMEDEPTH;

	cnameloop(&ld);

	free(ld.name);
	
	if (ld.status == dns_success) {
		textbuf_to_argv(ld.hbuf, ld.hbcount, names, maxnames);
		if (ttl)
			*ttl = ld.ttl;
	}
	
	return ld.status;
}

/* FIXME: This is a placeholder for a function that should look up for any
   SPF or TXT records for DOMAIN.  If any SPF are found, TXT should be
   discarded.
   For the time being, it handles only TXT */
dns_status
spf_lookup(const char *domain, 
	   char **txt, size_t maxtxt, unsigned long *ttl,
	   char *answer, size_t answer_size)
{
	return txt_lookup(domain, txt, maxtxt, ttl, answer, answer_size);
}

/* rfc4408, chapter 5.5 */
dns_status
ptr_validate(const char *ipstr, char ***vnptr, size_t *vcount,
	     unsigned long *pttl)
{
	struct in_addr ip;
	char *names[11], **p;
	char *vnames[10];
	size_t vi = 0;
	int status;
	unsigned long minttl = ~(unsigned long)0;
	unsigned long ttl;
	
	if (!inet_aton(ipstr, &ip))
		return dns_failure;
	
	status = ptr_lookup(ip, names, NELEMS(names), &ttl, NULL, 0);
		
	if (status != dns_success)
		return status;

	UPDATE_TTL(minttl, ttl);

	for (p = names; *p; p++) {
		GACOPYZ_UINT32_T ipbuf[10];
		size_t ipcount;
		status = a_lookup(*p, 
				  ipbuf, NELEMS(ipbuf),
				  &ipcount,
				  &ttl, NULL, 0);
		if (status == dns_success && vi < NELEMS(vnames[0])) {
			size_t i;
			
			UPDATE_TTL(minttl, ttl);
			for (i = 0; i < ipcount; i++)
				if (ipbuf[i] == ip.s_addr) {
					vnames[vi++] = *p;
					if (vnptr)
						*p = NULL;
					break;
				}
		}
		free(*p);
	}

	if (vi > 0) {
		if (pttl)
			*pttl = minttl;
		if (vnptr) {
			size_t i;
		
			*vnptr = xcalloc(vi+1, sizeof vnptr[0]);
			for (i = 0; i < vi; i++)
				(*vnptr)[i] = vnames[i];
			(*vnptr)[i] = NULL;
			*vcount = vi;
		}
	}
	
	return vi > 0 ? dns_success : dns_not_found;
}

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