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<--    Begin file 10 of 26:  J (Version 0.51) of

           This file is part 10 of the GNU version of
     The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
               Also referred to as GCIDE
  * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 

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along with this copy of GCIDE.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
           * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
           This dictionary was derived from the
         Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
                 Version published 1913
               by the  C. & G. Merriam Co.
                   Springfield, Mass.
                 Under the direction of
                Noah Porter, D.D., LL.D.

                        and from
          WordNet(R), a semantic network created by
              the Cognitive Science Department
                 of Princeton University
                  under the direction of
                   Prof. George Miller

             and is being updated and supplemented by
         an open coalition of volunteer collaborators from
                       around the world.

     This electronic dictionary is the starting point for an 
ongoing project to develop a modern on-line comprehensive encyclopedic
dictionary, by the efforts of all individuals willing to help build a
large and freely available knowledge base.  Contributions of data,
time, and effort are requested from any person willing to assist creation
of a comprehensive and organized knowledge base for free access on the
internet.  Anyone willing to assist in any way in constructing such a
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     Patrick Cassidy          cassidy@micra.com
     735 Belvidere Ave.       Office: (908)668-5252
     Plainfield, NJ 07062
     (908) 561-3416

   Last edit July 20, 2002.

 -->

<p><centered><point26>J.</point26></centered><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>J</ent><br/
<hw>J</hw> <pr>(j<amac/)</pr>. <def>J is the tenth letter of the English alphabet. It is a later variant form of the Roman letter I, used to express a consonantal sound, that is, originally, the sound of English <xex>y</xex> in <xex>yet</xex>. The forms J and I have, until a recent time, been classed together, and they have been used interchangeably.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note>In medical prescriptions <xex>j</xex> is still used in place of <xex>i</xex> at the end of a number, as a Roman numeral; as, v<xex>j</xex>, xi<xex>j</xex>.</p>

<p>J is etymologically most closely related to <xex>i</xex>, <xex>y</xex>, <xex>g</xex>; as in <xex>j</xex>ot, <xex>i</xex>ota; <xex>j</xex>est, <xex>g</xex>esture; <xex>j</xex>oin, <xex>j</xex>ugular, <xex>y</xex>oke. See <er>I</er>.</p>

<p>J is a compound vocal consonant, nearly equivalent in sound to <xex>dzh</xex>. It is exactly the same as <xex>g</xex> in <xex>gem</xex>. See <xex>Guide to Pronunciation</xex>, <sect/<sect/ 179, 211, 239.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaal goat</ent><br/
<hw>Jaal" goat`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A species of wild goat (<spn>Capra Nubiana</spn>) found in the mountains of Abyssinia, Upper Egypt, and Arabia; -- called also <altname>beden</altname>, and <altname>jaela</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jab</ent><br/
<hw>Jab</hw> <pr>(j<acr/b)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <ety>[Cf. <er>Job</er>.]</ety> <def>To thrust; to stab; to punch. See <er>Job</er>, <pos>v. t.</pos></def> <mark>[Scot. & Colloq. U. S.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jab</ent><br/
<hw>Jab</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A thrust or stab.</def> <mark>[Scot. & Colloq. U. S.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jabber</ent><br/
<hw>Jab"ber</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jabbered</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jabbering</conjf>.]</vmorph> <ety>[Cf. <er>Gibber</er>, <er>Gabble</er>.]</ety> <def>To talk rapidly, indistinctly, or unintelligibly; to utter gibberish or nonsense; to chatter.</def>  <rj><au>Swift.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jabber</ent><br/
<hw>Jab"ber</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To utter rapidly or indistinctly; to gabble; <as>as, to <ex>jabber</ex> French</as>.</def>  <rj><au>Addison.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jabber</ent><br/
<hw>Jab"ber</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Rapid or incoherent talk, with indistinct utterance; gibberish.</def>  <rj><au>Swift.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jabberer</ent><br/
<hw>Jab"ber*er</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One who jabbers.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jabberingly</ent><br/
<hw>Jab"ber*ing*ly</hw>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>In a jabbering manner.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jabberment</ent><br/
<hw>Jab"ber*ment</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Jabber.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>Milton.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jabbernowl</ent><br/
<hw>Jab"ber*nowl`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Same as <er>Jobbernowl</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jabiru</ent><br/
<hw>Jab"i*ru</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Braz. <ets>jabir<uacute/</ets>, <ets>jabur<uacute/</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>One of several large wading birds of the genera <gen>Mycteria</gen> and <gen>Xenorhynchus</gen>, allied to the storks in form and habits.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ The American jabiru (<spn>Mycteria Americana</spn>) is white, with the head and neck black and nearly bare of feathers. The East Indian and Australian (<spn>Xenorhynchus Australis</spn>) has the neck, head, and back covered with glossy, dark green feathers, changing on the head to purple. The African jabiru (<spn>Mycteria Senegalensis</spn> <it>or</it> <spn>Ephippiorhynchus, Senegalensis</spn>) has the neck, head, wing coverts, and tail, black, and is called also <stype>saddle-billed stork</stype>.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaborandi</ent><br/
<hw>Jab`o*ran"di</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>The native name of a South American rutaceous shrub (<spn>Pilocarpus pennatifolius</spn>). The leaves are used in medicine as an diaphoretic and sialogogue.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaborine</ent><br/
<hw>Jab"o*rine</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[From <er>Jaborandi</er>.]</ety> <fld>(Chem.)</fld> <def>An alkaloid found in jaborandi leaves, from which it is extracted as a white amorphous substance. In its action it resembles atropine.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jabot</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jab"ot</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Originally, a kind of ruffle worn by men on the bosom of the shirt.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>An arrangement of lace or tulle, looped ornamentally, and worn by women on the front of the dress.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jaboticaba</ent><br/
<hw>jaboticaba</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A small evergreen tropical tree (<spn>Myrciaria cauliflora</spn>) native to Brazil and West Indies but introduced into southern U. S.; it is grown in Brazil for its edible tough-skinned purple grapelike fruit that grows all along the branches.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jaboticaba tree, <spn>Myrciaria cauliflora</spn>.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>The tough-skinned purple grapelike tropical fruit of the jaboticaba tree (<spn>Myrciaria cauliflora</spn>), grown in Brazil.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacal</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*cal"</hw> <pr>(h<aum/*k<aum/l"; 239)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Amer. Sp., fr. Mex. <ets>xacalli</ets>.]</ety> <def>In Mexico and the southwestern United States, a kind of plastered house or hut, usually made by planting poles or timber in the ground, filling in between them with screen work or wickerwork, and daubing one or both sides with mud or adobe mortar; also, this method of construction.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacamar</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"a*mar`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jacamar</ets>, Braz. <ets>jacamarica</ets>; cf. Sp. <ets>jacamar</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>Any one of numerous species of tropical American birds of the genus <gen>Galbula</gen> and allied genera. They are allied to the kingfishers, but climb on tree trunks like nuthatches, and feed upon insects. Their colors are often brilliant.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacana</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"a*na`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. Sp. <ets>jacania</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>Any of several wading birds belonging to the genus <gen>Jacana</gen> and several allied genera, all of which have spurs on the wings. They are able to run about over floating water weeds by means of their very long, spreading toes. Called also <altname>surgeon bird</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ The most common South American species is <spn>Jacana spinosa</spn>. The East Indian or pheasant jacana (<spn>Hydrophasianus chirurgus</spn>) is remarkable for having four very long, curved, middle tail feathers.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacaranda</ent><br/
<hw>Jac`a*ran"da</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Braz.; cf. Sp. & Pg. <ets>jacaranda</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>The native Brazilian name for certain leguminous trees, which produce the beautiful woods called <prod>king wood</prod>, <prod>tiger wood</prod>, and <prod>violet wood</prod>.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>A genus of bignoniaceous Brazilian trees with showy trumpet-shaped flowers.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacare</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"a*re`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Pg. <ets>jacar<eacute/</ets>; of Brazilian origin.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A cayman. See <er>Yacare</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacchus</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"chus</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[NL., fr. L. <ets>Jacchus</ets> a mystic name of Bacchus, Gr. <?/.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>The common marmoset (<spn>Hapale vulgaris</spn>). Formerly, the name was also applied to other species of the same genus.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacconet</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"co*net</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See <er>Jaconet</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacent</ent><br/
<hw>Ja"cent</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jacens</ets>, p. pr. of <ets>jacere</ets> to lie: cf. F. <ets>jacent</ets>.]</ety> <def>Lying at length; <as>as, the <ex>jacent</ex> posture</as>.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>Sir H. Wotton.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacinth</ent><br/
<hw>Ja"cinth</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jacinthe</ets>, L. <ets>hyacinthus</ets>. See <er>Hyacinth</er>.]</ety> <def>See <er>Hyacinth</er>.</def>  <rj><au>Tennyson.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jack</ent><br/
<hw>Jack</hw> <pr>(j<acr/k)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Pg. <ets>jaca</ets>, Malayalam, <ets>tsjaka</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A large tree, the <spn>Artocarpus integrifolia</spn>, common in the East Indies, closely allied to the breadfruit, from which it differs in having its leaves entire. The fruit is of great size, weighing from thirty to forty pounds, and through its soft fibrous matter are scattered the seeds, which are roasted and eaten. The wood is of a yellow color, fine grain, and rather heavy, and is much used in cabinetwork. It is also used for dyeing a brilliant yellow.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jak</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jack</ent><br/
<hw>Jack</hw> <pr>(j<acr/k)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>Jacques</ets> James, L. <ets>Jacobus</ets>, Gr. <?/, Heb. <ets>Ya 'aq<omac/b</ets> Jacob; prop., seizing by the heel; hence, a supplanter.  Cf. <er>Jacobite</er>, <er>Jockey</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>A familiar nickname of, or substitute for, <sig>John</sig>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>You are John Rugby, and you are <qex>Jack</qex> Rugby.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>An impertinent or silly fellow; a simpleton; a boor; a clown; also, a servant; a rustic.</def> <ldquo/<xex>Jack</xex> fool.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Since every <qex>Jack</qex> became a gentleman,<br/
There 's many a gentle person made a <qex>Jack</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A popular colloquial name for a sailor; -- called also <altname>Jack tar</altname>, and <altname>Jack afloat</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>A mechanical contrivance, an auxiliary machine, or a subordinate part of a machine, rendering convenient service, and often supplying the place of a boy or attendant who was commonly called <xex>Jack</xex></def>; as: <sd>(a)</sd> <def>A device to pull off boots.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>A sawhorse or sawbuck.</def> <sd>(c)</sd> <def>A machine or contrivance for turning a spit; a smoke <ex>jack</ex>, or kitchen <ex>jack</ex>.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <fld>(Mining)</fld> <def>A wooden wedge for separating rocks rent by blasting.</def> <sd>(e)</sd> <fld>(Knitting Machine)</fld> <def>A lever for depressing the sinkers which push the loops down on the needles.</def> <sd>(f)</sd> <fld>(Warping Machine)</fld> <def>A grating to separate and guide the threads; a heck box.</def> <sd>(g)</sd> <fld>(Spinning)</fld> <def>A machine for twisting the sliver as it leaves the carding machine.</def> <sd>(h)</sd> <def>A compact, portable machine for planing metal.</def> <sd>(i)</sd> <def>A machine for slicking or pebbling leather.</def> <sd>(k)</sd> <def>A system of gearing driven by a horse power, for multiplying speed.</def> <sd>(l)</sd> <def>A hood or other device placed over a chimney or vent pipe, to prevent a back draught.</def> <sd>(m)</sd> <def>In the harpsichord, an intermediate piece communicating the action of the key to the quill; -- called also <altname>hopper</altname>.</def> <sd>(n)</sd> <def>In hunting, the pan or frame holding the fuel of the torch used to attract game at night; also, the light itself.</def>  <au>C. Hallock.</au><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>5.</sn> <def>A portable machine variously constructed, for exerting great pressure, or lifting or moving a heavy body such as an automobile through a small distance. It consists of a lever, screw, rack and pinion, hydraulic press, or any simple combination of mechanical powers, working in a compact pedestal or support and operated by a lever, crank, capstan bar, etc. The name is often given to a jackscrew, which is a kind of jack.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>6.</sn> <def>The small bowl used as a mark in the game of bowls.</def>  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Like an uninstructed bowler who thinks to attain the <qex>jack</qex> by delivering his bowl straight forward upon it.</q> <rj><qau>Sir W. Scott.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>7.</sn> <def>The male of certain animals, as of the ass.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>8.</sn> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>A young pike; a pickerel.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>The jurel.</def> <sd>(c)</sd> <def>A large, California rock fish (<spn>Sebastodes paucispinus</spn>); -- called also <altname>boccaccio</altname>, and <altname>m<eacute/rou</altname>.</def> <sd>(d)</sd> <def>The wall-eyed pike.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>9.</sn> <def>A drinking measure holding half a pint; also, one holding a quarter of a pint.</def> <mark>[Prov. Eng.]</mark>  <rj><au>Halliwell.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>10.</sn> <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>A flag, containing only the union, without the fly, usually hoisted on a jack staff at the bowsprit cap; -- called also <altname>union jack</altname>. The American <xex>jack</xex> is a small blue flag, with a star for each State.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>A bar of iron athwart ships at a topgallant masthead, to support a royal mast, and give spread to the royal shrouds; -- called also <altname>jack crosstree</altname>.</def>  <rj><au>R. H. Dana, Jr.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><-- p. 795 --></p>

<p><sn>11.</sn> <def>The knave of a suit of playing cards.</def></p>

<p><sn>12.</sn> <pluf>(pl.)</pluf> <def>A game played with small (metallic, with tetrahedrally oriented spikes) objects (the jacks(1950+), formerly jackstones) that are tossed, caught, picked up, and arranged on a horizontal surface in various patterns; in the modern American game, the movements are accompanied by tossing or bouncing a rubber ball on the horizontal surface supporting the jacks. same as <altname>jackstones</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>13.</sn>  <def>Money.</def> <mark>[slang]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>14.</sn> <def>Apple jack.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>15.</sn>  <def>Brandy.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ <xex>Jack</xex> is used adjectively in various senses. It sometimes designates something <xex>cut short</xex> or <xex>diminished in size</xex>; as, a <xex>jack</xex> timber; a <xex>jack</xex> rafter; a <xex>jack</xex> arch, etc.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jack arch</b></col>, <cd>an arch of the thickness of one brick.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack back</b></col> <fld>(Brewing & Malt Vinegar Manuf.)</fld>, <cd>a cistern which receives the wort. See under 1st <er>Back</er>.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack block</b></col> <fld>(Naut.)</fld>, <cd>a block fixed in the topgallant or royal rigging, used for raising and lowering light masts and spars.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack boots</b></col>, <cd>boots reaching above the knee; -- worn in the 17 century by soldiers; afterwards by fishermen, etc.</cd><-- see jack-booted --> -- <col><b>Jack crosstree</b></col>. <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <cd>See 10, <it>b</it>, above.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack curlew</b></col> <fld>(Zool.)</fld>, <cd>the whimbrel.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack frame</b></col>. <fld>(Cotton Spinning)</fld> <cd>See 4 <sd>(g)</sd>, above.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack Frost</b></col>, <cd>frost or cold weather personified as a mischievous person.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack hare</b></col>, <cd>a male hare.</cd> <au>Cowper.</au> -- <col><b>Jack lamp</b></col>, <cd>a lamp for still hunting and camp use. See def. 4 <sd>(n.)</sd>, above.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack plane</b></col>, <cd>a joiner's plane used for coarse work.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack post</b></col>, <cd>one of the posts which support the crank shaft of a deep-well-boring apparatus.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack pot</b></col> <fld>(Poker Playing)</fld>, <cd>the name given to the stakes, contributions to which are made by each player successively, till such a hand is turned as shall take the <ldquo/pot,<rdquo/ which is the sum total of all the bets.  See also <er>jackpot</er>.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack rabbit</b></col> <fld>(Zool.)</fld>, <cd>any one of several species of large American hares, having very large ears and long legs. The California species (<spn>Lepus Californicus</spn>), and that of Texas and New Mexico (<spn>Lepus callotis</spn>), have the tail black above, and the ears black at the tip. They do not become white in winter. The more northern prairie hare (<spn>Lepus campestris</spn>) has the upper side of the tail white, and in winter its fur becomes nearly white.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack rafter</b></col> <fld>(Arch.)</fld>, <cd>in England, one of the shorter rafters used in constructing a hip or valley roof; in the United States, any secondary roof timber, as the common rafters resting on purlins in a trussed roof; also, one of the pieces simulating extended rafters, used under the eaves in some styles of building.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack salmon</b></col> <fld>(Zool.)</fld>, <cd>the wall-eyed pike, or glasseye.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack sauce</b></col>, <cd>an impudent fellow.</cd> <mark>[Colloq. & Obs.]</mark> -- <col><b>Jack shaft</b></col> <fld>(Mach.)</fld>, <cd>the first intermediate shaft, in a factory or mill, which receives power, through belts or gearing, from a prime mover, and transmits it, by the same means, to other intermediate shafts or to a line shaft.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack sinker</b></col> <fld>(Knitting Mach.)</fld>, <cd>a thin iron plate operated by the jack to depress the loop of thread between two needles.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack snipe</b></col>. <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <cd>See in the Vocabulary.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack staff</b></col> <fld>(Naut.)</fld>, <cd>a staff fixed on the bowsprit cap, upon which the jack is hoisted.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack timber</b></col> <fld>(Arch.)</fld>, <cd>any timber, as a rafter, rib, or studding, which, being intercepted, is shorter than the others.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack towel</b></col>, <cd>a towel hung on a roller for common use.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack truss</b></col> <fld>(Arch.)</fld>, <cd>in a hip roof, a minor truss used where the roof has not its full section.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack tree</b></col>. <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <cd>See 1st <er>Jack</er>, <pos>n.</pos></cd> -- <col><b>Jack yard</b></col> <fld>(Naut.)</fld>, <cd>a short spar to extend a topsail beyond the gaff.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Blue jack</b></col>, <cd>blue vitriol; sulphate of copper.</cd> -- <col><b>Hydraulic jack</b></col>, <cd>a jack used for lifting, pulling, or forcing, consisting of a compact portable hydrostatic press, with its pump and a reservoir containing a supply of liquid, as oil.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack-at-a-pinch</b></col>. <sd>(a)</sd> <cd>One called upon to take the place of another in an emergency</cd>. <sd>(b)</sd> <cd>An itinerant parson who conducts an occasional service for a fee.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack-at-all-trades</b></col>, <cd>one who can turn his hand to any kind of work.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack-by-the-hedge</b></col> <fld>(Bot.)</fld>, <cd>a plant of the genus <gen>Erysimum</gen> (<spn>Erysimum alliaria</spn>, or <spn>Alliaria officinalis</spn>), which grows under hedges. It bears a white flower and has a taste not unlike garlic. Called also, in England, <altname>sauce-alone</altname>.</cd> <au>Eng. Cyc.</au> --  <col><b>Jack-in-office</b></col>, <cd>an insolent fellow in authority.</cd> <au>Wolcott.</au> -- <col><b>Jack-in-the-bush</b></col> <fld>(Bot.)</fld>, <cd>a tropical shrub with red fruit (<spn>Cordia Cylindrostachya</spn>).</cd> -- <col><b>Jack-in-the-green</b></col>, <cd>a chimney sweep inclosed in a framework of boughs, carried in Mayday processions.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack-of-the-buttery</b></col> <fld>(Bot.)</fld>, <cd>the stonecrop (<spn>Sedum acre</spn>).</cd> -- <col><b>Jack-of-the-clock</b></col>, <cd>a figure, usually of a man, on old clocks, which struck the time on the bell.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack-on-both-sides</b></col>, <cd>one who is or tries to be neutral.</cd> -- <col><b>Jack-out-of-office</b></col>, <cd>one who has been in office and is turned out.</cd> <au>Shak.</au> -- <col><b>Jack the Giant Killer</b></col>, <cd>the hero of a well-known nursery story.</cd> -- <col><b>Yellow Jack</b></col> <fld>(Naut.)</fld>, <cd>the yellow fever; also, the quarantine flag. See <cref>Yellow flag</cref>, under <er>Flag</er>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>



<p><ent>Jack</ent><br/
<hw>Jack</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jaque</ets>, <ets>jacque</ets>, perh. from the proper name <ets>Jacques</ets>.  Cf. <er>Jacquerie</er>.]</ety> <def>A coarse and cheap medi<ae/val coat of defense, esp. one made of leather.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Their horsemen are with <qex>jacks</qex> for most part clad.</q> <rj><qau>Sir J. Harrington.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jack</ent><br/
<hw>Jack</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Named from its resemblance to a <ets>jack boot</ets>.]</ety> <def>A pitcher or can of waxed leather; -- called also <altname>black jack</altname>.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Dryden.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jack</ent><br/
<hw>Jack</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <def>To hunt game at night by means of a jack. See 2d <er>Jack</er>, <pos>n.</pos>, 4, <pos>n.</pos></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jack</ent><br/
<hw>Jack</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To move or lift, as a house, by means of a jack or jacks. See 2d <er>Jack</er>, <pos>n.</pos>, 5.</def>
<-- = jack up --><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jack-a-dandy</ent><br/
<hw>Jack`-a-dan"dy</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A little dandy; a little, foppish, impertinent fellow.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackal</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"al`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Pers. <ets>shagh<amac/l</ets>: cf. OF. <ets>jackal</ets>, F. <ets>chacal</ets>; cf. Skr. <ets><cced/<rsdot/g<amac/la</ets>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>Any one of several species of carnivorous animals inhabiting Africa and Asia, related to the dog and wolf. They are cowardly, nocturnal, and gregarious. They feed largely on carrion, and are noted for their piercing and dismal howling.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ The common species of Southern Asia (<spn>Canis aureus</spn>) is yellowish gray, varied with brown on the shoulders, haunches, and legs.  The common African species (<spn>Canis anthus</spn>) is darker in color.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>One who does mean work for another's advantage, as jackals were once thought to kill game which lions appropriated.</def> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark>  <rj><au>Ld. Lytton.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jack-a-lent</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"-a-lent</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A small stuffed puppet to be pelted in Lent; hence, a simple fellow.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackanapes</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"a*napes</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[For <ets>Jack o'</ets> (= <ets>of</ets>) <ets>apes</ets>; prop., a man who exhibits apes.]</ety> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jackanape</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>A monkey; an ape.</def>  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A coxcomb; an impertinent or conceited fellow.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>A young upstart <qex>jackanapes</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Arbuthnot.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackeroo</ent><br/
<ent>Jackaroo</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jack`a*roo"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> Also <hw>Jack`e*roo"</hw>}</mhw>. <ety>[<ets>Jack</ets> + kang<ets>aroo</ets>.]</ety> <def>A young man living as an apprentice on a sheep station, or otherwise engaged in acquainting himself with colonial life.</def> <mark>[Colloq., Australia]</mark><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackaroo</ent><br/
<hw>Jack`a*roo"</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <def>To be a jackaroo; to pass one's time as a jackaroo.</def> <mark>[Colloq., Australia]</mark><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackass</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"ass`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[2d <ets>jack + ass</ets>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>The male ass; a donkey.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A conceited dolt; a perverse blockhead; -- disparaging and offensive.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jackass bark</b></col> <fld>(Naut.)</fld>, <cd>a three-masted vessel, with only the foremast square-rigged; a barkentine.</cd> -- <col><b>Jackass deer</b></col> <fld>(Zool.)</fld>, <cd>the koba.</cd> -- <mcol><col><b>Jackass hare</b></col>, <col><b>Jackass rabbit</b></col></mcol> <fld>(Zool.)</fld>. <cd>See <cref>Jack rabbit</cref>, under 2d <er>Jack</er>, <pos>n.</pos></cd> -- <col><b>Jackass penguin</b></col> <fld>(Zool.)</fld>, <cd>any species of penguin of the genus <gen>Spheniscus</gen>, of which several are known.  One species (<spn>Spheniscus demersus</spn>) inhabits the islands near the Cape of Good Hope; another (<spn>Spheniscus Magellanicus</spn>) is found at the Falkland Islands. They make a noise like the braying of an ass; -- hence the name.</cd> -- <col><b>Laughing jackass</b></col>. <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <cd>See under <er>Laughing</er>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jackboot</ent><br/
<hw>jackboot</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>a man's high tasseled boot.</def> <mark>[19th century]</mark> <br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> Hessian boot, hessian, Wellington, Wellington boot.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A strong leather boot reaching up to or over the knee; it is worn mostly by soldiers.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jackbooted</ent><br/
<hw>jackbooted</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>Wearing jackboots; -- used especially as a metaphor for <sig>harshly repressive and militaristic</sig>; <as>as, <ex>jackbooted</ex> government agents</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jackboot tactics</ent><br/
<hw>jackboot tactics</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[from the <ets>jackboots</ets> worn as part of the uniform of police in certain totalitarian countries.]</ety> <def>Harsh strongarm tactics; repressive, bullying and militaristic tactics like those used in authoritarian or totalitarian countries; --  used opprobriously, and often in hyperbolic exaggeration of police tactics in democratic countries.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackdaw</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"daw`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Prob. 2d <ets>jack</ets> + <ets>daw</ets>, <pos>n.</pos>]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>See <er>Daw</er>, <pos>n.</pos></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackeen</ent><br/
<hw>Jack*een"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A drunken, dissolute fellow.</def> <mark>[Ireland]</mark>  <rj><au>S. C. Hall.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacket</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"et</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jaquette</ets>, dim. of <ets>jaque</ets>. See 3d <er>Jack</er>, <pos>n.</pos>]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>A short upper garment, extending downward to the hips; a short coat without skirts.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>An outer covering for anything, esp. a covering of some nonconducting material such as wood or felt, used to prevent radiation of heat, as from a steam boiler, cylinder, pipe, etc.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <fld>(Mil.)</fld> <def>In ordnance, a strengthening band surrounding and re<eum/nforcing the tube in which the charge is fired.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>A garment resembling a waistcoat lined with cork, to serve as a life preserver; -- called also <altname>cork jacket</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Blue jacket</b></col>. <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <cd>See under <er>Blue</er>.</cd> -- <col><b>Steam jacket</b></col>, <cd>a space filled with steam between an inner and an outer cylinder, or between a casing and a receptacle, as a kettle.</cd> -- <col><b>To dust one's jacket</b></col>, <cd>to give one a beating.</cd> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacket</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"et</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>To put a jacket on; to furnish, as a boiler, with a jacket.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To thrash; to beat.</def> <mark>[Low]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacketed</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"et*ed</hw>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Wearing, or furnished with, a jacket.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacketing</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"et*ing</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The material of a jacket; <as>as, nonconducting <ex>jacketing</ex></as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jackhammer</ent><br/
<hw>jackhammer</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>a hammer having a strong steel cutting blade, driven by compressed air in multiple rapid strokes, and used for cutting through pavement, concrete, or other hard substances.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> air hammer, pneumatic hammer.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jack-in-a-box</ent><br/
<hw>Jack-in-a-box</hw>. <sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A tropical tree (<spn>Hernandia sonora</spn>), which bears a drupe that rattles when dry in the inflated calyx.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A child's toy, consisting of a box, out of which, when the lid is raised, a figure (usually a clown) springs; also called <altname>jack-in-the-box</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <fld>(Mech.)</fld> <def>An epicyclic train of bevel gears for transmitting rotary motion to two parts in such a manner that their relative rotation may be variable; applied to driving the wheels of tricycles, road locomotives, and to cotton machinery, etc.; an equation box; a jack frame; -- called also <altname>compensating gearing</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>A large wooden screw turning in a nut attached to the crosspiece of a rude press.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jack-in-the-pulpit</ent><br/
<hw>jack-in-the-pulpit</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A common American spring-flowering woodland herb (<spn>Aris<ae/ma triphyllum</spn>) having sheathing leaves and an upright club-shaped spadix with overarching green and purple spathe producing scarlet berries; also called <altname>Indian turnip</altname>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> Indian turnip, wake-robin, <spn>Arisaema triphyllum</spn>, <spn>Arisaema atrorubens</spn>.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A common European arum (<spn>Arum maculatum</spn>) with lanceolate spathe and short purple spadix; it emerges in early spring and is a source of a sagolike starch called <prod>arum</prod>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> cuckoo-pint, cuckoopint, lords and ladies, lords-and-ladies, <spn>Arum maculatum</spn>.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jack Ketch</ent><br/
<hw>Jack" Ketch"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <ety>[Perh. fr. <ets>Jack</ets>, the proper name + Prov. E.  <ets>ketch</ets> a hangman, fr. <ets>ketch</ets>, for <ets>catch</ets> to seize; but see the citations below.]</ety> <def>A public executioner, or hangman.</def> <mark>[Eng.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The manor of Tyburn was formerly held by Richard <qex>Jaquett</qex>, where felons for a long time were executed; from whence we have <qex>Jack Ketch</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Lloyd's MS., British Museum.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>[Monmouth] then accosted <qex>John Ketch</qex>, the executioner, a wretch who had butchered many brave and noble victims, and whose name has, during a century and a half, been vulgarly given to all who have succeeded him in his odious office.</q> <rj><qau>Macaulay.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackknife</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"knife`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A large, strong clasp knife for the pocket; a pocket knife.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jacklight</ent><br/
<hw>jacklight</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>A portable source of light, as an oil lantern or electric light, used as a lure for hunting at night.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jack.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jacklight</ent><br/
<hw>jacklight</hw> <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>to fish for or hunt with a jacklight.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jack.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackman</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"man</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Jackmen</plw> <pr>(<?/)</pr>.</plu><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>One wearing a jack; a horse soldier; a retainer. See 3d <er>Jack</er>, <pos>n.</pos></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Christie . . . the laird's chief <qex>jackman</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Sir W. Scott.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A cream cheese.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Sir T. Elyot.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jack-with-a-lantern</ent><br/
<ent>Jack-o'-lantern</ent><br/
<mhw><hw>Jack"-o'-lan`tern</hw>, <hw>Jack"-with-a-lan`tern</hw></mhw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>  <sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Biol.)</fld> <def>A large orange-colored luminescent mushroom, <spn>Clitocybe illudens</spn>, also classified as <spn>Omphalotus olearius</spn>.  It is poisonous and is sometimes found on hardwood tree stumps.</def> <wns>[wns=1]</wns><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jack-a-lantern, <spn>Clitocybe illudens</spn>.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>a pale light sometimes seen at night over marshy ground; an <er>ignis fatuus</er>; a will-o'-the-wisp</def>. <wns>[wns=2]</wns><ldquo/[Newspaper speculations] supplying so many more <xex>jack-o'-lanterns</xex> to the future historian.<rdquo/ <au>Lowell.</au><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> friar's lantern, ignis fatuus, will-o'-the-wisp.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A lantern carved from a hollowed-out pumpkin, with holes cut in the rind and so shaped that when it is illuminated by a candle inside,  the features of a human face, cat's face, etc. appear in a glowing yellow color.  It is used mostly as a decoration at Halloween.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackpot</ent><br/
<hw>Jackpot</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Same as <cref>jack pot</cref>.  See under <er>jack</er>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Any larger-than-usual gambling prize formed by the accumulation of unwon bets.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>The highest gambling prize awarded in a gambling game in which smaller prizes are also awarded, especially such a prize on a slot machine.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>An unusually large success in an enterprise, either unexpected or unpredictable, esp. one providing a great financial benefit.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>hit the jackpot</b></col> <cd>to receive an unexpectedly large (or the largest possible) benefit from an enterprise; <as>as, after prospecting for years, he finally <ex>hit the jackpot</ex> when he discovered a silver lode</as>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackpudding</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"pud`ding</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A merry-andrew; a buffoon.</def>  <rj><au>Milton.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacksaw</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"saw`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>The merganser.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackscrew</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"screw`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A jack in which a screw is used for lifting, or exerting pressure. See <xex>Illust.</xex> of 2d <er>Jack</er>, <pos>n.</pos>, 5.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackslave</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"slave`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A low servant; a mean fellow.</def>  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacksmith</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"smith`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A smith who makes jacks. See 2d <er>Jack</er>, 4, c.</def>  <rj><au>Dryden.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacksnipe</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"snipe`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>A small European snipe (<spn>Limnocryptes gallinula</spn>); -- called also <altname>judcock</altname>, <altname>jedcock</altname>, <altname>juddock</altname>, <altname>jed</altname>, and <altname>half snipe</altname>.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>A small American sandpiper (<spn>Tringa maculata</spn>); -- called also <altname>pectoral sandpiper</altname>, and <altname>grass snipe</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackstay</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"stay`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <def>A rail of wood or iron stretching along a yard of a vessel, to which the sails are fastened.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackstone</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"stone`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>One of the pebbles or pieces used in the game of jackstones.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> (<pluf>pl.</pluf>) <def>A game played with five small stones or pieces of metal. See 6th <er>Chuck</er>.  Also called <altname>jacks</altname>. See <er>jack</er>{12}, <pos>n.</pos></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackstraw</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"straw`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>An effigy stuffed with straw; a scarecrow; hence, a man without property or influence.</def>  <rj><au>Milton.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>One of a set of straws of strips of ivory, bone, wood, etc., for playing a child's game, the jackstraws being thrown confusedly together on a table, to be gathered up singly by a hooked instrument, without touching or disturbing the rest of the pile. See <er>Spilikin</er>.  A modern variation, called <contr>pick-up-sticks</contr> (U.S. 1940+), is played with thin wooden sticks of different colors, each color having different values for scoring; the sticks are dislodged from the pile with the hand or with one of the sticks.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jackstraws</ent><br/
<hw>jack"straws`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The game played with jackstraws{2}, which resembles <contr>pick-up-sticks</contr>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jackwood</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"wood`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Wood of the jack (<spn>Artocarpus integrifolia</spn>), used in cabinetwork.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacky</ent><br/
<hw>Jack"y</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu>pl. <plw>Jackies</plw> <pr>(#)</pr></plu>. <def>Dim. or pet from <er>Jack</er></def>. Hence: <sd>(a)</sd> <def>A landsman's nickname for a seaman, resented by the latter.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>English gin.</def> <mark>[Dial. Eng.]</mark><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacob</ent><br/
<hw>Ja"cob</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. F. <ets>Jacob</ets>. See 2d <er>Jack</er>.]</ety> <def>A Hebrew patriarch (son of Isaac, and ancestor of the Jews), who in a vision saw a ladder reaching up to heaven (<au>Gen. xxviii. 12</au>); -- also called <altname>Israel</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>And <qex>Jacob</qex> said . . . with my staff I passed over this Jordan, and now I am become two bands.</q> <rj><qau>Gen. xxxii. 9, 10.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Thy name shall be called no more <qex>Jacob</qex>, but Israel.</q> <rj><qau>Gen. xxxii. 28.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jacob's ladder</b></col>. <sd>(a)</sd> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <cd>A perennial herb of the genus <gen>Polemonium</gen> (<spn>Polemonium c<oe/ruleum), having corymbs of drooping flowers, usually blue. Gray</spn>.</cd> <sd>(b)</sd> <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <cd>A rope ladder, with wooden steps, for going aloft</cd>. <au>R. H. Dana, Jr.</au> <sd>(c)</sd> <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <cd>A succession of short cracks in a defective spar.</cd> -- <col><b>Jacob's membrane</b></col>. <cd>See <er>Retina</er>.</cd> -- <col><b>Jacob's staff</b></col>. <sd>(a)</sd> <cd>A name given to many forms of staff or weapon, especially in the Middle Ages; a pilgrim's staff</cd>. <mark>[Obs.]</mark> <au>Spenser.</au> <sd>(b)</sd> <fld>(Surveying)</fld> <cd>See under <er>Staff</er>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacobaean lily</ent><br/
<hw>Jac`o*b<ae/"an lil"y</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <ety>[See <er>Jacobean</er>.]</ety> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A bulbous plant  (<spn>Amaryllis formosissima</spn> syn. <spn>Sprekelia formosissima</spn>) from Mexico. It bears a single, large, deep, red, lilylike flower.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>Jacobean</asp>.]</altsp></p>

<p><ent>Jacobian</ent><br/
<ent>Jacobean</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Ja*co"be*an</hw> <pr>(?; 277)</pr>, <hw>Ja*co"bi*an</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, }</mhw> <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[From L. <ets>Jacobus</ets> James. See 2d <er>Jack</er>.]</ety> <def>Of or pertaining to <person>James the First</person>, of <country>England</country>, or of his reign or times; <specif>especially</specif>, pertaining to a style of architecture and decoration popular in the time of <person>James I.</person>; <as>as, <ex>Jacobean</ex> writers.</as></def> <ldquo/A <xex>Jacobean</xex> table.<rdquo/  <rj><au>C. L. Eastlake.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> + <source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacobean</ent><br/
<hw>Jacobean</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>any distinguished personage during the reign of James I of England.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacobin</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"o*bin</hw> <pr>(j<acr/k"<osl/*b<icr/n)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. See 2d <er>Jack</er>, <er>Jacobite</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Eccl. Hist.)</fld> <def>A Dominican friar; -- so named because, before the French Revolution, that order had a convent in the <street>Rue St. Jacques</street>, <city>Paris</city>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>One of a society of violent agitators in France, during the revolution of 1789, who held secret meetings in the Jacobin convent in the <street>Rue St. Jacques</street>, <city>Paris</city>, and concerted measures to control the proceedings of the National Assembly.  <specif>Hence:</specif> A plotter against an existing government; a turbulent demagogue.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn>  <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A fancy pigeon, in which the feathers of the neck form a hood, -- whence the name.  The wings and tail are long, and the beak moderately short.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacobin</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"o*bin</hw>, <pos>a.</pos>  <def>Same as <er>Jacobinic</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacobine</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"o*bine</hw> <pr>(j<acr/k"<osl/*b<icr/n)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A Jacobin.</def></p>

<p><ent>Jacobinical</ent><br/
<ent>Jacobinic</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jac`o*bin"ic</hw> <pr>(j<acr/k`<osl/*b<icr/n"<icr/k)</pr>, <hw>Jac`o*bin"ic*al</hw> <pr>(j<acr/k`<osl/*b<icr/n"<icr/*k<ait/l)</pr>, }</mhw> <pos>a.</pos> <def>Of or pertaining to the Jacobins of France; revolutionary; of the nature of, or characterized by, Jacobinism.</def> <au>Burke.</au> -- <wordforms><wf>Jac`o*bin"ic*al*ly</wf>, <pos>adv.</pos></wordforms><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacobinism</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"o*bin*ism</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. F. <ets>Jacobinisme</ets>.]</ety> <def>The  principles of the Jacobins; violent and factious opposition to legitimate government.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Under this new stimulus, Burn's previous Jacobitism passed towards the opposite, but not very distant, extreme of <qex>Jacobinism</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>J. C. Shairp.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacobinize</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"o*bin*ize`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jacobinized</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jacobinizing</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>.]</vmorph> <ety>[Cf. F. <ets>Jacobiniser</ets>.]</ety> <def>To taint with, or convert to, Jacobinism.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>France was not then <qex>jacobinized</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Burke.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacobite</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"o*bite</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>prop. n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>Jacobus</ets> James:  cf. F. <ets>Jacobite</ets>. See 2d <er>Jack</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <fld>(Eng. Hist.)</fld> <def>A partisan or adherent of <person>James the Second</person>, after his abdication, or of his descendants, an opposer of the revolution in 1688 in favor of <person>William and Mary</person>.</def>  <rj><au>Macaulay.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <fld>(Eccl.)</fld> <def>One of the sect of Syrian Monophysites.  The sect is named after <person><etsep>Jacob</etsep> Barad<ae/us</person>, its leader in the  sixth century.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacobite</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"o*bite</hw>, <pos>prop. a.</pos> <def>Of or pertaining to the Jacobites.</def></p>

<p><ent>Jacobitical</ent><br/
<ent>Jacobitic</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jac`o*bit"ic</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <hw>Jac`o*bit"ic*al</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, }</mhw> <pos>a.</pos> <def>Of or pertaining to the Jacobites; characterized by Jacobitism.</def> -- <wordforms><wf>Jac`o*bit"ic*al*ly</wf>, <pos>adv.</pos></wordforms><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacobitism</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"o*bit*ism`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The principles of the Jacobites.</def>  <rj><au>Mason.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacobus</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*co"bus</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Jacobuses</plw> <pr>(#)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[See <er>Jacobite</er>.]</ety> <def>An English gold coin, of the value of twenty-five shillings sterling, struck in the reign of <person>James I.</person></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaconet</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"o*net</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jaconas</ets>.]</ety> <def>A thin cotton fabric, between cambric and muslin, used for dresses, neckcloths, etc.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jacconet</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacquard</ent><br/
<hw>Jac*quard"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Pertaining to, or invented by, <etsep>Jacquard</etsep>, a French mechanician, who died in 1834.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><mcol><col><b>Jacquard apparatus</b></col> <it>or</it> <col><b>Jacquard arrangement</b></col></mcol>, <cd>a device applied to looms for weaving figured goods, consisting of mechanism controlled by a chain of variously perforated cards, which cause the warp threads to be lifted in the proper succession for producing the required figure.</cd> -- <col><b>Jacquard card</b></col>, <cd>one of the perforated cards of a Jacquard apparatus.</cd> -- <col><b>Jacquard loom</b></col>, <cd>a loom with Jacquard apparatus.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacqueminot</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jacque"mi*not</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A half-hardy, deep crimson  rose of the remontant class; -- so named after <person>General <etsep>Jacqueminot</etsep></person>, of France.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jacquerie</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jacque`rie"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F.]</ety> <def>The name given to a revolt of French peasants against the nobles in 1358, the leader assuming the contemptuous title, <etsep>Jacques Bonhomme</etsep>, given by the nobles to the peasantry. Hence, any revolt of peasants.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jactancy</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"tan*cy</hw> <pr>(j<acr/k"t<ait/n*s<ycr/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jactantia</ets>, fr. <ets>jactans</ets>, p. pr. of <ets>jactare</ets> to throw, boast, freq. fr. <ets>jacere</ets> to throw; cf. F. <ets>jactance</ets>.]</ety> <def>A boasting; a bragging.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><-- p. 796 --></p>

<p><ent>Jactation</ent><br/
<hw>Jac*ta"tion</hw> <pr>(j<acr/k*t<amac/"sh<ucr/n)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jactatio</ets>, fr. <ets>jactare</ets>: af. F. <ets>jactation</ets>. See <er>Jactancy</er>.]</ety> <def>A throwing or tossing of the body; a shaking or agitation.</def>  <rj><au>Sir. W. Temple.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jactitation</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"ti*ta"tion</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jactitare</ets> to utter in public, from <ets>jactare</ets>. See <er>Jactancy</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <fld>(Law)</fld> <def>Vain boasting or assertions repeated to the prejudice of another's right; false claim.</def>  <rj><au>Mozley & W.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <fld>(Med.)</fld> <def>A frequent tossing or moving of the body; restlessness, as in delirium.</def>  <rj><au>Dunglison.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jactitation of marriage</b></col> <fld>(Eng. Eccl. Law)</fld>, <cd>a giving out or boasting by a party that he or she is married to another, whereby a common reputation of their matrimony may ensue.</cd>  <rj><au>Blackstone.</au></rj></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaculable</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"u*la*ble</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Fit for throwing.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaculate</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"u*late</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jaculated</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jaculating</conjf>.]</vmorph> <ety>[L. <ets>jaculatus</ets>, p. p. of <ets>jaculari</ets>. See <er>Ejaculate</er>.]</ety> <def>To throw or cast, as a dart; to throw out; to emit.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaculation</ent><br/
<hw>Jac`u*la"tion</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jaculatio</ets>.]</ety> <def>The act of tossing, throwing, or hurling, as spears.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Hurled to and fro with <qex>jaculation</qex> dire.</q> <rj><qau>Milton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaculator</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"u*la`tor</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <ety>[L.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>One who throws or casts.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>The archer fish (<spn>Toxotes jaculator</spn>).</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaculatory</ent><br/
<hw>Jac"u*la*to*ry</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jaculatorius</ets>: cf. F. <ets>jaculatoire</ets>.]</ety> <def>Darting or throwing out suddenly; also, suddenly thrown out; uttered in short sentences; ejaculatory; <as>as, <ex>jaculatory</ex> prayers</as>.</def>  <rj><au>Smart.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jadding</ent><br/
<hw>Jad"ding</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Mining)</fld> <def>See <er>Holing</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jade</ent><br/
<hw>Jade</hw> <pr>(j<amac/d)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F., fr. Sp. <ets>jade</ets>, fr. piedra de <ets>ijada</ets> stone of the side, fr. <ets>ijada</ets> flank, side, pain in the side, the stone being so named because it was supposed to cure this pain. Sp. <ets>ijada</ets> is derived fr. L. <ets>ilia</ets> flanks.  Cf. <er>Iliac</er>.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Min.)</fld> <def>A stone, commonly of a pale to dark green color but sometimes whitish. It is very hard and compact, capable of fine polish, and is used for ornamental purposes and for implements, esp. in Eastern countries and among many early peoples.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ The general term <xex>jade</xex> includes nephrite, a compact variety of tremolite with a specific gravity of 3, and also the mineral jadeite, a silicate of alumina and soda, with a specific gravity of 3.3. The latter is the more highly prized and includes the feitsui of the Chinese. The name has also been given to other tough green minerals capable of similar use.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A color resembling that of jade{1}; it varies from yellowish-green to bluish-green.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jade</ent><br/
<hw>Jade</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>jade</ets>; cf. Prov. E. <ets>yaud</ets>, Scot. <ets>yade</ets>, <ets>yad</ets>, <ets>yaud</ets>, Icel. <ets>jalda</ets> a mare.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>A mean or tired horse; a worthless nag.</def>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Tired as a <qex>jade</qex> in overloaden cart.</q> <rj><qau>Sir P. Sidney.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>A disreputable or vicious woman; a wench; a quean; also, sometimes, a worthless man.</def>  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>She shines the first of battered <qex>jades</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Swift.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn>  <def>A young woman; -- generally so called in irony or slight contempt.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>A souple <qex>jade</qex> she was, and strang.</q> <rj><qau>Burns.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jade</ent><br/
<hw>Jade</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jaded</conjf>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jading</conjf>.]</vmorph><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>To treat like a jade; to spurn.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>To make ridiculous and contemptible.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>I do now fool myself, to let imagination <qex>jade</qex> me.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn>  <def>To exhaust by overdriving or long-continued labor of any kind; to tire, make dull, or wear out by severe or tedious tasks; to harass.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The mind, once <qex>jaded</qex> by an attempt above its power, . . . checks at any vigorous undertaking ever after.</q> <rj><qau>Locke.</qau></rj></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- To fatigue; tire; weary; harass.</syn> <usage> -- To <er>Jade</er>, <er>Fatigue</er>, <er>Tire</er>, <er>Weary</er>. <xex>Fatigue</xex> is the generic term; <xex>tire</xex> denotes fatigue which wastes the strength; <xex>weary</xex> implies that a person is worn out by exertion; <xex>jade</xex> refers to the weariness created by a long and steady repetition of the same act or effort. A little exertion will <xex>tire</xex> a child or a weak person; a severe or protracted task <xex>wearies</xex> equally the body and the mind; the most powerful horse becomes <xex>jaded</xex> on a long journey by a continual straining of the same muscles. <xex>Wearied</xex> with labor of body or mind; <xex>tired</xex> of work, <xex>tired</xex> out by importunities; <xex>jaded</xex> by incessant attention to business.</usage><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jade</ent><br/
<hw>Jade</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <def>To become weary; to lose spirit.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>They . . . fail, and <qex>jade</qex>, and tire in the prosecution.</q> <rj><qau>South.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jaded</ent><br/
<hw>jaded</hw> <pos>adj.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>dulled by surfeit; <as>as, the amoral, <ex>jaded</ex>, bored upper classes</as>.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>fatigued due to excess effort.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> wearied.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><q>my father's words had left me <qex>jaded</qex> and depressed</q> <qau>William Styron</qau><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jadeite</ent><br/
<hw>Jade"ite</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Min.)</fld> <def>See <er>Jade</er>, the stone.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jadery</ent><br/
<hw>Jad"er*y</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The tricks of a jade.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jadish</ent><br/
<hw>Jad"ish</hw>, <pos>a.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Vicious; ill-tempered; resembling a jade; -- applied to a horse.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>Unchaste; -- applied to a woman.</def>  <rj><au>L'Estrange.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaeger</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jae"ger</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See <er>Jager</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jag</ent><br/
<hw>Jag</hw> <pr>(j<acr/g)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Prob. of Celtic origin; cf. W. <ets>gag</ets> aperture, cleft, chink; akin to Ir. & Gael. <ets>gag</ets>.]</ety> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jagg</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>A notch; a cleft; a barb; a ragged or sharp protuberance; a denticulation.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Arethuss arose . . . <br/
From rock and from <qex>jag</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Shelley.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Garments thus beset with long <qex>jags</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Holland.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>A part broken off; a fragment.</def>  <rj><au>Bp. Hacket.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn>  <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A cleft or division.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>A leather bag or wallet;</def> <pluf>pl.</pluf>, <def>saddlebags.</def> <mark>[Scot.]</mark><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><sn>5.</sn>  <def>Enough liquor to make a man noticeably drunk; a small <ldquo/load;<rdquo/ a time or case of drunkeness; -- esp. in phr. <xex>To have a jag on</xex>, to be drunk.</def> <mark>[Slang, U. S. & Dial. Eng.]</mark><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jag bolt</b></col>, <cd>a bolt with a nicked or barbed shank which resists retraction, as when leaded into stone.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jag</ent><br/
<hw>Jag</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jagged</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jagging</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>.]</vmorph> <def>To cut into notches or teeth like those of a saw; to notch.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jagg</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jagging iron</b></col>, <cd>a wheel with a zigzag or jagged edge for cutting cakes or pastry into ornamental figures.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jag</ent><br/
<hw>Jag</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Scot. <ets>jag</ets>, <ets>jaug</ets>, a leather bag or wallet, a pocket.  Cf. <er>Jag</er> a notch.]</ety> <def>A small load, as of hay or grain in the straw, or of ore.</def> <mark>[Prov. Eng. &  Colloq. U.S.]</mark> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jagg</asp>.]</altsp>  <rj><au>Forby.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jag</ent><br/
<hw>Jag</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To carry, as a load; <as>as, to <ex>jag</ex> hay, etc.</as></def> <mark>[Prov. Eng. & Colloq. U.S.]</mark></p>

<p><ent>J.A.G</ent><br/
<ent>JAG</ent><br/
<mhw><hw>JAG</hw>, <hw>J.A.G</hw></mhw>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Mil.)</fld> <def>Same as <cref>Judge-Advocate General</cref>.</def> <mark>[Acronym]</mark> <br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juggernaut</ent><br/
<ent>Jaganatha</ent><br/
<ent>Jagannatha</ent><br/
<ent>Jagannath</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jag"an*nath</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <hw>Jag`an*na"tha</hw>, \'d8<hw>Jag`a*nat"ha</hw>, <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>prop. n.</pos> Also <hw>Jug"ger*naut</hw>}</mhw>. <ety>[Hind. <ets>Jagan-n<amac/th</ets> lord of the world, Skr. <ets>jagann<amac/tha</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Hinduism)</fld> <def>A particular form of <persfn>Vishnu</persfn>, or of <persfn>Krishna</persfn>, whose chief idol and worship are at Puri, in Orissa. The idol is considered to contain the bones of <persfn>Krishna</persfn> and to possess a soul. The principal festivals are the <b>Snanayatra</b>, when the idol is bathed, and the <b>Rathayatra</b>, when the image is drawn upon a car adorned with obscene paintings. Formerly it was erroneously supposed that devotees allowed themselves to be crushed beneath the wheels of this car. It is now known that any death within the temple of Jagannath is considered to render the place unclean, and any spilling of blood in the presence of the idol is a pollution.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jager</ent><br/
<hw>Ja"ger</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[G. <ets>j<aum/ger</ets> a hunter, a sportsman.  Cf. <er>Yager</er>.]</ety> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jaeger</asp>.]</altsp> <sn>1.</sn>  <fld>(Mil.)</fld> <def>A sharpshooter. See <er>Yager</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>Any species of gull of the genus <gen>Stercorarius</gen>. Three species occur on the Atlantic coast. The jagers pursue other species of gulls and force them to disgorge their prey. The two middle tail feathers are usually decidedly longer than the rest. Called also <altname>boatswain</altname>, and <altname>marline-spike bird</altname>. The name is also applied to the skua, or Arctic gull (<spn>Megalestris skua</spn>).</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jagg</ent><br/
<hw>jagg</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t. & n.</pos> <def>See <er>Jag</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jaggary</ent><br/
<hw>jaggary</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>unrefined brown sugar made from palm sap.  See <er>jaggery</er>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jaggery, jagghery.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jagged</ent><br/
<hw>jag"ged</hw> <pr>(j<acr/g"g<ecr/d)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Having jags; having rough, sharp notches, protuberances, or teeth; cleft; laciniate; divided; <as>as, <ex>jagged</ex> rocks</as>.</def> <ldquo/ <xex>Jagged</xex> vine leaves' shade.<rdquo/ <au>Trench.</au> -- <wordforms><wf>Jag"ged*ly</wf>, <pos>adv.</pos> -- <wf>Jag"ged*ness</wf>, <pos>n.</pos></wordforms><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jaggedness</ent><br/
<hw>jaggedness</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>something irregular like a bump on or crack in a smooth surface.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jagger</ent><br/
<hw>Jag"ger</hw> <pr>(j<acr/g"g<etil/r)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One who carries about a small load; a peddler. See 2d <er>Jag</er>.</def> <mark>[Scot.]</mark>  <rj><au>Sir W. Scott.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jagger</ent><br/
<hw>Jag"ger</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[From 4th <er>Jag</er>.]</ety> <def>One who, or that which, jags;</def> <specif>specifically:</specif> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>a jagging iron used for crimping pies, cakes, etc.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>A toothed chisel. See <er>Jag</er>, <pos>v. t.</pos></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jagger spring</b></col>, <cd>a spring beneath a seat, and resting on cleats or blocks in the body of a vehicle.</cd>  <rj><au>Knight.</au></rj></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaggery</ent><br/
<hw>Jag"ger*y</hw> <pr>(j<acr/g"g<etil/r*<ycr/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Hind <ets>j<amac/gr<imac/</ets>.  Cf. <er>Sugar</er>.]</ety> <def>Raw palm sugar, made in the East Indies by evaporating the fresh juice of several kinds of palm trees, but specifically those of the <prodby>palmyra</prodby> (<spn>Borassus flabelliformis</spn>) and <prodby>jaggery palm</prodby> (<spn>Caryota urens</spn>).</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jagghery</asp> and <asp>jaggary</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaggery palm</ent><br/
<hw>Jag"ger*y palm</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <def>An East Indian palm (<spn>Caryota urens</spn>) having leaves pinnate with wedge-shaped divisions, the petiole very stout. It is the principal source of jaggery, and is often cultivated for ornament.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jagghery</ent><br/
<hw>jagghery</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>Same as <er>jaggery</er>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jaggery, jaggary.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaggy</ent><br/
<hw>Jag"gy</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Having jags; set with teeth; notched; uneven; <as>as, <ex>jaggy</ex> teeth</as>.</def>  <rj><au>Addison.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaghir</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Ja"ghir</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Per. <ets>j<amac/g<imac/r</ets>.]</ety> <def>A village or district the government and revenues of which are assigned to some person, usually in consideration of some service to be rendered, esp. the maintenance of troops.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jaghire</asp>, <asp>jagir</asp>, etc.]</altsp> <mark>[India]</mark>  <rj><au>Whitworth.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaghirdar</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Ja"ghir*dar`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Per. <ets>j<amac/g<imac/r-d<amac/r</ets>.]</ety> <def>The holder of a jaghir.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jagua palm</ent><br/
<hw>Ja"gua palm`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <ety>[Sp. <ets>jagua</ets> the fruit of the jagua palm.]</ety> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A great Brazilian palm (<spn>Maximiliana regia</spn>), having immense spathes which are used for baskets and tubs.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaguar</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*guar"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Braz. <ets>yago<aacute/ra</ets>: cf. & Pg. <ets>jaguar</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A large and powerful feline animal (<spn>Panthera onca</spn>, formerly <spn>Felis onca</spn>), ranging from Texas and Mexico to Patagonia. It is usually brownish yellow, with large, dark, somewhat angular rings, each generally inclosing one or two dark spots. It is chiefly arboreal in its habits. It is also called the <altname>panther</altname> and the <altname>American tiger</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaguarondi</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Ja`gua*ron"di</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Native name.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A South American wild cat (<spn>Felis jaguarondi</spn>), having a long, slim body and very short legs. Its color is grayish brown, varied with a blackish hue. It is arboreal in its habits and feeds mostly on birds.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jah</ent><br/
<hw>Jah</hw> <pr>(j<aum/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Heb. <ets>y<amac/h</ets>.]</ety> <def>Jehovah.</def>  <rj><au>Ps. lxviii. 4.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jahvistic</ent><br/
<ent>Jahvist</ent><br/
<mhw><hw>Jah"vist</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>, <hw>Jah*vis"tic</hw> <pr>(<?/)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos></mhw> <def>See <er>Jehovist</er>, <er>Jehovistic</er>.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jahvey</ent><br/
<ent>Jahweh</ent><br/
<mhw><hw>Jahweh</hw>, <hw>Jahvey</hw></mhw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>a name for the Old Testament God as transliterated from the Hebrew YHVH.  See <er>Jehovah</er>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> Yahweh, Yahwe, Yahveh, Yahve, Wahvey, Jahweh, Jehovah.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jail</ent><br/
<hw>Jail</hw> <pr>(j<amac/l)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>jaile</ets>, <ets>gail</ets>, <ets>gayhol</ets>, OF. <ets>gaole</ets>, <ets>gaiole</ets>, <ets>jaiole</ets>, F. <ets>ge<ocir/le</ets>, LL. <ets>gabiola</ets>, dim. of <ets>gabia</ets> cage, for L. <ets>cavea</ets> cavity, cage. See <er>Cage</er>.]</ety> <def>A kind of prison; a building for the confinement of persons held in lawful  custody, especially for minor offenses or with reference to some future judicial proceeding.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>gaol</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>This <qex>jail</qex> I count the house of liberty.</q> <rj><qau>Milton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jail delivery</b></col>, <cd>the release of prisoners from jail, either legally or by violence.</cd> -- <col><b>Jail delivery commission</b></col>. <cd>See under <er>Gaol</er>.</cd> -- <col><b>Jail fever</b></col> <fld>(Med.)</fld>, <cd>typhus fever, or a disease resembling it, generated in jails and other places crowded with people; -- called also <altname>hospital fever</altname>, and <altname>ship fever</altname>.</cd> -- <mcol><col><b>Jail liberties</b></col>, <it>or</it> <col><b>Jail limits</b></col></mcol>, <cd>a space or district around a jail within which an imprisoned debtor was, on certain conditions, allowed to go at large.</cd> <au>Abbott.</au> -- <col><b>Jail lock</b></col>, <cd>a peculiar form of padlock; -- called also <altname>Scandinavian lock</altname>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jail</ent><br/
<hw>Jail</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To imprison.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>T. Adams (1614).</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>[Bolts] that <qex>jail</qex> you from free life.</q> <rj><qau>Tennyson.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jail bird</ent><br/
<ent>jailbird</ent><br/
<mhw><hw>jail"bird`</hw>, <hw>jail" bird`</hw></mhw> <def>A prisoner; one is in prison or who has been confined in prison.</def> <mark>[Slang]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jailbreak</ent><br/
<hw>jailbreak</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>an escape from jail; <as>as, five prisoners escaped in a coordinated <er>jailbreak</er></as>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> break, breakout, gaolbreak, prisonbreak, prison-breaking.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jailed</ent><br/
<hw>jailed</hw> <pos>adj.</pos>  <def>placed in a prison; -- of people.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> captive, confined, imprisoned.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jailer</ent><br/
<hw>Jail"er</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>jailer</ets>, <ets>gailer</ets>, OF. <ets>geolier</ets>, F. <ets>ge<ocir/lier</ets>. See <er>Jail</er>.]</ety> <def>The keeper of a jail or prison.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jailor</asp>, <asp>gaoler</asp>.]</altsp></p>

<p><ent>jailing</ent><br/
<hw>jailing</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>The act or process of putting someone in prison or in jail as a lawful punishment.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> imprisonment.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaina</ent><br/
<ent>Jain</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jain</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <hw>Jai"na</hw>, }</mhw> <pos>prop. n.</pos> <ety>[Skr. <ets>Jaina</ets>, fr. <ets>Jina</ets>, a proper name, fr. <ets>jina</ets> victorious.]</ety> <def>One of a numerous sect in British India, holding the tenets of Jainism.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jain</ent><br/
<hw>Jain</hw> <pos>adj.</pos> <def>of or pertaining to Jainism; <as>as, <ex>Jain</ex> gods</as>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> Jainist.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jainism</ent><br/
<hw>Jain"ism</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The heterodox Hindu religion, founded in the 6th century as a revolt against Hinduism; its most striking features are the exaltation of saints or holy mortals, called <xex>jins</xex>, above the ordinary Hindu gods, and the denial of a supreme being and of the divine origin and infallibility of the Vedas.  Also, the sect comprising those adhering to Jainism.  Jainism believes in immortality and the transmigration of the soul. It is intermediate between Brahmanism and Buddhism, having some things in common with each.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> + <source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jairou</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jai*rou"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Native name.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>The ahu or Asiatic gazelle.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jak</ent><br/
<hw>Jak</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>see 1st <er>Jack</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jakes</ent><br/
<hw>Jakes</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Prob. fr. F. <ets>Jacques</ets>, the proper name. See 2d <er>Jack</er>.]</ety> <def>A privy.</def>  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jakie</ent><br/
<hw>Ja"kie</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A South American striped frog (<spn>Pseudis paradoxa</spn>), remarkable for having a tadpole larger than the adult, and hence called also <altname>paradoxical frog</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jako</ent><br/
<hw>Jak"o</hw> <pr>(j<acr/k"<osl/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>An African parrot (<spn>Psittacus erithacus</spn>), very commonly kept as a cage bird; -- called also <altname>gray parrot</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jakwood</ent><br/
<hw>Jak"wood`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See <er>Jackwood</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jalap</ent><br/
<hw>Jal"ap</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F., fr. Sp. <ets>jalapa</ets>; -- so called from <etsep>Jalapa</etsep>, a town in Mexico, whence it was first obtained.]</ety> <fld>(Med.)</fld> <def>The tubers of the Mexican plant <spn>Ipom<oe/a purga</spn> (or <spn>Exogonium purga</spn>) of the family <fam>Convolvulaceae</fam>, a climber much like the morning-glory. The abstract, extract, and powder, prepared from the tubers, are well known purgative (cathartic) medicines, and are also called <ex>jalap</ex>. Other species of <gen>Ipom<oe/a</gen> yield several inferior kinds of jalap, as the <spn>Ipom<oe/a Orizabensis</spn>, and <spn>Ipom<oe/a tuberosa</spn>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>False jalap</b></col>, <cd>the root of <spn>Mirabilis Jalapa</spn>, four-o'clock, or marvel of Peru.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jalapic</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*lap"ic</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Of or pertaining to jalap.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jalapin</ent><br/
<hw>Jal"a*pin</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Chem.)</fld> <def>A glucoside found in the stems of the jalap plant and scammony. It is a strong purgative.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jalons</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Ja`lons"</hw>, <pos>n. pl.</pos> <ety>[F. Of unknown origin.]</ety> <fld>(Mil.)</fld> <def>Long poles, topped with wisps of straw, used as landmarks and signals.</def>  <rj><au>Farrow.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jalousie</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Ja`lou`sie"</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. See <er>Jealousy</er>.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A Venetian or slatted inside window blind.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A window or door made of multiple glass or plastic slats, which can be opened or closed like a jalousie{1}.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jalousied</ent><br/
<hw>Ja`lou`sied"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Furnished with jalousies; <as>as, <ex>jalousied</ex> porches</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jam</ent><br/
<hw>Jam</hw> <pr>(j<acr/m)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Per. or Hind. <ets>j<amac/mah</ets> garment, robe.]</ety> <def>A kind of frock for children.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jam</ent><br/
<hw>Jam</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Mining)</fld> <def>See <er>Jamb</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jam</ent><br/
<hw>Jam</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jammed</conjf> <pr>(j<acr/md)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jamming</conjf>.]</vmorph> <ety>[Either fr. <ets>jamb</ets>, as if squeezed between <ets>jambs</ets>, or more likely from the same source as <ets>champ</ets> See <er>Champ</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>To press into a close or tight position; to crowd; to squeeze; to wedge in; to cram; <as>as, rock fans <ex>jammed</ex> the theater for the concert</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The ship . . . <qex>jammed</qex> in between two rocks.</q> <rj><qau>De Foe.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>To crush or bruise; <as>as, to <ex>jam</ex> a finger in the crack of a door</as>.</def> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn>  <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <def>To bring (a vessel) so close to the wind that half her upper sails are laid aback.</def>  <rj><au>W. C. Russell.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>To block or obstruct by packing too much (people or objects) into; <as>as, shoppers <ex>jammed</ex> the aisles during the fire sale</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>5.</sn> <fld>(Radio)</fld> <def>To interfere with (a radio signal) by sending other signals of the same or nearby frequency; <as>as, the Soviets <ex>jammed</ex> Radio Free Europe broadcasts for years during the cold war</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>6.</sn> <def>To cause to become nonfunctional by putting something in that blocks the movement of a part or parts; <as>as, he <ex>jammed</ex> the drawer by putting in too many loose papers; he <ex>jammed</ex> the lock by trying to pick it</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jam</ent><br/
<hw>Jam</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos>  <sn>2.</sn> <def>To become stuck so as not to function; <as>as, the copier <ex>jammed</ex> again</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Music)</fld> <def>To play an instrument in a jam session.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>To crowd together; -- usually used with <ptcl>together</ptcl> or <ptcl>in</ptcl>; <as>as, fifty people <ex>jammed</ex> into a conference room designed for twenty</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jam</ent><br/
<hw>Jam</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A mass of people or objects crowded together; also, the pressure from a crowd; a crush; <as>as, a <ex>jam</ex> in a street; a <ex>jam</ex> of logs in a river.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>An injury caused by jamming.</def> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A difficult situation; <as>as, he got himself into a <ex>jam</ex></as>.</def> <mark>[informal]</mark> <br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jam</ent><br/
<hw>Jam</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Prob. fr. <ets>jam</ets>, v.; but cf. also Ar. <ets>jamad</ets> ice, jelly, <ets>j<amac/mid</ets> congealed, <ets>jamd</ets> congelation, ice.]</ety> <def>A preserve of fruit boiled with sugar and water; also called <altname>jelly</altname>; <as>as, raspberry <ex>jam</ex>; currant <ex>jam</ex>; grape <ex>jam</ex>.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jam nut</b></col>. <cd>See <cref>Check nut</cref>, under <er>Check</er>.</cd> -- <col><b>Jam weld</b></col> <fld>(Forging)</fld>, <cd>a butt weld. See under <er>Butt</er>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jamacina</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jam`a*ci"na</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[NL.]</ety> <def>Jamaicine.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jamadar</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jam"a*dar</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Same as <er>Jemidar</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jamaica</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*mai"ca</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One of the West Indian islands.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jamaica ginger</b></col>, <cd>a variety of ginger, called also <altname>white ginger</altname>, prepared in Jamaica from the best roots, which are deprived of their epidermis and dried separately.</cd> -- <col><b>Jamaica pepper</b></col>, <cd>allspice.</cd> -- <col><b>Jamaica rose</b></col> <fld>(Bot.)</fld>, <cd>a West Indian melastomaceous shrub (<spn>Blakea trinervis</spn>), with showy pink flowers.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jamaican</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*mai"can</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Of or pertaining to Jamaica.</def> -- <def2><pos>n.</pos>  <def>A native or inhabitant of Jamaica.</def></def2><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jamaicine</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*ma"i*cine</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[From <ets>Jamaica</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Chem.)</fld> <def>An alkaloid said to be contained in the bark of <spn>Geoffroya inermis</spn>, a leguminous tree growing in Jamaica and Surinam; -- called also <altname>jamacina</altname>.</def>  <rj><au>Watts.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jamb</ent><br/
<hw>Jamb</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Prov. E. <ets>jaumb</ets>, <ets>jaum</ets>, F. <ets>jambe</ets> a leg, <ets>jambe de force</ets> a principal rafter. See <er>Gambol</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <fld>(Arch)</fld> <def>The vertical side of any opening, as a door or fireplace; hence, less properly, any narrow vertical surface of wall, as the of a chimney-breast or of a pier, as distinguished from its face.</def>  <rj><au>Gwilt.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <fld>(Mining)</fld> <def>Any thick mass of rock which prevents miners from following the lode or vein.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jamb</ent><br/
<hw>Jamb</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>See <er>Jam</er>, <pos>v. t. & i.</pos></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jambeau</ent><br/
<ent>Jambe</ent><br/
<ent>Jamb</ent><br/
<mhw><hw>Jamb</hw>, <hw>Jambe</hw>, <hw>Jambeau</hw></mhw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See <er>Jambes</er>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jambalaya</ent><br/
<hw>jam`ba*lay"a</hw> <pr>(j<ucr/m`b<adot/*l<imac/"<adot/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A spicy Creole dish of rice with ham, sausage, chicken, or shellfish, plus tomatoes, and seasoned with peppers, onions, herbs, and celery.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jambeau</ent><br/
<hw>jam*beau"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Ancient armor)</fld> <def>See <er>jambes</er>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> greave.</syn><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A type of spikefish of the Atlantic Ocean, <spn>Parahollardia lineata</spn>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jambee</ent><br/
<hw>Jam*bee"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[See <er>Jamb</er>, <pos>n.</pos>: <ets>cf</ets>. OF. <ets>jamboier</ets> to walk.]</ety> <def>A fashionable cane.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Tatler.</au></rj></p>

<p><ent>Jambeux</ent><br/
<ent>Jambes</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jambes</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <hw>Jam"beux</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, }</mhw> <pos>n. pl.</pos> <ety>[From  F. <ets>jambe</ets> a leg: cf. OF. <ets>jambiere</ets>. See <er>Jamb</er>, <pos>n.</pos>]</ety> <fld>(Ancient Armor)</fld> <def>In the Middle Ages, armor for the legs below the knees, usually having front and back pieces; called also <altname>greaves</altname>.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>giambeux</asp>.]</altsp>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jambolana</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jam`bo*la"na</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. Pg. <ets>jambol<atil/o</ets> a kind of tropical fruit.]</ety> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A myrtaceous tree of the West Indies and tropical America (<spn>Calyptranthes Jambolana</spn>), with astringent bark, used for dyeing. It bears an edible fruit.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jambul</ent><br/
<ent>Jambool</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jam"bool</hw>, <hw>Jam"bul</hw> <pr>(?)</pr> }</mhw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Hind. <ets>jamb<umac/</ets>, <ets>jamb<umac/l</ets>, prop., the rose-apple tree or its fruit, fr. Skr. <ets>jambu</ets>, <ets>jamb<umac/</ets>.]</ety> <def>The Java plum; also, a drug obtained from its bark and seeds, formerly used as a remedy for diabetes.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jamboree</ent><br/
<hw>Jam`bo*ree"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Etym. uncertain. Cf. <er>Jambone</er>.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A noisy or unrestrained carousal or frolic; a spree.</def> <mark>[Slang]</mark>  <rj><au>Kipling.</au></rj></p>

<p><q>A Calcutta-made pony cart had been standing in front of the manager's bungalow when Raja Singh started on his <qex>jamboree</qex>.</q>  <rj><qau>W. A. Fraser.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>a large festive gathering.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>an assembly of boy scouts, usually at the national or international level, including camping among the activities; -- a term adopted by the Boy Scouts organization.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jamdani</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jam"da*ni</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A silk fabric, with a woven pattern of sprigs of flowers.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jamdanee</asp>.]</altsp>  <rj><au>Balfour (Cyc. of India).</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>James</ent><br/
<hw>James</hw> <pos>prop. n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def><person>William James</person>, an American psychologist and philosopher (1842-1910).  He was the brother of <person>Henry James</person>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> William James.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def><person>Henry James</person>, an American novelist and critic, born 1843, died 1916.  He was the brother of <person>William James</person>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> Henry James.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def><person>Saint James the Apostle</person>, a disciple of Jesus; brother of John; author of The Epistle of James in the New Testament.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> Saint James, St. James, Saint James the Apostle.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>The James River, a tributary of the Missouri River.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> James River.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jamesonia</ent><br/
<hw>Jamesonia</hw> <pos>prop. n.</pos> <def>A genus of xerophytic ferns of South America.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> genus <gen>Jamesonia</gen>.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jamesonite</ent><br/
<hw>Ja"me*son*ite</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[From <person>Prof. <etsep>Jameson</etsep></person>, of Edinburgh.]</ety> <fld>(Min.)</fld> <def>A steel-gray mineral, of metallic luster, commonly fibrous massive. It is a sulphide of antimony and lead, with a little iron.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>James's powder</ent><br/
<hw>James"'s pow`der</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <fld>(Med.)</fld> <def>Antimonial powder, first prepared by <person>Dr. <etsep>James</etsep></person>, an English physician; -- called also <altname>fever powder</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jamestown weed</ent><br/
<hw>James"town` weed`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>The poisonous thorn apple or stramonium (<spn>Datura stramonium</spn>), a rank weed early noticed at <etsep>Jamestown</etsep>, Virginia. See <er>Datura</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ This name is often corrupted into <xex>jimson</xex>, <xex>jimpson</xex>, and <xex>gympsum</xex>.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jamjar</ent><br/
<hw>jamjar</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>a jar for holding jellies or preserves.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jampot.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jammed</ent><br/
<hw>jammed</hw> <pos>adj.</pos>  <def>filled to capacity or overfilled; <as>as, the auditorium was <ex>jammed</ex> to the rafters</as>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> full, jam-packed, packed.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jampack</ent><br/
<hw>jampack</hw> <pos>v. t.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>to stuff; to fill completely and tightly; to jam{1}.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jel, gel.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jampan</ent><br/
<hw>jampan</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>a kind of sedan chair used in India.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jampot</ent><br/
<hw>jampot</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>a jar for holding jellies or preserves; a jamjar.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jamjar.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><-- p. 797 --></p>

<p><ent>Jan</ent><br/
<hw>Jan</hw> <pr>(j<acr/n)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Ar.]</ety> <fld>(Moham. Myth.)</fld> <def>One of an intermediate order between angels and men.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jane</ent><br/
<hw>Jane</hw> <pr>(j<amac/n)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[LL. <ets>Janua</ets> Genoa; L. <ets>Genua</ets>, also OE. <ets>Jean</ets>.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A coin of Genoa; any small coin.</def>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>A kind of twilled cotton cloth. See <er>Jean</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jane-of-apes</ent><br/
<hw>Jane"-of-apes"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A silly, pert girl; -- corresponding to <contr>jackanapes</contr>.</def>  <rj><au>Massinger.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jangle</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"gle</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jangled</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jangling</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>.]</vmorph> <ety>[OE. <ets>janglen</ets> to quarrel, OF. <ets>jangler</ets> to rail, quarrel; of Dutch or German origin; cf. D. <ets>jangelen</ets>, <ets>janken</ets>, to whimper, chide, brawl, quarrel.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>To sound harshly or discordantly, as bells out of tune.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>To talk idly; to prate; to babble; to chatter; to gossip.</def> <ldquo/Thou <xex>janglest</xex> as a jay.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn>  <def>To quarrel in words; to altercate; to wrangle.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Good wits will be <qex>jangling</qex>; but, gentles, agree.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Prussian Trenck . . . jargons and <qex>jangles</qex> in an unmelodious manner.</q> <rj><qau>Carlyle.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jangle</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"gle</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To cause to sound harshly or inharmoniously; to produce discordant sounds with.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Like sweet bells <qex>jangled</qex>, out of tune, and harsh.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jangle</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"gle</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. OF. <ets>jangle</ets>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>Idle talk; prate; chatter; babble.</def>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>Discordant sound; wrangling.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>The unmelodious ringing of multiple metallic objects striking together, such as a set of small bells.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><q>The musical <qex>jangle</qex> of sleigh bells.</q> <rj><qau>Longfellow.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jangler</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"gler</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. OF. <ets>jangleor</ets>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>An idle talker; a babbler; a prater.</def>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>A wrangling, noisy fellow.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jangleress</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"gler*ess</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A female prater or babbler.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Janglery</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"gler*y</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. OF. <ets>janglerie</ets> chattering, talk.]</ety> <def>Jangling.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jangling</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"gling</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Producing discordant sounds.</def> <ldquo/A <xex>jangling</xex> noise.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Milton.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jangling</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"gling</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Idle babbling; vain disputation.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>From which some, having swerved, have turned aside unto vain <qex>jangling</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>1 Tim. i. 6.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>Wrangling; altercation.</def>  <rj><au>Lamb.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jangly</ent><br/
<hw>jangly</hw> <pos>adj.</pos>  <def>like the discordant ringing of nonmusical metallic objects striking together; sounding with a jangle{3}; <as>as, a custodian with a <ex>jangly</ex> set of keys</as>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jangling.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Janissary</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"is*sa*ry</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See <er>Janizary</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Janitor</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"i*tor</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L., fr. <ets>janua</ets> a door.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A door-keeper; a porter.</def> <mark>[Archaic]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>One who is employed to care for a public building, or a building occupied for offices, suites of rooms, etc.; a caretaker; -- the duties may include removal of trash, cleaning of the rooms and public areas, and minor repairs.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Janitrix</ent><br/
<ent>Janitress</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jan"i*tress</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <hw>Jan"i*trix</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, }</mhw> <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>janitrix</ets>. See <er>Janitor</er>.]</ety> <def>A female janitor.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Janizar</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"i*zar`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A janizary.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>Byron.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Janizarian</ent><br/
<hw>Jan`i*za"ri*an</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Of or pertaining to the janizaries, or their government.</def>  <rj><au> Burke.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Janizary</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"i*za*ry</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Janizaries</plw> <pr>(#)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[F. <ets>janissaire</ets>, fr. Turk. <ets>ye<ntil/i-tsheri</ets> new soldiers or troops.]</ety> <def>A soldier of a privileged military class, which formed the nucleus of the Turkish infantry, but was suppressed in 1826.</def> <altsp>[written also <asp>janissary</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Janker</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"ker</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A long pole on two wheels, used in hauling logs.</def> <mark>[Scot.]</mark>  <rj><au>Jamieson.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jansenism</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"sen*ism</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>Jans<eacute/nisme</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Eccl. Hist.)</fld> <def>The doctrine of <persfn>Jansen</persfn> regarding free will and divine grace.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jansenist</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"sen*ist</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>Jans<eacute/niste</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Eccl. Hist.)</fld> <def>A follower of <person>Cornelius <etsep>Jansen</etsep></person>, a Roman Catholic bishop of Ypres, in Flanders, in the 17th century, who taught certain doctrines denying free will and the possibility of resisting divine grace.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jant</ent><br/
<hw>Jant</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <def>See <er>Jaunt</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Janthina</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jan"thi*na</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>See <er>Ianthina</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jantily</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"ti*ly</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>See <er>Jauntily</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jantiness</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"ti*ness</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See <er>Jauntiness</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jantu</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jan"tu</hw> <pr>(?)</pr> <pos>n.</pos> <def>A machine of great antiquity, used in Bengal for raising water to irrigate land.</def>  <rj><au>Knight.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Janty</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"ty</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>See <er>Jaunty</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>January</ent><br/
<hw>Jan"u*a*ry</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>Januarius</ets>, fr. <etsep>Janus</etsep> an old Latin deity, the god of the sun  and the year, to whom the month of January was sacred; cf. <ets>janua</ets> a door, Skr. <ets>y<amac/</ets>  to go.]</ety> <def>The first month of the year, containing thirty-one days.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ Before the adoption of New Style, the commencement of the year was usually reckoned from March 25.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Janus</ent><br/
<hw>Ja"nus</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. See <er>January</er>.]</ety> <fld>(Rom. Antiq.)</fld> <def>A Latin deity represented with two faces looking in opposite directions. Numa is said to have dedicated to Janus the covered passage at Rome, near the Forum, which is usually called the Temple of Janus. This passage was open in war and closed in peace.</def>  <rj><au>Dr. W. Smith.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Janus cloth</b></col>, <cd>a fabric having both sides dressed, the sides being of different colors, -- used for reversible garments.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Janus-faced</ent><br/
<hw>Ja"nus-faced`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Double-faced; deceitful.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Janus-faced lock</b></col>, <cd>one having duplicate faces so as to go upon a right or a left hand door, the key entering on either side indifferently.</cd>  <rj><au>Knight.</au></rj></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Janus-headed</ent><br/
<hw>Ja"nus-head`ed</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Double-headed.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japan</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*pan"</hw> <pr>(j<adot/*p<acr/n")</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[From <ets>Japan</ets>, the country.]</ety> <def>Work varnished and figured in the Japanese manner; also, the varnish or lacquer used in japanning.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japan</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*pan"</hw>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Of or pertaining to Japan, or to the lacquered work of that country; <as>as, <ex>Japan</ex> ware</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Japan allspice</b></col> <fld>(Bot.)</fld>, <cd>a spiny shrub from Japan (<spn>Chimonanthus fragrans</spn>), related to the Carolina allspice.</cd> -- <col><b>Japan black</b></col> <fld>(Chem.)</fld>, <cd>a quickly drying black lacquer or varnish, consisting essentially of asphaltum dissolved in naphtha or turpentine, and used for coating ironwork; -- called also <altname>Brunswick black</altname>, <altname>Japan lacquer</altname>, or simply <altname>Japan</altname>.</cd> -- <col><b>Japan camphor</b></col>, <cd>ordinary camphor brought from China or Japan, as distinguished from the rare variety called <contr>borneol</contr> or <contr>Borneo camphor</contr>.</cd> -- <mcol><col><b>Japan clover</b></col>, <it>or</it> <col><b>Japan pea</b></col></mcol> <fld>(Bot.)</fld>, <cd>a cloverlike plant (<spn>Lespedeza striata</spn>) from Eastern Asia, useful for fodder, first noticed in the Southern United States about 1860, but now become very common.  During the Civil War it was called variously <altname>Yankee clover</altname> and <altname>Rebel clover</altname>.</cd> -- <col><b>Japan earth</b></col>. <cd>See <er>Catechu</er>.</cd> -- <col><b>Japan ink</b></col>, <cd>a kind of writing ink, of a deep, glossy black when dry.</cd> -- <col><b>Japan varnish</b></col>, <cd>a varnish prepared from the milky juice of the <spn>Rhus vernix</spn>, a small Japanese tree related to the poison sumac.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japan</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*pan"</hw> <pr>(j<adot/*p<acr/n")</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Japanned</conjf> <pr>(j<adot/*p<acr/nd")</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Japanning</conjf>.]</vmorph><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>To cover with a coat of hard, brilliant varnish, in the manner of the Japanese; to lacquer.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>To give a glossy black to, as shoes.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>Gay.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japan current</ent><br/
<hw>Japan current</hw>. <def>A branch of the equatorial current of the Pacific, washing the eastern coast of Formosa and thence flowing northeastward past Japan and merging into the easterly drift of the North Pacific; -- called also <altname>Kuro-Siwo</altname>, or <altname>Black Stream</altname>, in allusion to the deep blue of its water. It is similar in may ways to the Gulf Stream.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japanese</ent><br/
<hw>Jap`a*nese"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Of or pertaining to Japan, or its inhabitants.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japanese</ent><br/
<hw>Jap`a*nese"</hw>, <pos>n. sing. & pl.</pos><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>A native or inhabitant of Japan; collectively, the people of Japan.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <singf>sing.</singf> <def>The language of the people of Japan, called  in the Japanese language <xex>nihongo</xex>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japanned</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*panned"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Treated, or coated, with varnish in the Japanese manner.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Japanned leather</b></col>,<cd>leather treated with coatings of Japan varnish, and dried in a stove.</cd>  <rj><au>Knight.</au></rj></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japanner</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*pan"ner</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>One who varnishes in the manner of the Japanese, or one skilled in the art.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>A bootblack.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japanning</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*pan"ning</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The art or act of varnishing in  the Japanese manner.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japannish</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*pan"nish</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>After the manner of the Japanese; resembling japanned articles.</def>  <rj><au>Carlyle.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jape</ent><br/
<hw>Jape</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <ety>[Prob. from the same source as <ets>gab</ets>, influenced by F. <ets>japper</ets> to yelp. See <er>Gab</er> to deceive.]</ety> <def>To jest; to play tricks; to jeer.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jape</ent><br/
<hw>Jape</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To mock; to trick.</def>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>I have not been putting a <qex>jape</qex> upon you.</q> <rj><qau>Sir W. Scott.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The coy giggle of the young lady to whom he has imparted his latest merry <qex>jape</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>W. Besant.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japer</ent><br/
<hw>Jap"er</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A jester; a buffoon.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japery</ent><br/
<hw>Jap"er*y</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. OF. <ets>japerie</ets> a yelping.]</ety> <def>Jesting; buffoonery.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japhethite</ent><br/
<hw>Ja"pheth*ite</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A Japhetite.</def>  <rj><au>Kitto.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japhetic</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*phet"ic</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Pertaining to, or derived from, Japheth, one of the sons of Noah; <as>as, <ex>Japhetic</ex> nations, the nations of Europe and Northern Asia; <ex>Japhetic</ex> languages.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japhetite</ent><br/
<hw>Ja"phet*ite</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A descendant of Japheth.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japonica</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*pon"i*ca</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[NL., Japanese, fr. <ets>Japonia</ets> Japan.]</ety> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A species of Camellia (<spn>Camellia Japonica</spn>), a native of Japan, bearing beautiful red or white flowers. Many other genera have species of the same name.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Japonism</ent><br/
<hw>Jap"o*nism</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>japonisme</ets>, fr. <ets>Japon</ets> Japan.]</ety> <def>A quality, idiom, or peculiarity characteristic of the Japanese or their products, esp. in art.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jar</ent><br/
<hw>Jar</hw> <pr>(j<aum/r)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[See <er>Ajar</er>.]</ety> <def>A turn.</def> <note>[Only in phrase.]</note> <br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>On the jar</b></col>, <cd>on the turn, ajar, as a door.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jar</ent><br/
<hw>Jar</hw> <pr>(j<aum/r)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jarre</ets>, Sp. <ets>jarra</ets>, from Ar. <ets>jarrah</ets> ewer; cf. Pers. <ets>jarrah</ets>.]</ety>  <sn>1.</sn>  <def>A deep, broad-mouthed vessel of earthenware or glass, for holding fruit, preserves, etc., or for ornamental purposes; <as>as, a <ex>jar</ex> of honey; a rose <ex>jar</ex>.</as></def>  <rj><au>Dryden.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>The measure of what is contained in a jar; <as>as, a <ex>jar</ex> of oil; a <ex>jar</ex> of preserves.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><mcol><col><b>Bell jar</b></col>, <col><b>Leyden jar</b></col></mcol>. <cd>See in the Vocabulary.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jar</ent><br/
<hw>Jar</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jarred</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jarring</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>.]</vmorph> <ety>[Cf. OE. <ets>charken</ets> to creak, AS. <ets>cearcian</ets> to gnash, F. <ets>jars</ets> a gander, L. <ets>garrire</ets> to chatter, prate, OHG. <ets>kerran</ets> to chatter, croak, G. <ets>quarren</ets> to grumble, and E. <ets>jargon</ets>, <ets>ajar</ets>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>To  give forth a rudely quivering or tremulous sound; to sound harshly or discordantly; <as>as, the notes <ex>jarred</ex> on my ears</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>When such strings <qex>jar</qex>, what hope of harmony ?</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>A string may <qex>jar</qex> in the best master's hand.</q> <rj><qau>Roscommon.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>To act in opposition or disagreement; to clash; to interfere; to quarrel; to dispute.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>When those renowned noble peers Greece<br/
Through stubborn pride among themselves did <qex>jar</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Spenser.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>For orders and degrees<br/
<qex>Jar</qex> not with liberty, but well consist.</q> <rj><qau>Milton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jar</ent><br/
<hw>Jar</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>To cause a short, tremulous motion of, to cause to tremble, as by a sudden shock or blow; to shake; to shock; <as>as, to <ex>jar</ex> the earth; to <ex>jar</ex> one's faith.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>To tick; to beat; to mark or tell off.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>My thoughts are minutes, and with sighs they <qex>jar</qex><br/
Their watches on unto mine eyes.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jar</ent><br/
<hw>Jar</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A rattling, tremulous vibration or shock; a shake; a harsh sound; a discord; <as>as, the <ex>jar</ex> of a train; the <ex>jar</ex> of harsh sounds.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>Clash of interest or opinions; collision; discord; debate; slight disagreement.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>And yet his peace is but continual <qex>jar</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Spenser.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Cease, cease these <qex>jars</qex>, and rest your minds in peace.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn>  <def>A regular vibration, as of a pendulum.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>I love thee not a <qex>jar</qex> of the clock.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn>  <pluf>pl.</pluf> <def>In deep well boring, a device resembling two long chain links, for connecting a percussion drill to the rod or rope which works it, so that the drill is driven down by impact and is jerked loose when jammed.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jararaca</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jar`a*ra"ca</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Pg., from the native name.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A poisonous serpent of Brazil (<spn>Bothrops jararaca</spn>), about eighteen inches long, and of a dusky, brownish color, variegated with red and black spots.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jarble</ent><br/
<hw>Jar"ble</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To wet; to bemire.</def> <mark>[Prov. Eng.]</mark>  <rj><au>Halliwell.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jardiniere</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jar`di`ni<egrave/re"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F., fem. of <ets>jardinier</ets> gardener. See <er>Garden</er>.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>An ornamental stand or receptacle for plants, flowers, etc., used as a piece of decorative furniture in room.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Cookery)</fld> <def>A preparation of mixed vegetables stewed in a sauce with savory herbs, etc.; also, a soup made in this way.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jards</ent><br/
<hw>Jards</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jarde</ets>, <ets>jardon</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Far.)</fld> <def>A callous tumor on the leg of a horse, below the hock.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jargle</ent><br/
<hw>Jar"gle</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <ety>[Cf. OSw. <ets>jerga</ets> to repeat angrily, to brawl, Icel. <ets>jarg</ets> tedious iteration, F. <ets>jargonner</ets> to talk jargon. See <er>Jargon</er> gabble.]</ety> <def>To emit a harsh or discordant sound.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Bp. Hall.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jargon</ent><br/
<hw>Jar"gon</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jargon</ets>, OF. also <ets>gargon</ets>, perh. akin to E. <ets>garrulous</ets>, or <ets>gargle</ets>.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Confused, unintelligible language; gibberish.</def>  <ldquo/A barbarous <xex>jargon</xex>.<rdquo/ <au>Macaulay.</au> <ldquo/All <xex>jargon</xex> of the schools.<rdquo/ <au>Prior.</au><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <specif>Hence:</specif> <def>an artificial idiom or dialect; cant language; slang.</def> <specif>Especially,</specif> <def>an idiom with frequent use of informal technical terms, such as acronyms, used by specialists.</def>
<ldquo/All <xex>jargon</xex> of the schools.<rdquo/ <au>Prior.</au><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The <qex>jargon</qex> which serves the traffickers.</q> <rj><qau>Johnson.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jargon</ent><br/
<hw>Jar"gon</hw> <pr>(j<aum/r"g<ocr/n)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jargoned</conjf> <pr>(-g<ocr/nd)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jargoning</conjf>.]</vmorph> <def>To utter jargon; to emit confused or unintelligible sounds; to talk unintelligibly, or in a harsh and noisy manner.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The noisy jay,<br/
<qex>Jargoning</qex> like a foreigner at his food.</q> <rj><qau>Longfellow.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jargon</ent><br/
<hw>Jar"gon</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[E. <ets>jargon</ets>, It. <ets>jiargone</ets>; perh. fr. Pers. <ets>zarg<umac/n</ets> gold-colored, fr. <ets>zar</ets> gold.  Cf. <er>Zircon</er>.]</ety> <fld>(Min.)</fld> <def>A variety of zircon. See <er>Zircon</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jargonelle</ent><br/
<hw>Jar`go*nelle"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jargonelle</ets> a very gritty variety of pear. See <er>Jargon</er> zircon.]</ety> <def>A variety of pear which ripens early.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jargonic</ent><br/
<hw>Jar*gon"ic</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Of or pertaining to the mineral jargon.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jargonist</ent><br/
<hw>Jar"gon*ist</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One addicted to jargon; one who uses cant or slang.</def>  <rj><au>Macaulay.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jarl</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jarl</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Icel., nobleman, chief. See <er>Earl</er>.]</ety> <def>A chief; an earl; in English history, one of the leaders in the Danish and Norse invasions.</def>  <rj><au>Longfellow.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jarnut</ent><br/
<hw>Jar"nut`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Of Scand. origin: cf. Dan. <ets>jordn<oum/d</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>An earthnut.</def>  <rj><au>Dr. Prior.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jarosite</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*ro"site</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[From Barranco <ets>Jaroso</ets>, in Spain.]</ety> <fld>(Min.)</fld> <def>An ocher-yellow mineral occurring in minute rhombohedral crystals. It is a hydrous sulphate of iron and potash.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jar-owl</ent><br/
<hw>Jar"-owl`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>The goatsucker.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jarrah</ent><br/
<hw>Jar"rah</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The mahoganylike wood of the Australian <spn>Eucalyptus marginata</spn>. See <er>Eucalyptus</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jarring</ent><br/
<hw>Jar"ring</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[See <er>Jar.</er>]</ety> <def>Shaking; disturbing; discordant.</def> <ldquo/A jarring sound.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Dryden.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jarring</ent><br/
<hw>Jar"ring</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A shaking; a tremulous motion; <as>as, the <ex>jarring</ex> of a steamship, caused by its engines</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>Discord; a clashing of interests.</def> <ldquo/Endless <xex>jarrings</xex> and immortal hate.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Dryden.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jarringly</ent><br/
<hw>Jar"ring*ly</hw>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>In a jarring or discordant manner.</def></p>

<p><ent>Jarvy</ent><br/
<ent>Jarvey</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jar"vey</hw>, <hw>Jar"vy</hw>  }</mhw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>The driver of a hackney coach.</def> <mark>[Slang, Eng.]</mark>  <rj><au>Carlyle.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>A hackney coach.</def> <mark>[Slang, Eng.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The litter at the bottom of the <qex>jarvy</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>T. Hook.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jasey</ent><br/
<hw>Ja"sey</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A wig; -- so called, perhaps, from being made of, or resembling, <ets>Jersey</ets> yarn.</def>  <rj><au>Thackeray.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jashawk</ent><br/
<hw>Jas"hawk`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[A corruption of <ets>eyas hawk</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A young hawk.</def>  <rj><au>Booth.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jasmine</ent><br/
<hw>Jas"mine</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jasmin</ets>, Sp. <ets>jazmin</ets>, Ar. <ets>y<amac/sm<imac/n</ets>, Pers. <ets>y<amac/sm<imac/n</ets>; cf. It. <ets>gesmino</ets>, <ets>gelsomino</ets>.  Cf. <er>Jessamine</er>.]</ety> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A shrubby plant of the genus <gen>Jasminum</gen>, bearing flowers of a peculiarly fragrant odor. The <spn>Jasminum officinale</spn>, common in the south of Europe, bears white flowers. The Arabian jasmine is <spn>Jasminum Sambac</spn>, and, with <spn>Jasminum angustifolia</spn>, comes from the East Indies.  The yellow false jasmine in the <spn>Gelseminum sempervirens</spn> (see <er>Gelsemium</er>). Several other plants are called <ex>jasmine</ex> in the West Indies, as species of <gen>Calotropis</gen> and <gen>Faramea</gen>.</def> <altsp>[Written also  <asp>jessamine</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><mcol><col><b>Cape jasmine</b></col>, <it>or</it> <col><b>Cape jessamine</b></col></mcol>, <cd>the <spn>Gardenia florida</spn>, a shrub with fragrant white flowers, a native of China, and hardy in the Southern United States.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jason</ent><br/
<hw>Jason</hw> <pos>prop. n.</pos> <def>the husband of <persfn>Medea</persfn> and leader of the Argonauts who sailed in quest of the Golden Fleece.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jasp</ent><br/
<hw>Jasp</hw> <pr>(j<acr/sp)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Jasper.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Spenser.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaspachate</ent><br/
<hw>Jas"pa*chate</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>iaspachates</ets>, Gr. <?/.]</ety> <fld>(Min.)</fld> <def>Agate jasper.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaspe</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Ja`sp<eacute/"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[F., p.p. of <ets>jasper</ets> to mottle. See <er>Jasper</er>.]</ety> <fld>(Ceramics)</fld> <def>Having the surface decorated with cloudings and streaks, somewhat as if imitating jasper.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jasper</ent><br/
<hw>Jas"per</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>jaspre</ets>, <ets>jaspe</ets>, OF. <ets>jaspre</ets>, <ets>jaspe</ets>, F. <ets>jaspe</ets>, L. <ets>iaspis</ets>, Gr. <?/; cf. Per. <ets>yashp</ets>, <ets>yashf</ets>, Ar. <ets>yashb</ets>, <ets>yasb</ets>, <ets>yasf</ets>, Heb. <ets>y<amac/shpheh</ets>.  Cf. <er>Diaper</er>.]</ety> <fld>(Min.)</fld> <def>An opaque, impure variety of quartz, of red, yellow, and other dull colors, breaking with a smooth surface. It admits of a high polish, and is used for vases, seals, snuff boxes, etc.  When the colors are in stripes or bands, it is called <stype>striped jasper</stype> <it>or</it> <stype>banded jasper</stype>. The Egyptian pebble is a brownish yellow jasper.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jasper opal</b></col>, <cd>a yellow variety of opal resembling jasper.</cd> -- <col><b>Jasper ware</b></col>, <cd>a delicate kind of earthenware invented by <person>Josiah Wedgwood</person>. It is usually white, but is capable of receiving color.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jasperated</ent><br/
<hw>Jas"per*a`ted</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>mixed with jasper; containing particles of jasper; <as>as, <ex>jasperated</ex> agate</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jasperize</ent><br/
<hw>Jas"per*ize</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <ety>[Usually p. p. <er>Jasperized</er> (<?/).]</ety> <def>To convert into, or make to resemble, jasper.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Polished specimens of <qex>jasperized</qex> and agatized woods.</q> <rj><qau>Pop. Sci. Monthly.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaspery</ent><br/
<hw>Jas"per*y</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Of the nature of jasper; mixed with jasper.</def></p>

<p><ent>Jaspideous</ent><br/
<ent>Jaspidean</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jas*pid"e*an</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <hw>Jas*pid"e*ous</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, }</mhw> <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>iaspideus</ets>. See <er>Jasper</er>.]</ety> <def>Consisting of jasper, or containing jasper; jaspery; jasperlike.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaspilite</ent><br/
<hw>Jas"pi*lite</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>  <ety>[<ets>Jasper</ets> + <ets>-lite</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Min.)</fld> <def>A compact siliceous rock resembling jasper.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaspoid</ent><br/
<hw>Jas"poid</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jaspo<ium/de</ets>; <ets>jaspe</ets> jasper + Gr. <grk>e'i^dos</grk> form.]</ety> <def>Resembling jasper.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jasponyx</ent><br/
<hw>Jasp`o"nyx</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>iasponyx</ets>, Gr. <?/. See <er>Jasper</er>, and <er>Onyx</er>.]</ety> <fld>(min.)</fld> <def>An onyx, part or all of whose layers consist of jasper.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jatrophic</ent><br/
<hw>Ja*troph"ic</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Of or pertaining to physic nuts, the seeds of plants of the genus <gen>Jatropha</gen>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaunce</ent><br/
<hw>Jaunce</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <ety>[OF. <ets>jancer</ets>.  Cf. <er>Jounce</er>, <er>Jaunt</er>.]</ety> <def>To ride hard; to jounce.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Spurr'd, galled and tired by <qex>jauncing</qex> Bolingbroke.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaundice</ent><br/
<hw>Jaun"dice</hw> <pr>(?; 277)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>jaunis</ets>, F. <ets>jaunisse</ets>, fr. <ets>jaune</ets> yellow, orig. <ets>jalne</ets>, fr. L. <ets>galbinus</ets> yellowish, fr. <ets>galbus</ets> yellow.]</ety> <fld>(Med.)</fld> <def>A morbid condition, characterized by yellowness of the eyes, skin, and urine, whiteness of the feces, constipation, uneasiness in the region of the stomach, loss of appetite, and general languor and lassitude.  It is caused usually by obstruction of the biliary passages and consequent damming up, in the liver, of the bile, which is then absorbed into the blood.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Blue jaundice</b></col>. <cd>See <er>Cyanopathy</er>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><-- p. 798 --></p>

<p><ent>Jaundice</ent><br/
<hw>Jaun"dice</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To affect with jaundice; to color by prejudice or envy; to prejudice.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The envy of wealth <qex>jaundiced</qex> his soul.</q> <rj><qau>Ld. Lytton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaundiced</ent><br/
<hw>Jaun"diced</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Affected with jaundice.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q><qex>Jaundiced</qex> eyes seem to see all objects yellow.</q> <rj><qau>Bp. Hall.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>Prejudiced; envious; <as>as, a <ex>jaundiced</ex> judgment</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaunt</ent><br/
<hw>Jaunt</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jaunted</conjf>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jaunting</conjf>.]</vmorph> <ety>[Cf. Scot. <ets>jaunder</ets> to ramble, <ets>jaunt</ets> to taunt, jeer, dial. Sw. <ets>ganta</ets> to play the buffoon, romp, jest; perh. akin to E. <ets>jump</ets>.  Cf. <er>Jaunce</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>To ramble here and there; to stroll; to make an excursion.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>To ride on a jaunting car.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jaunting car</b></col>, <cd>a kind of low-set open vehicle, used in Ireland, in which the passengers ride sidewise, sitting back to back.</cd> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jaunty car</asp>.]</altsp>  <rj><au>Thackeray.</au></rj></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaunt</ent><br/
<hw>Jaunt</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To jolt; to jounce.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Bale.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaunt</ent><br/
<hw>Jaunt</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A wearisome journey.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Our Savior, meek, and with untroubled mind<br/
After his a<eum/ry <qex>jaunt</qex>, though hurried sore.<br/
Hungry and cold, betook him to his rest.</q> <rj><qau>Milton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>A short excursion for pleasure or refreshment; a ramble; a short journey.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jauntily</ent><br/
<hw>Jaun"ti*ly</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>In a jaunty manner.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jauntiness</ent><br/
<hw>Jaun"ti*ness</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The quality of being jaunty.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>That <qex>jauntiness</qex> of air I was once master of.</q> <rj><qau>Addison.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaunty</ent><br/
<hw>Jaun"ty</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos>  <amorph>[<pos>Compar.</pos> <adjf>Jauntier</adjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>superl.</pos> <adjf>Jauntiest</adjf>.]</amorph> <ety>[Formerly spelt <ets>janty</ets>, fr. F. <ets>gentil</ets>. See <er>Gentle</er>, and cf. <er>Genty</er>.]</ety> <def>Airy; showy; finical; hence, characterized by an affected or fantastical manner.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Java</ent><br/
<hw>Ja"va</hw> <pr>(j<aum/"v<adot/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>One of the islands of the Malay Archipelago belonging to the Netherlands.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>Java coffee, a kind of coffee brought from Java.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <fld>(Computers)</fld> <mark>[all capitals]</mark>  <def>an object-oriented computer programming language, derived largely from <contr>C++</contr>, used widely for design and display of web pages on the world-wide web.  It is an interpreted language, and has been suggested as a platform-independent code to allow execution of the same progam under multiple operating systems without recompiling.  The language is still (1997) under active development, and is evolving.</def><br/
[<source>GG</source> + <source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Java cat</b></col> <fld>(Zool.)</fld>, <cd>the musang.</cd> -- <col><b>Java sparrow</b></col> <fld>(Zool.)</fld>, <cd>a species of  finch (<spn>Padda oryzivora</spn>), native of Java, but very commonly kept as a cage bird; -- called also <altname>ricebird</altname>, and <altname>paddy bird</altname>. In the male the upper parts are glaucous gray, the head and tail black, the under parts delicate rose, and the cheeks white. The bill is large and red. A white variety is also kept as a cage bird.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Javanese</ent><br/
<hw>Jav`a*nese"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Of or pertaining to Java, or to the people of Java.</def> -- <def2><pos>n. sing. & pl.</pos>  <def>A native or natives of Java.</def></def2><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Javel</ent><br/
<hw>Jav"el</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A vagabond.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Spenser.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Javelin</ent><br/
<hw>Jave"lin</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>javeline</ets>; akin to Sp. <ets>jabalina</ets>, It. <ets>giavelina</ets>, and F. <ets>javelot</ets>, OF. <ets>gavlot</ets>.  Cf. <er>Gavelock</er>.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A sort of light spear, to be thrown or cast by the hand; anciently, a weapon of war used by horsemen and foot soldiers; now used chiefly in hunting the wild boar and other fierce game.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Flies the <qex>javelin</qex> swifter to its mark,<br/
Launched by the vigor of a Roman arm?</q> <rj><qau>Addison.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Sport)</fld> <def>A wooden shaft resembling a spear, thrown by contestants in a contest called the <ecol><b>javelin throw</b></ecol>; the one throwing the javelin furthest wins the contest.  The <ex>javelin throw</ex> is one of the field events of the modern Olympic Games.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Javelin</ent><br/
<hw>Jave"lin</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To pierce with a javelin.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>Tennyson.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Javelinier</ent><br/
<hw>Jave`lin*ier"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A soldier armed with a javelin.</def>  <rj><au>Holland.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaw</ent><br/
<hw>Jaw</hw> <pr>(j<add/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[A modification of <ets>chaw</ets>, formed under the influence of F. <ets>joue</ets> the cheek. See <er>Chaw</er>, <er>Chew</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <fld>(Anat.)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>One of the bones, usually bearing teeth, which form the framework of the mouth.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>Hence, also, the bone itself with the teeth and covering.</def> <sd>(c)</sd> <def>In the plural, the mouth.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>Fig.: Anything resembling the jaw of an animal in form or action; esp., <pluf>pl.</pluf>, the mouth or way of entrance; <as>as, the <ex>jaws</ex> of a pass; the <ex>jaws</ex> of darkness; the <ex>jaws</ex> of death</as>.</def>  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn>  <fld>(Mach.)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>A notch or opening.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>A notched or forked part, adapted for holding an object in place; <as>as, the <ex>jaw</ex> of a railway-car pedestal</as>. See <er>Axle guard</er>.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>One of a pair of opposing parts which are movable towards or from each other, for grasping or crushing anything between them, <as>as, the <ex>jaws</ex> of a vise, or the <ex>jaws</ex> of a stone-crushing machine</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn>  <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <def>The inner end of a boom or gaff, hollowed in a half circle so as to move freely on a mast.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>5.</sn>  <def>Impudent or abusive talk.</def> <mark>[Slang]</mark>  <rj><au>H. Kingsley.</au></rj><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> lip.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jaw bit</b></col> <fld>(Railroad)</fld>, <cd>a bar across the jaws of a pedestal underneath an axle box.</cd> -- <col><b>Jaw breaker</b></col>, <cd>a word difficult to pronounce.</cd> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><-- also, a piece of hard candy --> -- <col><b>Jaw rope</b></col> <fld>(Naut.)</fld>, <cd>a rope which holds the jaws of a gaff to the mast.</cd> -- <col><b>Jaw tooth</b></col>, <cd>a molar or grinder; a back tooth.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaw</ent><br/
<hw>Jaw</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jawed</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jawing</conjf>.]</vmorph> <sn>1.</sn> <def>To scold; to clamor.</def> <mark>[Law]</mark>   <rj><au>Smollett.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To talk idly, long-windedly, or without special purpose.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaw</ent><br/
<hw>Jaw</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To assail or abuse by scolding.</def> <mark>[Law]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jawbone</ent><br/
<hw>Jaw"bone`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The bone of either jaw; a maxilla or a mandible.</def></p>

<p><ent>jawbone</ent><br/
<hw>jaw"bone`</hw> <pr>(j<add/"b<omac/n`)</pr>, <pos>v. t. & i.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>jawboned</conjf> <pr>(j<add/"b<omac/nd`)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>jawboning</conjf>.]</vmorph> <def>To attempt to influence solely by talking, as contrasted with threatening or inducing by other means, e.g. legislation; esp. to make public appeals in order to influence the behavior of businessmen or labor leaders; -- used especially of the President or other high government officials; <as>as, to <ex>jawbone</ex> businessmen into forgoing price increases</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p>-- <wordforms><wf>jaw"bon*ing</wf>, <pos>n.</pos></wordforms><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jawed</ent><br/
<hw>Jawed</hw> <pr>(j<add/d)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Having jaws; -- chiefly in composition; <as>as, lantern-<ex>jawed</ex></as>.</def> <ldquo/<xex>Jawed</xex> like a jetty.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Skelton.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaw-fall</ent><br/
<hw>Jaw"-fall`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Depression of the jaw; hence, depression of spirits.</def>  <rj><au>M. Griffith (1660).</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jaw-fallen</ent><br/
<hw>Jaw"-fall`en</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Dejected; chopfallen.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jawfoot</ent><br/
<hw>Jaw"foot`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>See <er>Maxilliped</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jawing</ent><br/
<hw>Jaw"ing</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Scolding; clamorous or abusive talk.</def> <mark>[Slang]</mark>  <rj><au>H. Kingsley.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jawn</ent><br/
<hw>Jawn</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <def>See <er>Yawn</er>.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Marston.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jawy</ent><br/
<hw>Jaw"y</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Relating to the jaws.</def>  <rj><au>Gayton.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jay</ent><br/
<hw>Jay</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>geai</ets>, OF. <ets>gai</ets>, <ets>jaj</ets>, perh. fr. OHG. <ets>g<amac/hi</ets>.  Cf. <er>Gay</er>.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>Any one of the numerous species of birds belonging to <gen>Garrulus</gen>, <gen>Cyanocitta</gen>, and allied genera of the family <fam>Corvidae</fam>. They are allied to the crows, but are smaller, more graceful in form, often handsomely colored, and usually have a crest.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ The European jay (<spn>Garrulus glandarius</spn>) is a large and handsomely colored species, having the body pale reddish brown, lighter beneath; tail and wing quills blackish; the primary coverts barred with bright blue and black; throat, tail coverts, and a large spot on the wings, white. Called also <altname>jay pie</altname>, <altname>Jenny jay</altname>, and <altname>k<ae/</altname>. The common <er>blue jay</er> (<spn>Cyanocitta cristata</spn>.), and the related species, are brilliantly colored, and have a large erectile crest.  The California jay (<spn>Aphelocoma Californica</spn>), the Florida jay (<spn>Aphelocoma Floridana</spn>), and the green jay (<spn>Xanthoura luxuosa</spn>), of Texas and Mexico, are large, handsome, crested species. The Canada jay (<spn>Perisoreus Canadensis</spn>), and several allied species, are much plainer and have no crest. See <er>Blue jay</er>, and <er>Whisky jack</er>.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jay thrush</b></col> <fld>(Zool.)</fld>, <cd>any one several species of Asiatic singing birds, of the genera <gen>Garrulax</gen>, <gen>Grammatoptila</gen>, and related genera of the family <fam>Crateropodid<ae/</fam>; <as>as, the white-throated <stype>jay thrush</stype> (<spn>Garrulax albogularis</spn>) (also called the <stype>white-throated laughingthrush</stype>), of India</as>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jayet</ent><br/
<hw>Jay"et</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Min.)</fld> <def>See <er>Jet</er>.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jayhawker</ent><br/
<hw>Jay"hawk`er</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A name given to a free-booting, unenlisted, armed man or guerrilla.</def> <note>[A term of opprobrium used in the war of 1861-65, U. S.]</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jazel</ent><br/
<hw>Ja"zel</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A gem of an azure color.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jazerant</ent><br/
<hw>Jaz"er*ant</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OF. <ets>jacerant</ets>, <ets>jaseran</ets>, Sp. <ets>jacerina</ets>, cota <ets>jacerina</ets>, fr. <ets>jazarino</ets> Algerine, fr. Ar. <ets>jaz<amac/<imac/r</ets> Algiers.]</ety> <def>A coat of defense made of small plates of metal sewed upon linen or the like; also, this kind of armor taken generally; <as>as, a coat of <ex>jazerant</ex></as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jazz</ent><br/
<hw>jazz</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A type of music that originated in New Orleans around 1900 and developed through increasingly complex styles, but generally featuring intricate rhythms, improvisation, prominent solo segments, and great freedom in harmonic idiom played frequently in a polyphonic style, on various instruments including horn, saxophone, piano and percussion, but rarely stringed instruments.</def> <wns>[wns=1]</wns><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>empty or insincere or exaggerated talk; <as>as, don't give me any of that <ex>jazz</ex></as>.</def> <wns>[wns=2]</wns><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> wind, idle words, nothingness.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A style of dance music popular in the 1920s; similar to New Orleans jazz but played by large bands.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jazzy</ent><br/
<hw>jazzy</hw> <pos>adj.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>resembling jazz{1} especially in its rhythm.</def> <wns>[wns=1]</wns><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>ostentatious or strikingly styled; -- used especially of clothes.</def> <wns>[wns=2]</wns><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> flashy, gaudy, showy, snazzy, sporty.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn>  <def>marked by animation or performed with flair[2].</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>JCL</ent><br/
<hw>JCL</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <mark>[all capitals]</mark> <fld>(Computers)</fld> <def>Job Control Language.</def> <mark>[Acronym]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>J.D.</ent><br/
<ent>JD</ent><br/
<mhw><hw>JD</hw>, <hw>J.D.</hw></mhw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <mark>[all capitals]</mark> <def>juvenile delinquent.</def> <mark>[Acronym]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>JDL</ent><br/
<hw>JDL</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <mark>[all capitals]</mark> <def>Jewish Defense League.</def> <mark>[Acronym]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jealous</ent><br/
<hw>Jeal"ous</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>jalous</ets>, <ets>gelus</ets>, OF. <ets>jalous</ets>, F. <ets>jaloux</ets>, LL. <ets>zelosus</ets> zealous, fr. <ets>zelus</ets> emulation, zeal, jealousy, Gr. <grk>zh^los</grk>.  See <er>Zeal</er>, and cf. <er>Zealous</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>Zealous; solicitous; vigilant; anxiously watchful.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>I have been very <qex>jealous</qex> for the Lord God of hosts.</q> <rj><qau>Kings xix. 10.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>How nicely <qex>jealous</qex> is every one of us of his own repute!</q> <rj><qau>Dr. H. More.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>Apprehensive; anxious; suspiciously watchful.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>'This doing wrong creates such doubts as these,<br/
Renders us <qex>jealous</qex> and disturbs our peace.</q> <rj><qau>Waller.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The people are so <qex>jealous</qex> of the clergy's ambition.</q> <rj><qau>Swift.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn>  <def>Demanding exclusive devotion; intolerant of rivalry.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Thou shalt worship no other God; for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a <qex>jealous</qex> God.</q> <rj><qau>Ex. xxxiv. 14.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn>  <def>Disposed to suspect rivalry in matters of interest and affection; apprehensive regarding the motives of possible rivals, or the fidelity of friends; distrustful; having morbid fear of rivalry in love or preference given to another; painfully suspicious of the faithfulness of husband, wife, or lover.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>If the spirit of <qex>jealousy</qex> come upon him, and he be <qex>jealous of his wife</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Num. v. 14.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>To both these sisters have I sworn my love:<br/
Each <qex>jealous</qex> of the other, as the stung<br/
Are of the adder.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>It is one of the best bonds, both of chastity and obedience, in the wife, if she think her husband wise; which she will never do if she find him <qex>jealous</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Bacon.</qau></rj></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- Suspicious; anxious; envious.</syn> <usage> <er>Jealous</er>, <er>Suspicious</er>. <xex>Suspicious</xex> is the wider term. We <xex>suspect</xex> a person when we distrust his honesty and imagine he has some bad design. We are <xex>jealous</xex> when we suspect him of aiming to deprive us of what we dearly prize. Iago began by awakening the <xex>suspicions</xex> of Othello, and converted them at last into <xex>jealousy</xex>. <ldquo/<xex>Suspicion</xex> may be excited by some kind of accusation, not supported by evidence sufficient for conviction, but sufficient to trouble the repose of confidence.<rdquo/ <ldquo/<xex>Jealousy</xex> is a painful apprehension of rivalship in cases that are peculiarly interesting to us.<rdquo/ <au>Cogan.</au></usage><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jealoushood</ent><br/
<hw>Jeal"ous*hood</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Jealousy.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jealously</ent><br/
<hw>Jeal"ous*ly</hw>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>In a jealous manner.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jealousness</ent><br/
<hw>Jeal"ous*ness</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>State or quality of being jealous.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jealousy</ent><br/
<hw>Jeal"ous*y</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Jealousies</plw> <pr>(#)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[ F. <ets>jalousie</ets>. See <er>Jealous</er>, and cf. <er>Jalousie</er>.]</ety> <def>The quality of being jealous; earnest concern or solicitude; painful apprehension of rivalship in cases directly affecting one's happiness; painful suspicion of the faithfulness of husband, wife, or lover.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>I was jealous for <qex>jealousy.</qex></q> <rj><qau>Zech. viii. 2.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q><qex>Jealousy is the</qex> . . . apprehension of superiority.</q> <rj><qau>Shenstone.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Whoever had qualities to alarm our <qex>jealousy</qex>, had excellence to deserve our fondness.</q> <rj><qau>Rambler.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeames</ent><br/
<hw>Jeames</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Corrup. of <ets>James</ets>.]</ety> <def>A footman; a flunky.</def> <mark>[Slang, Eng.]</mark>  <rj><au>Thackeray.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jean</ent><br/
<hw>jean</hw> <pr>(j<amac/n)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Prob. named from <ets>Genoa</ets>. See <er>Jane</er>.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A twilled cotton cloth.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <pluf>(pl.)</pluf> <pr>(j<emac/nz)</pr>, <def>Same as <er>blue jeans</er>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <pluf>(pl.)</pluf> <pr>(j<emac/nz)</pr>, <def>Pants made of different fabrics, resembling <er>blue jeans</er>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Satin jean</b></col>, <cd>a kind of jean woven smooth and glossy, after the manner of satin.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jears</ent><br/
<hw>Jears</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n. pl.</pos> <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <def>See 1st <er>Jeer</er> <sd>(b)</sd>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeat</ent><br/
<hw>Jeat</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Min.)</fld> <def>See <er>Jet</er>.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jedding ax</ent><br/
<hw>Jed"ding ax`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A stone mason's tool, having a flat face and a pointed part.</def>  <rj><au>Knight.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jee</ent><br/
<hw>Jee</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t. & i.</pos> <def>See <er>Gee</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeel</ent><br/
<hw>Jeel</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Hind. <ets>jh<imac/l</ets>.]</ety> <def>A morass; a shallow lake.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jhil</asp>.]</altsp> <mark>[India]</mark>  <rj><au>Whitworth.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeer</ent><br/
<hw>Jeer</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. <er>Gear</er>.]</ety> <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>A gear; a tackle.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <pluf>pl.</pluf> <def>An assemblage or combination of tackles, for hoisting or lowering the lower yards of a ship.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jeer capstan</b></col> <fld>(Naut.)</fld>, <cd>an extra capstan usually placed between the foremast and mainmast.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeer</ent><br/
<hw>Jeer</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jeered</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jeering</conjf>.]</vmorph> <ety>[Perh. a corrup. of <ets>cheer</ets> to salute with cheers, taken in an ironical sense; or more prob. fr. D. gek<ets>scheren</ets> to jeer, lit., to shear the fool; <ets>gek</ets> a fool (see 1st <er>Geck</er>) + <ets>scheren</ets> to shear. See <er>Shear</er>, <pos>v.</pos>]</ety> <def>To utter sarcastic or scoffing reflections; to speak with mockery or derision; to use taunting language; to scoff; <as>as, to <ex>jeer</ex> at a speaker</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>But when he saw her toy and gibe and <qex>jeer</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Spenser.</qau></rj></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- To sneer; scoff; flout; gibe; mock.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeer</ent><br/
<hw>Jeer</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To treat with scoffs or derision; to address with jeers; to taunt; to flout; to mock at.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>And if we can not <qex>jeer</qex> them, we <qex>jeer</qex> ourselves.</q> <rj><qau>B. Jonson.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeer</ent><br/
<hw>Jeer</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A railing remark or reflection; a scoff; a taunt; a biting jest; a flout; a jibe; mockery.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Midas, exposed to all their <qex>jeers</qex>,<br/
Had lost his art, and kept his ears.</q> <rj><qau>Swift.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeerer</ent><br/
<hw>Jeer"er</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A scoffer; a railer; a mocker.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeering</ent><br/
<hw>Jeer"ing</hw>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Mocking; scoffing.</def> -- <def2><pos>n.</pos>  <def>A mocking utterance.</def></def2> -- <wordforms><wf>Jeer"ing*ly</wf>, <pos>adv.</pos></wordforms><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeers</ent><br/
<hw>Jeers</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n. pl.</pos> <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <def>See 1st <er>Jeer</er> <sd>(b)</sd>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeffersonia</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jef`fer*so"ni*a</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[NL. Named after <person>Thomas <etsep>Jefferson</etsep></person>.]</ety> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>An American herb with a pretty, white, solitary blossom, and deeply two-cleft leaves (<spn>Jeffersonia diphylla</spn>); twinleaf.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeffersonian</ent><br/
<hw>Jef`fer*so"ni*an</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Pertaining to, or characteristic of, <person>Thomas Jefferson</person> (third President of the United States) or his political doctrines, which were those of the Republicanism of his time, as opposed to those of the Federalists.</def> -- <def2><pos>n.</pos>  <def>An adherent of Jefferson or his doctrines.</def></def2> -- <wordforms><wf>Jef`fer*so"ni*an*ism</wf> <pr>(#)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos></wordforms><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeffersonian simplicity</ent><br/
<hw>Jeffersonian simplicity</hw>. <def>The absence of pomp or display which Jefferson aimed at in his administration as President (1801-1809), eschewing display or ceremony tending to distinguish the President from the people, as in going to the capital on horseback and with no escort, the abolition of court etiquette and the weekly levee, refusal to recognize titles of honor, etc.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeffersonite</ent><br/
<hw>Jef"fer*son*ite</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Named after Thomas <ets>Jefferson</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Min.)</fld> <def>A variety of pyroxene of olive-green color passing into brown. It contains zinc.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeg</ent><br/
<hw>Jeg</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Mach.)</fld> <def>See <er>Jig</er>, 6.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jehad</ent><br/
<hw>jehad</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>Same as <er>jihad</er>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jihad.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jehovah</ent><br/
<hw>Je*ho"vah</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Heb. usually <ets>y<ecr/h<omac/v<amac/h</ets> (with the vowel points of <ets><acr/d<omac/n<amac/i</ets> Lord), sometimes (to avoid repetition) <ets>y<ecr/h<omac/vih</ets> (with the vowel points of <ets><ecr/l<omac/h<imac/m</ets> God); but only the four Heb, consonants <ets>yhvh</ets> are conceded to be certainly known.]</ety> <def>A Scripture name of the Supreme Being, by which he was revealed to the Jews as their covenant God or Sovereign of the theocracy; the <ldquo/ineffable name<rdquo/ of the Supreme Being, which was not pronounced by the Jews.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jehovist</ent><br/
<hw>Je*ho"vist</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>One who maintains that the vowel points of the word <xex>Jehovah</xex>, in Hebrew, are the proper vowels of that word; -- opposed to <contr>adonist</contr>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>The writer of the passages of the Old Testament, especially those of the Pentateuch, in which the Supreme Being is styled <xex>Jehovah</xex>. See <er>Elohist</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The characteristic manner of the <qex>Jehovist</qex> differs from that of his predecessor [the Elohist]. He is fuller and freer in his descriptions; more reflective in his assignment of motives and causes; more artificial in mode of narration.</q> <rj><qau>S. Davidson.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jehovistic</ent><br/
<hw>Je`ho*vis"tic</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Relating to, or containing, Jehovah, as a name of God; -- said of certain parts of the Old Testament, especially of the Pentateuch, in which <xex>Jehovah</xex> appears as the name of the Deity. See <er>Elohistic</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jehu</ent><br/
<hw>Je"hu</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[From <ets>Jehu</ets>, son of Nimshi. <ets>2 Kings</ets> ix. 20.]</ety> <def>A coachman; a driver; especially, one who drives furiously.</def> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jejunal</ent><br/
<hw>Je*ju"nal</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Pertaining to the jejunum.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jejune</ent><br/
<hw>Je*june"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jejunus</ets> fasting, hungry, dry, barren, scanty; of unknown origin.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>Lacking matter; empty; void of substance.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>Void of interest; barren; meager; dry; <as>as, a <ex>jejune</ex> narrative</as>.</def></p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>Juvenile; childish; immature.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>Lacking nutritional value.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p>- <wordforms><wf>Je*june"ly</wf>, <pos>adv.</pos> -- <wf>Je*june"ness</wf>, <pos>n.</pos></wordforms>  <rj><au>Bacon.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jejunity</ent><br/
<hw>Je*ju"ni*ty</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The quality of being jejune; jejuneness.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jejunum</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Je*ju"num</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[NL., fr. L. <ets>jejunus</ets> empty, dry.]</ety> <fld>(Anat.)</fld> <def>The middle division of the small intestine, between the duodenum and ileum; -- so called because usually found empty after death.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jelerang</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jel"er*ang</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Native name.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A large, handsome squirrel (<spn>Sciurus Javensis</spn>), native of Java and Southern Asia; -- called also <altname>Java squirrel</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jell</ent><br/
<hw>Jell</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>To jelly.</def> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To take on a more concrete or substantial form; -- of ideas, plans, programs, etc.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jellaba</ent><br/
<hw>jellaba</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>a loose cloak with a hood; worn in the Middle East and northern Africa.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jelled</ent><br/
<hw>jelled</hw> <pos>adj.</pos>  <def>congealed from a liquid state into a jelly; jellied.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> congealed, jellied.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jellied</ent><br/
<hw>jel"lied</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Brought to the state or consistency of jelly.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jellify</ent><br/
<hw>jel"li*fy</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t. & i.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jellified</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jellifying</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>.]</vmorph> <def>To make, or to become, gelatinous; to make into jelly; to jelly.</def> -- <wordforms><wf>Jel`li*fi*ca"tion</wf> <pr>(#)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos></wordforms><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jello</ent><br/
<ent>Jell-O</ent><br/
<mhw><hw>Jell"-O</hw>, <hw>jell"o</hw></mhw> <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[a trademark.]</ety> <def>a brand of sweetened fruit-flavored powdered mixture, packaged so that it can be conveniently dissolved in hot water and solidified into a gelatin, used as a dessert, sometimes with pieces of fruit mixed in; also the gelatin dessert thus prepared; sometimes used metaphorically; <as>as, when he pulled a gun on me, my knees turned to <ex>Jell-O</ex>.</as>.</def> <mark>[Trademark]</mark> <note>Jell-O was originally a trademark and is still protected by trademark law, but is often used as one word, uncapitalized in informal writing.</note><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jelly</ent><br/
<hw>jel"ly</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Jellies</plw> <pr>(#)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[ Formerly <ets>gelly</ets>, <ets>gely</ets>, F. <ets>gel<eacute/e</ets> jelly, frost, fr. <ets>geler</ets> to freeze. L. <ets>gelare</ets>; akin to <ets>gelu</ets> frost. See <er>Gelid</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>Anything brought to a gelatinous condition; a viscous, translucent substance in a condition between liquid and solid; a stiffened solution of gelatin, gum, or the like.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>The juice of fruits or meats boiled with sugar to an elastic consistence; <as>as, currant <ex>jelly</ex>; calf's-foot <ex>jelly</ex>.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jelly bag</b></col>, <cd>a bag through which the material for jelly is strained.</cd> -- <col><b>Jelly mold</b></col>, <cd>a mold for forming jelly in ornamental shapes.</cd> -- <col><b>Jelly plant</b></col> <fld>(Bot.)</fld>, <cd>Australian name of an edible seaweed (<spn>Eucheuma speciosum</spn>), from which an excellent jelly is made.</cd> <au>J. Smith.</au> -- <col><b>Jelly powder</b></col>, <cd>an explosive, composed of nitroglycerin and collodion cotton; -- so called from its resemblance to calf's-foot jelly.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jelly</ent><br/
<hw>Jel"ly</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jellied</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jellying</conjf>.]</vmorph> <def>To become jelly; to come to the state or consistency of jelly.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jellyfish</ent><br/
<hw>Jel"ly*fish`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>Any one of the acalephs, esp. one of the larger species, having a jellylike appearance. See <er>Medusa</er> and <er>acaleph</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jemidar</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jem"i*dar`</hw> <pr>(j<ecr/m"<icr/*d<aum/r`)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Per. & Hind. <ets>jama-d<amac/r</ets>.]</ety> <def>The chief or leader of a band or body of persons; esp., in the native army of India, an officer of a rank corresponding to that of lieutenant in the English army.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jemadar</asp>, <asp>jamadar</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jemlah goat</ent><br/
<hw>Jem"lah goat`</hw> <pr>(j<ecr/m"l<adot/ g<omac/t`)</pr>. <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>The jharal.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jemminess</ent><br/
<hw>Jem"mi*ness</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Spruceness.</def> <mark>[Slang, Eng.]</mark>  <rj><au>Pegge (1814).</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jemmy</ent><br/
<hw>Jem"my</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[Cf. <er>Gim</er>, and <er>Gimp</er>, <pos>a.</pos>]</ety> <def>Spruce.</def> <mark>[Slang, Eng.]</mark>  <rj><au>Smart.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jemmy</ent><br/
<hw>Jem"my</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A short crowbar. See <er>Jimmy</er>.</def> <mark>[Chiefly Brit.]</mark> <br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>A baked sheep's head.</def> <mark>[Slang, Eng.]</mark>  <rj><au>Dickens.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeniquen</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Je*ni"quen</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Sp. <ets>jeniquen</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A Mexican name for the Sisal hemp (<spn>Agave rigida</spn>, <it>var.</it> <var>Sisalana</var>); also, its fiber.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>hen<imac/equen</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jenite</ent><br/
<hw>Je"nite</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Min.)</fld> <def>See <er>Yenite</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jenkins</ent><br/
<hw>Jen"kins</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A name of contempt for a flatterer of persons high in social or official life; <as>as, the <ex>Jenkins</ex> employed by a newspaper</as>.</def> <mark>[Colloq. Eng. & U.S.]</mark>  <rj><au>G. W. Curtis.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><-- p. 799 --></p>

<p><ent>Jennet</ent><br/
<hw>Jen"net</hw> <pr>(j<ecr/n"n<ecr/t)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>genet</ets>, Sp. <ets>jinete</ets>, orig., a mounted soldier, Ar. <ets>zen<amac/ta</ets> a tribe of Barbary celebrated for its cavalry.]</ety> <def>A small Spanish horse; a genet.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jenneting</ent><br/
<hw>Jen"net*ing</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Prob. fr. a dim. of <ets>Jean</ets> John, so named as becoming ripe about St. <ets>John's</ets> day, June 24.  F. <ets>Jean</ets> is fr. L. <ets>Johannes</ets>. See <er>Zany</er>.]</ety> <def>A variety of early apple. See <er>Juneating</er>.</def> <altsp>[Written also  <asp>geniting</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jenny</ent><br/
<hw>Jen"ny</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Jennies</plw> <pr>(<?/)</pr>.</plu><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>A familiar or pet form of the proper name <sig>Jane</sig>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A familiar name of the European wren.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jenny ass</b></col> <fld>(Zool.)</fld>, <cd>a female ass; also, a female of certain other animals.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jenny</ent><br/
<hw>Jen"ny</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[A corruption of <ets>gin</ets> an engine; influenced by <ets>Jenny</ets>, the proper name. See <er>Gin</er> an engine, and cf. <er>Ginny-carriage</er>.]</ety> <def>A machine for spinning a number of threads at once, -- used in factories.  Also called <altname>spinning jenny</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jentling</ent><br/
<hw>Jent"ling</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A fish of the genus <gen>Leuciscus</gen>; the blue chub of the Danube.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeofail</ent><br/
<hw>Jeof"ail</hw> <pr>(j<ecr/f"<asl/l)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>j'ai failli</ets> I have failed.]</ety> <fld>(Law)</fld> <def>An oversight in pleading, or the acknowledgment of a mistake or oversight.</def>  <rj><au>Blackstone.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeopard</ent><br/
<hw>Jeop"ard</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jeoparded</conjf>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jeoparding</conjf>.]</vmorph> <ety>[From <er>Jeopardy</er>.]</ety> <def>To put in jeopardy; to expose to loss or injury; to imperil; to jeopardize; to hazard.</def>  <rj><au>Sir T. North.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>A people that <qex>jeoparded</qex> their lives unto the death.</q> <rj><qau>Judg. v. 18.</qau></rj></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- To hazard; risk; imperil; endanger; expose.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jeoparder</ent><br/
<hw>jeop"ard*er</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One who puts in jeopardy.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jeopardize</ent><br/
<hw>jeop"ard*ize</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jeopardized</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jeopardizing</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>.]</vmorph> <def>To expose to loss or injury; to risk.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jeopard.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>That he should <qex>jeopardize</qex> his willful head<br/
Only for spite at me.</q> <rj><qau>H. Taylor.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeopardous</ent><br/
<hw>Jeop"ard*ous</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Perilous; hazardous.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>His goodly, valiant, and <qex>jeopardous</qex> enterprise.</q> <rj><qau>Fuller.</qau></rj></p>

<p>-- <wordforms><wf>Jeop"ard*ous*ly</wf>, <pos>adv.</pos></wordforms>  <rj><au>Huloet.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeopardy</ent><br/
<hw>Jeop"ard*y</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>jupartie</ets>, <ets>juperti</ets>, <ets>jeuparti</ets>, OF. <ets>jeu parti</ets> an even game, a game in which the chances are even; OF. <ets>jeu</ets>, <ets>ju</ets>, F. <ets>jeu</ets> (L. <ets>jocus</ets> jest) + F. <ets>partier</ets> to divide, L. <ets>partire</ets> to divide. See <er>Joke</er>, and <er>Part</er>.]</ety> <def>Exposure to death, loss, or injury; hazard; danger.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>There came down a storm of wind on the lake; and they were filled with water, and were in <qex>jeopardy</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Luke viii. 23.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Look to thyself, thou art in <qex>jeopardy</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- Danger; peril; hazard; risk. See <er>Danger</er>.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeopardy</ent><br/
<hw>Jeop"ard*y</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To jeopardize.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>Thackeray.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jequirity bean</ent><br/
<ent>Jequirity</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Je*quir"i*ty</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>, <it>or</it> <hw>Je*quir"i*ty bean`</hw> }</mhw>. <ety>[Prob. fr. a native name.]</ety> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>The seed of the wild licorice (<spn>Abrus precatorius</spn>) used by the people of India for beads in rosaries and necklaces, as a standard weight, etc.; -- called also <altname>jumble bead</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerboa</ent><br/
<hw>Jer*bo"a</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Ar. <ets>yarb<umac/<lsquo/</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>Any small jumping rodent of the genus <gen>Dipus</gen>, esp. <spn>Dipus Aegyptius</spn>, which is common in Egypt and the adjacent countries.  The jerboas have very long hind legs and a long tail.</def> <altsp>[Written also  <asp>gerboa</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ The name is also applied to other small jumping rodents, as the <spn>Pedetes Caffer</spn>, of the Cape of Good Hope.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jerboa kangaroo</b></col> <fld>(Zool.)</fld>, <cd>small Australian kangaroo (<spn>Bettongia penicillata</spn>), about the size of a common hare.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jereed</ent><br/
<hw>Jer*eed"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Ar. <ets>jer<imac/d</ets>.  Cf. <er>Djereed</er>.]</ety> <def>A blunt javelin used by the people of the Levant, especially in mock fights.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jerreed</asp>, <asp>jerid</asp>.]</altsp>  <rj><au>Byron.</au></rj></p>

<p><ent>Jeremiade</ent><br/
<ent>Jeremiad</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jer`e*mi"ad</hw>, <hw>Jer`e*mi"ade</hw>  }</mhw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[From <etsep>Jeremiah</etsep>, the prophet: cf. F. <ets>j<eacute/r<eacute/miade</ets>.]</ety> <def>A tale of sorrow, disappointment, or complaint; a doleful story; a dolorous tirade; -- generally used satirically.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>He has prolonged his complaint into an endless <qex>jeremiad</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Lamb.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerfalcon</ent><br/
<hw>Jer"fal`con</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>The gyrfalcon.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerguer</ent><br/
<hw>Jer"guer</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See <er>Jerquer</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerid</ent><br/
<hw>Jer*id"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Same as <er>Jereed</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerk</ent><br/
<hw>Jerk</hw> <pr>(j<etil/rk)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <ety>[Corrupted from Peruv. <ets>charqui</ets> dried beef.]</ety> <def>To cut into long slices or strips and dry in the sun; <as>as, to <ex>jerk</ex> beef</as>. See <er>Charqui</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerk</ent><br/
<hw>Jerk</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jerked</conjf> <pr>(j<etil/rkt)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jerking</conjf>.]</vmorph> <ety>[Akin to <ets>yerk</ets>, and perh. also to <ets>yard</ets> a measure.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>To beat; to strike.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Florio.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>To give a quick and suddenly arrested thrust, push, pull, or twist, to; to yerk; <as>as, to <ex>jerk</ex> one with the elbow; to <ex>jerk</ex> a coat off.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn>  <def>To throw with a quick and suddenly arrested motion of the hand; <as>as, to <ex>jerk</ex> a stone</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerk</ent><br/
<hw>Jerk</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <sn>1.</sn>  <def>To make a sudden motion; to move with a start, or by starts.</def>  <rj><au>Milton.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>To flout with contempt.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerk</ent><br/
<hw>Jerk</hw>, <pos>n.</pos><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>A short, sudden pull, thrust, push, twitch, jolt, shake, or similar motion.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>His jade gave him a <qex>jerk</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>B. Jonson.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>A sudden start or spring.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Lobsters . . . swim backwards by <qex>jerks</qex>  or springs.</q> <rj><qau>Grew.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A foolish, stupid, or otherwise contemptible person.</def> <mark>[Slang]</mark><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jerkoff.</syn><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <fld>(Sport)</fld> <def>The lifting of a weight, in a single rapid motion, from shoulder height until the arms are outstretched above the head; distinguished from <contr>press</contr> in that the motion in a <ex>jerk</ex> is more rapid, and the body may be moved under the weight to assist completion of the movement; <as>as, a clean and <ex>jerk</ex> of two hundred pounds</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Calisthenic exercises, such as push-ups or deep knee bends; also called <altname>physical jerks</altname>.</def> <mark>[British]</mark> <br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerker</ent><br/
<hw>Jerk"er</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>A beater.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Beau. &  Fl.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>One who jerks or moves with a jerk.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn>  <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A North American river chub (<spn>Hybopsis biguttatus</spn>).</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerkin</ent><br/
<hw>Jer"kin</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Dim. of D. <ets>jurk</ets> a frock.]</ety> <def>A jacket or short coat; a close waistcoat.</def>  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerkin</ent><br/
<hw>Jer"kin</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A male gyrfalcon.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerking</ent><br/
<hw>Jerk"ing</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The act of pulling, pushing, or throwing, with a jerk.</def> -- <wordforms><wf>Jerk"ing*ly</wf>, <pos>adv.</pos></wordforms><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerkinhead</ent><br/
<hw>Jer"kin*head`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Arch.)</fld> <def>The hipped part of a roof which is hipped only for a part of its height, leaving a truncated gable.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jerkoff</ent><br/
<hw>jerk"off</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>A lazy, foolish, stupid, or otherwise contemptible person; -- an offensive and disparaging term.</def> <mark>[vulgar slang]</mark><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jerk.</syn><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jerk off</ent><br/
<hw>jerk` off"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <def>To masturbate.</def> <mark>[vulgar slang]</mark><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> whack off.</syn><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jerkwater</ent><br/
<hw>jerkwater</hw> <pos>adj.</pos> <ety>[from <ets>jerk</ets> + <ets>water</ets>, a place where it is necessary to draw (jerk) water to supply the boiler of a steam engine.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>small and remote and insignificant; <as>as, a <ex>jerkwater</ex> college</as>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> one-horse, pokey, poky.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Railroads)</fld> <def>Off the main railroad line.</def> <mark>[Archaic]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jerky</ent><br/
<hw>jerk"y</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Moving by jerks and starts; characterized by abrupt transitions; <as>as, a <ex>jerky</ex> vehicle; a <ex>jerky</ex> style.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Foolish; ridiculous; stupid.</def> <mark>[slang]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jerky</ent><br/
<hw>jerk"y</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Corrupted from Peruv. <ets>charqui</ets> dried beef.]</ety> <def>Meat, especially beef, that has been cut in strips and dried; meat that has been jerked; see first <er>jerk</er>, <pos>v.</pos>; <as>as, beef <ex>jerky</ex></as></def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jermoonal</ent><br/
<hw>Jer*moon"al</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>The Himalayan snow partridge.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeronymite</ent><br/
<hw>Je*ron"y*mite</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Eccl. Hist.)</fld> <def>One belonging of the medi<ae/val religious orders called <membof>Hermits of St. Jerome</membof>.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>Hieronymite</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeropigia</ent><br/
<hw>Jer`o*pig"i*a</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See <er>Geropigia</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerquer</ent><br/
<hw>Jer"quer</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. F. <ets>chercher</ets> to search, E. <ets>search</ets>.]</ety> <def>A customhouse officer who searches ships for unentered goods.</def> <mark>[Eng.]</mark> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jerguer.</asp>]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerquing</ent><br/
<hw>Jer"quing</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The searching of a ship for unentered goods.</def> <mark>[Eng.]</mark> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jerguer</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerquing</ent><br/
<hw>Jer"quing</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The searching of a ship for unentered goods.</def> <mark>[Eng.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerry</ent><br/
<hw>Jer"ry</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Flimsy; jerry-built.</def> -- <wordforms><wf>Jer"ry*ism</wf> <pr>(#)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos></wordforms> <mark>[Both Builder's Cant]</mark><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerry-builder</ent><br/
<hw>Jer"ry-build`er</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Prob. fr. the proper name <ets>Jerry</ets>, familiar form of <ets>Jeremiah</ets>.]</ety> <def>A professional builder who erects cheap dwellings of poor materials and unsubstantial and slovenly construction.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerry-built</ent><br/
<hw>Jer"ry-built`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Built hastily and of bad materials; <as>as, <ex>jerry-built</ex> houses</as>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> slipshod, ramshackle, flimsy.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Developed in an unsystematic or inexpert manner; built haphazardly; -- used of objects, organizations, plans, etc.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jersey</ent><br/
<hw>Jer"sey</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Jerseys</plw> <pr>(#)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[From <ets>Jersey</ets>, the largest of the Channel Islands.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>The finest of wool separated from the rest; combed wool; also, fine yarn of wool.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>A kind of knitted jacket; hence, in general, a closefitting jacket or upper garment made of an elastic fabric (as stockinet).</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn>  <def>One of a breed of cattle in the Island of Jersey. Jerseys are noted for the richness of their milk.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jerusalem</ent><br/
<hw>Je*ru"sa*lem</hw> <pr>(j<esl/*r<udd/"s<adot/*l<ecr/m)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Gr. <grk>'Ieroysalh`m</grk>, fr. Heb. <ets>Y<ecr/r<umac/sh<amac/laim</ets>.]</ety> <def>The chief city of Palestine, intimately associated with the glory of the Jewish nation, and the life and death of Jesus Christ.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jerusalem artichoke</b></col> <ety>[Perh. a corrupt. of It. <ets>girasole</ets> <it>i.e.</it>, sunflower, or turnsole. See <er>Gyre</er>, <er>Solar</er>.]</ety> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <cd>An American plant, a perennial species of sunflower (<spn>Helianthus tuberosus</spn>), whose tubers are sometimes used as food</cd>. <sd>(b)</sd> <cd>One of the tubers themselves.</cd> -- <col><b>Jerusalem cherry</b></col> <fld>(Bot.)</fld>, <cd>the popular name of either of two species of <gen>Solanum</gen> (<spn>Solanum Pseudo-capsicum</spn> and <spn>Solanum capsicastrum</spn>), cultivated as ornamental house plants. They bear bright red berries of about the size of cherries.</cd> -- <col><b>Jerusalem oak</b></col> <fld>(Bot.)</fld>, <cd>an aromatic goosefoot (<spn>Chenopodium Botrys</spn>), common about houses and along roadsides.</cd> -- <col><b>Jerusalem sage</b></col> <fld>(Bot.)</fld>, <cd>a perennial herb of the Mint family (<spn>Phlomis tuberosa</spn>).</cd> -- <col><b>Jerusalem thorn</b></col> <fld>(Bot.)</fld>, <cd>a spiny, leguminous tree (<spn>Parkinsonia aculeata</spn>), widely dispersed in warm countries, and used for hedges.</cd> -- <col><b>The New Jerusalem</b></col>, <cd>Heaven; the Celestial City.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jervine</ent><br/
<hw>Jer"vine</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Prob. fr. Sp. <ets>yerba</ets> herb, OSp., the poison of the veratrum.]</ety> <fld>(Chem.)</fld> <def>A poisonous alkaloid resembling veratrine, and found with it in white hellebore (<spn>Veratrum album</spn>); -- called also <altname>jervina</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jess</ent><br/
<hw>Jess</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Jesses</plw> <pr>(#)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[OF. <ets>gies</ets>, <ets>giez</ets>, prop. pl. of  <ets>giet</ets>, <ets>get</ets>, <ets>jet</ets>, F. <ets>jet</ets>, a throwing, jess. See <er>Jet</er> a shooting forth.]</ety> (<xex>falconry</xex>) <def>A short strap of leather or silk secured round the leg of a hawk, to which the leash or line, wrapped round the falconer's hand, was attached when used. See <xex>Illust.</xex> of <er>Falcon</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Like a hawk, which feeling freed<br/
From bells and <qex>jesses</qex> which did let her flight.</q> <rj><qau>Spenser.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jessamine</ent><br/
<hw>Jes"sa*mine</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>Same as <er>Jasmine</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jessant</ent><br/
<hw>Jes"sant</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <fld>(Her.)</fld> <def>Springing up or emerging; -- said of a plant or animal.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jesse</ent><br/
<hw>Jes"se</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[LL. <ets>Jesse</ets>, the father of David, fr. Gr. <?/, fr. Herb. <ets>Yishai</ets>.]</ety> <def>Any representation or suggestion of the genealogy of Christ, in decorative art</def>; as: <sd>(a)</sd> <def>A genealogical tree represented in stained glass.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>A candlestick with many branches, each of which bears the name of some one of the descendants of Jesse; -- called also  <altname>tree of Jesse</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jesse window</b></col> <fld>(Arch.)</fld>, <cd>a window of which the glazing and tracery represent the tree of Jesse.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jessed</ent><br/
<hw>Jessed</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <fld>(Her.)</fld> <def>Having jesses on, as a hawk.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jest</ent><br/
<hw>Jest</hw> <pr>(j<ecr/st)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>jeste</ets>, <ets>geste</ets>, deed, action, story, tale, OF.  <ets>geste</ets>, LL. <ets>gesta</ets>, orig., exploits, neut. pl. from L. <ets>gestus</ets>, p. p. of <ets>gerere</ets> to bear, carry, accomplish, perform; perh. orig., to make to come, bring, and perh. akin to E. <ets>come</ets>.  Cf. <er>Gest</er> a deed, <er>Register</er>, <pos>n.</pos>]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>A deed; an action; a gest.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The <qex>jests</qex> or actions of princes.</q> <rj><qau>Sir T. Elyot.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>A mask; a pageant; an interlude.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Nares.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>He promised us, in honor of our guest,<br/
To grace our banquet with some pompous <qex>jest</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Kyd.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn>  <def>Something done or said in order to amuse; a joke; a witticism; a jocose or sportive remark or phrase. See Synonyms under <er>Jest</er>, <pos>v. i.</pos></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>I must be sad . . . smile at no man's <qex>jests</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The Right Honorable gentleman is indebted to his memory for his <qex>jests</qex>, and to his imagination for his facts.</q> <rj><qau>Sheridan.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn>  <def>The object of laughter or sport; a laughingstock.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Then let me be your <qex>jest</qex>; I deserve it.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>In jest</b></col>, <cd>for mere sport or diversion; not in truth and reality; not in earnest.</cd><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>And given in earnest what I begged <qex>in jest</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj></p>

<p>-- <col><b>Jest book</b></col>, <cd>a book containing a collection of jests, jokes, and amusing anecdotes; a Joe Miller.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jest</ent><br/
<hw>Jest</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jested</conjf>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jesting</conjf>.]</vmorph><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>To take part in a merrymaking; -- especially, to act in a mask or interlude.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>To make merriment by words or actions; to joke; to make light of anything.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>He <qex>jests</qex> at scars that never felt a wound.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- To joke; sport; rally.</syn> <usage> -- To <er>Jest</er>, <er>Joke</er>.  One  <xex>jests</xex> in order to make others laugh; one <xex>jokes</xex> to please himself. A <xex>jest</xex> is usually at the expense of another, and is often ill-natured; a <xex>joke</xex> is a sportive sally designed to promote good humor without wounding the feelings of its object. <ldquo/<xex>Jests</xex> are, therefore, seldom harmless; <xex>jokes</xex> frequently allowable. The most serious subject may be degraded by being turned into a <xex>jest</xex>.<rdquo/</usage>  <rj><au>Crabb.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jester</ent><br/
<hw>Jest"er</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. <er>Gestour</er>.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn>  <def>A buffoon; a merry-andrew; a court fool.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>This . . . was Yorick's skull, the king's <qex>jester</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Dressed in the motley garb that <qex>jesters</qex> wear.</q> <rj><qau>Longfellow.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>A person addicted to jesting, or to indulgence in light and amusing talk.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>He ambled up and down<br/
With shallow <qex>jesters</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jestful</ent><br/
<hw>Jest"ful</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Given to jesting; full of jokes.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jesting</ent><br/
<hw>Jest"ing</hw>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Sportive; not serious; fit for jests.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> joking.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>He will find that these are no <qex>jesting</qex> matters.</q> <rj><qau>Macaulay.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jesting</ent><br/
<hw>Jest"ing</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The act or practice of making jests; joking; pleasantry.</def>  <rj><au>Eph. v. 4.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jestingly</ent><br/
<hw>Jest"ing*ly</hw>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>In a jesting manner.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jesu</ent><br/
<hw>Je"su</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L., vocative and oblique cases of <ets>Jesus</ets>.]</ety> <def>Jesus.</def> <mark>[Poetical]</mark></p>

<p><q><qex>Jesu</qex>, give the weary<br/
Calm and sweet repose.</q>  <rj><qau>S. Baring-Gould.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jesuit</ent><br/
<hw>Jes"u*it</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>J<eacute/suite</ets>, Sp. <ets>Jesuita</ets>: cf. It. <ets>Gesuita</ets>.]</ety>  <sn>1.</sn>  <fld>(R. C. Ch.)</fld> <def>One of a religious order founded by <person>Ignatius Loyola</person>, and approved in 1540, under the title of <membof>The Society of Jesus</membof>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ The order consists of Scholastics, the Professed, the Spiritual Coadjutors, and the Temporal Coadjutors or Lay Brothers. The Jesuit novice after two years becomes a Scholastic, and takes his first vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience simply. Some years after, at the close of a second novitiate, he takes his second vows and is ranked among the Coadjutors or Professed. The Professed are bound by a fourth vow, from which only the pope can dispense, requiring them to go wherever the pope may send them for missionary duty. The Coadjutors teach in the schools, and are employed in general missionary labors. The Society is governed by a General who holds office for life. He has associated with him <ldquo/Assistants<rdquo/ (five at the present time), representing different provinces. The Society was first established in the United States in 1807. The Jesuits have displayed in their enterprises a high degree of zeal, learning, and skill, but, by their enemies, have been generally reputed to use art and intrigue in promoting or accomplishing their purposes, whence the words <xex>Jesuit</xex>, <xex>Jesuitical</xex>, and the like, have acquired an opprobrious sense.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>Fig.: A crafty person; an intriguer.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jesuits' bark</b></col>, <cd>Peruvian bark, or the bark of certain species of <gen>Cinchona</gen>; -- so called because its medicinal properties were first made known in Europe by Jesuit missionaries to South America.</cd> -- <col><b>Jesuits' drops</b></col>. <cd>See <cref>Friar's balsam</cref>, under <er>Friar</er>.</cd> -- <col><b>Jesuits' nut</b></col>, <cd>the European water chestnut.</cd> -- <col><b>Jesuits' powder</b></col>, <cd>powdered cinchona bark.</cd> -- <col><b>Jesuits' tea</b></col>, <cd>a Chilian leguminous shrub, used as a tea  and medicinally.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jesuited</ent><br/
<hw>Jes"u*it*ed</hw>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Conforming to the principles of the Jesuits.</def>  <rj><au>Milton.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jesuitess</ent><br/
<hw>Jes"u*it*ess</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. F. <ets>J<eacute/suitesse</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(R. C. Hist.)</fld> <def>One of an order of nuns established on the principles of the Jesuits, but suppressed by Pope Urban in 1633.</def></p>

<p><ent>Jesuitical</ent><br/
<ent>Jesuitic</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jes`u*it"ic</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <hw>Jes`u*it"ic*al</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, }</mhw> <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[Cf. F. <ets>j<eacute/suitique</ets>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>Of or pertaining to the Jesuits, or to their principles and methods.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>Designing; cunning; deceitful; crafty; -- an opprobrious use of the word.</def>  <rj><au>Dryden.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jesuitically</ent><br/
<hw>Jes`u*it"ic*al*ly</hw>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>In a jesuitical manner.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jesuitism</ent><br/
<hw>Jes"u*it*ism</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. F. <ets>j<eacute/suitisme</ets>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>The principles and practices of the Jesuits.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>Cunning; deceit; deceptive practices to effect a purpose; subtle argument; -- an opprobrious use of the  word.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jesuitocracy</ent><br/
<hw>Jes`u*it*oc"ra*cy</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>  <ety>[<ets>Jesuit</ets> + <ets>-cracy</ets>,  as in  <ets>aristocracy</ets>.]</ety> <def>Government by Jesuits; also, the whole body of Jesuits in a country.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>C. Kingsley.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jesuitry</ent><br/
<hw>Jes"u*it*ry</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Jesuitism; subtle argument.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>Carlyle.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jesus</ent><br/
<hw>Je"sus</hw> <pr>(j<emac/"z<ucr/s)</pr>, <pos>prop. n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>Jesus</ets>, Gr. <?/, from Heb. <ets>Y<emac/sh<umac/a'</ets>; <ets>Y<amac/h</ets> Jehovah + <ets>h<omac/sh<imac/a'</ets> to help.]</ety> <def>The <er>Savior</er>; the name of the Son of God as announced by the angel to his parents; the personal name of Our Lord, in distinction from Christ, his official appellation.</def>  <rj><au>Luke i. 31.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Thou shalt call his name <qex>Jesus</qex>; for he shall save his people from their sins.</q> <rj><qau>Matt. i. 21.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/The form <xex>Jesu</xex> is often used, esp. in the vocative.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q><qex>Jesu</qex>, do thou my soul receive.</q> <rj><qau>Keble.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>The Society of Jesus</b></col>. <cd>The Roman Catholic order whose members are called <members>Jesuits</members>. See <er>Jesuit</er>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jet</ent><br/
<hw>Jet</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Same as 2d <er>Get</er>.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jet</ent><br/
<hw>Jet</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OF. <ets>jet</ets>, <ets>jayet</ets>, F. <ets>ja<ium/et</ets>, <ets>jais</ets>, L. <ets>gagates</ets>, fr. Gr. <?/; -- so called from <?/ or <?/, a town and river in Lycia.]</ety> <altsp>[written also <asp>jeat</asp>, <asp>jayet</asp>.]</altsp> <fld>(Min.)</fld> <def>A variety of lignite, of a very compact texture and velvet black color, susceptible of a good polish, and often wrought into mourning jewelry, toys, buttons, etc. Formerly called also <altname>black amber</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jet ant</b></col> <fld>(Zool.)</fld>, <cd>a blackish European ant (<spn>Formica fuliginosa</spn>), which builds its nest of a paperlike material in the trunks of trees.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jet</ent><br/
<hw>Jet</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jet</ets>, OF. <ets>get</ets>, <ets>giet</ets>, L. <ets>jactus</ets> a throwing, a throw, fr. <ets>jacere</ets> to throw.  Cf. <er>Abject</er>, <er>Ejaculate</er>, <er>Gist</er>, <er>Jess</er>, <er>Jut</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>A shooting forth; a spouting; a spurt; a sudden rush or gush, as of water from a pipe, or of flame from an orifice; also, that which issues in a jet.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>Drift; scope; range, as of an argument.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn>  <def>The sprue of a type, which is broken from it when the type is cold.</def>  <rj><au>Knight.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jet propeller</b></col> <fld>(Naut.)</fld>, <cd>a device for propelling vessels by means of a forcible jet of water ejected from the vessel, as by a centrifugal pump.</cd> -- <col><b>Jet pump</b></col>, <cd>a device in which a small jet of steam, air, water, or other fluid, in rapid motion, lifts or otherwise moves, by its impulse, a larger quantity of the fluid with which it mingles.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jet</ent><br/
<hw>Jet</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jetted</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jetting</conjf>.]</vmorph> <ety>[F. <ets>jeter</ets>, L. <ets>jactare</ets>, freq. fr. <ets>jacere</ets> to throw. See 3d <er>Jet</er>, and cf. <er>Jut</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn>  <def>To strut; to walk with a lofty or haughty gait; to be insolent; to obtrude.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q> he <qex>jets</qex> under his advanced plumes!</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>To <qex>jet</qex> upon a prince's right.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>To jerk; to jolt; to be shaken.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Wiseman.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn>  <def>To shoot forward or out; to project; to jut out.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jet</ent><br/
<hw>Jet</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To spout; to emit in a stream or jet.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>A dozen angry models <qex>jetted</qex> steam.</q> <rj><qau>Tennyson.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jet-black</ent><br/
<hw>Jet"-black`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Black as jet; deep black.  See first <er>jet</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jet d'eau</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jet` d'eau"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Jets d'eau</plw> <pr>(#)</pr></plu>. <ety>[F., a throw of water. See <er>Jet</er> a shooting forth.]</ety> <def>A stream of water spouting, esp. upward, from a fountain or pipe for ornament; also, the fountain or pipe from which it issues.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeterus</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jet"e*rus</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A yellowness of the parts of plants which are normally green; yellows.</def></p>

<p><ent>Jetson</ent><br/
<ent>Jetsam</ent><br/
<mhw>{ \'d8<hw>Jet"sam</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, \'d8<hw>Jet"son</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, }</mhw> <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jeter</ets> to throw: cf. OF. <ets>getaison</ets> a throwing.  Cf. <er>Flotsam</er>, <er>Jettison</er>.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn>  <fld>(Mar. Law)</fld> <def>Goods which sink when cast into the sea, and remain under water; -- distinguished from <contr>flotsam</contr>, goods which float, and <contr>ligan</contr> (or <contr>lagan</contr>), goods which are sunk attached to a buoy.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>The act of throwing objects from  a ship to lighten the load; jettison{1}. See <er>Jettison</er>, 1.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <specif>Hence:</specif> <def>Anything thrown overboard from a ship, whether floating or not.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <specif>Hence:</specif> <mark>[fig.]</mark> <def>Objects scattered about in a disorderly manner; <as>as, he couldn't find his sneakers among the <ex>jetsam</ex> in his room</as>.</def> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark> <br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jet set</ent><br/
<hw>jet" set`</hw> <pos>n.</pos>  <ety>[from <ets>jet</ets> plane, the conveyance used in their travels.]</ety> <def>an international group of wealthy individuals who travel frequently to international resorts. -- the group is not organized, but membership is defined solely by frequent travel for pleasure.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jet-setter</ent><br/
<hw>jet-setter</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>a member of the jet set.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jet-setting</ent><br/
<hw>jet-setting</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>frequent international travel for pleasure, as contrasted with business.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><-- p. 800 --></p>

<p><ent>Jetteau</ent><br/
<hw>Jet"teau</hw> <pr>(j<ecr/t"t<osl/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See <er>Jet d'eau</er>.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>Addison.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jettee</ent><br/
<hw>Jet"tee</hw> <pr>(j<ecr/t"t<esl/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See <er>Jetty</er>, <pos>n.</pos></def>  <rj><au> Burke.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jetter</ent><br/
<hw>Jet"ter</hw> <pr>(j<ecr/t"t<etil/r)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One who struts; one who bears himself jauntily; a fop.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Palsgrave.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jettiness</ent><br/
<hw>Jet"ti*ness</hw> <pr>(j<ecr/t"t<icr/*n<ecr/s)</pr>. <pos>n.</pos> <def>The state of being jetty; blackness.</def> <rj><au>Pennant.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jetting</ent><br/
<hw>jetting</hw> <pos>adj.</pos> <def>being propelled violently in a usually narrow stream; -- of liquids.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> spouting, spurting, squirting.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jettison</ent><br/
<hw>Jet"ti*son</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[See <er>Jetsam</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Mar. Law)</fld> <def>The throwing overboard of goods from necessity, in order to lighten a vessel in danger of wreck.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>See <er>Jetsam</er>, 1.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jetton</ent><br/
<hw>Jet"ton</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jeton</ets>.]</ety> <def>A metal counter used in playing cards.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jetty</ent><br/
<hw>Jet"ty</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Made of jet, or like jet in color.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The people . . . are of a <qex>jetty</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Sir T. Browne.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jetty</ent><br/
<hw>Jet"ty</hw>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Jetties</plw> <pr>(#)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[F. <ets>jet<eacute/e</ets> a pier, a jetty, a causeway. See <er>Jet</er> a shooting forth, and cf. <er>Jutty</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Arch.)</fld> <def>A part of a building that jets or projects beyond the rest, and overhangs the wall below.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A wharf or pier extending from the shore.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <fld>(Hydraul. Engin.)</fld> <def>A structure of wood or stone extended into the sea to influence the current or tide, or to protect a harbor; a mole; <as>as, the Eads system of <ex>jetties</ex> at the mouth of the Mississippi River</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jetty head</b></col> <fld>(Naut.)</fld>, <cd>a projecting part at the end of a wharf; the front of a wharf whose side forms one of the cheeks of a dock.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jetty</ent><br/
<hw>Jet"ty</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <def>To jut out; to project.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Florio.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeu d'esprit</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jeu" d'es`prit"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <ety>[F., play of mind.]</ety> <def>A witticism.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeunesse doree</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jeu`nesse" do`r<eacute/e"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <ety>[F.]</ety> <def>Lit., gilded youth; young people of wealth and fashion, esp. if given to prodigal living; -- in the French Revolution, applied to young men of the upper classes who aided in suppressing the Jacobins after the Reign of Terror.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jew</ent><br/
<hw>Jew</hw> <pr>(j<umac/ <it>or</it> j<udd/; 277)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OF. <ets>Juis</ets>, pl., F. <ets>Juif</ets>, L. <ets>Judaeus</ets>, Gr. <grk>'Ioydai^os</grk>, fr. <grk>'Ioydai`a</grk> the country of the Jews, Judea, fr. Heb. <ets>Y<ecr/h<umac/d<amac/h</ets> Judah, son of Jacob.  Cf. <er>Judaic</er>.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Originally, one belonging to the tribe or kingdom of Judah; after the return from the Babylonish captivity, any member of the new state; a Hebrew; an Israelite.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>An adherent of Judaism.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jew's frankincense</b></col>, <cd>gum styrax, or benzoin.</cd> -- <col><b>Jew's mallow</b></col> <fld>(Bot.)</fld>, <cd>an annual herb (<spn>Corchorus olitorius</spn>) cultivated in Syria and Egypt as a pot herb, and in India for its fiber.</cd> -- <col><b>Jew's pitch</b></col>, <cd>asphaltum; bitumen.</cd> -- <col><b>The Wandering Jew</b></col>, <cd>an imaginary personage, who, for his cruelty to Christ during his passion, is doomed to wander on the earth till Christ's second coming.</cd> -- <col><b>Wandering Jew</b></col>, <cd>any of several house plants of the genera <gen>Zebrina</gen> and <gen>Tradescantia</gen> having white-striped leaves, especially the creeping plants <spn>Zebrina pendula</spn> and <spn>Tradescantia fluminensis</spn>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jew</ent><br/
<hw>Jew</hw> <pr>(j<umac/ <it>or</it> j<oomac/)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos>  <def>Of or pertaining to Jews; Jewish; -- usually considered offensive.</def> <mark>[offensive]</mark> <br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jew</ent><br/
<mhw><hw>Jew</hw>, <hw>Jew down</hw></mhw> <pr>(j<umac/ <it>or</it> j<oomac/)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos>  <def>To bargain down (a person) in price; <as>as, I <ex>jewed</ex> him <ex>down</ex> to ten dollars</as>.</def> <mark>[offensive]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jew-baiter</ent><br/
<hw>Jew-baiter</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>someone who hates and would persecute Jews; an anti-Semite.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> anti-Semite.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jewbush</ent><br/
<hw>Jew"bush`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A euphorbiaceous shrub of the genus <gen>Pedilanthus</gen> (<spn>Pedilanthus tithymaloides</spn>), found in the West Indies, and possessing powerful emetic and drastic qualities.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jewel</ent><br/
<hw>Jew"el</hw> <pr>(j<umac/"<ecr/l <it>or</it> j<udd/"<ecr/l)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>juel</ets>, <ets>jowel</ets>, OF. <ets>jouel</ets>, <ets>juel</ets>, <ets>joiel</ets>, F. <ets>joyau</ets>, dim. of OF. <ets>joie</ets> joy, jewel, F. joie joy. See <er>Joy</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>An ornament of dress usually made of a precious metal, and having enamel or precious stones as a part of its design.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Plate of rare device, and <qex>jewels</qex><br/
Of rich and exquisite form.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A precious stone; a gem.</def>  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>An object regarded with special affection; a precious thing.</def> <ldquo/Our prince (<xex>jewel</xex> of children).<rdquo/  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>A bearing for a pivot a pivot in a watch, formed of a crystal or precious stone, as a ruby.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jewel block</b></col> <fld>(Naut.)</fld>, <cd>block at the extremity of a yard, through which the halyard of a studding sail is rove.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jewel</ent><br/
<hw>Jew"el</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jeweled</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>, or <conjf>Jewelled</conjf>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jeweling</conjf>, or <conjf>Jewelling</conjf>.]</vmorph> <def>To dress, adorn, deck, or supply with jewels, as a dress, a sword hilt, or a watch; to bespangle, as with jewels; to bejewel.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The long gray tufts . . . are <qex>jeweled</qex> thick with dew.</q> <rj><qau>M. Arnold.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jewelled</ent><br/
<ent>jeweled</ent><br/
<mhw><hw>jeweled</hw> <hw>jewelled</hw></mhw> <pos>adj.</pos>  <def>covered with beads or jewels or sequins.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> beaded, beady, bejewelled, bejeweled,  bespangled, gemmed, sequined, spangled, spangly.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jeweler</ent><br/
<hw>Jew"el*er</hw> <pr>(j<umac/"<ecr/l*l<etil/r <it>or</it> j<udd/"<ecr/l*l<etil/r)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. F. <ets>joaillier</ets>.]</ety> <def>One who makes, or deals in, jewels, precious stones, and similar ornaments.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jeweller</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jeweler's gold</b></col>. <cd>See under <er>Gold</er>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jewellery</ent><br/
<hw>Jew"el*ler*y</hw> <pr>(j<umac/"<ecr/l*l<etil/r*r<ycr/ <it>or</it> j<udd/"<ecr/l*l<etil/r*r<ycr/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See <er>Jewelry</er>.</def> <mark>[Chiefly Brit.]</mark>  <rj><au>Burke.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jewelry</ent><br/
<hw>Jew"el*ry</hw> <pr>(j<umac/"<ecr/l*r<ycr/ <it>or</it> j<udd/"<ecr/l*r<ycr/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. F. <ets>joaillerie</ets>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>The art or trade of a jeweler.</def>  <rj><au>Cotgrave.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Jewels, collectively; <as>as, a bride's <ex>jewelry</ex></as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jewels-of-opar</ent><br/
<hw>jewels-of-opar</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>An erect plant (<spn>Talinum paniculatum</spn>) with tuberous roots and terminal panicles of red to yellow flowers, grwing from Southwestern North America to Central America; it has been widely introduced elsewhere.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> <spn>Talinum paniculatum</spn>.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jewelweed</ent><br/
<hw>Jew"el*weed`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>See <er>Impatiens</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jewess</ent><br/
<hw>Jew"ess</hw>, <pos>n.</pos>, <mord><pos>fem.</pos> of <er>Jew</er></mord>. <def>A female Jew; a Hebrew woman; a female adherent of Judaism.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jewfish</ent><br/
<hw>Jew"fish`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A very large serranoid fish (<spn>Promicrops itaiara</spn>) of Florida and the Gulf of Mexico. It often reaches the weight of five hundred pounds. Its color is olivaceous or yellowish, with numerous brown spots. Called also <altname>guasa</altname>, and <altname>warsaw</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A similar gigantic fish (<spn>Stereolepis gigas</spn>) of Southern California, valued as a food fish.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>The black grouper of Florida and Texas.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>A large herringlike fish; the tarpum.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jewise</ent><br/
<hw>Jew*ise"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Same as <er>Juise</er>.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jewish</ent><br/
<hw>Jew"ish</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Of or pertaining to the Jews or Hebrews; characteristic of or resembling the Jews or their customs; Israelitish.</def> -- <wordforms><wf>Jew"ish*ly</wf>, <pos>adv.</pos> -- <wf>Jew"ish*ness</wf>, <pos>n.</pos></wordforms><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Judaism.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jewish calendar</ent><br/
<hw>Jew"ish cal"en*dar</hw>. <def>A lunisolar calendar in use among Hebraic peoples, reckoning from the year 3761 <sc>b. c.</sc>, the date traditionally given for the Creation.</def> <note>It received its present fixed form from Hillel II. about 360 <sc>a. d.</sc> The present names of the months, which are Babylonian-Assyrian in origin, replaced older ones, <xex>Abib</xex>, <xex>Bul</xex>, etc., at the time of the Babylonian Exile. Nineteen years constitute a lunar cycle, of which the 3d, 6th, 8th, 11th, 14th, 17th, and 19th years are leap years. The year 5663 [1902-3 <sc>a. d.</sc>] was the first year of the 299th lunar cycle. The common year is said to be <xex>defective</xex>, <xex>regular</xex>, or <xex>perfect</xex> (or <xex>abundant</xex>) according as it has 353, 354, or 355 days. The leap year has an intercalary month, and a total of 383 (defective), 384 (regular), or 385 (perfect, or abundant) days. The calendar is complicated by various rules providing for the harmonious arrangement of festivals, etc., so that no simple perpetual calendar can be constructed. The following table gives the months in order, with the number of days assigned to each. Only three months vary in length. They are: Heshvan, which has 30 days in perfect years; Kislev, which has 30 days in regular and perfect years; and Adar, which has 30 days in leap years. The ecclesiastical year commences with Nisan and the civil year with Tishri. The date of the first of Tishri, or the Jewish New Year, is also given for the Jewish years 5661-5696 (1900-1935 <sc>a. d.</sc>). From these tables it is possible to transform any Jewish date into Christian, or vice versa, for the years 1900-1935 <sc>a. d.</sc></p>

<p><sc>Months of the Jewish Year</sc>.
<pre><tt>
 1 <colf>Tishri</colf> . . . . . . 30
 2 <colf>Heshvan</colf> . . . . .  29 (<it>r. & d</it>.)
                                or 30 (<it>p</it>.)
 3 <colf>Kislev</colf> . . . . . . 29 (<it>d</it>.) or
                                   30 (<it>r. & p</it>.)
 4 <colf>Tebet</colf> . . . . . .  29
 5 <colf>Shebat</colf> . . . . . . 30
 6 <colf>Adar</colf> . . . . . . . 29 or
                                   30 (<it>l</it>.)
 -- <colf>Veadar</colf> . . . . .  29
    (<it>occuring only in leap years</it>)
 7 <colf>Nisan</colf> . . . . . . .30
 8 <colf>Ivar</colf> . . . . . . ..29
 9 <colf>Sivan</colf> . . . . . . .30
10 <colf>Tammux</colf> . . . . . . 29
11 <colf>Ab</colf> . . . . . . . . 30
12 <colf>Elul</colf> . . . . . . ..29</p>

<p><-- note the use of double quotes here as "ditto" marks, which will
 throw off automatic quote matching!! --></p>

<p><sc>Jewish Year</sc>       <sc>a. d.</sc><br/
-----------------------------------------------------------</p>
<p>
5661 <it>p.</it>      begins    Sept.  24, 1900
5662 <it>d.l.</it>    <ldquo/      <ldquo/   14, 1901
5663 <it>p.</it>      <ldquo/      Oct.    2, 1902
5664 <it>r.</it>      <ldquo/      Sept.  22, 1903
5665 <it>p.l.</it>    <ldquo/      <ldquo/   10, 1904
5666 <it>p.</it>      <ldquo/      <ldquo/   30, 1905
5667 <it>r.</it>      <ldquo/      <ldquo/   20, 1906
5668 <it>d.l.</it>    <ldquo/      <ldquo/    6, 1907
5669 <it>p.</it>      <ldquo/      <ldquo/   26, 1908
5670 <it>d.l.</it>    <ldquo/      <ldquo/   16, 1909
5671 <it>r.</it>      <ldquo/      Oct.    4, 1910
5672 <it>p.</it>      <ldquo/      Sept.  23, 1911
5673 <it>p.l.</it>    <ldquo/      <ldquo/   12, 1912
5674 <it>r.</it>      <ldquo/      Oct.    2, 1913
5675 <it>d.</it>      <ldquo/      Sept.  21, 1914
5676 <it>p.l.</it>    <ldquo/      <ldquo/    9, 1915
5677 <it>r.</it>      <ldquo/      <ldquo/   28, 1916
5678 <it>p.</it>      <ldquo/      <ldquo/   17, 1917
5679 <it>d.l.</it>   begins     Sept.   7, 1918
5680 <it>r.</it>      <ldquo/      <ldquo/   25, 1919
5681 <it>p.l.</it>    <ldquo/      <ldquo/   13, 1920
5682 <it>p.</it>      <ldquo/      Oct.    3, 1921
5683 <it>d.</it>      <ldquo/      Sept.  23, 1922
5684 <it>r.l.</it>    <ldquo/      <ldquo/   11, 1923
5685 <it>p.</it>      <ldquo/      <ldquo/   29, 1924
5686 <it>p.</it>      <ldquo/      <ldquo/   19, 1925
5687 <it>d.l.</it>    <ldquo/      <ldquo/    9, 1926
5688 <it>r.</it>      <ldquo/      <ldquo/   27, 1927
5689 <it>p.l.</it>    <ldquo/      <ldquo/   15, 1928
5690 <it>d.</it>      <ldquo/      Oct.    5, 1929
5691 <it>r.</it>      <ldquo/      Sept.  23, 1930
5692 <it>p.l.</it>    <ldquo/      <ldquo/   12, 1931
5693 <it>p.</it>      <ldquo/      Oct.    1, 1932
5694 <it>r.</it>      <ldquo/      Sept.  23, 1933
5695 <it>d.l.</it>    <ldquo/      <ldquo/   10, 1934
5696 <it>p.</it>      <ldquo/      <ldquo/   28, 1935
</tt></pre></p>

<p><it>d</it>. = defective year; <it>d.l</it>. = defective leap year; 
<it>p.</it> = perfect year; <it>p.l.</it> = perfect leap year; <it>r.</it> = regular year; <it>r.l.</it> = regular leap year.</note><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jewry</ent><br/
<hw>Jew"ry</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>Jewerie</ets>, OF. <ets>Juierie</ets>, F. <ets>Juiverie</ets>.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Judea; also, a district inhabited by Jews; a Jews' quarter.</def>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Teaching throughout all <qex>Jewry</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Luke xxiii. 5.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Jewish people, collectively.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jew's-ears</ent><br/
<ent>Jew's-ear</ent><br/
<mhw><hw>Jew's"-ear`</hw>, <hw>Jew's"-ears`</hw></mhw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A widely distributed species of edible fungus (<spn>Auricularia auricula-judae</spn>, formerly <spn>Hirneola Auricula-Jud<ae/</spn>, or <spn>Hirneola Auricula</spn>), bearing some resemblance to the human ear and growing on decaying wood.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> ear fungus,  .</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> + <source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jew's-harp</ent><br/
<hw>Jew's-harp`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[<ets>Jew</ets> + <ets>harp</ets>; or possibly a corrupt. of <ets>jaw's harp</ets>; cf. G. <ets>maultrommel</ets>, lit., mouthdrum.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>An instrument of music, which, when placed between the teeth, gives, by means of a bent metal tongue struck by the finger, a sound which is modulated by the breath; -- called also <altname>Jew's-trump</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <def>The shackle for joining a chain cable to an anchor.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jewstone</ent><br/
<ent>Jew's-stone</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jew's-stone`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <hw>Jew"stone`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr> }</mhw>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Paleon.)</fld> <def>A large clavate spine of a fossil sea urchin.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jezebel</ent><br/
<hw>Jez"e*bel</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[From <ets>Jezebel</ets>, Heb. <ets>Izebel</ets>, the wife of Ahab king of Israel.]</ety> <def>A bold, vicious woman; a termagant.</def>  <rj><au>Spectator.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jharal</ent><br/
<hw>Jha"ral</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Native name.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A wild goat (<spn>Capra Jemlaica</spn>) which inhabits the loftiest mountains of India. It has long, coarse hair, forming a thick mane on its head and neck.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jib</ent><br/
<hw>Jib</hw> <pr>(j<icr/b)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Named from its shifting from side to side. See <er>Jib</er>, <pos>v. i.</pos>., <er>Jibe</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <def>A triangular sail set upon a stay or halyard extending from the foremast or fore-topmast to the bowsprit or the jib boom. Large vessels often carry several jibs; <as>as, inner <ex>jib</ex>; outer <ex>jib</ex>; flying <ex>jib</ex>; etc.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Mach.)</fld> <def>The projecting arm of a crane, from which the load is suspended.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>One that jibs, or balks; a jibber.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn>  <def>A stationary condition; a standstill.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jib boom</b></col> <fld>(Naut.)</fld>, <cd>a spar or boom which serves as an extension of the bowsprit. It is sometimes extended by another spar called the <xex>flying jib boom</xex></cd>. <altsp>[Written also <asp>gib boom</asp>.]</altsp> -- <col><b>Jib crane</b></col> <fld>(Mach.)</fld>, <cd>a crane having a horizontal jib on which a trolley moves, bearing the load.</cd> -- <col><b>Jib door</b></col> <fld>(Arch.)</fld>, <cd>a door made flush with the wall, without dressings or moldings; a disguised door.</cd> -- <col><b>Jib header</b></col> <fld>(Naut.)</fld>, <cd>a gaff-topsail, shaped like a jib; a jib-headed topsail.</cd> -- <col><b>Jib topsail</b></col> <fld>(Naut.)</fld>, <cd>a small jib set above and outside of all the other jibs.</cd> -- <col><b>The cut of one's jib</b></col>, <cd>one's outward appearance.</cd> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark>  <rj><au>Sir W. Scott.</au></rj></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jib</ent><br/
<hw>Jib</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <ety>[Connected with <ets>jibe</ets>; cf. OF. <ets>giber</ets> to shake.]</ety> <def>To move restively backward or sidewise, -- said of a horse; to balk.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jibb</asp>.]</altsp> <mark>[Eng.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jibb</ent><br/
<ent>Jib</ent><br/
<mhw><hw>Jib</hw>, <pos>v. t. & i.</pos>  <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jibbed</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jibbing</conjf>.]</vmorph> Also <hw>Jibb</hw></mhw>. <ety>[Cf. <er>Jib</er> a sail, <er>Gybe</er>.]</ety> <fld>(Chiefly Naut.)</fld> <def>To shift, or swing round, as a sail, boom, yard, etc., as in tacking.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jibber</ent><br/
<hw>Jib"ber</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A horse that jibs.</def> <mark>[Eng.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jibe</ent><br/
<hw>Jibe</hw> <pr>(j<imac/b)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jibed</conjf> <pr>(j<imac/bd)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jibing</conjf> <pr>(j<imac/b"<icr/ng)</pr>.]</vmorph> <ety>[Cf. Dan. <ets>gibbe</ets>, D. <ets>gijpen</ets>, <pos>v. i.</pos>, and dial. Sw. <ets>gippa</ets> to jerk.  Cf. <er>Jib</er>, <pos>n.</pos> & <pos>v. i.</pos>]</ety> <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <def>To shift, as the boom of a fore-and-aft sail, from one side of a vessel to the other when the wind is aft or on the quarter. See <er>Gybe</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jibe</ent><br/
<hw>Jibe</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <def>To change a ship's course so as to cause a shifting of the boom. See <er>Jibe</er>, <pos>v. t.</pos>, and <er>Gybe</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To agree; to harmonize.</def> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark>  <rj><au>Bartlett.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jiffy</ent><br/
<hw>Jif"fy</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Perh. corrupt. fr. <ets>gliff</ets>.]</ety> <altsp>[Written also <asp>giffy</asp>.]</altsp> <def>A moment; an instant; <as>as, I will be ready in a <ex>jiffy</ex></as>.</def> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark>  <rj><au>J. & H. Smith.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jig</ent><br/
<hw>Jig</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OF. <ets>gigue</ets> a stringed instrument, a kind of dance, F. <ets>gigue</ets> dance, tune, gig; of German origin; cf. MHG. <ets>g<imac/ge</ets> fiddle, G. <ets>geige</ets>.  Cf. <er>Gig</er> a fiddle, <er>Gig</er> a whirligig.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Mus.)</fld> <def>A light, brisk musical movement.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Hot and hasty, like a Scotch <qex>jig</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A light, humorous piece of writing, esp. in rhyme; a farce in verse; a ballad.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>A <qex>jig</qex> shall be clapped at, and every rhyme<br/
Praised and applauded.</q> <rj><qau>Beau. & Fl.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>A piece of sport; a trick; a prank.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Is't not a fine <qex>jig</qex>,<br/
A precious cunning, in the late Protector?</q> <rj><qau>Beau. & Fl.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>5.</sn> <def>A trolling bait, consisting of a bright spoon and a hook attached.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>6.</sn> <fld>(Mach.)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>A small machine or handy tool</def>; esp.: <fld>(Metal Working)</fld> <def>A contrivance fastened to or inclosing a piece of work, and having hard steel surfaces to guide a tool, as a drill, or to form a shield or template to work to, as in filing.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <fld>(Mining)</fld> <def>An apparatus or a machine for jigging ore.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Drill jig</b></col>, <cd>a jig for guiding a drill. See <er>Jig</er>, 6 <sd>(a)</sd>.</cd> -- <mcol><col><b>Jig drilling</b></col>, <col><b>Jig filing</b></col></mcol> <fld>(Metal Working)</fld>, <cd>a process of drilling or filing in which the action of the tool is directed or limited by a jig.</cd> -- <col><b>Jig saw</b></col>, <cd>a sawing machine with a narrow, vertically reciprocating saw, used to cut curved and irregular lines, or ornamental patterns in openwork, a scroll saw; -- called also <altname>gig saw</altname>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jig</ent><br/
<hw>Jig</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jigged</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jigging</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>.]</vmorph><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>To sing to the tune of a jig.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q><qex>Jig</qex> off a tune at the tongue's end.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To trick or cheat; to cajole; to delude.</def>  <rj><au>Ford.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <fld>(Mining)</fld> <def>To sort or separate, as ore in a jigger or sieve. See <er>Jigging</er>, <pos>n.</pos></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <fld>(Metal Working)</fld> <def>To cut or form, as a piece of metal, in a jigging machine.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jig</ent><br/
<hw>Jig</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>To dance a jig; to skip about.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>You <qex>jig</qex>, you amble, and you lisp.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To move with a skip or rhythm; to move with vibrations or jerks.</def></p>

<p><q>The fin would <qex>jig</qex> off slowly, as if it were looking for nothing at all.</q>  <rj><qau>Kipling.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jigaboo</ent><br/
<hw>jig"a*boo</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>A negro, especially an African-American; -- an offensive term usually intended as an ethnic slur.</def> <mark>[vulgar and offensive]</mark> <br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> nigger, spade, coon, nigra.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jigger</ent><br/
<hw>Jig"ger</hw> <pr>(j<icr/g"g<etil/r)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[A corrupt. of <ets>chigre</ets>.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A species of flea (<spn>Tunga penetrans</spn>, <it>or</it> <spn>Sarcopsylla penetrans</spn>, <it>or</it>  <spn>Pulex penetrans</spn>), which burrows beneath the skin; called also <altname>jigger flea</altname>. See <er>Chigoe</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>Any one of several species of small red mites (esp. <spn>Tetranychus irritans</spn> and <spn>Tetranychus Americanus</spn>) of the family <fam>Trombiculidae</fam>, which, in the larval or leptus stage, burrow beneath the skin of man and various animals, causing great annoyance.  Also called <altname>chigger</altname>.</def> <mark>[Southern U. S.]</mark><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jigger</ent><br/
<hw>Jig"ger</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[See <er>Jig</er>, <pos>n. & v.</pos>]</ety>  <sn>1.</sn> <def>One who, or that which, jigs; specifically, a miner who sorts or cleans ore by the process of jigging; also, the sieve used in jigging.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Pottery)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>A horizontal table carrying a revolving mold, on which earthen vessels are shaped by rapid motion; a potter's wheel.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>A template or tool by which vessels are shaped on a potter's wheel.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>A light tackle, consisting of a double and single block and the fall, used for various purposes, as to increase the purchase on a topsail sheet in hauling it home; the watch tackle.</def> <au>Totten.</au> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>A small fishing vessel, rigged like a yawl.</def> <mark>[New Eng.]</mark> <sd>(c)</sd> <def>A supplementary sail. See <er>Dandy</er>, <pos>n.</pos>, 2 <sd>(b)</sd>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>A pendulum rolling machine for slicking or graining leather; same as <er>Jack</er>, 4 <sd>(i)</sd>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>5.</sn> <def>A small glass or measuring vessel holding 1<frac12/ ounces (45 ml), used mostly for measuring liquor or drinking whiskey; also, the quantity of liquid held in a jigger.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>6.</sn> <def>A <er>thingamajig</er>.</def> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jigger mast</b></col>. <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <cd>The after mast of a four-masted vessel</cd>. <sd>(b)</sd> <cd>The small mast set at the stern of a yawl-rigged boat.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jigger</ent><br/
<hw>Jig"ger</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <ety>[Cf. <er>Jiggle</er>.]</ety> <def>To move, send, or drive with a jerk; to jerk; also, to drive or send over with a jerk, as a golf ball.</def></p>

<p><q>He could <qex>jigger</qex> the ball o'er a steeple tall as most men would <qex>jigger</qex> a cop.</q>  <rj><qau>Harper's Mag.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jiggery-pokery</ent><br/
<hw>jiggery-pokery</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>A verbal misrepresentation intended to take advantage of a person in some way.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> trickery, hocus-pocus, slickness, hanky panky, skulduggery, skullduggery.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jigging</ent><br/
<hw>Jig"ging</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Mining)</fld> <def>The act or using a jig; the act of separating ore with a jigger, or wire-bottomed sieve, which is moved up and down in water.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jigging machine</b></col>. <sd>(a)</sd> <fld>(Mining)</fld> <cd>A machine for separating ore by the process of jigging</cd>. <sd>(b)</sd> <fld>(Metal Working)</fld> <cd>A machine with a rotary milling cutter and a template by which the action of the cutter is guided or limited; -- used for forming the profile of an irregularly shaped piece; a profiling machine.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jiggish</ent><br/
<hw>Jig"gish</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Resembling, or suitable for, a jig, or lively movement.</def>  <rj><au>Tatler.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Playful; frisky.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>She is never sad, and yet not <qex>jiggish</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Habington.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jiggle</ent><br/
<hw>Jig"gle</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <ety>[Freq. of <ets>jig</ets>.]</ety> <def>To wriggle or frisk about; to move awkwardly; to shake up and down.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jigjog</ent><br/
<hw>Jig"jog`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A jolting motion; a jogging pace.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jigjog</ent><br/
<hw>Jig"jog</hw>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Having a jolting motion.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jihad</ent><br/
<ent>Jehad</ent><br/
<mhw>{<hw>Ji*had"</hw>, <hw>Je*had"</hw>}</mhw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Ar. <ets>jih<amac/d</ets>, struggle.]</ety> <fld>(Islam)</fld> <def>A religious war against infidels or Muslim heretics; also, any bitter war or crusade for a principle or belief.</def></p>

<p><q>[Their] courage in war . . . had not, like that of the Muslim dervishes of the Sudan, or of Muslims anywhere engaged in a <qex>jehad</qex>, a religious motive and the promise of future bliss behind it.</q>  <rj><qau>James Bryce.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jill</ent><br/
<hw>Jill</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[See <er>Gill</er> sweetheart.]</ety> <def>A young woman; a sweetheart. See <er>Gill</er>.</def>  <rj><au>Beau. & Fl.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jill-flirt</ent><br/
<hw>Jill"-flirt`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A light, giddy, or wanton girl or woman. See <er>Gill-flirt</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jilt</ent><br/
<hw>Jilt</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Contr. fr. Scot. <ets>jillet</ets> a giddy girl, a jill-flirt, dim. of <ets>jill</ets> a jill.]</ety> <def>A woman who capriciously deceives her lover; a coquette; a flirt.</def>  <rj><au>Otway.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jilt</ent><br/
<hw>Jilt</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jilted</conjf>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jilting</conjf>.]</vmorph> <def>To cast off capriciously or unfeelingly, as a lover; to deceive in love.</def>  <rj><au>Locke.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jilt</ent><br/
<hw>Jilt</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <def>To play the jilt; to practice deception in love; to discard lovers capriciously.</def>  <rj><au>Congreve.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jimcrack</ent><br/
<hw>Jim"crack`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See <er>Gimcrack</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jim Crow</ent><br/
<hw>Jim Crow</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A negro; -- said to be so called from a popular negro dance song, the refrain of which is <ldquo/Wheel about and turn about and jump Jim Crow,<rdquo/ produced in 1835 by <person>Thomas D. Rice</person> (1808-1860), a famous negro minstrel; -- considered disparaging and offensive.</def> <mark>[Offensive slang, U. S.]</mark><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A legally sanctioned system of racial discrimination practised in the southern United States until declared unconstitutional in 1953 and further restricted by federal legislation, by means of which negroes were segregated and discriminated against in employment and in many places of public accommodation, such as parks, commercial establishments, and public transportation.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jim-crow</ent><br/
<hw>Jim"-crow`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>For negroes only; set aside for used of negroes as a policy of racial discrimination.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jim-crow</ent><br/
<hw>Jim"-crow`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Mach.)</fld> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A machine for bending or straightening rails.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A planing machine with a reversing tool, to plane both ways.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jimdandy</ent><br/
<hw>jimdandy</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>someone excellent of their kind; <as>as, he's a <ex>jimdandy</ex> of a soldier</as>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jimhickey, crackerjack.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>something excellent of its kind; <as>as, the bike was a <ex>jimdandy</ex></as>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jimhickey, crackerjack.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jimhickey</ent><br/
<hw>jimhickey</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>Same as <er>jimdandy</er>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jimdandy, crackerjack.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jimmies</ent><br/
<hw>jimmies</hw> <pos>n. pl.</pos> <def>Small cylindrical bits of sweet chocolate used as a granular topping on e.g. ice cream.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> sprinkles.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jimmy</ent><br/
<hw>Jim"my</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Jimmies</plw> <pr>(#)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[Cf. <er>Jemmy</er>.]</ety> <def>A short crowbar used by burglars in breaking open doors.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jemmy</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jimmy</ent><br/
<hw>jim"my</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>jimmies</plw> <pr>(#)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[Rhyming slang: <ets>Jimmy</ets> Grant, for <ets>immigrant</ets>. <au>RHUD</au>]</ety> <def>An immigrant.</def> <mark>[Australian slang]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jimmy</ent><br/
<hw>jim"my</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>jimmied</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>jimmying</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>.]</vmorph> <def>To pry open (a door, window, etc.) with a jimmy or similar device; often used with <ptcl>open</ptcl>; <as>as, the burglar <ex>jimmied</ex> open the back door and stole the TV set</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jimp</ent><br/
<hw>Jimp</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[Cf. <er>Gimp</er>, <pos>a.</pos>]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Neat; handsome; elegant. See <er>Gimp</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Slender; trim.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Scant; barely enough.</def> <au>RHUD</au><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jimson weed</ent><br/
<hw>Jim"son weed`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <def>See <er>Jamestown weed</er>.</def> <mark>[Local, U.S.]</mark></p>

<p><ent>Jinn</ent><br/
<ent>Jin</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jin</hw>, <hw>Jinn</hw> <pr>(?)</pr> }</mhw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See <er>Jinnee</er>.</def> <ldquo/Solomon is said to have had power over the <xex>jin</xex>.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Balfour (Cyc. of India).</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jingal</ent><br/
<hw>Jin*gal"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Hind. <ets>jang<amac/l</ets> a swivel, a large musket.]</ety> <def>A small portable piece of ordnance, mounted on a swivel.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>gingal</asp> and <asp>jingall</asp>.]</altsp> <mark>[India]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jingle</ent><br/
<hw>Jin"gle</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>gingelen</ets>, <ets>ginglen</ets>; prob. akin to E. <ets>chink</ets>; cf. also E. <ets>jangle</ets>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>To sound with a fine, sharp, rattling, clinking, or tinkling sound; <as>as, sleigh bells <ex>jingle</ex></as>.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>gingle</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To rhyme or sound with a jingling effect.</def> <ldquo/<xex>Jingling</xex> street ballads.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Macaulay.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jingle</ent><br/
<hw>Jin"gle</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jingled</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jingling</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>.]</vmorph> <def>To cause to give a sharp metallic sound as a little bell, or as coins shaken together; to tinkle.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The bells she <qex>jingled</qex>, and the whistle blew.</q> <rj><qau>Pope.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jingle</ent><br/
<hw>Jin"gle</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A rattling, clinking, or tinkling sound, as of little bells or pieces of metal.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>That which makes a jingling sound, as a rattle.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>If you plant where savages are, do not only entertain them with trifles and <qex>jingles</qex>, but use them justly.</q> <rj><qau>Bacon.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A correspondence of sound in rhymes, especially when the verse has little merit;</def> <specif>hence,</specif> <def>a rhyming verse of no poetical merit.</def> <ldquo/ The least <xex>jingle</xex> of verse.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Guardian.</au></rj><br/
<note>The verses used in commercial advertisements are often called <ex>jingles</ex>, especially when sung.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jingle shell</b></col>. <cd>See <cref>Gold shell</cref> <sd>(b)</sd>, under <er>Gold</er>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jingler</ent><br/
<hw>Jin"gler</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One who, or that which, jingles.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jingling</ent><br/
<hw>Jin"gling</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The act or process of producing a jingle; also, the sound itself; a chink.</def> <ldquo/The <xex>jingling</xex> of the guinea.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Tennyson.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jinglingly</ent><br/
<hw>Jin"gling*ly</hw>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>So as to jingle.</def>  <rj><au>Lowell.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jingo</ent><br/
<hw>Jin"go</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Jingoes</plw> <pr>(#)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[Said to be a corruption of St. <ets>Gingoulph</ets>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>A word used as a jocular oath.</def> <ldquo/By the living <xex>jingo</xex>.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Goldsmith.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A statesman who pursues, or who favors, aggressive, domineering policy in foreign affairs; a bellicose superpatriot or chavinist.</def> <mark>[Cant, Eng.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ This sense arose from a doggerel song which was popular during the Turco-Russian war of 1877 and 1878. The first two lines were as follows: --<br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>We don't want to fight, but by <qex>Jingo</qex> if we do,<br/
We 've got the ships, we 've got the men, we 've got the money too.</q>
</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jingoism</ent><br/
<hw>jin"go*ism</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>The policy of the Jingoes, so called. See <er>Jingo</er>, 2.</def> <mark>[Cant, Eng.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <specif>Hence:</specif> <def>A bellicose patriotism; aggressive chauvinism; belligerence in international relations.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jingoist</ent><br/
<hw>jin"go*ist</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One who is jingoistic; a bellicose patriot; an extreme bellicose nationalist; an aggressive chauvinist.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> chauvinist, jingo, flag-waver, hundred-percenter.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source> + <source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jingoistic</ent><br/
<hw>jin`go*ist"ic</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>fanatically and bellicosely patriotic; aggressively chauvinistic; belligerent in international relations.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> chauvinistic, flag-waving(prenominal), nationalistic, superpatriotic.</syn><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Given to expressing partisan sentiments in slogans, especially belligerently patriotic views.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jink</ent><br/
<hw>Jink</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <ety>[Cf. <er>Jig</er>, <pos>v. i.</pos>]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>To move quickly, esp. with a sudden turn; hence, to dodge; to escape by a quick turn; -- obs. or dial., except as a hunting term in pig-sticking.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <fld>(Card Playing)</fld> <def>In the games of spoilfive and forty-five, to win the game by taking all five tricks; also, to play to win all five tricks, losing what has been already won if unsuccessful.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jinks</ent><br/
<hw>jinks</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>noisy and mischievous merrymaking.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> high jinks, hijinks.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jinni</ent><br/
<ent>Jinnee</ent><br/
<mhw><hw>Jin"nee</hw>, <hw>Jin"ni</hw></mhw> <pr>(j<icr/n"n<emac/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Jinn</plw> <pr>(j<icr/n)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[Ar.]</ety> <fld>(Arabian & Muslim Myth.)</fld> <def>A genius or demon; one of the fabled genii, good and evil spirits, supposed to be the children of fire, and to have the power of assuming various forms.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>djinnee</asp>, <asp>genie</asp>, etc.]</altsp><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jinn; jin; djinn.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ <xex>Jinn</xex> is also used as <pos>sing.</pos>, with <pos>pl.</pos> <xex>jinns</xex> <pr>(<?/)</pr>.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jinny road</ent><br/
<hw>Jin"ny road`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <ety>[Cf. <er>Gin</er> an engine, <er>Ginnycarriage</er>.]</ety> <fld>(Mining)</fld> <def>An inclined road in a coal mine, on which loaded cars descend by gravity, drawing up empty ones.</def>  <rj><au>Knight.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jinrikisha</ent><br/
<hw>Jin*rik"i*sha</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Jap. <ets>jin</ets> man + <ets>riki</ets> power + <ets>sha</ets> carriage.]</ety> <def>A small, two-wheeled, hooded vehicle drawn by one or more men.</def> <mark>[Japan]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jinx</ent><br/
<hw>jinx</hw> <pr>(j<icr/<nsm/ks)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A person, object, influence, or supernatural being which is supposed to bring bad luck or to cause things to go wrong.</def> <mark>[Slang]</mark><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jinx</ent><br/
<hw>jinx</hw> <pr>(j<icr/<nsm/ks)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To bring bad luck to; to cause to malfunction or go wrong; <as>as, some superstitious people are reluctant to predict success for fear it will <ex>jinx</ex> them</as>.</def> <mark>[Slang]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jippo</ent><br/
<hw>Jip"po</hw> <pr>(j<icr/p"p<osl/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Abbrev. fr. <ets>juppon</ets>.]</ety> <def>A waistcoat or kind of stays for women.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jiqui</ent><br/
<hw>jiqui</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>A Cuban timber tree (<spn>Malpighia obovata</spn>) with hard wood very resistant to moisture.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> <spn>Malpighia obovata</spn>.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jird</ent><br/
<hw>jird</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>Any of several North African gerbils.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jitney</ent><br/
<hw>jitney</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>a small bus or similar vehicle carrying passengers on a fixed route, used for public transport.</def> <wns>[wns=1]</wns>  <note>Probably so called because they once charged a nickel for the ride.  <au>RHUD</au></note><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A five-cent piece; a nickel.</def> <mark>[slang, archaic]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jitterbug</ent><br/
<hw>jitterbug</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>a fast and vigorous American dance that was popular in the 1940s, having few standardized steps and personalized with various twirls, twists, and acrobatic moves; it was performed often to the accompaniment of swing or boogie-woogie tunes.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jitterbug</ent><br/
<hw>jitterbug</hw> <pos>v. i.</pos> <def>to do the jitterbug.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jitters</ent><br/
<hw>jitters</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>an uneasy state; nervousness; <as>as, the prospect of being drafted gave him a bad case of the <ex>jitters</ex></as>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> nervousness, nerves, screaming meemies.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jittery</ent><br/
<hw>jittery</hw> <pos>adj.</pos>  <def>being in a tense state; easily upset or frightened; -- of a person.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> edgy, fidgety, high-strung, in suspense(predicate), jumpy, nervous, nervy, overstrung, restive, uneasy, uptight.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jiujitsu</ent><br/
<hw>jiujitsu</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Jap., <tran>soft technique</tran>.]</ety> <def>a method of self-defense without weapons that was developed in China and Japan; holds and blows are supplemented by clever use of the attacker's own weight and strength.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jujitsu, jiujutsu, jujutsu.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jive</ent><br/
<hw>jive</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>a style of jazz played by big bands popular in the 1930s; flowing rhythms but less complex than later styles of jazz.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> swing, swing music.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jnr.</ent><br/
<hw>Jnr.</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>Abbreviation for <sig>Junior</sig>, used after a name by a son who has the same first and last name as his father; -- less commonly used than <altname>Jr.</altname></def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> Junior, Jr.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jo</ent><br/
<hw>Jo</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Joes</plw> <pr>(#)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[Etymol. uncertain.]</ety> <def>A sweetheart; a darling.</def> <mark>[Scot.]</mark>  <rj><au>Burns.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Job</ent><br/
<hw>Job</hw> <pr>(j<ocr/b)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Prov. E. <ets>job</ets>, <ets>gob</ets>, <pos>n.</pos>, a small piece of wood, v., to stab, strike; cf. E. <ets>gob</ets>, <ets>gobbet</ets>; perh. influenced by E. <ets>chop</ets> to cut off, to mince. See <er>Gob</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>A sudden thrust or stab; a jab.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A piece of chance or occasional work; any definite work undertaken in gross for a fixed price; <as>as, he did the <ex>job</ex> for a thousand dollars</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A public transaction done for private profit; something performed ostensibly as a part of official duty, but really for private gain; a corrupt official business.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>Any affair or event which affects one, whether fortunately or unfortunately.</def> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><-- p. 801 --></p>

<p><sn>5.</sn> <def>A situation or opportunity of work; <as>as, he lost his <ex>job</ex></as>.</def> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>6.</sn> <def>A task, or the execution of a task; <as>as, Michelangelo did a great <ex>job</ex> on the David statue</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>7.</sn> <fld>(Computers)</fld> <def>A task or coordinated set of tasks for a multitasking computer, submitted for processing as a single unit, usually for execution in background.  See <er>job control language</er>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ <xex>Job</xex> is used adjectively to signify <xex>doing jobs</xex>, <xex>used for jobs</xex>, or <xex>let on hire to do jobs</xex>; as, <xex>job</xex> printer; <xex>job</xex> master; <xex>job</xex> horse; <xex>job</xex> wagon, etc.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>By the job</b></col>, <cd>at a stipulated sum for the work, or for each piece of work done; -- distinguished from <contr>time work</contr>; <as>as, the house was built <ex>by the job</ex></as>.</cd> -- <col><b>Job lot</b></col>, <cd>a quantity of goods, usually miscellaneous, sold out of the regular course of trade, at a certain price for the whole; <as>as, these articles were included in a <ex>job lot</ex></as>.</cd> -- <col><b>Job master</b></col>, <cd>one who lest out horses and carriages for hire, as for family use.</cd> <mark>[Eng.]</mark> -- <col><b>Job printer</b></col>, <cd>one who does miscellaneous printing, esp. circulars, cards, billheads, etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Odd job</b></col>, <cd>miscellaneous work of a petty kind; occasional work, of various kinds, or for various people.</cd> -- <col><b>to do a job on</b></col>, <cd>to harm badly or destroy.</cd> <mark>[slang]</mark>  -- <col><b>on the job</b></col>, <cd>alert; performing a responsibility well.</cd> <mark>[slang]</mark></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Job</ent><br/
<hw>Job</hw> <pr>(j<ocr/b)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jobbed</conjf> <pr>(j<ocr/bd)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jobbing</conjf>.]</vmorph><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>To strike or stab with a pointed instrument.</def>  <rj><au>L'Estrange.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To thrust in, as a pointed instrument.</def>  <rj><au>Moxon.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>To do or cause to be done by separate portions or lots; to sublet (work); <as>as, to <ex>job</ex> a contract</as>.</def><-- = job out --><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <fld>(Com.)</fld> <def>To buy and sell, as a broker; to purchase of importers or manufacturers for the purpose of selling to retailers; <as>as, to <ex>job</ex> goods</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>5.</sn> <def>To hire or let by the job or for a period of service; <as>as, to <ex>job</ex> a carriage</as>.</def>  <rj><au>Thackeray.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Job</ent><br/
<hw>Job</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>To do chance work for hire; to work by the piece; to do petty work.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Authors of all work, to <qex>job</qex> for the season.</q> <rj><qau>Moore.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To seek private gain under pretense of public service; to turn public matters to private advantage.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>And judges <qex>job</qex>, and bishops bite the town.</q> <rj><qau>Pope.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>To carry on the business of a jobber in merchandise or stocks.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Job</ent><br/
<hw>Job</hw> <pr>(j<omac/b)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The hero of the book of that name in the Old Testament; the prototypical patient man.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Job's comforter</b></col>. <sd>(a)</sd> <cd>A false friend; a tactless or malicious person who, under pretense of sympathy, insinuates rebukes.</cd> <sd>(b)</sd> <cd>A boil</cd>. <mark>[Colloq.]</mark> -- <col><b>Job's news</b></col>, <cd>bad news.</cd> <au>Carlyle.</au> -- <col><b>Job's tears</b></col> <fld>(Bot.)</fld>, <cd>a kind of grass (<spn>Coix Lacryma</spn>), with hard, shining, pearly grains.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jobation</ent><br/
<hw>Jo*ba"tion</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Prov. E. <ets>job</ets> to scold, to reprove, perh. fr. <ets>Job</ets>, the proper name.]</ety> <def>A scolding; a hand, tedious reproof.</def> <mark>[Law]</mark>  <rj><au>Grose.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jobber</ent><br/
<hw>Job"ber</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>One who works by the job.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A dealer in the public stocks or funds; a stockjobber.</def> <mark>[Eng.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>One who buys goods from importers, wholesalers, or manufacturers, and sells to retailers.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>One who turns official or public business to private advantage; hence, one who performs low or mercenary work in office, politics, or intrigue.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jobbernowl</ent><br/
<hw>Job"ber*nowl`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>jobbernoule</ets>, fr. <ets>jobarde</ets> a stupid fellow; cf. E. <ets>noll</ets>.]</ety> <def>A blockhead.</def> <mark>[Colloq. & Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>H. Taylor.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jobbery</ent><br/
<hw>Job"ber*y</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>The act or practice of jobbing.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Underhand management; official corruption; <as>as, municipal <ex>jobbery</ex></as>.</def>  <rj><au>Mayhew.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jobbing</ent><br/
<hw>Job"bing</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Doing chance work or odd jobs; <as>as, a <ex>jobbing</ex> carpenter</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Using opportunities of public service for private gain; <as>as, a <ex>jobbing</ex> politician</as>.</def>  <rj><au>London Sat. Rev.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jobbing house</b></col>, <cd>a mercantile establishment which buys from importers, wholesalers or manufacturers, and sells to retailers.</cd> <mark>[U.S.]</mark></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>job control language</ent><br/
<hw>job control language</hw> <fld>(Computers)</fld> <def>A programming language used to specify the manner, timing, and other requirements of execution of a task or set of tasks submitted for execution, especially in background, on a multitasking computer; a programming language for controlling job{7} execution.  Abbreviated <abbr>JCL</abbr>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jocantry</ent><br/
<hw>Jo"cant*ry</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jocans</ets>, p. pr. of <ets>jocare</ets> to jest, fr. <ets>jocus</ets> a jest.]</ety> <def>The act or practice of jesting.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jock</ent><br/
<hw>jock</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>a person trained to compete in sports; an athlete.</def> <wns>[wns=1]</wns><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> athlete.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A jockstrap.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A <er>disk jockey</er>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>shock jock</b></col> <cd>a radio talk-show host who is notorious for voicing unpopular, controversial, or shocking opinions guaranteed to offend many people.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jockey</ent><br/
<hw>Jock"ey</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Jockeys</plw> <pr>(#)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[Dim. of <ets>Jack</ets>, Scot. <ets>Jock</ets>; orig., a boy who rides horses. See 2d <er>Jack</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>A professional rider of horses in races.</def>  <rj><au>Addison.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A dealer in horses; a horse trader.</def>  <rj><au>Macaulay.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A cheat; one given to sharp practice in trade.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jockey</ent><br/
<hw>Jock"ey</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jockeyed</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jockeying</conjf>.]</vmorph> <sn>1.</sn> <def><ldquo/ To jostle by riding against one.<rdquo/</def>  <rj><au>Johnson.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To play the jockey toward; to cheat; to trick; to impose upon in trade; <as>as, to <ex>jockey</ex> a customer</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>To maneuver; to move in an intricate manner so as to avoid obstacles; <as>as, to <ex>jockey</ex> a large cabinet up a winding staircase</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jockey</ent><br/
<hw>Jock"ey</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>To play or act the jockey; to cheat.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To maneuver oneself aggressivley or skillfully so as to achieve an advantage; <as>as, he <ex>jockeyed</ex> himself into position to be noticed</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jockeying</ent><br/
<hw>Jock"ey*ing</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The act or management of one who jockeys; trickery.</def>  <rj><au>Beaconsfield.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jockeyism</ent><br/
<hw>Jock"ey*ism</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The practice of jockeys.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jockeyship</ent><br/
<hw>Jock"ey*ship</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The art, character, or position, of a jockey; the personality of a jockey.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Go flatter Sawney for his <qex>jockeyship</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Chatterton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Where can at last his <qex>jockeyship</qex> retire?</q> <rj><qau>Cowper.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jockey shorts</ent><br/
<hw>jock"ey shorts`</hw> <pr>(j<ocr/k"<emac/ sh<ocir/rts)</pr>, <pos>n. pl.</pos>  <ety>[from a Tradename.]</ety> <def>A type of men's underpants without legs, fitting tightly and held by an elastic waistband; also called <altname>briefs</altname>.  Originally a tradename, the term has become common for that type of underpants.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jockstrap</ent><br/
<hw>jock"strap`</hw> <pr>(j<ocr/k"str<acr/p)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A supporting undergarment for the external genitals worn by men engaging in vigorous athletic sports or strenuous exercise; called also <altname>athletic supporter</altname> and <altname>jock</altname>.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jock; athletic supporter.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jocose</ent><br/
<hw>jo*cose"</hw> <pr>(j<osl/*k<omac/s")</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L <ets>jocosus</ets>, fr. <ets>jocus</ets> joke. See <er>Joke</er>.]</ety> <def>Given to jokes and jesting; containing a joke, or abounding in jokes; merry; sportive; humorous.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>To quit their austerity and be <qex>jocose</qex> and pleasant with an adversary.</q> <rj><qau>Shaftesbury.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>All . . . <qex>jocose</qex> or comical airs should be excluded.</q> <rj><qau>I. Watts.</qau></rj></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- Jocular; facetious; witty; merry; pleasant; waggish; sportive; funny; comical.</syn></p>

<p>-- <wordforms><wf>jo*cose"ly</wf>, <pos>adv.</pos> -- <wf>jo*cose"ness</wf>, <pos>n.</pos></wordforms><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q><persfn>Spondanus</persfn> imagines that <persfn>Ulysses</persfn> may possibly speak <qex>jocosely</qex>, but in truth <persfn>Ulysses</persfn> never behaves with levity.</q> <rj><qau>Broome.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>He must beware lest his letter should contain anything like <qex>jocoseness</qex>; since jesting is incompatible with a holy and serious life.</q> <rj><qau>Buckle.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jocoserious</ent><br/
<hw>jo`co*se"ri*ous</hw> <pr>(j<omac/`k<osl/*s<emac/"r<icr/*<ucr/s)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[<ets>Joco</ets>se + <ets>serious</ets>.]</ety> <def>Mingling mirth and seriousness.</def>  <rj><au>M. Green.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jocosity</ent><br/
<hw>jo*cos"i*ty</hw> <pr>(j<osl/*k<ocr/s"<icr/*t<ycr/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A jocose act or saying; jocoseness.</def>  <rj><au>Sir T. Browne.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jocote</ent><br/
<hw>jocote</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>A common tropical American shrub or small tree (<spn>Spondias purpurea</spn>) with purplish fruit.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> mombin, mombin tree, <spn>Spondias purpurea</spn>.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jocular</ent><br/
<hw>joc"u*lar</hw> <pr>(j<ocr/k"<usl/*l<etil/r)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jocularis</ets>, fr. <ets>joculus</ets>, dim. of <ets>jocus</ets> joke. See <er>Joke</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>Given to jesting; jocose; <as>as, a <ex>jocular</ex> person</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Sportive; merry.</def> <ldquo/<xex>Jocular</xex> exploits.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Cowper.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The style is partly serious and partly <qex>jocular</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Dryden.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jocularity</ent><br/
<hw>joc`u*lar"i*ty</hw> <pr>(j<ocr/k`<usl/*l<acr/r"<icr/*t<ycr/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Jesting; merriment.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jocularly</ent><br/
<hw>joc"u*lar*ly</hw> <pr>(j<ocr/k"<usl/*l<etil/r*l<ycr/)</pr>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>In jest; for sport or mirth; jocosely.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>joculary</ent><br/
<hw>joc"u*la*ry</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jocularius</ets>.  Cf. <er>jocular</er>.]</ety> <def>Jocular; jocose; sportive.</def>  <rj><au>Bacon.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>joculator</ent><br/
<hw>joc"u*la`tor</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. See <er>juggler</er>.]</ety> <def>A jester; a joker.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Strutt.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>joculatory</ent><br/
<hw>joc"u*la*to*ry</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>joculatorius</ets>.]</ety> <def>Droll; sportive.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Cockeram.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jocund</ent><br/
<hw>Joc"und</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <ety>[L. <ets>jocundus</ets>, <ets>jucundus</ets>, orig., helpful, fr. <ets>juvare</ets> to help. See <er>Aid</er>.]</ety> <def>Merry; cheerful; gay; airy; lively; sportive.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Night's candles are burnt out, and <qex>jocund</qex> day<br/
Stands tiptoe on the misty mountain tops.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Rural sports and <qex>jocund</qex> strains.</q> <rj><qau>Prior.</qau></rj></p>

<p>-- <wordforms><wf>Joc"und*ly</wf> <pr>(#)</pr>, <pos>adv.</pos> -- <wf>Joc"und*ness</wf>, <pos>n.</pos></wordforms><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jocund</ent><br/
<hw>Joc"und</hw>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>Merrily; cheerfully.</def>  <rj><au>Gray.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jocundity</ent><br/
<hw>Jo*cun"di*ty</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jocunditas jucunditas</ets>. See <er>Jocund</er>, and cf. <er>Jucundity</er>.]</ety> <def>The state or quality of being jocund; gayety; sportiveness.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joe</ent><br/
<hw>Joe</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See <er>Johannes</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joe Miller</ent><br/
<hw>Joe" Mil"ler</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <ety>[From <etsep>Joseph Miller</etsep>, a comic actor, whose name was attached, after his death, to a popular jest book published in 1739.]</ety> <def>A jest book; a stale jest; a worn-out joke.</def> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>It is an old <qex>Joe Miller</qex> in whist circles, that there are only two reasons that can justify you in not returning trumps to your partner's lead; i. e., first, sudden illness; secondly, having none.</q> <rj><qau>Pole.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joe-Pye weed</ent><br/
<hw>Joe`-Pye" weed`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A tall composite plant of the genus <gen>Eupatorium</gen> (<spn>Eupatorium purpureum</spn>), with purplish flowers, and whorled leaves.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>joewood</ent><br/
<hw>joewood</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>A West Indian shrub or small tree (<spn>Jacquinia keyensis</spn>) having leathery saponaceous leaves and extremely hard wood.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> barbasco, <spn>Jacquinia keyensis</spn>.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>joey</ent><br/
<hw>joey</hw> <pr>(j<omac/"<emac/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Any young animal, especially a young kangaroo.</def> <mark>[Australian]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A young child.</def> <mark>[Australian]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A three-penny piece.</def> <mark>[British slang]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jog</ent><br/
<hw>Jog</hw> <pr>(j<ocr/g)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jogged</conjf> <pr>(j<ocr/gd)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jogging</conjf> <pr>(j<ocr/g"g<icr/ng)</pr>.]</vmorph> <ety>[OE. <ets>joggen</ets>; cf. W. <ets>gogi</ets> to shake, and also E. <ets>shog</ets>, <ets>shock</ets>, v.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>To push or shake with the elbow or hand; to jostle; esp., to push or touch, in order to give notice, to excite one's attention, or to warn.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Now leaps he upright, <qex>jogs</qex> me, and cries: Do you see<br/
Yonder well-favored youth?</q> <rj><qau>Donne.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Sudden I <qex>jogged</qex> Ulysses, who was laid<br/
Fast by my side.</q> <rj><qau>Pope.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To suggest to; to notify; to remind; to call the attention of; <as>as, to <ex>jog</ex> the memory</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>To cause to jog; to drive at a jog, as a horse. See <er>Jog</er>, <pos>v. i.</pos></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jog</ent><br/
<hw>Jog</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>To move by jogs or small shocks, like those of a slow trot; to move slowly, leisurely, or monotonously; -- usually with <xex>on</xex>, sometimes with <xex>over</xex>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q><qex>Jog</qex> on, <qex>jog</qex> on, the footpath way.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>So hung his destiny, never to rot,<br/
While he might still <qex>jog</qex> on and keep his trot.</q> <rj><qau>Milton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The good old ways our sires <qex>jogged</qex> safely over.</q> <rj><qau>R. Browning.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To run at less than maximum speed; to move on foot at a pace between a walk and a run; to run at a moderate pace so as to be able to continue for some time; -- performed by people, mostly for exercise.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jog</ent><br/
<hw>Jog</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A slight shake; a shake or push intended to give notice or awaken attention; a push; a jolt.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>To give them by turns an invisible <qex>jog</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Swift.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A rub; a slight stop; an obstruction; hence, an irregularity in motion of from; a hitch; a break in the direction of a line or the surface of a plane.</def>  <rj><au>Glanvill.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A liesurely running pace.  See <er>jog</er>{2}, <pos>v. i.</pos></def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jog trot</b></col>, <cd>a slow, regular, jolting gait; hence, a routine habit or method, persistently adhered to.</cd>  <rj><au>T. Hook.</au></rj></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jogger</ent><br/
<hw>Jog"ger</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One who jogs; <as>as, the paths in Central Park on a summer Saturday are filled with <ex>joggers</ex></as>.</def>  <rj><au>Dryden.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jogging</ent><br/
<hw>Jog"ging</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The act of giving a jog or jogs; traveling at a jog.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joggle</ent><br/
<hw>Jog"gle</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Joggled</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Joggling</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>.]</vmorph> <ety>[Freq. of <ets>jog</ets>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>To shake slightly; to push suddenly but slightly, so as to cause to shake or totter; to jostle; to jog.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Arch.)</fld> <def>To join by means of joggles, so as to prevent sliding apart; sometimes, loosely, to dowel.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The struts of a roof are <qex>joggled</qex> into the truss posts.</q> <rj><qau>Gwilt.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joggle</ent><br/
<hw>Jog"gle</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <def>To shake or totter; to slip out of place.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joggle</ent><br/
<hw>Jog"gle</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <mark>[Arch.]</mark> <def>A notch or tooth in the joining surface of any piece of building material to prevent slipping; sometimes, but incorrectly, applied to a separate piece fitted into two adjacent stones, or the like.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Joggle joint</b></col> <fld>(Arch.)</fld>, <cd>a joint in any kind of building material, where the joining surfaces are made with joggles.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Johannean</ent><br/
<hw>Jo`han*ne"an</hw> <pr>(j<osl/`h<acr/n*n<emac/"<ait/n)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Of or pertaining to John, esp. to the Apostle John or his writings.</def>  <rj><au>M. Stuart.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Johannes</ent><br/
<hw>Jo*han"nes</hw> <pr>(j<osl/*h<acr/n"n<emac/z)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[NL., fr. Gr. <?/, Heb. <ets>Y<ecr/h<omac/kh<amac/n<amac/n</ets>, <ets>Y<omac/kh<amac/n<amac/n</ets>, i. e., one whom Jehovah has blessed; hence F. <ets>Jean</ets>, E. <ets>John</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Numis.)</fld> <def>A Portuguese gold coin of the value of eight dollars, named from the figure of <person>King John</person> which it bears; -- often contracted into <xex>joe</xex>; <as>as, a <ex>joe</ex>, or a half <ex>joe</ex></as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Johannisberger</ent><br/
<hw>Jo*han"nis*ber`ger</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[G.]</ety> <def>A fine white wine produced on the estate of Schloss (or Castle) <etsep>Johannisberg</etsep>, on the Rhine.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>John</ent><br/
<hw>John</hw> <pr>(j<ocr/n)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[See <er>Johannes</er>.]</ety> <def>A proper name of a man.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>John-apple</b></col>, <cd>a sort of apple ripe about St. John's Day. Same as <er>Apple-john</er>.</cd> -- <col><b>John Bull</b></col>, <cd>an ideal personification of the typical characteristics of an Englishman, or of the English people.</cd> -- <col><b>John Bullism</b></col>, <cd>English character.</cd> <au>W. Irving.</au> -- <col><b>John Doe</b></col> <fld>(Law)</fld>,  <cd>the name formerly given to the fictitious plaintiff in an action of ejectment.</cd> <au>Mozley & W.</au> -- <mcol><col><b>John Doree</b></col>, <col><b>John Dory</b></col></mcol>. <ety>[<ets>John</ets> (or F. <ets>jaune</ets> yellow) + <ets>Doree</ets>, <ets>Dory</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <cd>An oval, compressed, European food fish (<spn>Zeus faber</spn>). Its color is yellow and olive, with golden, silvery, and blue reflections. It has a round dark spot on each side. Called also <altname>dory</altname>, <altname>doree</altname>, and <altname>St. Peter's fish</altname>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Johnadreams</ent><br/
<hw>John"a*dreams`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A dreamy, idle fellow.</def>  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Johnny</ent><br/
<hw>John"ny</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Johnnies</plw> <pr>(<?/)</pr>.</plu> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A familiar diminutive of <er>John</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A sculpin.</def> <mark>[Local cant]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Johny Crapaud</b></col> <pr>(<?/)</pr>, <cd>a jocose designation of a Frenchman, or of the French people, collectively.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Johnnycake</ent><br/
<hw>John"ny*cake`</hw> <pr>(-k<amac/k`)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A kind of bread made of the meal of maize (Indian corn), mixed with water or milk, etc., and baked.</def> <mark>[U.S.]</mark>  <rj><au>J. Barlow.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Johnsonese</ent><br/
<hw>John`son*ese"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The literary style of <person>Dr. Samuel <etsep>Johnson</etsep></person>, or one formed in imitation of it; an inflated, stilted, or pompous style, affecting classical words.</def>  <rj><au>E. Everett.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Johnson grass</ent><br/
<hw>John"son grass`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <ety>[Named after <person>W. <ets>Johnson</ets></person> of Alabama, who planted it about 1840-1845.]</ety> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A tall perennial grass (<spn>Sorghum Halepense</spn>), valuable in the Southern and Western States for pasture and hay. The rootstocks are large and juicy and are eagerly sought by swine. Called also <altname>Cuba grass</altname>, <altname>Means grass</altname>, <altname>Evergreen millet</altname>, and <altname>Arabian millet</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Johnsonian</ent><br/
<hw>John*so"ni*an</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Pertaining to or resembling <person>Dr. <etsep>Johnson</etsep></person> or his style; pompous; inflated.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Johnsonianism</ent><br/
<hw>John*so"ni*an*ism</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A manner of acting or of writing peculiar to, or characteristic of, <person>Dr. <etsep>Johnson</etsep></person>.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>Johnsonism</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>John's-wort</ent><br/
<hw>John's"-wort`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See St. <er>John's-wort</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Join</ent><br/
<hw>Join</hw> <pr>(join)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Joined</conjf> <pr>(joind)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Joining</conjf>.]</vmorph> <ety>[OE. <ets>joinen</ets>, <ets>joignen</ets>, F. <ets>joindre</ets>, fr. L. <ets>jungere</ets> to yoke, bind together, join; akin to <ets>jugum</ets> yoke. See <er>Yoke</er>, and cf. <er>Conjugal</er>, <er>Junction</er>, <er>Junta</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>To bring together, literally or figuratively; to place in contact; to connect; to couple; to unite; to combine; to associate; to add; to append.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Woe unto them that <qex>join</qex> house to house.</q> <rj><qau>Is. v. 8.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Held up his left hand, which did flame and burn<br/
Like twenty torches <qex>joined</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Thy tuneful voice with numbers <qex>join</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Dryden.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To associate one's self to; to be or become connected with; to league one's self with; to unite with; <as>as, to <ex>join</ex> a party; to <ex>join</ex> the church.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>We jointly now to <qex>join</qex> no other head.</q> <rj><qau>Dryden.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>To unite in marriage.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>He that <qex>joineth</qex> his virgin in matrimony.</q> <rj><qau>Wyclif.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>What, therefore, God hath <qex>joined</qex> together, let not man put asunder.</q> <rj><qau>Matt. xix. 6.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>To enjoin upon; to command.</def> <mark>[Obs. & R.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>They <qex>join</qex> them penance, as they call it.</q> <rj><qau>Tyndale.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>5.</sn> <def>To accept, or engage in, as a contest; <as>as, to <ex>join</ex> encounter, battle, issue</as>.</def>  <rj><au>Milton.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>6.</sn> <def>To meet with and accompany; <as>as, we <ex>joined</ex> them at the restaurant</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>7.</sn> <def>To combine with (another person) in performing some activity; <as>as, <ex>join</ex> me in welcoming our new president</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><cs><mcol><col><b>To join battle</b></col>, <col><b>To join issue</b></col></mcol>. <cd>See under <er>Battle</er>, <er>Issue</er>.</cd></cs></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- To add; annex; unite; connect; combine; consociate; couple; link; append. See <er>Add</er>.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Join</ent><br/
<hw>Join</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <def>To be contiguous, close, or in contact; to come together; to unite; to mingle; to form a union; <as>as, the bones of the skull <ex>join</ex>; two rivers <ex>join</ex>.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Whose house <qex>joined</qex> hard to the synagogue.</q> <rj><qau>Acts xviii. 7.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Should we again break thy commandments, and <qex>join</qex> in affinity with the people of these abominations?</q> <rj><qau>Ezra ix. 14.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Nature and fortune <qex>joined</qex> to make thee great.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Join</ent><br/
<hw>Join</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Geom.)</fld> <def>The line joining two points; the point common to two intersecting lines.</def>  <rj><au>Henrici.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>The place or part where objects have been joined; a joint; a seam.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <fld>(Computers)</fld> <def>The combining of multiple tables to answer a query in a relational database system.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joinant</ent><br/
<hw>Join"ant</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[OF. & F. <ets>joignant</ets>, p. pr. of <ets>joindre</ets> to join.]</ety> <def>Adjoining.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joinder</ent><br/
<hw>Join"der</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>joindre</ets>. See <er>Join</er>, <pos>v. t.</pos>]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>The act of joining; a putting together; conjunction.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Confirmed by mutual <qex>joinder</qex> of your hands.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Law)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>A joining of parties as plaintiffs or defendants in a suit.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>Acceptance of an issue tendered in law or fact.</def> <sd>(c)</sd> <def>A joining of causes of action or defense in civil suits or criminal prosecutions.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>joined</ent><br/
<hw>joined</hw> <pos>adj.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>married.</def> <ant>unmarried</ant><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> united.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn>  <def>connected by a link, as railway cars or trailer trucks.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> coupled, linked.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>connected by or sharing a wall with another building.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joiner</ent><br/
<hw>Join"er</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>One who, or that which, joins.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>One whose occupation is to construct articles by joining pieces of wood; a mechanic who does the woodwork (as doors, stairs, etc.) necessary for the finishing of buildings.</def> <ldquo/One Snug, the <xex>joiner</xex>.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A wood-working machine, for sawing, plaining, mortising, tenoning, grooving, etc.</def></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- See <er>Carpenter</er>.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joinery</ent><br/
<hw>Join"er*y</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The art, or trade, of a joiner; the work of a joiner; doing the woodwork (as doors, stairs, etc.) necessary for the finishing of buildings.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>A piece of <qex>joinery</qex> . . . whimsically dovetailed.</q> <rj><qau>Burke.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joinhand</ent><br/
<hw>Join"hand`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Writing in which letters are joined in words; -- distinguished from writing in single letters.</def>  <rj><au>Addison.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joint</ent><br/
<hw>Joint</hw> <pr>(joint)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>joint</ets>, fr. <ets>joindre</ets>, <ets>p. p. joint</ets>. See <er>Join</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>The place or part where two things or parts are joined or united; the union of two or more smooth or even surfaces admitting of a close-fitting or junction; junction; <as>as, a <ex>joint</ex> between two pieces of timber; a <ex>joint</ex> in a pipe</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A joining of two things or parts so as to admit of motion; an articulation, whether movable or not; a hinge; <as>as, the knee <ex>joint</ex>; a node or <ex>joint</ex> of a stem; a ball and socket <ex>joint</ex></as>.  See <er>Articulation</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>A scaly gauntlet now, with <qex>joints</qex> of steel,<br/
Must glove this hand.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>To tear thee <qex>joint</qex> by <qex>joint</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Milton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>The part or space included between two joints, knots, nodes, or articulations; <as>as, a <ex>joint</ex> of cane or of a grass stem; a <ex>joint</ex> of the leg.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>Any one of the large pieces of meat, as cut into portions by the butcher for roasting.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>5.</sn> <fld>(Geol.)</fld> <def>A plane of fracture, or divisional plane, of a rock transverse to the stratification.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>6.</sn> <fld>(Arch.)</fld> <def>The space between the adjacent surfaces of two bodies joined and held together, as by means of cement, mortar, etc.; <as>as, a thin <ex>joint</ex></as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>7.</sn> <def>The means whereby the meeting surfaces of pieces in a structure are secured together.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>8.</sn> <ety>[<er>Jag</er> a notch.]</ety> <def>A projecting or retreating part in something; any irregularity of line or surface, as in a wall.</def> <mark>[Now Chiefly U. S.]</mark><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><sn>9.</sn>  <fld>(Theaters)</fld> <def>A narrow piece of scenery used to join together two flats or wings of an interior setting.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><sn>10.</sn>  <def>a disreputable establishment, or a place of low resort, as for smoking opium; -- also used for a commercial establishment, implying a less than impeccable reputation, but often in jest; <as>as, talking about a high-class <ex>joint</ex> is an oxymoron</as>.</def> <mark>[Slang]</mark><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>11.</sn>  <def>a marijuana cigarette.</def> <mark>[Slang]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>12.</sn>  <def>prison; -- used with <ldquo/the<rdquo/.</def> <mark>[Slang]</mark> <ldquo/ he spent five years in the <xex>joint</xex>.<rdquo/<br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Coursing joint</b></col> <fld>(Masonry)</fld>, <cd>the mortar joint between two courses of bricks or stones.</cd> -- <mcol><col><b>Fish joint</b></col>, <col><b>Miter joint</b></col>, <col><b>Universal joint</b></col></mcol>, etc. <cd>See under <er>Fish</er>, <er>Miter</er>, etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Joint bolt</b></col>, <cd>a bolt for fastening two pieces, as of wood, one endwise to the other, having a nut embedded in one of the pieces.</cd> -- <col><b>Joint chair</b></col> <fld>(Railroad)</fld>, <cd>the chair that supports the ends of abutting rails.</cd> -- <col><b>Joint coupling</b></col>, <cd>a universal joint for coupling shafting. See under <er>Universal</er>.</cd> -- <col><b>Joint hinge</b></col>, <cd>a hinge having long leaves; a strap hinge.</cd> -- <col><b>Joint splice</b></col>, <cd>a re<eum/nforce at a joint, to sustain the parts in their true relation.</cd> -- <col><b>Joint stool</b></col>. <sd>(a)</sd> <cd>A stool consisting of jointed parts; a folding stool.</cd> <au>Shak.</au> <sd>(b)</sd> <cd>A block for supporting the end of a piece at a joint; a joint chair.</cd> -- <col><b>Out of joint</b></col>, <cd>out of place; dislocated, as when the head of a bone slips from its socket; hence, not working well together; disordered.</cd> <ldquo/The time is <xex>out of joint</xex>.<rdquo/ <au>Shak.</au></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><-- p. 802 --></p>

<p><ent>Joint</ent><br/
<hw>Joint</hw> <pr>(joint)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[F., <ets>p. p.</ets> of <ets>joindre</ets>. See <er>Join</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>Joined; united; combined; concerted; <as>as, <ex>joint</ex> action</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Involving the united activity of two or more; done or produced by two or more working together.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>I read this <qex>joint</qex> effusion twice over.</q> <rj><qau>T. Hook.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>United, joined, or sharing with another or with others; not solitary in interest or action; holding in common with an associate, or with associates; acting together; <as>as, <ex>joint</ex> heir; <ex>joint</ex> creditor; a <ex>joint</ex> bank account; <ex>joint</ex> debtor, etc.</as></def> <ldquo/<xex>Joint</xex> tenants of the world.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Donne.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>Shared by, or affecting two or more; held in common; <as>as, <ex>joint</ex> property; a <ex>joint</ex> bond.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>A <qex>joint</qex> burden laid upon us all.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Joint committee</b></col> <fld>(Parliamentary Practice)</fld>, <cd>a committee composed of members of the two houses of a legislative body, for the appointment of which concurrent resolutions of the two houses are necessary.</cd> <au>Cushing.</au> -- <mcol><col><b>Joint meeting</b></col>, <it>or</it> <col><b>Joint session</b></col></mcol>, <cd>the meeting or session of two distinct bodies as one; <as>as, a <ex>joint meeting</ex> of committees representing different corporations; a <ex>joint session</ex> of both branches of a State legislature to chose a United States senator.</as></cd> <ldquo/Such <ex>joint meeting</ex> shall not be dissolved until the electoral votes are all counted and the result declared.<rdquo/ <au>Joint Rules of Congress, U. S.</au> -- <col><b>Joint resolution</b></col> <fld>(Parliamentary Practice)</fld>, <cd>a resolution adopted concurrently by the two branches of a legislative body.</cd> <ldquo/By the constitution of the United States and the rules of the two houses, no absolute distinction is made between bills and <xex>joint resolutions</xex>.<rdquo/ <au>Barclay (Digest).</au> -- <col><b>Joint rule</b></col> <fld>(Parliamentary Practice)</fld>, <cd>a rule of proceeding adopted by the concurrent action of both branches of a legislative assembly.</cd> <ldquo/Resolved, by the House of Representatives (the Senate concurring), that the sixteenth and seventeenth <xex>joint rules</xex> be suspended for the remainder of the session.<rdquo/ <au>Journal H. of R., U. S.</au> -- <col><b>Joint and several</b></col> <fld>(Law)</fld>, <cd>a phrase signifying that the debt, credit, obligation, etc., to which it is applied is held in such a way that the parties in interest are engaged both together and individually thus a <xex>joint and several</xex> debt is one for which all the debtors may be sued together or either of them individually; used especially in the phrase <ecol><b>joint and several liability</b></ecol>.</cd> -- <col><b>Joint stock</b></col>, <cd>stock held in company.</cd> -- <col><b>Joint-stock company</b></col> <fld>(Law)</fld>, <cd>a species of partnership, consisting generally of a large number of members, having a capital divided, or agreed to be divided, into shares, the shares owned by any member being usually transferable without the consent of the rest.</cd> -- <col><b>Joint tenancy</b></col> <fld>(Law)</fld>, <cd>a tenure by two or more persons of estate by unity of interest, title, time, and possession, under which the survivor takes the whole.</cd> <au>Blackstone.</au> -- <col><b>Joint tenant</b></col> <fld>(Law)</fld>, <cd>one who holds an estate by joint tenancy.  Contrassted with <contr>tenant in common</contr>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joint</ent><br/
<hw>Joint</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jointed</conjf>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jointing</conjf>.]</vmorph><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>To unite by a joint or joints; to fit together; to prepare so as to fit together; <as>as, to <ex>joint</ex> boards</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Pierced through the yielding planks of <qex>jointed</qex> wood.</q> <rj><qau>Pope.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To join; to connect; to unite; to combine.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q><qex>Jointing</qex> their force 'gainst Caesar.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>To provide with a joint or joints; to articulate.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The fingers are <qex>jointed</qex> together for motion.</q> <rj><qau>Ray.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>To separate the joints; of; to divide at the joint or joints; to disjoint; to cut up into joints, as meat.</def> <ldquo/He <xex>joints</xex> the neck.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Dryden.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Quartering, <qex>jointing</qex>, seething, and roasting.</q> <rj><qau>Holland.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joint</ent><br/
<hw>Joint</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <def>To fit as if by joints; to coalesce as joints do; <as>as, the stones <ex>joint</ex>, neatly</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jointed</ent><br/
<hw>Joint"ed</hw>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Having joints; articulated; full of nodes; knotty; <as>as, a <ex>jointed</ex> doll; <ex>jointed</ex> structure.</as></def>  <ldquo/The <xex>jointed</xex> herbage.<rdquo/ <au>J. Philips.</au> -- <wordforms><wf>Joint"ed*ly</wf>, <pos>adv.</pos></wordforms><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jointer</ent><br/
<hw>Joint"er</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>One who, or that which, joints.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A plane for smoothing the surfaces of pieces which are to be accurately joined</def>; <specif>especially:</specif> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>The longest plane used by a joiner.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <fld>(Coopering)</fld> <def>A long stationary plane, for planing the edges of barrel staves.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <fld>(Masonry)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>A bent piece of iron inserted to strengthen the joints of a wall.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>A tool for pointing the joints in brickwork.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joint-fir</ent><br/
<hw>Joint"-fir`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A genus (<gen>Ephedra</gen>) of leafless shrubs, with the stems conspicuously jointed; -- called also <altname>shrubby horsetail</altname>. There are about thirty species, of which two or three are found from Texas to California.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jointing</ent><br/
<hw>Joint"ing</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The act or process of making a joint; also, the joints thus produced.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jointing machine</b></col>, <cd>a planing machine for wood used in furniture and piano factories, etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Jointing plane</b></col>. <cd>See <er>Jointer</er>, 2.</cd> -- <col><b>Jointing rule</b></col> <fld>(Masonry)</fld>, <cd>a long straight rule, used by bricklayers for securing straight joints and faces.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jointless</ent><br/
<hw>Joint"less</hw>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Without a joint; rigid; stiff.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jointly</ent><br/
<hw>Joint"ly</hw>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>In a joint manner; together; unitedly; in concert; not separately.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Then <qex>jointly</qex> to the ground their knees they bow.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jointress</ent><br/
<hw>Joint"ress</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Law)</fld> <def>A woman who has a jointure.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jointuress</asp>.]</altsp>  <rj><au>Blackstone.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jointure</ent><br/
<hw>Join"ture</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jointure</ets> a joint, orig., a joining, L. <ets>junctura</ets>, fr. <ets>jungere</ets> to join. See <er>Join</er>, and cf. <er>Juncture</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>A joining; a joint.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Law)</fld> <def>An estate settled on a wife, which she is to enjoy after husband's decease, for her own life at least, in satisfaction of dower.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The <qex>jointure</qex> that your king must make,<br/
Which with her dowry shall be counterpoised.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jointure</ent><br/
<hw>Join"ture</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jointured</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jointuring</conjf>.]</vmorph> <def>To settle a jointure upon.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jointureless</ent><br/
<hw>Join"ture*less</hw>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Having no jointure.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jointuress</ent><br/
<hw>Join"tur*ess</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See <er>Jointress</er>.</def>  <rj><au>Bouvier.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jointweed</ent><br/
<hw>Joint"weed`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A slender, nearly leafless, American herb (<spn>Polygonum articulatum</spn>), with jointed spikes of small flowers.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jointworm</ent><br/
<hw>Joint"worm`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>The larva of a small, hymenopterous fly (<spn>Eurytoma hordei</spn>), which is found in gall-like swellings on the stalks of wheat, usually at or just above the first joint. In some parts of America it does great damage to the crop.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joist</ent><br/
<hw>Joist</hw> <pr>(joist)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>giste</ets>, OF. <ets>giste</ets>, F. <ets>g<icir/te</ets>, fr. <ets>gesir</ets> to lie, F. <ets>g<eacute/sir</ets>. See <er>Gist</er>.]</ety> <fld>(Arch.)</fld> <def>A piece of timber laid horizontally, or nearly so, to which the planks of the floor, or the laths or furring strips of a ceiling, are nailed; -- called, according to its position or use, <stype>binding joist</stype>, <stype>bridging joist</stype>, <stype>ceiling joist</stype>, <stype>trimming joist</stype>, etc. See <xex>Illust.</xex> of <cref>Double-framed floor</cref>, under <er>Double</er>, <pos>a.</pos></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joist</ent><br/
<hw>Joist</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Joisted</conjf>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Joisting</conjf>.]</vmorph> <def>To fit or furnish with joists.</def>  <rj><au>Johnson.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joke</ent><br/
<hw>Joke</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jocus</ets>. Cf <er>Jeopardy</er>, <er>Jocular</er>, <er>Juggler</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>Something said for the sake of exciting a laugh; something witty or sportive (commonly indicating more of hilarity or humor than <xex>jest</xex>); a jest; a witticism; <as>as, to crack good-natured <ex>jokes</ex></as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>And gentle dullness ever loves a <qex>joke</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Pope.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Or witty <qex>joke</qex> our airy senses moves<br/
To pleasant laughter.</q> <rj><qau>Gay.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Something not said seriously, or not actually meant; something done in sport.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Inclose whole downs in walls, 't is all a <qex>joke</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Pope.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>In joke</b></col>, <cd>in jest; sportively; not meant seriously.</cd> -- <col><b>Practical joke</b></col>. <cd>See under <er>Practical</er>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joke</ent><br/
<hw>Joke</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Joked</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Joking</conjf>.]</vmorph> <def>To make merry with; to make jokes upon; to rally; to banter; <as>as, to <ex>joke</ex> a comrade</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joke</ent><br/
<hw>Joke</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jocari</ets>.]</ety> <def>To do something for sport, or as a joke; to be merry in words or actions; to jest.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>He laughed, shouted, <qex>joked</qex>, and swore.</q> <rj><qau>Macaulay.</qau></rj></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- To jest; sport; rally; banter. See <er>Jest</er>.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joker</ent><br/
<hw>Jok"er</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>One who makes jokes or jests.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Card Playing)</fld> <def>See <cref>Best bower</cref>, under 2d <er>Bower</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <fld>(Card Playing)</fld> <def>An extra card usually included in a deck of playing cards, having the same design as the others on the back, but on the face having a picture of a jester.  It is not included in the deck used in most games, but in certain games may be included and then takes on a special value, such as the highest-valued card, or a wild card.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>A clause placed in a document, such as a contract or a piece of legislation, not itself appearing significant, but in a subtle way substantially changing the effect of the document.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>5.</sn> <specif>Hence:</specif> <def>Any fact or condition which is unknown or not apparent, which reverses an apparently advantageous position; a kicker.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>6.</sn> <def>A person; a fellow; a chap; -- usually used in a mildly disparaging sense; <as>as, who's the <ex>joker</ex> who left the ice cream on the table?</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>joking</ent><br/
<hw>joking</hw> <pos>adj.</pos> <def>intended as a joke; -- of communications.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> jesting, jocose, jocular, jocund.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>no joking matter</b></col> <cd>a serious matter.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jokingly</ent><br/
<hw>Jok"ing*ly</hw>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>In a joking way; sportively.</def></p>

<p><ent>Joll</ent><br/
<ent>Jole</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jole</hw>, <hw>Joll</hw>  }</mhw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t. & n.</pos> <def>Same as <er>Jowl</er>.</def>  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jolif</ent><br/
<hw>Jol*if"</hw> <pr>(j<ocr/l*<icr/f")</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[See <er>Jolly</er>.]</ety> <def>Joyful; merry; pleasant; jolly.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jollification</ent><br/
<hw>Jol`li*fi*ca"tion</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[<ets>Jolly</ets> + L. <ets>-ficare</ets> (in comp.) to make. See <er>-fy</er>.]</ety> <def>A merrymaking; noisy festivity.</def> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>We have had a <qex>jollification</qex> or so together.</q> <rj><qau>Sir W. Scott.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jollily</ent><br/
<hw>Jol"li*ly</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>In a jolly manner.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jolliment</ent><br/
<hw>Jol"li*ment</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Jollity.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Spenser.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jolliness</ent><br/
<hw>Jol"li*ness</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Jollity; noisy mirth.</def>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jollity</ent><br/
<hw>Jol"li*ty</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[From <er>Jolly</er>: cf. OF. <ets>joliet<eacute/</ets>, <ets>jolivet<eacute/</ets>.]</ety> <def>Noisy mirth; gayety; merriment; festivity; boisterous enjoyment.</def>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>All now was turned to <qex>jollity</qex> and game.</q> <rj><qau>Milton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>He with a proud <qex>jollity</qex> commanded him to leave that quarrel only for him, who was only worthy to enter into it.</q> <rj><qau>Sir P. Sidney.</qau></rj></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- Merriment; mirth; gayety; festivity; hilarity.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jolly</ent><br/
<hw>Jol"ly</hw> <pr>(j<ocr/l"l<ycr/)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <amorph>[<pos>Compar.</pos> <adjf>Jollier</adjf> <pr>(-l<icr/*<etil/r)</pr>; <pos>superl.</pos> <adjf>Jolliest</adjf>.]</amorph> <ety>[OF. <ets>joli</ets>, <ets>jolif</ets>, joyful, merry, F. <ets>joli</ets> pretty; of Scand. origin, akin to E. <ets>yule</ets>; cf. Icel. <ets>j<omac/l</ets> yule, Christmas feast. See <er>Yule</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>Full of life and mirth; jovial; joyous; merry; mirthful.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Like a <qex>jolly</qex> troop of huntsmen.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q><ldquo/A <qex>jolly</qex> place,<rdquo/ said he, <ldquo/in times of old!<br/
But something ails it now: the spot is cursed.<rdquo/</q> <rj><qau>Wordsworth.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Expressing mirth, or inspiring it; exciting mirth and gayety.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>And with his <qex>jolly</qex> pipe delights the groves.</q> <rj><qau>Prior.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Their <qex>jolly</qex> notes they chanted loud and clear.</q> <rj><qau>Fairfax.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>Of fine appearance; handsome; excellent; lively; agreeable; pleasant.</def> <ldquo/A <xex>jolly</xex> cool wind.<rdquo/ <au>Sir T. North.</au> <mark>[Now mostly colloq.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Full <qex>jolly</qex> knight he seemed, and fair did sit.</q> <rj><qau>Spenser.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q><qex>The</qex> coachman is swelled into <qex>jolly</qex> dimensions.</q> <rj><qau>W. Irving.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jolly</ent><br/
<hw>Jol"ly</hw> <pr>(j<ocr/l"l<ycr/)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To cause to be jolly; to make good-natured; to encourage to feel pleasant or cheerful; -- often implying an insincere or bantering spirit; hence, to poke fun at.</def> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark></p>

<p><q>We want you to <qex>jolly</qex> them up a bit.</q>  <rj><qau>Brander Matthews.</qau></rj></p>

<p><q>At noon we lunched at the tail of the ambulance, and gently <ldquo/<qex>jollied</qex><rdquo/ the doctor's topography.</q>  <rj><qau>F. Remington.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jolly</ent><br/
<hw>Jol"ly</hw> <pr>(j<ocr/l"l<ycr/)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu>pl. <plw>Jollies</plw> <pr>(j<ocr/l"l<icr/z)</pr>.</plu>  <ety>[Prob. fr. <er>Jolly</er>, <pos>a.</pos>]</ety> <def>A marine in the English navy.</def> <mark>[Sailor's Slang]</mark></p>

<p><q>I'm a <qex>Jolly</qex> -- 'Er Majesty's <qex>Jolly</qex> -- soldier an' sailor too!</q>  <rj><qau>Kipling.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jolly-boat</ent><br/
<hw>Jol"ly-boat`</hw> <pr>(j<ocr/l"l<ycr/*b<omac/t`)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[A corruption of Dan. <ets>jolle</ets> yawl, or of D. <ets>jol</ets> yawl + E. <ets>boat</ets>. See <er>Yawl</er> the boat.]</ety> <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <def>A boat of medium size belonging to a ship.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jollyhead</ent><br/
<hw>Jol"ly*head</hw> <pr>(j<ocr/l"l<ycr/*h<ecr/d`)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Jollity.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Spenser.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jolt</ent><br/
<hw>Jolt</hw> <pr>(j<omac/lt)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jolted</conjf>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> Jolting.]</vmorph> <ety>[Prob. fr. <ets>jole</ets>, <ets>joll</ets>, <ets>jowl</ets>, and orig. meaning, to knock on the head. See <er>Jowl</er>.]</ety> <def>To shake with short, abrupt risings and fallings, as a carriage moving on rough ground; <as>as, the coach <ex>jolts</ex></as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jolt</ent><br/
<hw>Jolt</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>To cause to move with a sudden motion, especially an up and down motion, as in a carriage going over rough ground, or on a high-trotting horse; <as>as, the horse <ex>jolts</ex> the rider; fast driving <ex>jolts</ex> the carriage and the passengers.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To stun or shock a person physically, as with a blow or electrical shock; <as>as, the earthquake <ex>jolted</ex> him out of bed</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>To stun or shock or change the mental state of (a person) suddenly, as if with a blow; <as>as, the sight of the house on fire <ex>jolted</ex> him into action; his mother's early death <ex>jolted</ex> his idyllic happiness</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jolt</ent><br/
<hw>Jolt</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A sudden shock or jerk; a jolting motion, as in a carriage moving over rough ground.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The first <qex>jolt</qex> had like to have shaken me out.</q> <rj><qau>Swift.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A physical or psychological shock; see <er>jolt</er> <pos>v. t.</pos> senses 2 and 3; <as>as, the stock market plunge was a big <ex>jolt</ex> to his sense of affluence; he touched the casing of the ungrounded motor and got a <ex>jolt</ex> from a short inside</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>Something which causes a <er>jolt</er>{2}; <as>as, the bad news was a <ex>jolt</ex></as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jolter</ent><br/
<hw>Jolt"er</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One who, or that which, jolts.</def></p>

<p><ent>Jolthead</ent><br/
<ent>Jolterhead</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jolt"er*head`</hw>, <hw>Jolt"head`</hw>  }</mhw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[See <er>Jolt</er>, <er>Jowl</er>.]</ety> <def>A dunce; a blockhead.</def>  <rj><au>Sir T. North.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joltingly</ent><br/
<hw>Jolt"ing*ly</hw>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>In a jolting manner.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jolty</ent><br/
<hw>Jolt"y</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>That jolts; <as>as, a <ex>jolty</ex> coach</as>.</def> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jonah</ent><br/
<hw>Jo"nah</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The Hebrew prophet, who was cast overboard as one who endangered the ship; hence, any person whose presence is unpropitious.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Jonah crab</b></col> <fld>(Zool.)</fld>, <cd>a large crab (<spn>Cancer borealis</spn>) of the eastern coast of the United States, sometimes found between tides, but usually in deep water.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jonesian</ent><br/
<hw>Jo*ne"sian</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Of or pertaining to Jones.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>The Jonesian system</b></col>, <cd>a system of transliterating Oriental words by English letters, invented by <person>Sir William Jones</person>.</cd></cs></p>

<p><ent>Jongler</ent><br/
<ent>Jongleur</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jon"gleur</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <hw>Jon"gler</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, }</mhw> <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jongleur</ets>. See <er>Juggler</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>In the Middle Ages, a court attendant or other person who, for hire, recited or sang verses, usually of his own composition. See <er>Troubadour</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Vivacity and picturesquenees of the <qex>jongleur's</qex> verse.</q> <rj><qau>J R. Green.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A juggler; a conjuror. See <er>Juggler</er>.</def>  <rj><au>Milton.</au></rj></p>

<p><ent>Jonquille</ent><br/
<ent>Jonquil</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jon"quil</hw>, <hw>Jon"quille</hw>  }</mhw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jonquille</ets>, fr. L. <ets>juncus</ets> a rush, because it has rushlike leaves.]</ety> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A bulbous plant of the genus <gen>Narcissus</gen> (<spn>Narcissus Jonquilla</spn>), allied to the daffodil. It has long, rushlike leaves, and yellow or white fragrant flowers. The root has emetic properties. It is sometimes called the <altname>rush-leaved daffodil</altname>. See <xex>Illust.</xex> of <er>Corona</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joram</ent><br/
<hw>Jo"ram</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>See <er>Jorum</er>.</def></p>

<p><ent>Jordan</ent><br/
<hw>Jordan</hw> <pos>prop. n.</pos> <def>A landlocked country of the Middle East, surrounded by Israel, Iraq, Syria, and Saudi Arabia, and that  area on the west bank of the Jordan river which was once claimed by Jordan, and is at present occupied by Israel and in part governed by a Palestinian authority.  It has a population of 4,212,152 (1996) in a total area of 89,213 sq km.  The population is predominantly Arab and Moslem.  Officially known as the <altname>Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan</altname>, it was formerly called <altname>Trans-Jordan</altname> when occupied by the British.
   The government is a constitutional monarchy, with King Hussein Bin Talal Al Hashimi as its ruler since 2 May 1953.  Jordan is a small developing Arab country, having a Gross Domestic Product of $19.3 billion in 1995.</def> <au>CIA Factbook 1996.</au><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jorden</ent><br/
<ent>Jordan</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jor"dan</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <hw>Jor"den</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, }</mhw> <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Prob. fr. the river <ets>Jordan</ets>, and shortened fr. <ets>Jordan bottle</ets> a bottle of water from the Jordan, brought back by pilgrims.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>A pot or vessel with a large neck, formerly used by physicians and alchemists.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Halliwell.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A chamber pot.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au>  <au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jordanella</ent><br/
<hw>Jordanella</hw> <pos>prop. n.</pos> <def>a genus of fishes, including the <stype>American flagfish</stype> (<spn>Jordanella floridae</spn>), of Florida.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> genus <gen>Jordanella</gen>.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jordanian</ent><br/
<hw>Jordanian</hw> <pos>adj.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Of or pertaining to Jordan{1}; <as>as, <ex>Jordanian</ex> archeological sites</as>.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Of or pertaining to the inhabitants of Jordan; <as>as, <ex>Jordanian</ex> palace guards</as>.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jordanian</ent><br/
<hw>Jordanian</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>A native or inhabitant of Jordan.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jorum</ent><br/
<hw>Jo"rum</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Perh. corrupted fr. <ets>jorden</ets> an earthen pot.]</ety> <def>A large drinking vessel; also, its contents.</def> <mark>[Colloq. Eng.]</mark>  <rj><au>Forby.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joseph</ent><br/
<hw>Jo"seph</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>An outer garment worn in the 18th century; esp., a woman's riding habit, buttoned down the front.</def>  <rj><au>Fairholt.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joseph's flower</ent><br/
<hw>Jo"seph's flow"er</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A composite herb (<spn>Tragopogon pratensis</spn>), of the same genus as the salsify.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joso</ent><br/
<hw>Jo"so</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A small gudgeon.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joss</ent><br/
<hw>Joss</hw> <pr>(j<ocr/s)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Chinese, corrupt. fr. Pg. <ets>deos</ets> God, L. <ets>deus</ets>.]</ety> <def>A Chinese household divinity; a Chinese idol.</def> <ldquo/Critic in jars and <xex>josses</xex>.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Colman (1761).</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Joss house</b></col>, <cd>a Chinese temple or house for the Chinese mode of worship.</cd> -- <col><b>Joss stick</b></col>, <cd>a reed covered with a paste made of the dust of odoriferous woods, or a cylinder made wholly of the paste; -- burned by the Chinese before an idol.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jossa</ent><br/
<hw>Jos"sa</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>interj.</pos> <def>A command to a horse, probably meaning <ldquo/stand still.<rdquo/</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joss paper</ent><br/
<hw>Joss paper</hw>. <def>Gold and silver paper burned by the Chinese, in the form of coins or ingots, in worship and at funerals.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jostle</ent><br/
<hw>Jos"tle</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jostled</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jostling</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>.]</vmorph> <ety>[A dim. of <ets>joust</ets>, <ets>just</ets>, v. See <er>Joust</er>, and cf. <er>Justle</er>.]</ety> <altsp>[Written also <asp>justle</asp>.]</altsp> <def>To run against and shake; to push out of the way; to elbow; to hustle; to disturb by crowding; to crowd against.</def> <ldquo/Bullies <xex>jostled</xex> him.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Macaulay.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Systems of movement, physical, intellectual, and moral, which are perpetually <qex>jostling</qex> each other.</q> <rj><qau>I. Taylor.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jostle</ent><br/
<hw>Jos"tle</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <def>To push; to crowd; to hustle.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>None <qex>jostle</qex> with him for the wall.</q> <rj><qau>Lamb.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jostle</ent><br/
<hw>Jos"tle</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A conflict by collisions; a crowding or bumping together; interference.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The <qex>jostle</qex> of South African nationalities and civilization.</q> <rj><qau>The Nation.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jostlement</ent><br/
<hw>Jos"tle*ment</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Crowding; hustling.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jot</ent><br/
<hw>Jot</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>iota</ets>, Gr. <grk>'iw^ta</grk> the name of the letter <iota/ (E. <ets>i</ets>, Heb. <ets>y<omac/d</ets>), the smallest letter of the Greek alphabet.  Cf. <er>Iota</er>.]</ety> <def>An iota; a point; a tittle; the smallest particle.  Cf. <er>Bit</er>, <pos>n.</pos></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Till heaven and earth pass, one <qex>jot</qex> or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.</q> <rj><qau>Matt. v. 18.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Neither will they bate<br/
One <qex>jot</qex> of ceremony.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jot</ent><br/
<hw>Jot</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jotted</conjf>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jotting</conjf>.]</vmorph> <def>To set down; to make a brief note of; -- usually followed by <ptcl>down</ptcl>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jotter</ent><br/
<hw>Jot"ter</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>One who jots down memoranda.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A memorandum book.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jougs</ent><br/
<hw>Jougs</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>joug</ets> a yoke, L. <ets>jugum</ets>. See <er>Yoke</er>.]</ety> <def>An iron collar fastened to a wall or post, formerly used in Scotland as a kind of pillory. <altsp>[Written also <asp>juggs</asp>.]</altsp> See <er>Juke</er>.</def>  <rj><au>Sir W. Scott.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jouissance</ent><br/
<hw>Jou"is*sance</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F., fr. <ets>jouir</ets> to enjoy, fr. L. <ets>gaudere</ets> to rejoice.]</ety> <def>Jollity; merriment.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Spenser.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jouk</ent><br/
<hw>Jouk</hw> <pr>(j<oomac/k)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <def>See <er>Juke</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joul</ent><br/
<hw>Joul</hw> <pr>(joul)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>See <er>Jowl</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>joule</ent><br/
<hw>joule</hw> <pr>(j<oomac/l)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[From the distinguished English physicist, <person>James Prescott <etsep>Joule</etsep></person> (1818-1889).]</ety> <fld>(Physics.)</fld> <def>A unit of work which is equal to 10<exp>7</exp> ergs (the unit of work in the C. G. S. system of units), and is equivalent to one watt-second, the energy expended in one second by an electric current of one ampere in a resistance of one ohm; also called the <altname>absolute joule</altname>.  It is abbreviated <abbr>J</abbr> or <abbr>j</abbr>.  The <stype>international joule</stype> is slightly larger, being 1.000167 times the absolute joule.  The absolute <ex>joule</ex> is approximately equal to 0.737562 foot pounds, 0.239006 gram-calories (small calories),  and 3.72506 x 10<exp>-7</exp> horsepower-hours, and 0.000948451 B.t.u.</def>  <au>HCP61</au><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Joule's equivalent</b></col>. <cd>See under <er>Equivalent</er>, <pos>n.</pos></cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joulemeter</ent><br/
<hw>Joule"me`ter</hw> <pr>(j<oomac/l"m<emac/`t<etil/r; joul"m<emac/`t<etil/r)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>An integrating wattmeter for measuring the energy in joules expended in an electric circuit or developed by a machine.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joule's cycle</ent><br/
<hw>Joule's cycle</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>. <fld>(Thermodynamics)</fld> <def>The cycle for the air engine proposed by <persfn>Joule</persfn>. In it air is taken by a pump from a cold chamber and compressed adiabatically until its pressure is eqal to that of the air in a hot chamber, into which it is then delivered, thereby displacing an equal amount of hot air into the engine cylinder. Here it expands adiabatically to the temperature of the cold chamber into which it is finally exhausted. This cycle, reversed, is used in refrigerating machines.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joule's law</ent><br/
<hw>Joule's law</hw>. <sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Elec.)</fld> <def>The law that the rate at which heat is produced in any part of an electric circuit is measured by the product of the square of the current times the resistance of that part of the circuit. If the current (<it>i</it>) is constant for an interval of time (<it>t</it>), the energy (<it>H</it>) in heat units equals <mathex>i<exp>2</exp>Rt</mathex>, <it>R</it> being resistance.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Thermodynamics)</fld> <def>The law that there is no change of temperature when a gas expands without doing external work and without receiving or rejecting heat.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jounce</ent><br/
<hw>Jounce</hw> <pr>(jouns)</pr>, <pos>v. t. & i.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jounced</conjf> <pr>(jounst)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jouncing</conjf> <pr>(joun"s<icr/ng)</pr>.]</vmorph> <ety>[Cf. <er>Jaunce</er>.]</ety> <def>To jolt; to shake, especially by rough riding or by driving over obstructions.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jounce</ent><br/
<hw>Jounce</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A jolt; a shake; a hard trot.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Journal</ent><br/
<hw>Jour"nal</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[F., fr. L. <ets>diurnalis</ets> diurnal, fr. <ets>diurnus</ets> belonging to the day, fr. <ets>dies</ets> day. See <er>Diurnal</er>.]</ety> <def>Daily; diurnal.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Whiles from their <qex>journal</qex> labors they did rest.</q> <rj><qau>Spenser.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Journal</ent><br/
<hw>Jour"nal</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>journal</ets>. See <er>Journal</er>, <pos>a.</pos>]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>A diary; an account of daily transactions and events.</def> <specif>Specifically:</specif> <sd>(a)</sd> <fld>(Bookkeeping)</fld> <def>A book of accounts, in which is entered a condensed and grouped statement of the daily transactions.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <fld>(Naut.)</fld> <def>A daily register of the ship's course and distance, the winds, weather, incidents of the voyage, etc.</def>  <sd>(c)</sd> <fld>(Legislature)</fld> <def>The record of daily proceedings, kept by the clerk.</def> <sd>(d)</sd> <def>A newspaper published daily;</def> <specif>by extension</specif>, <def>a weekly newspaper or any periodical publication, giving an account of passing events, the proceedings and memoirs of societies, etc.; a periodical; a magazine.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><-- p. 803 --></p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>That which has occurred in a day; a day's work or travel; a day's journey.</def> <mark>[Obs. & R.]</mark>  <rj><au>B. Jonson.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <fld>(Mach.)</fld> <def>That portion of a rotating piece, as a shaft, axle, spindle, etc., which turns in a bearing or box. See <xex>Illust.</xex> of <er>Axle box</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><mcol><col><b>Journal box</b></col>, <it>or</it> <col><b>Journal bearing</b></col></mcol> <fld>(Mach.)</fld> <cd>the carrier of a journal; the box in which the journal of a shaft, axle, or pin turns.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>journalese</ent><br/
<hw>journalese</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>the linguistic style in which newspapers are written.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Journalism</ent><br/
<hw>Jour"nal*ism</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. F. <ets>journalisme</ets>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>The keeping of a journal or diary.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>The periodical collection and publication of current news; the business of managing, editing, or writing for, journals, newspapers, magazines, broadcasting media such as radio or television, or other news media such as distribution over the internet; <as>as, political <ex>journalism</ex>; broadcast <ex>journalism</ex>; print <ex>journalism</ex></as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><q><qex>Journalism</qex> is now truly an estate of the realm.</q> <rj><qau>Ed. Rev.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>The branch of knowledge that studies phenomena associated with news collection, distribution, and editing; a course of study, especially in institutions of higher learning, that teaches students how to write, edit, or report news.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Journalist</ent><br/
<hw>Jour"nal*ist</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. F. <ets>journaliste</ets>.]</ety>  <sn>1.</sn> <def>One who keeps a journal or diary; a diarist.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Mickle.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>One whose occupation is to write for any of the public news media, such as newspapers, magazines, radio, television, or internet; also, an editorial or other professional writer for a periodical.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Journalistic</ent><br/
<hw>Jour"nal*is"tic</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Pertaining to journals, journalism, or to journalists; contained in, or characteristic of, the public journals; <as>as, <ex>journalistic</ex> literature or enterprise</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Journalize</ent><br/
<hw>Jour"nal*ize</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Journalized</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Journalizing</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>.]</vmorph> <def>To enter or record in a journal or diary.</def>  <rj><au>Johnson.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Journalize</ent><br/
<hw>Jour"nal*ize</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <def>to conduct or contribute to a public journal; to follow the profession of a journalist.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Journey</ent><br/
<hw>Jour"ney</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Journeys</plw> <pr>(#)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[OE. <ets>jornee</ets>, <ets>journee</ets>, prop., a day's journey, OF. <ets>jorn<eacute/e</ets>, <ets>jurn<eacute/e</ets>, a day, a day's work of journey, F. <ets>journ<eacute/e</ets>, fr. OF. <ets>jorn</ets>, <ets>jurn</ets>, <ets>jor</ets> a day, F. <ets>jour</ets>, fr. L. <ets>diurnus</ets>. See <er>Journal</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>The travel or work of a day.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>We have yet large day, for scarce the sun<br/
Hath finished half his <qex>journey</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Milton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Travel or passage from one place to another, especially one covering a large distance or taking a long time.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The good man . . . is gone a long <qex>journey</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Prov. vii. 19.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <specif>Hence:</specif> <mark>[figurative]</mark>, <def>A passage through life, or a passage through any significant experience, or from one state to another.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><q><qex>We</qex> must all have the same <qex>journey's</qex> end.</q> <rj><qau>Bp. Stillingfleet.</qau></rj></p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>The distance that is traveled in a journey{2}, or the time taken to complete a journey{2}; <as>as, it's a two-day <ex>journey</ex> from the oasis into Cairo by camel; from Mecca to Samarkand is quite a <ex>journey</ex></as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- Tour; excursion; trip; expedition; pilgrimage; jaunt.</syn> <usage> -- <er>Journey</er>, <er>Tour</er>, <er>Excursion</er>, <er>Pilgrimage</er>. The word <xex>journey</xex> suggests the idea of a somewhat prolonged traveling for a specific object, leading a person to pass directly from one point to another. In a <xex>tour</xex>, we take a roundabout course from place to place, more commonly for pleasure, though sometimes on business. An <xex>excursion</xex> is usually a brief tour or trip for pleasure, health, etc. In a <xex>pilgrimage</xex> we travel to a place hallowed by our religions affections, or by some train of sacred or tender associations. A <xex>journey</xex> on important business; the <xex>tour</xex> of Europe; an <xex>excursion</xex> to the lakes; a <xex>pilgrimage</xex> to the Holy Land.</usage><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Journey</ent><br/
<hw>Jour"ney</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Journeyed</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Journeying</conjf>.]</vmorph> <def>To travel from place to place; to go from home to a distance.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Abram <qex>journeyed</qex>, going on still toward the south.</q> <rj><qau>Gen. xii. 9. </qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Journey</ent><br/
<hw>Jour"ney</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To traverse; to travel over or through.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark> <ldquo/I <xex>journeyed</xex> many a land.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Sir W. Scott.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Journey-bated</ent><br/
<hw>Jour"ney-bat`ed</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Worn out with journeying.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Journeyer</ent><br/
<hw>Jour"ney*er</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One who journeys.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>journeying</ent><br/
<hw>journeying</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>the act or process of traveling from one place to another.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> journey.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Journeyman</ent><br/
<hw>Jour"ney*man</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Journeymen</plw> <pr>(<?/)</pr>.</plu> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Formerly, a man hired to work by the day; now, commonly, one who has finished an apprenticeship and is a competent worker in a handicraft or trade, but has not received recognition as a master; -- distinguished from <contr>apprentice</contr> and from <contr>master workman</contr>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><q>I have thought some of nature's <qex>journeymen</qex> had made men, and not made them well.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <specif>Hence:</specif> <def>A competent and experienced worker who performs adequately but without a high level of expertise or imagination.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Journeywork</ent><br/
<hw>Jour"ney*work`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Originally, work done by the day; work done by a journeyman at his trade.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <specif>Hence:</specif> <def>Routine or relatively unskilled work performed under direction of a supervisor.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joust</ent><br/
<hw>Joust</hw> <pr>(joust <it>or</it> j<ucr/st; 277)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>justen</ets>, <ets>jousten</ets>, OF. <ets>jouster</ets>, <ets>jouster</ets>, <ets>joster</ets>, F. <ets>jouter</ets>, fr. L. <ets>juxta</ets> near to, nigh, from the root of <ets>jungere</ets> to join. See <er>Join</er>, and cf. <er>Jostle</er>.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>To engage in mock combat on horseback, as two knights in the lists; to tilt.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>just</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><q>For the whole army to <qex>joust</qex> and tourney.</q> <rj><qau>Holland.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <specif>Hence:</specif> <def>To engage in a competition involving one-to-one struggle with an opponent.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joust</ent><br/
<hw>Joust</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>juste</ets>, <ets>jouste</ets>, OF. <ets>juste</ets>, <ets>jouste</ets>, <ets>joste</ets>, F. <ets>joute</ets>. See <er>Joust</er>, <pos>v. i.</pos>]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A tilting match; a mock combat on horseback between two knights in the lists or inclosed field.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>just</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Gorgeous knights at <qex>joust</qex> and tournament.</q> <rj><qau>Milton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <specif>Hence:</specif> <def>Any competition involving one-to-one struggle with an opponent.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jouster</ent><br/
<hw>joust"er</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One who jousts or tilts.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jove</ent><br/
<hw>Jove</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>prop. n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>Jupiter</ets>, gen. <ets>Jovis</ets>, OL. <ets>Jovis</ets>, nom. & gen. for <ets>Djovis</ets>; akin to E. <ets>Tuesday</ets>. See <er>Tuesday</er>, and cf. <er>Jupiter</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>The chief divinity of the ancient Romans; Jupiter.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Astron.)</fld> <def>The planet Jupiter.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>Pope.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <fld>(Alchemy)</fld> <def>The metal tin.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Bird of Jove</b></col>, <cd>the eagle.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jovial</ent><br/
<hw>jo"vi*al</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[F., fr. L. <ets>Jovialis</ets> pertaining to Jove. The planet Jupiter was thought to make those born under it joyful or jovial. See <er>Jove</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <mark>[capitalized]</mark> <def>Of or pertaining to the god, or the planet, Jupiter.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Our <qex>jovial</qex> star reigned at his birth.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The fixed stars astrologically differenced by the planets, and esteemed Martial or <qex>Jovial</qex> according to the colors whereby they answer these planets.</q> <rj><qau>Sir T. Browne.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Sunny; serene.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark> <ldquo/The heavens always <xex>joviall</xex>.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Spenser.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>Gay; merry; joyous; jolly; mirth-inspiring; hilarious; characterized by mirth or jollity; <as>as, a <ex>jovial</ex> youth; a <ex>jovial</ex> company; a <ex>jovial</ex> poem.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Be bright and <qex>jovial</qex> among your guests.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>His odes are some of them panegyrical, others moral; the rest are <qex>jovial</qex> or bacchanalian.</q> <rj><qau>Dryden.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ This word is a relic of the belief in planetary influence. Other examples are <contr>saturnine</contr>, <contr>mercurial</contr>, <contr>martial</contr>, <contr>lunatic</contr>, etc.</note></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- Merry; joyous; gay; festive; mirthful; gleeful; jolly; hilarious.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jovialist</ent><br/
<hw>Jo"vi*al*ist</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One who lives a jovial life.</def>  <rj><au>Bp. Hall.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joviality</ent><br/
<hw>Jo`vi*al"i*ty</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. F. <ets>jovialit<eacute/</ets>.]</ety> <def>The quality or state of being jovial.</def>  <rj><au>Sir T. Herbert.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jovially</ent><br/
<hw>Jo"vi*al*ly</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>In a jovial manner; merrily; gayly.</def>  <rj><au>B. Jonson.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jovialness</ent><br/
<hw>Jo"vi*al*ness</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Noisy mirth; joviality.</def>  <rj><au>Hewyt.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jovialty</ent><br/
<hw>Jo"vi*al*ty</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Joviality.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>Barrow.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jovian</ent><br/
<hw>Jo"vi*an</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>prop. a.</pos> <def>Of or pertaining to Jove, or Jupiter (either the deity or the planet).</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jovicentric</ent><br/
<hw>Jo`vi*cen"tric</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[See <er>Jove</er>, and <er>Center</er>.]</ety> <fld>(Astron.)</fld> <def>Revolving around the planet Jupiter; appearing as viewed from Jupiter.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>J. R. Hind.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jovinianist</ent><br/
<hw>Jo*vin"ian*ist</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Script. Hist.)</fld> <def>An adherent to the doctrines of <persfn>Jovinian</persfn>, a monk of the fourth century, who denied the virginity of <persfn>Mary</persfn>, and opposed the asceticism of his time.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jowl</ent><br/
<hw>Jowl</hw> <pr>(joul <it>or</it> j<omac/l)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[For older <ets>chole</ets>, <ets>chaul</ets>, AS. <ets>ceaft</ets> jaw.  Cf. <er>Chaps</er>.]</ety> <def>The cheek; the jaw.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>jole</asp>, <asp>choule</asp>, <asp>chowle</asp>, and <asp>geoule</asp>.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Cheek by jowl</b></col>, <cd>with the cheeks close together; side by side; in close proximity.</cd> <ldquo/I will go with thee <xex>cheek by jole</xex>.<rdquo/ <au>Shak.</au>  <ldquo/ Sits <xex>cheek by jowl</xex>.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Dryden.</au></rj></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jowl</ent><br/
<hw>Jowl</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To throw, dash, or knock.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>How the knave <qex>jowls</qex> it to the ground.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jowler</ent><br/
<hw>Jowl"er</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>A dog with large jowls, as the beagle.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jowter</ent><br/
<hw>Jow"ter</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A mounted peddler of fish; -- called also <altname>jouster</altname>.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Carew.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joy</ent><br/
<hw>Joy</hw> <pr>(joi)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>joye</ets>, OF. <ets>joye</ets>, <ets>joie</ets>, <ets>goie</ets>, F. <ets>joie</ets>, L. <ets>gaudia</ets>, pl. of <ets>gaudium</ets> joy, fr. <ets>gaudere</ets> to rejoice, to be glad; cf. Gr. <grk>gai`ein</grk> to rejoice, <grk>gay^ros</grk> proud.  Cf. <er>Gaud</er>, <er>Jewel</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>The passion or emotion excited by the acquisition or expectation of good; pleasurable feelings or emotions caused by success, good fortune, and the like, or by a rational prospect of possessing what we love or desire; gladness; exhilaration of spirits; delight.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Her heavenly form beheld, all wished her <qex>joy</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Dryden.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Glides the smooth current of domestic <qex>joy</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Johnson.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Who, for the <qex>joy</qex> that was set before him, endured the cross, despising the shame.</q> <rj><qau>Heb. xii. 2. </qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Tears of true <qex>joy</qex> for his return.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q><qex>Joy</qex> is a delight of the mind, from the consideration of the present or assured approaching possession of a good.</q> <rj><qau>Locke.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>That which causes joy or happiness.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>For ye are our glory and <qex>joy</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>1 Thess. ii. 20.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>A thing of beauty is a <qex>joy</qex> forever.</q> <rj><qau>Keats.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>The sign or exhibition of joy; gayety; mirth; merriment; festivity.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Such <qex>joy</qex> made Una, when her knight she found.</q> <rj><qau>Spenser.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The roofs with <qex>joy</qex> resound.</q> <rj><qau>Dryden.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ <xex>Joy</xex> is used in composition, esp. with participles, to from many self-explaining compounds; as, <xex>joy</xex>-bells, <xex>joy</xex>-bringing, <xex>joy</xex>-inspiring, <xex>joy</xex>-resounding, etc.</note></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- Gladness; pleasure; delight; happiness; exultation; transport; felicity; ecstasy; rapture; bliss; gayety; mirth; merriment; festivity; hilarity.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joy</ent><br/
<hw>Joy</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Joyed</conjf> <pr>(joid)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Joying</conjf>.]</vmorph> <ety>[OF. <ets>joir</ets>, F. <ets>jouir</ets>. See <er>Joy</er>, <pos>n.</pos>]</ety> <def>To rejoice; to be glad; to delight; to exult.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>I will <qex>joy</qex> in the God of my salvation.</q> <rj><qau>Hab. iii. 18.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>In whose sight all things <qex>joy</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Milton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joy</ent><br/
<hw>Joy</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>To give joy to; to congratulate.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark> <ldquo/<xex>Joy</xex> us of our conquest.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Dryden.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>To <qex>joy</qex> the friend, or grapple with the foe.</q> <rj><qau>Prior.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To gladden; to make joyful; to exhilarate.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Neither pleasure's art can <qex>joy</qex> my spirits.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>To enjoy.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark> <see>See <er>Enjoy</er>.</see><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Who might have lived and <qex>joyed</qex> immortal bliss.</q> <rj><qau>Milton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joyance</ent><br/
<hw>Joy"ance</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OF. <ets>joiance</ets>.]</ety> <def>Enjoyment; gayety; festivity; joyfulness.</def>  <rj><qau>Spenser.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Some days of <qex>joyance</qex> are decreed to all.</q>  <rj><qau>Byron.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>From what hid fountains doth thy <qex>joyance</qex> flow?</q> <rj><qau>Trench.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joyancy</ent><br/
<hw>Joy"an*cy</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Joyance.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>Carlyle.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joyful</ent><br/
<hw>Joy"ful</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Full of joy; having or causing joy; very glad; <as>as, a <ex>joyful</ex> heart</as>.</def> <ldquo/<xex>Joyful</xex> tidings.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>My soul shall be <qex>joyful</qex> in my God.</q> <rj><qau>Is. lxi. 10.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Sad for their loss, but <qex>joyful</qex> of our life.</q> <rj><qau>Pope.</qau></rj></p>

<p>-- <wordforms><wf>Joy"ful*ly</wf>, <pos>adv.</pos> -- <wf>Joy"ful*ness</wf>, <pos>n.</pos></wordforms><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>joyfulness</ent><br/
<hw>joyfulness</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>the emotion of great happiness.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> joy, joyousness.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joyless</ent><br/
<hw>Joy"less</hw>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Not having joy; not causing joy; unenjoyable.</def> -- <wordforms><wf>Joy"less*ly</wf>, <pos>adv.</pos> -- <wf>Joy"less*ness</wf>, <pos>n.</pos></wordforms><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>With downcast eyes the <qex>joyless</qex> victor sat.</q> <rj><qau>Dryden.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Youth and health and war are <qex>joyless</qex> to him.</q> <rj><qau>Addison.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>[He] pining for the lass,<br/
Is <qex>joyless</qex> of the grove, and spurns the growing grass.</q> <rj><qau>Dryden.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joyous</ent><br/
<hw>Joy"ous</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>joyous</ets>, <ets>joious</ets>, <ets>joios</ets>, F. <ets>joyeux</ets>.See <er>Joy</er>.]</ety> <def>Glad; gay; merry; joyful; also, affording or inspiring joy; with <xex>of</xex> before the word or words expressing the cause of joy.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Is this your <qex>joyous</qex> city?</q> <rj><qau>Is. xxiii. 7.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>They all as glad as birds of <qex>joyous</qex> prime.</q> <rj><qau>Spenser.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>And <qex>joyous</qex> of our conquest early won.</q> <rj><qau>Dryden.</qau></rj></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- Merry; lively; blithe; gleeful; gay; glad; mirthful; sportive; festive; joyful; happy; blissful; charming; delightful.</syn></p>

<p>-- <wordforms><wf>Joy"ous*ly</wf>, <pos>adv.</pos> -- <wf>Joy"ous*ness</wf>, <pos>n.</pos></wordforms><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joysome</ent><br/
<hw>Joy"some</hw> <pr>(<?/)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Causing joyfulness.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> gladsome, delightful.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>This all <qex>joysome</qex> grove.</q> <rj><qau>T. Browne.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>JPEG</ent><br/
<hw>JPEG</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Acronym from <ets>J</ets>oint <ets>P</ets>icture <ets>E</ets>xperts <ets>G</ets>roup.]</ety> <fld>(Computers)</fld> <def>A standardized format for storing graphic data in binary computer files, allowing over 16 million different colors.  It allows for lossy compression, i. e. the compression of data into a form which re-expands into an image close, but not identical to the original image.  Files stored in this format usually carry the extension <abbr>jpg</abbr> or <abbr>jpeg</abbr>.  Compare <er>GIF</er>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jub</ent><br/
<hw>Jub</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Perh. corrupted fr. <ets>jug</ets>.]</ety> <def>A vessel for holding ale or wine; a jug.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>juba</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>ju"ba</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>jub<ae/</plw> <pr>(-b<emac/)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[L., a mane.]</ety>  <sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>The mane of an animal.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A loose panicle, the axis of which falls to pieces, as in certain grasses.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>juba</ent><br/
<hw>ju"ba</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A dance developed by slaves in the U. S., having a lively tune and accompanied by a complex rhythmic clapping, and by slapping the thighs.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><q>Wild crap-shooters with a whoop and a call<br/
Danced the <qex>juba</qex> in their gambling-hall.</q> <rj><qau>Vachel Lindsay (The Congo).</qau></rj><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jubate</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"bate</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jubatus</ets> having a mane.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>Fringed with long, pendent hair.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Joobbeh</ent><br/
<ent>Jubbeh</ent><br/
<ent>Jubbah</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Jub"bah</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> Also <hw>Jub"beh</hw>, <hw>Joob"beh</hw> <pr>(?)</pr> }</mhw>. <ety>[Hind. <ets>jubba</ets>, fr. Ar. <ets>jubbah</ets>.]</ety> <def>A long outer garment worn by both sexes of Muslims of the better class.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jube</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Ju`b<eacute/"</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F.]</ety> <fld>(Arch.)</fld> <fld>(a)</fld> <def>A chancel screen or rood screen.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>The gallery above such a screen, from which certain parts of the service were formerly read.</def> See <cref>Rood loft</cref>, under <er>Rood</er>.<br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jubilance</ent><br/
<hw>jubilance</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>a feeling of extreme joy; jubilation.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> exultation, jubilancy, jubilation.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>jubilancy</ent><br/
<hw>jubilancy</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>a feeling of extreme joy; jubilance; jubilation.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> exultation, jubilance, jubilation.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jubilant</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"bi*lant</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jubilans</ets>, <ets>-antis</ets>, p. pr. of <ets>jubilare</ets> to shout for joy: cf. F. <ets>jubilant</ets>. See <er>Jubilate</er>.]</ety> <def>Uttering songs of triumph; shouting with joy; triumphant; exulting.</def> <ldquo/The <xex>jubilant</xex> age.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Coleridge.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>While the bright pomp ascended <qex>jubilant</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Milton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jubilantly</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"bi*lant*ly</hw>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>In a jubilant manner.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jubilar</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"bi*lar</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[Cf. F. <ets>jubilaire</ets>.]</ety> <def>Pertaining to, or having the character of, a jubilee.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>Bp. Hall.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jubilate</ent><br/
<hw>Ju`bi*la"te</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L., imperat. of <ets>jubilare</ets> to shout for joy.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>The third Sunday after Easter; -- so called because the introit is the 66th Psalm, which, in the Latin version, begins with the words, <ldquo/Jubilate Deo.<rdquo/</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A name of the 100th Psalm; -- so called from its opening word in the Latin version.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jubilate</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"bi*late</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jubilatus</ets>, <ets>p. p.</ets> of <ets>jubilare</ets>.]</ety> <def>To exult; to rejoice.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>De Quincey.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jubilation</ent><br/
<hw>Ju`bi*la"tion</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jubilatio</ets>: cf. F. <ets>jubilation</ets>.]</ety> <def>A triumphant shouting; rejoicing; exultation.</def> <ldquo/<xex>Jubilations</xex> and hallelujahs.<rdquo/  <rj><au>South.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jubilee</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"bi*lee</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>jubil<eacute/</ets>, L. <ets>jubilaeus</ets>, Gr. <?/, fr. Heb. <ets>y<omac/bel</ets> the blast of a trumpet, also the grand sabbatical year, which was announced by sound of trumpet.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Jewish Hist.)</fld> <def>Every fiftieth year, being the year following the completion of each seventh sabbath of years, at which time all the slaves of Hebrew blood were liberated, and all lands which had been alienated during the whole period reverted to their former owners.</def> <altsp>[In this sense spelled also, in some English Bibles, <asp>jubile</asp>.]</altsp>  <rj><au>Lev. xxv. 8-17.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>The joyful commemoration held on the fiftieth anniversary of any event; <as>as, the <ex>jubilee</ex> of Queen Victoria's reign; the <ex>jubilee</ex> of the American Board of Missions.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <fld>(R. C. Ch.)</fld> <def>A church solemnity or ceremony celebrated at Rome, at stated intervals, originally of one hundred years, but latterly of twenty-five; a plenary and extraordinary indulgence granted by the sovereign pontiff to the universal church.  One invariable condition of granting this indulgence is the confession of sins and receiving of the eucharist.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>A season of general joy.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The town was all a <qex>jubilee</qex> of feasts.</q> <rj><qau>Dryden.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>5.</sn> <def>A state of joy or exultation.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark> <ldquo/In the <xex>jubilee</xex> of his spirits.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Sir W. Scott.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jucundity</ent><br/
<hw>Ju*cun"di*ty</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jucunditas</ets>, from <ets>jucundus</ets>.]</ety> <def>Pleasantness; agreeableness. See <er>Jocundity</er>.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>Sir T. Browne.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judahite</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"dah*ite</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One of the tribe of Judah; a member of the kingdom of Judah; a Jew.</def>  <rj><au>Kitto.</au></rj></p>

<p><ent>Judaical</ent><br/
<ent>Judaic</ent><br/
<mhw>{ <hw>Ju*da"ic</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <hw>Ju*da"ic*al</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, }</mhw> <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>Juda<ium/cus</ets>, fr. <ets>Judaea</ets>, the country Judea: cf. F. <ets>Juda<ium/que</ets>. See <er>Jew</er>.]</ety> <def>Of or pertaining to the Jews.</def> <ldquo/The natural or <xex>Judaical</xex> [religion].<rdquo/  <rj><au>South.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judaically</ent><br/
<hw>Ju*da"ic*al*ly</hw>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>After the Jewish manner.</def>  <rj><au>Milton.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judaism</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"da*ism</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>prop. n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>Juda<ium/smus</ets>: cf. F. <ets>juda<ium/sme</ets>.]</ety>  <sn>1.</sn> <def>The religious doctrines and rites of the Jews as enjoined in the laws of Moses, and for many adherents, in the Talmud.</def>  <rj><au>J. S. Mill.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Conformity to the Jewish rites and ceremonies; the practise of Judaism{1}.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>The adherents of Judaism{1} collectively; jewry.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judaist</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"da*ist</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One who believes and practices Judaism.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judaistic</ent><br/
<hw>Ju`da*is"tic</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Of or pertaining to Judaism.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judaization</ent><br/
<hw>Ju`da*i*za"tion</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The act of Judaizing; a conforming to the Jewish religion or ritual.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judaize</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"da*ize</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Judaized</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Judaizing</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>.]</vmorph> <ety>[Cf. F. <ets>juda<ium/ser</ets>.]</ety> <def>To conform to the doctrines, observances, or methods of the Jews; to inculcate or impose Judaism.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>They . . . prevailed on the Galatians to <qex>Judaize</qex> so far as to observe the rites of Moses in various instances.<br/
They were <qex>Judaizing</qex> doctors, who taught the observation of the Mosaic law.</q> <rj><qau>Bp. Bull.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judaize</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"da*ize</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <def>To impose Jewish observances or rites upon; to convert to Judaism.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The heretical Theodotion, the <qex>Judaized</qex> Symmachus.</q> <rj><qau>Milton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judaizer</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"da*i`zer</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One who conforms to or inculcates Judaism;</def> <specif>specifically,</specif> <pluf>pl.</pluf> <fld>(Ch. Hist.)</fld>, <def>those Jews who accepted Christianity but still adhered to the law of Moses and worshiped in the temple at Jerusalem.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judaizers</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"da*iz`ers</hw> <pr>(j<umac/"d<asl/*<imac/z`<etil/rz)</pr>, <pos>n. pl.</pos> <def>See <er>Raskolnik</er>.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judas</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"das</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The disciple who betrayed Christ.</def> <specif>Hence:</specif> <def>A treacherous person; one who betrays under the semblance of friendship.</def> -- <def2><pos>a.</pos> <def>Treacherous; betraying.</def></def2><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Judas hole</b></col>, <cd>a peephole or secret opening for spying.</cd> -- <col><b>Judas kiss</b></col>, <sd>(a)</sd> <cd>a deceitful and treacherous kiss.</cd> <sd>(b)</sd> <cd>an act appearing to be an act of friendship, which is in fact harmful to the recipient.</cd> -- <col><b>Judas tree</b></col> <fld>(Bot.)</fld>, <cd>a leguminous tree of the genus <gen>Cercis</gen>, with pretty, rose-colored flowers in clusters along the branches.  <persfn>Judas</persfn> is said to have hanged himself on a tree of this genus (<spn>Cercis Siliquastrum</spn>).  <spn>Cercis Canadensis</spn> and <spn>Cercis occidentalis</spn> are the American species, and are called also <altname>redbud</altname>.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judas-colored</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"das-col`ored</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Red; -- from a tradition that <person>Judas Iscariot</person> had red hair and beard.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>There's treachery in that <qex>Judas-colored</qex> beard.</q> <rj><qau>Dryden.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juddock</ent><br/
<hw>Jud"dock</hw> <pr>(j<ucr/d"d<ocr/k)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[For <ets>judcock</ets>; <ets>jud</ets> (equiv. to Prov. E. <ets>gid</ets> a jacksnipe, W. <ets>giach</ets> snipe) + <ets>cock</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>See <er>Jacksnipe</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><-- p. 804 --></p>

<p><ent>Judean</ent><br/
<hw>Ju*de"an</hw> <pr>(j<usl/*d<emac/"<ait/n)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>Judaeus</ets>. See <er>Jew</er>.]</ety> <def>Of or pertaining to Judea.</def> -- <def2><pos>n.</pos> <def>A native of Judea; a Jew.</def></def2><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judeo-Christian</ent><br/
<hw>Judeo-Christian</hw> <pos>adj.</pos> <def>having origins in both Judaism and Christianity; of or pertaining to Christianity; <as>as, the <ex>Judeo-Christian</ex> tradition</as>.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judge</ent><br/
<hw>Judge</hw> <pr>(j<ucr/j)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>juge</ets>, OF. & F. <ets>juge</ets>, fr. OF. <ets>jugier</ets>, F. <ets>juger</ets>, to judge. See <er>Judge</er>, <pos>v. i.</pos>]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Law)</fld> <def>A public officer who is invested with authority to hear and determine litigated causes, and to administer justice between parties in courts held for that purpose.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The parts of a <qex>judge</qex> in hearing are four: to direct the evidence; to moderate length, repetition, or impertinency of speech; to recapitulate, select, and collate the material points of that which hath been said; and to give the rule or sentence.</q> <rj><qau>Bacon.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>One who has skill, knowledge, or experience, sufficient to decide on the merits of a question, or on the quality or value of anything; one who discerns properties or relations with skill and readiness; a connoisseur; an expert; a critic.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>A man who is no <qex>judge</qex> of law may be a good <qex>judge</qex> of poetry, or eloquence, or of the merits of a painting.</q> <rj><qau>Dryden.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A person appointed to decide in a trial of skill, speed, etc., between two or more parties; an umpire; <as>as, a <ex>judge</ex> in a horse race</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <fld>(Jewish Hist.)</fld> <def>One of the supreme magistrates, with both civil and military powers, who governed Israel for more than four hundred years.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>5.</sn> <pluf>pl.</pluf> <def>The title of the seventh book of the Old Testament; the Book of Judges.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Judge Advocate</b></col> <fld>(Mil. & Nav.)</fld>, <cd>a person appointed to act as prosecutor at a court-martial; he acts as the representative of the government, as the responsible adviser of the court, and also, to a certain extent, as counsel for the accused, when he has no other counsel.</cd> -- <col><b>Judge-Advocate General</b></col>, <cd>in the United States, the title of two officers, one attached to the War Department and having the rank of brigadier general, the other attached to the Navy Department and having the rank of colonel of marines or captain in the navy. The first is chief of the Bureau of Military Justice of the army, the other performs a similar duty for the navy. In England, the designation of a member of the ministry who is the legal adviser of the secretary of state for war, and supreme judge of the proceedings of courts-martial.</cd></cs></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- <er>Judge</er>, <er>Umpire</er>, <er>Arbitrator</er>, <er>Referee</er>.</syn> <usage> A <xex>judge</xex>, in the legal sense, is a magistrate appointed to determine questions of law. An <xex>umpire</xex> is a person selected to decide between two or more who contend for a prize. An <xex>arbitrator</xex> is one chosen to allot to two contestants their portion of a claim, usually on grounds of equity and common sense. A <xex>referee</xex> is one to whom a case is referred for final adjustment. <xex>Arbitrations</xex> and <xex>references</xex> are sometimes voluntary, sometimes appointed by a court.</usage><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judge</ent><br/
<hw>Judge</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Judged</conjf> <pr>(j<ucr/jd)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Judging</conjf>.]</vmorph> <ety>[OE. <ets>jugen</ets>, OF. <ets>jugier</ets>, F. <ets>juger</ets>, L. <ets>judicare</ets>, fr. <ets>judex</ets> judge; <ets>jus</ets> law or right + <ets>dicare</ets> to proclaim, pronounce, akin to <ets>dicere</ets> to say. See <er>Just</er>, <pos>a.</pos>, and <er>Diction</er>, and cf. <er>Judicial</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>To hear and determine, as in causes on trial; to decide as a judge; to give judgment; to pass sentence.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The Lord <qex>judge</qex> between thee and me.</q> <rj><qau>Gen. xvi. 5.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Father, who art judge<br/
Of all things made, and <qex>judgest</qex> only right!</q> <rj><qau>Milton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To assume the right to pass judgment on another; to sit in judgment or commendation; to criticise or pass adverse judgment upon others. See <er>Judge</er>, <pos>v. t.</pos>, 3.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Forbear to <qex>judge</qex>, for we are sinners all.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>To compare facts or ideas, and perceive their relations and attributes, and thus distinguish truth from falsehood; to determine; to discern; to distinguish; to form an opinion about.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q><qex>Judge</qex> not according to the appearance.</q> <rj><qau>John vii. 24.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>She is wise if I can <qex>judge</qex> of her.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judge</ent><br/
<hw>Judge</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>To hear and determine by authority, as a case before a court, or a controversy between two parties.</def> <ldquo/Chaos [shall] <xex>judge</xex> the strife.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Milton.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To examine and pass sentence on; to try; to doom.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>God shall <qex>judge</qex> the righteous and the wicked.</q> <rj><qau>Eccl. iii. 7.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>To bring my whole cause 'fore his holiness,<br/
And to be <qex>judged</qex> by him.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>To arrogate judicial authority over; to sit in judgment upon; to be censorious toward.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q><qex>Judge</qex> not, that ye be not <qex>judged</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Matt. vii. 1.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>To determine upon or deliberation; to esteem; to think; to reckon.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>If ye have <qex>judged</qex> me to be faithful to the Lord.</q> <rj><qau>Acts xvi. 15.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>5.</sn> <def>To exercise the functions of a magistrate over; to govern.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Make us a king to <qex>judge</qex> us.</q> <rj><qau>1 Sam. viii. 5.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judge-made</ent><br/
<hw>Judge"-made`</hw>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Created by judges or judicial decision; -- applied esp. to law applied or established by the judicial interpretation of statutes so as extend or restrict their scope, as to meet new cases, to provide new or better remedies, etc., and often used opprobriously of acts of judicial interpretation considered as doing this.  <ex>Judge-made</ex> law is contrasted with <contr>statutory law</contr> and <contr>civil law</contr>.</def><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><q>The law of the 13th century was <qex>judge-made</qex> law in a fuller and more literal sense than the law of any succeeding century has been.</q>  <rj><qau>Sir Frederick Pollock.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judger</ent><br/
<hw>Judg"er</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>One who judges.</def>  <rj><au>Sir K. Digby.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>judgeship</ent><br/
<hw>judge"ship</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The office or position of a judge.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>judging</ent><br/
<hw>judging</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>The cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> judgment, judgement.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judgment</ent><br/
<hw>Judg"ment</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>jugement</ets>, F. <ets>jugement</ets>, LL. <ets>judicamentum</ets>, fr. L. <ets>judicare</ets>. See <er>Judge</er>, <pos>v. i.</pos>]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>The act of judging; the operation of the mind, involving comparison and discrimination, by which a knowledge of the values and relations of things, whether of moral qualities, intellectual concepts, logical propositions, or material facts, is obtained; <as>as, by careful <ex>judgment</ex> he avoided the peril; by a series of wrong <ex>judgments</ex> he forfeited confidence.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>I oughte deme, of skilful <qex>jugement</qex>,<br/
That in the salte sea my wife is deed.</q> <rj><qau>Chaucer.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>The power or faculty of performing such operations (see 1); esp., when unqualified, the faculty of judging or deciding rightly, justly, or wisely; good sense; <as>as, a man of <ex>judgment</ex>; a politician without <ex>judgment</ex>.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>He shall judge thy people with righteousness and thy poor with <qex>judgment</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Ps. lxxii. 2.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q><qex>Hernia</qex>. I would my father look'd but with my eyes.<br/
<qex>Theseus</qex>. Rather your eyes must with his <qex>judgment</qex> look.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>The conclusion or result of judging; an opinion; a decision.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>She in my <qex>judgment</qex> was as fair as you.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Who first his <qex>judgment</qex> asked, and then a place.</q> <rj><qau>Pope.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>The act of determining, as in courts of law, what is conformable to law and justice; also, the determination, decision, or sentence of a court, or of a judge; the mandate or sentence of God as the judge of all.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>In <qex>judgments</qex> between rich and poor, consider not what the poor man needs, but what is his own.</q> <rj><qau>Jer. Taylor.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Most heartily I do beseech the court<br/
To give the <qex>judgment</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>5.</sn> <fld>(Philos.)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>That act of the mind by which two notions or ideas which are apprehended as distinct are compared for the purpose of ascertaining their agreement or disagreement. See 1. The comparison may be threefold: (1) Of individual objects forming a concept. (2) Of concepts giving what is technically called a judgment. (3) Of two judgments giving an inference. Judgments have been further classed as analytic, synthetic, and identical.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>That power or faculty by which knowledge dependent upon comparison and discrimination is acquired. See 2.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>A <qex>judgment</qex> is the mental act by which one thing is affirmed or denied of another.</q> <rj><qau>Sir W. Hamilton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The power by which we are enabled to perceive what is true or false, probable or improbable, is called by logicians the faculty of <qex>judgment</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Stewart.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>6.</sn> <def>A calamity regarded as sent by God, by way of recompense for wrong committed; a providential punishment.</def> <ldquo/<xex>Judgments</xex> are prepared for scorners.<rdquo/ <au>Prov. xix. 29.</au> <ldquo/This <xex>judgment</xex> of the heavens that makes us tremble.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>7.</sn> <fld>(Theol.)</fld> <def>The final award; the last sentence.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ <xex>Judgment</xex>, <xex>abridgment</xex>, <xex>acknowledgment</xex>, and <xex>lodgment</xex> are in England sometimes written, <xex>judgement</xex>, <xex>abridgement</xex>, <xex>acknowledgement</xex>, and <xex>lodgement</xex>.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ <xex>Judgment</xex> is used adjectively in many self-explaining combinations; as, <xex>judgment</xex> hour; <xex>judgment</xex> throne.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs><col><b>Judgment day</b></col> <fld>(Theol.)</fld>, <cd>the last day, or period when final judgment will be pronounced on the subjects of God's moral government.</cd> -- <col><b>Judgment debt</b></col> <fld>(Law)</fld>, <cd>a debt secured to the creditor by a judge's order.</cd> -- <col><b>Judgment hall</b></col>, <cd>a hall where courts are held.</cd> -- <col><b>Judgment seat</b></col>, <cd>the seat or bench on which judges sit in court; hence, a court; a tribunal.</cd> <ldquo/We shall all stand before the <xex>judgment seat</xex> of Christ.<rdquo/ <au>Rom. xiv. 10.</au> -- <col><b>Judgment summons</b></col> <fld>(Law)</fld>, <cd>a proceeding by a judgment creditor against a judgment debtor upon an unsatisfied judgment.</cd></cs><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><cs>   <col><b>Arrest of judgment</b></col>. <fld>(Law)</fld> <cd>See under <er>Arrest</er>, <pos>n.</pos></cd> -- <col><b>Judgment of God</b></col>, <cd>a term formerly applied to extraordinary trials of secret crimes, as by arms and single combat, by ordeal, etc.; it being imagined that God would work miracles to vindicate innocence. See under <er>Ordeal</er>.</cd></cs></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- Discernment; decision; determination; award; estimate; criticism; taste; discrimination; penetration; sagacity; intelligence; understanding. See <er>Taste</er>.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>judgmental</ent><br/
<hw>judgmental</hw> <pos>adj.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>depending on judgment; <as>as, a <ex>judgmental</ex> error</as>.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Inclined to make moral judgements about the behavior of people; -- contrasted with an inclination not to judge the moral qualities of others.  Opposite of <ant>nonjudgmental</ant>.</def>   [Narrower terms: <stype>faultfinding(prenominal) </stype>]<br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>judgship</ent><br/
<hw>judgship</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>Same as <er>judgeship</er>; -- a variant spelling.</def><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> judgeship, judicature.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judicable</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"di*ca*ble</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>judicabilis</ets>. See <er>Judge</er>, <pos>v. i.</pos>]</ety> <def>Capable of being judged; capable of being tried or decided upon.</def>  <rj><au>Jer. Taylor.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judicative</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"di*ca*tive</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Having power to judge; judicial; <as>as, the <ex>judicative</ex> faculty</as>.</def>  <rj><au>Hammond.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judicatory</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"di*ca*to*ry</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>judicatorius</ets>.]</ety> <def>Pertaining to the administration of justice; dispensing justice; judicial; <as>as, <ex>judicatory</ex> tribunals</as>.</def>  <rj><au>T. Wharton.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Power to reject in an authoritative or <qex>judicatory</qex> way.</q> <rj><qau>Bp. Hall.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judicatory</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"di*ca*to*ry</hw> <pr>(277)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>judicatorium</ets>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>A court of justice; a tribunal.</def>  <rj><au>Milton.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Administration of justice.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The supreme court of <qex>judicatory</qex>.</q> <rj><qau>Clarendon.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judicature</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"di*ca*ture</hw> <pr>(?; 135)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[F., fr. LL. <ets>judicatura</ets>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>The state or profession of those employed in the administration of justice; also, the dispensing or administration of justice.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>The honor of the judges in their <qex>judicature</qex> is the king's honor.</q> <rj><qau>Bacon.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A court of justice; a judicatory.</def>  <rj><au>South.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>The right of judicial action; jurisdiction; extent jurisdiction of a judge or court.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Our Savior disputes not here the <qex>judicature</qex>, for that was not his office, but the morality, of divorce.</q> <rj><qau>Milton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judicial</ent><br/
<hw>Ju*di"cial</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>judicialis</ets>, fr. <ets>judicium</ets> judgment, fr. <ets>judex</ets> judge: cf. OF. <ets>judicial</ets>. See <er>Judge</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>Pertaining or appropriate to courts of justice, or to a judge; practiced or conformed to in the administration of justice; sanctioned or ordered by a court; <as>as, <ex>judicial</ex> power; <ex>judicial</ex> proceedings; a <ex>judicial</ex> sale.</as></def> <ldquo/<xex>Judicial</xex> massacres.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Macaulay.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Not a moral but a <qex>judicial</qex> law, and so was abrogated.</q> <rj><qau>Milton.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Fitted or apt for judging or deciding; <as>as, a <ex>judicial</ex> mind; <ex>judicial</ex> temperament</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>Belonging to the judiciary, as distinguished from <contr>legislative</contr>, <contr>administrative</contr>, or <contr>executive</contr>. See <er>Executive</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>Judicious.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>B. Jonson.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judicially</ent><br/
<hw>Ju*di"cial*ly</hw>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>In a judicial capacity or judicial manner.</def> <ldquo/The Lords . . . sitting <xex>judicially</xex>.<rdquo/  <rj><au>Macaulay.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judiciary</ent><br/
<hw>Ju*di"cia*ry</hw> <pr>(?; 277)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>judiciarius</ets>, fr. <ets>judicium</ets> judgment: cf. F. <ets>judiciare</ets>. See <er>Judicial</er>.]</ety> <def>Of or pertaining to courts of judicature, or legal tribunals; judicial; <as>as, a <ex>judiciary</ex> proceeding</as>.</def>  <rj><au>Bp. Burnet.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judiciary</ent><br/
<hw>Ju*di"cia*ry</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. LL. <ets>judiciaria</ets>, F. <ets>judiciaire</ets>.]</ety> <def>That branch of government in which judicial power is vested; the system of courts of justice in a country; the judges, taken collectively; <as>as, an independent <ex>judiciary</ex>; the senate committee on the <ex>judiciary</ex>.</as></def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judicious</ent><br/
<hw>Ju*di"cious</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[F. <ets>judicieux</ets>, fr. L. <ets>judicium</ets> judgment. See <er>Judicial</er>.]</ety> <def>Of or relating to a court; judicial.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>His last offenses to us<br/
Shall have <qex>judicious</qex> hearing.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Directed or governed by sound judgment; having sound judgment; wise; prudent; sagacious; discreet.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>He is noble, wise, <qex>judicious</qex>, and best knows<br/
The fits o' the season.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj></p>

<p><syn><b>Syn.</b> -- Prudent; discreet; rational; wise; skillful; discerning; sagacious; well-advised.</syn><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judiciously</ent><br/
<hw>Ju*di"cious*ly</hw>, <pos>adv.</pos> <def>In a judicious manner; with good judgment; wisely.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Judiciousness</ent><br/
<hw>Ju*di"cious*ness</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>The quality or state of being judicious; sagacity; sound judgment.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>judo</ent><br/
<hw>judo</hw> <pos>n.</pos> <def>a sport adapted from jujitsu, originally a method of self-defense without weapons, and similar to wrestling; it was developed in Japan.</def><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jug</ent><br/
<hw>Jug</hw> <pr>(j<ucr/g)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Prob. fr. <ets>Jug</ets>, a corruption of, or nickname for, <ets>Joanna</ets>; cf. 2d <ets>Jack</ets>, and <ets>Jill</ets>. See <er>Johannes</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>A vessel, usually of coarse earthenware, with a swelling belly and narrow mouth, and having a handle on one side.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A pitcher; a ewer.</def> <mark>[Eng.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A prison; a jail; a lockup.</def> <mark>[Slang]</mark>  <rj><au>Gay.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <pluf>(pl.)</pluf> <def>A woman's breasts; <as>as, nice <ex>jugs</ex></as>.</def> <mark>[vulgar slang]</mark><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jug</ent><br/
<hw>Jug</hw> <pr>(j<ucr/g)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jugged</conjf> <pr>(j<ucr/gd)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jugging</conjf> <pr>(j<ucr/g"g<icr/ng)</pr>.]</vmorph><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>To seethe or stew, as in a jug or jar placed in boiling water; <as>as, to <ex>jug</ex> a hare</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To commit to jail; to imprison.</def> <mark>[Slang]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jug</ent><br/
<hw>Jug</hw>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <sn>1.</sn> <def>To utter a sound resembling this word, as certain birds do, especially the nightingale.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To nestle or collect together in a covey; -- said of quails and partridges.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jugal</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"gal</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jugalis</ets>, fr. <ets>jugum</ets> yoke.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>Relating to a yoke, or to marriage.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Anat.)</fld> <def>Pertaining to, or in the region of, the malar, or cheek bone.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jugata</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Ju*ga"ta</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n. pl.</pos> <ety>[Neut. pl. of L. <ets>jugatus</ets>, <ets>p. p.</ets> of <ets>jugare</ets> to join.]</ety> <fld>(Numis.)</fld> <def>The figures of two heads on a medal or coin, either side by side or joined.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jugated</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"ga*ted</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>Coupled together.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juge</ent><br/
<hw>Juge</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>A judge.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jugement</ent><br/
<hw>Jug"e*ment</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>Judgment.</def> <mark>[Obs.]</mark>  <rj><au>Chaucer.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juger</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"ger</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jugerum</ets>.]</ety> <def>A Roman measure of land, measuring 28,800 square feet, or 240 feet in length by 120 in breadth.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jugger</ent><br/
<hw>Jug"ger</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>An East Indian falcon. See <er>Lugger</er>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juggernaut</ent><br/
<hw>Jug"ger*naut`</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Skr. <ets>jagann<amac/tha</ets> lord of the world.]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>One of the names under which Vishnu, in his incarnation as Krishna, is worshiped by the Hindus.  See also <er>Jagannath</er>.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>Juggernnath</asp>, <asp>Jaganath</asp>, <asp>Jagannath</asp>, <asp>Jaganatha</asp>, <asp>Jagannatha</asp>, etc.]</altsp><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><note><hand/ The principal seat of the worship of Juggernaut (Jagannath) is at P<ucir/ri in Orissa. At certain times the idol is drawn from the temple by the multitude, on a high car with sixteen wheels. The idol is considered to contain the bones of <persfn>Krishna</persfn> and to possess a soul. The principal festivals are the <ecol><b>Snanayatra</b></ecol>, when the idol is bathed, and the <ecol><b>Rathayatra</b></ecol>, when the image is drawn upon a car adorned with obscene paintings. Formerly it was erroneously supposed that fanatical devotees threw themselves under the wheels of this car, to be crushed as a sacrifice to the god. It is now known that any death within the temple of Jagannath is considered to render the place unclean, and any spilling of blood in the presence of the idol is a pollution.  As a result of this erroneous belief, however, the word <er>juggernaut</er> is now used principally in the figurative sense 2.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Any large, unstoppable force, power, or popular movement which defeats or destroys any person who gets in its way or attempts to stop it; <as>as, for years the Notre Dame football team was an unstoppable <ex>juggernaut</ex>; after the early primaries, Johnson's campaign became a <ex>juggernaut</ex>, crushing all rivals</as>.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juggle</ent><br/
<hw>Jug"gle</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. i.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Juggled</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Juggling</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>.]</vmorph> <ety>[OE. <ets>juglen</ets>; cf. OF. <ets>jogler</ets>, <ets>jugler</ets>, F. <ets>jongler</ets>. See <er>Juggler</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>To play tricks by sleight of hand; to cause amusement and sport by tricks of skill; to conjure; especially, to maintian several objects in the air at one time by tossing them up with one hand, catching them with the other hand, and passing them from the catching to the tossing hand.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To practice artifice or imposture.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Be these <qex>juggling</qex> fiends no more believed.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juggle</ent><br/
<hw>Jug"gle</hw>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>To deceive by trick or artifice.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>Is't possible the spells of France should <qex>juggle</qex><br/
Men into such strange mysteries?</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>To maintain (several objects) in continuous motion in the air at one time by tossing them up with one hand, catching them with the other hand, and passing them from the catching to the tossing hand; variations on this basic motion are also used.  Also used figuratively: see senses 3 and 4.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>To alter (financial records) secretly for the purpose of theft or deception; <as>as, to <ex>juggle</ex> the accounts</as>.</def> <mark>[Colloq.]</mark> <br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><sn>4.</sn> <def>To arrange the performance two tasks or responsibilities at alternate times, so as to be able to do both; <as>as, to <ex>juggle</ex> the responsibilities of a job and a mother</as></def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juggle</ent><br/
<hw>Jug"gle</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A trick by sleight of hand.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>An imposture; a deception.</def>  <rj><au>Tennyson.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q>A <qex>juggle</qex> of state to cozen the people.</q> <rj><qau>Tillotson.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A block of timber cut to a length, either in the round or split.</def>  <rj><au>Knight.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juggler</ent><br/
<hw>Jug"gler</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. <ets>jogelour</ets>, <ets>juglur</ets>, OF. <ets>jogleor</ets>, <ets>jugleor</ets>, <ets>jongleor</ets>, F. <ets>jongleur</ets>, fr. L. <ets>joculator</ets> a jester, joker, fr. <ets>joculus</ets> a little jest or joke, dim. of <ets>jocus</ets> jest, joke. See <er>Joke</er>, and cf. <er>Jongleur</er>, <er>Joculator</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>One who juggles; one who practices or exhibits tricks by sleight of hand; one skilled in legerdemain; a conjurer.</def> <mark>[Archaic]</mark> <note>This sense is now expressed by <altname>magician</altname> or <altname>conjurer</altname>.</note><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source> <source>+PJC</source>]</p>

<p><q>As nimble <qex>jugglers</qex> that deceive the eye.</q> <rj><qau>Shak.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><q><qex>Jugglers</qex> and impostors do daily delude them.</q> <rj><qau>Sir T. Browne.</qau></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>A deceiver; a cheat.</def>  <rj><au>Shak.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>3.</sn> <def>A person who juggles objects, i. e. who maintains several objects in the air by passing them in turn from one hand to another.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juggleress</ent><br/
<hw>Jug"gler*ess</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <sn>1.</sn> <def>A female juggler.</def>  <rj><au>T. Warton.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jugglery</ent><br/
<hw>Jug"gler*y</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[OE. & OF. <ets>joglerie</ets>, F. <ets>jonglerie</ets>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <def>The art or act of a juggler; sleight of hand.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>Trickery; imposture; <as>as, political <ex>jugglery</ex></as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juggling</ent><br/
<hw>Jug"gling</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <def>Cheating; tricky.</def> -- <wordforms><wf>Jug"gling*ly</wf>, <pos>adv.</pos></wordforms><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juggling</ent><br/
<hw>Jug"gling</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[<pos>p. pr.</pos> from <er>juggle</er>, <pos>v. t.</pos>]</ety> <sn>1.</sn> <def>Jugglery; underhand practice.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <def>The act or process of keeping several objects in the air at one time by tossing them with the hands.  See <er>juggle</er> <pos>v. t.</pos>, senses 2, 3, and 4.</def><br/
[<source>PJC</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juggs</ent><br/
<hw>Juggs</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n. pl.</pos> <def>See <er>Jougs</er>.</def> <mark>[Scot.]</mark><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juglandin</ent><br/
<hw>Jug"lan*din</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>juglans</ets>, <ets>-andis</ets>, a walnut: cf. F. <ets>juglandine</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Chem.)</fld> <def>An extractive matter contained in the juice of the green shucks of the walnut (<spn>Juglans regia</spn>). It is used medicinally as an alterative, and also as a black hair dye.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juglandine</ent><br/
<hw>Jug"lan*dine</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <def>An alkaloid found in the leaves of the walnut (<spn>Juglans regia</spn>).</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juglans</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Jug"lans</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L., walnut.]</ety> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <def>A genus of valuable trees, including the true walnut of Europe, and the America black walnut, and butternut.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Juglone</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"glone</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jugl</ets>ans the walnut + <ets>-one</ets>.]</ety> <fld>(Chem.)</fld> <def>A yellow crystalline substance (<chform>C10H6O3</chform>) resembling quinone, extracted from green shucks of the walnut (<spn>Juglans regia</spn>); -- called also <altname>nucin</altname>.  Chemically, it is <chname>5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthalenedione</chname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jugoslav</ent><br/
<hw>Jugoslav</hw> <pos>prop. n.</pos> <def>A native or inhabitant of Yugoslavia.</def>  <altsp>[Also spelled <asp>Yugoslav</asp>.]</altsp><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> Yugoslav, Yugoslavian, Jugoslavian.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jugoslavian</ent><br/
<hw>Jugoslavian</hw> <pos>prop. n.</pos> <def>a native or inhabitant of Yugoslavia.</def> <altsp>[Also spelled <asp>Yugoslavian</asp>.]</altsp><br/
<syn><b>Syn. --</b> Yugoslav, Jugoslav, Yugoslavian.</syn><br/
[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jugular</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"gu*lar</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>a.</pos> <ety>[L. <ets>jugulum</ets> the collar bone, which joins together the shoulders and the breast, the throat, akin to <ets>jungere</ets> to yoke, to join: cf. F. <ets>jugulaire</ets>. See <er>Join</er>.]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Anat.)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>Of or pertaining to the throat or neck; <as>as, the <ex>jugular</ex> vein</as>.</def> <sd>(b)</sd> <def>Of or pertaining to the jugular vein; <as>as, the <ex>jugular</ex> foramen</as>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>Having the ventral fins beneath the throat; -- said of certain fishes.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jugular</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"gu*lar</hw>, <pos>n.</pos> <ety>[Cf. F. <ets>jugulaire</ets>. See <er>Jugular</er>, <pos>a.</pos>]</ety><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>1.</sn> <fld>(Anat.)</fld> <def>One of the large veins which return the blood from the head to the heart through two chief trunks, an external and an internal, on each side of the neck; -- called also the <altname>jugular vein</altname>.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><sn>2.</sn> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>Any fish which has the ventral fins situated forward of the pectoral fins, or beneath the throat; one of a division of fishes (<class>Jugulares</class>).</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jugulate</ent><br/
<hw>Ju"gu*late</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>v. t.</pos> <vmorph>[<pos>imp. & p. p.</pos> <conjf>Jugulated</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>; <pos>p. pr. & vb. n.</pos> <conjf>Jugulating</conjf> <pr>(?)</pr>.]</vmorph> <ety>[L. <ets>jugulatus</ets>, <ets>p. p.</ets> of <ets>jugulare</ets>, fr. <ets>jugulatum</ets>. See <er>Jugular</er>.]</ety> <def>To cut the throat of.</def> <mark>[R.]</mark>  <rj><au>Jacob Bigelow.</au></rj><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jugulum</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Ju"gu*lum</hw> <pr>(?)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> <plw>Jugula</plw> <pr>(#)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[L.]</ety> <fld>(Zool.)</fld> <def>The lower throat, or that part of the neck just above the breast.</def><br/
[<source>1913 Webster</source>]</p>

<p><ent>Jugum</ent><br/
\'d8<hw>Ju"gum</hw> <pr>(j<umac/"g<ucr/m)</pr>, <pos>n.</pos>; <plu><it>pl.</it> L. <plw>Juga</plw> <pr>(j<umac/"g<adot/)</pr>, E. <plw>Jugums</plw> <pr>(#)</pr>.</plu> <ety>[L., a yoke, ridge.]</ety> <fld>(Bot.)</fld> <sd>(a)</sd> <def>One of the ridges commonly found on the fruit of umbelliferou