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authorSergey Poznyakoff <gray@gnu.org.ua>2012-02-02 12:42:06 (GMT)
committer Sergey Poznyakoff <gray@gnu.org.ua>2012-02-02 12:42:06 (GMT)
commit3d4fbac289846464491104b01bebe554da6758da (patch) (unidiff)
treeef314e6d3f0c12d1879e43c4c0bb5753cc9e5f78
parentb61268b9deea32b7d965808f47d1227e3197a83c (diff)
downloadgcide-3d4fbac289846464491104b01bebe554da6758da.tar.gz
gcide-3d4fbac289846464491104b01bebe554da6758da.tar.bz2
Reorganize the directory structure.
* .gitignore: New file. * Makefile: Fix the list of distributed files. * README.DIC: Rename to README and edit. * WXXVII.JPG: Remove. * abbrevn.lst: New file. * authors.lst: New file. * gcide.conf: New file. * PRONUNC.JPG: Rename to pronunc.jpg. * PRONUNC.WEB: Rename to pronunc.txt. * SYMBOLS.JPG: Rename to symbols.jpg * TAGSET.WEB: Rename to tagset.txt * WEBFONT.ASC: Rename to webfont.txt. * titlepage.png: New file.
Diffstat (more/less context) (ignore whitespace changes)
-rw-r--r--.gitignore5
-rw-r--r--Makefile25
-rw-r--r--README368
-rw-r--r--README.DIC268
-rw-r--r--WXXVII.JPGbin1188380 -> 0 bytes
-rw-r--r--abbrevn.lst457
-rw-r--r--authors.lst9669
-rw-r--r--gcide.conf42
-rw-r--r--pronunc.jpg (renamed from PRONUNC.JPG)bin2569796 -> 2569796 bytes
-rw-r--r--pronunc.txt (renamed from PRONUNC.WEB)44
-rw-r--r--symbols.jpg (renamed from SYMBOLS.JPG)bin144716 -> 144716 bytes
-rw-r--r--tagset.txt (renamed from TAGSET.WEB)26
-rw-r--r--titlepage.pngbin0 -> 24666 bytes
-rw-r--r--webfont.txt (renamed from WEBFONT.ASC)31
14 files changed, 10627 insertions, 308 deletions
diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ec988f4
--- a/dev/null
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
1.emacs*
2*~
3*.tar.gz
4*.tar.xz
5*.zip
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 73876d0..1a2bb1d 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -4,13 +4,24 @@ VERSION = 0.51
4DISTFILES=\ 4DISTFILES=\
5 $(wildcard CIDE.[A-Z])\ 5 $(wildcard CIDE.[A-Z])\
6 COPYING\ 6 COPYING\
7 PRONUNC.JPG\ 7 README\
8 PRONUNC.WEB\ 8 pronunc.jpg\
9 README.DIC\ 9 symbols.jpg\
10 SYMBOLS.JPG\ 10 pronunc.txt\
11 TAGSET.WEB\ 11 tagset.txt\
12 WEBFONT.ASC\ 12 webfont.txt\
13 WXXVII.JPG 13 abbrevn.lst\
14 authors.lst\
15 titlepage.png
16
17anclist:
18 @ls -o $(DISTFILES) | grep -v 'CIDE.[A-Z]'
19
20clean:
21 rm -f *~
22
23distclean: clean
24 rm -f $(DISTBASE).tar.gz $(DISTBASE).tar.xz $(DISTBASE).zip
14 25
15DISTBASE = $(PROJECT)-$(VERSION) 26DISTBASE = $(PROJECT)-$(VERSION)
16 27
diff --git a/README b/README
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b8d21ad
--- a/dev/null
+++ b/README
@@ -0,0 +1,368 @@
1The README file
2
3 To accompany the GNU version of the set of files (CIDE.*) containing
4 the electronic version of the
5 Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
6 (called also GCIDE)
7 These files contain Version 0.51 (January 2012)
8 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
9
10* OVERVIEW
11==========
12This document describes the GNU version of the Collaborative
13International Dictionary of English. It is organized into a series of
14chapters, introduced by headings beginning with a single asterisk. A
15chapter may have sections, which are marked with two asterisks. For
16those readers who use Emacs, this structure corresponds to its
17"Outline mode", which will be enabled automatically upon loading this
18file.
19
20The chapter "INTRODUCTION" describes the structure of this package.
21The chapter "STRUCTURE OF THE DICTIONARY" describes the dictionary
22structure in general. An overview of the markup tags is provided in
23the chapter "TAGS". A detailed information about dictionary markup
24can be obtained from a set of ancillary files included in this
25package, which are described in the chapter "ANCILLARY FILES".
26
27The chapter "DICTIONARY LOOKUP" describes how to use GNU Dico for
28reading this dictionary. Finally, other versions of the Webster
29dictionary are listed in the chapter "OTHER VERSIONS OF THE
30DICTIONARY".
31
32* INTRODUCTION
33==============
34The dictionary was derived from the
35 Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
36 Version published 1913
37 by the C. & G. Merriam Co.
38 Springfield, Mass.
39 Under the direction of
40 Noah Porter, D.D., LL.D.
41
42and has been supplemented with some of the definitions from
43 WordNet, a semantic network created by
44 the Cognitive Science Department
45 of Princeton University
46 under the direction of
47 Prof. George Miller
48
49and is being proof-read and supplemented by volunteers from around the
50world. This is an unfunded project, and future enhancement of this
51dictionary will depend on the efforts of volunteers willing to help
52build this free resource into a comprehensive body of general
53information. New definitions for missing words or words senses and
54longer explanatory notes, as well as images to accompany the articles
55are needed. More modern illustrative quotations giving recent
56examples of usage of the words in their various senses will be very
57helpful, since most quotations in the original 1913 dictionary are now
58well over 100 years old.
59
60This electronic version is being maintained by World Soul, a
61non-profit organization in Plainfield, NJ. For additional information
62or if you are willing to assist construction of this data source, contact:
63
64=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
65 Patrick J. Cassidy | TEL: (908) 561-3416
66 World Soul | if no answer, (908) 668-5252
67 735 Belvidere Ave. | FAX: (908) 668-5904
68 Plainfield, NJ 07062-2054
69 pc@worldsoul.org or cassidy@micra.com
70=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
71
72GCIDE is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
73it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
74the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
75any later version.
76
77GCIDE is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
78but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
79MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
80GNU General Public License for more details.
81
82You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
83along with this copy of GCIDE; see the file COPYING. If not, write
84to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
85Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
86
87* STRUCTURE OF THE DICTIONARY
88=============================
89When the archive is unpacked, the main dictionary text of the GCIDE
90will be found in 26 files named "CIDE.*", where the asterisk indicates
91which letter of the alphabet begins the words in each file. For
92example, file "CIDE.B" contains words beginning with the letter "B".
93Additional information about the tagging conventions and special
94character symbols are contained in ancillary files in this directory
95(see below the section entitled "ANCILLARY FILES"). The main body of
96the 1913 dictionary was essentially identical to the edition published
97in 1890, and was republished in 1913 with an appendix containing "New
98Words". The new words of that appendix have been integrated into the
99main file in this version. However, it is important to keep in mind
100that the definitions in this dictionary are in most cases over 100
101years old. Use them with caution!
102
103At the bottom of each paragraph in this dictionary, there is a
104bracketed and tagged "source" indicated. This tells from where the
105definition or other text in that paragraph came, as follows:
106
107[<source>1913 Webster</source>]
108 = From the original 1890 dictionary.
109[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]
110 = From the 1913 "New Words" supplement to the Webster.
111[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]
112 = From the WordNet on-line semantic network.
113[<source>Century Dict. 1906.</source>]
114 = From the Century Dictionary published in 1906, especially from
115 the "proper Names" supplement (volume IX).
116 published
117[<source>XXX</source>]
118 = Added by one of the volunteers.
119
120The original definitions have been tagged and in some cases
121reformatted or slightly rearranged. If substantive information is
122added from a second source, usually the additional source is also
123noted, as in:
124
125[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source> + <source>WordNet 1.5</source>]
126
127This version is tagged with SGML-like tags of the form <pos>...</pos>
128so that the original typography (italics, bold, block quotes) can be
129reproduced. A list of the most important tags for fields in the
130dictionary is given below. The tags also serve the more important
131function of allowing the information content to be conveniently
132imported into computer programs or databases. The set of tags used is
133described in the accompanying file "tagset.txt". ***NOTE*** the
134paragraph tags <p>...</p> do *not* always nest properly with certain
135other tags, such as <note> and <cs> ("collocation section"), which in
136some cases span multiple paragraphs. If you are using a tag parser
137which detects improper nesting, you should first either delete the
138paragraph tags or convert them to non-tag symbols, or, if possible,
139set the parser to ignore the <p>...</p> tags.
140
141The unusual characters (such as Greek or the European accented
142characters, as well as special characters used in the pronunciations)
143are described in the accompanying file "webfont.txt". Some
144information on the pronunciation system used may be found by viewing
145the file "pronunc.jpg", and additional explanations of pronunciation
146are in the file "pronunc.txt".
147
148Each paragraph of the original text is enclosed within tags of the
149form <p> . . . </p>. Within these paragraphs there are no line
150breaks, and some of the paragraphs are over 12,000 characters long,
151which may prove too long to be handled by some editors. At some
152points, embedded line breaks within a "paragraph" are marked by a <br/
153"entity". The file can therefore be converted, if necessary, to a
154form with shorter lines, and subsequently reconverted back to the form
155having one line per paragraph.
156
157If additional line breaks are added, then in order to remove the line
158breaks and reconstruct the original paragraphs, so that the page width
159can be adjusted, perform the following manipulations:
160
161 (1) convert each line break to a space.
162 (2) convert the string "</p> " (</p> followed by two spaces)
163 to </p> followed by two line breaks.
164 (3) convert the string "<br/ " (<br/ followed by one space)
165 to <br/ followed by one line break.
166
167A more sophisticated formatting of spaces within paragraphs may
168require the use of the fully-tagged master files. If you have a need
169for these files, contact Patrick Cassidy: cassidy@micra.com.
170
171The approximate beginning of each page is marked by an SGML comment of
172the form <-- p. 345 -->. (The exact beginning was in some cases in
173the middle of a paragraph, which we decided was not a good location
174for these page-number comments, so the page number was usually moved
175to the next paragraph break). Pages which have been proofread by
176volunteers (e.g., with initials VOL) will have a note within that page
177comment: <-- p. 345 pr=VOL -->. Pages which have not been proofread
178yet (most of them) will have varying numbers of typographical errors
179in them. We still (January 2012) need proofreaders to get the errors
180out of these dictionary files.
181
182** Warning
183
184This version is only a first typing, and has numerous typographic
185errors, including errors in the field-marks. In addition, the user
186must keep in mind that this text is very old and will contain numerous
187obsolete, inaccurate, and perhaps offensive statements, which are
188included solely because this work is intended to reproduce accurately
189this historically interesting classic reference work. This text should
190not be relied upon as an accurate source of information, as in many
191cases it represents the state of knowledge around 1890. The text is
192provided "as is", and the user must accept responsibility for all
193consequences of its use. Please refer to the header of each file and
194the GNU public license. If these conditions of use are unacceptable,
195please do not use these texts.
196
197This electronic dictionary is also made available as a potential
198starting point for development of a modern comprehensive encyclopedic
199dictionary, to be accessible freely on the internet, and developed by
200the efforts of all individuals willing to help build a large and
201freely available knowledge base. A large number of collaborators are
202needed to bring this dictionary to a more accurate, more modern, and
203more useful state. Anyone willing to assist in any way in constructing
204such a knowledge base should contact Patrick Cassidy (see above). All
205reports of errors will be gratefully received, and should also be
206transmitted to PC at: pc@worldsoul.org.
207
208* TAGS
209
210Most important tags used in the GCIDE:
211
212<hw> tags the headword
213<pr> pronunciation
214<pos> part of speech
215<ety> etymology
216<ets> "source" word within an <ety> field, usually foreign words
217<fld> field of knowledge (e.g. Med. = medicine)
218<def> definition
219<cs> collocation section (containing word combinations)
220<col> collocation entry (word combination)
221<cd> collocation definition
222<as> illustrations of usage (within a <def>. . . </def> field)
223<au> authority for a definition, or author of a quotation
224<q> illustrative quotation -- in block quote format
225<au> author of an illustrative <q> quotation
226<altname> alternative name for the headword -- essentially a synonym
227<asp> alternative spelling of the headword
228<syn> list of synonyms for the headword
229<p> paragraph
230<b> bold type
231<it> italic type
232
233For other tags, see the file "tagset.txt"
234
235* ANCILLARY FILES
236
237In addition to the main text of the dictionary, additional explanatory
238material about this version of the dictionary is available in the
239ancillary files:
240
241** COPYING
242
243The license terms for distributing and modifying this dictionary.
244
245** abbrevn.lst
246
247List of the abbreviations used in the dictionary.
248
249** authors.lst
250
251List of authors whose works are quoted in the dictionary.
252
253** pronunc.txt
254
255Description of the special markup used in this dictionary to represent
256pronunciations.
257
258** pronunc.jpg
259
260A copy of the dictionary page describing the pronunciation symbols used
261in the original work.
262
263** symbols.jpg
264
265This file lists original pronunciation symbols with the corresponding
266markup entities used in this version.
267
268** tagset.txt
269
270Description of the markup tags.
271
272** titlepage.png
273
274A copy of the original title page.
275
276** webfont.txt
277
278Description of the special escape sequences used in this dictionary.
279This file also explains the Greek transliteration syntax used in it.
280
281* DICTIONARY LOOKUP
282===================
283The GNU Dico project contains a module for reading GCIDE files. This
284distribution provides a configuration file "gcide.conf" which you can
285use with the "dicod" server in order to look up words in the
286dictionary. See http://www.gnu.org.ua/software/dico for a description
287of GNU Dico, including links to download.
288
289The instructions below describe how to configure GNU Dico server
290(dicod) to access a copy of the GCIDE dictionary.
291
2921. Unpack the GCIDE dictionary;
2932. Copy the file "gcide.conf" to a directory where you keep your local
294configuration files (/etc or /usr/local/etc are usual choices).
2953. Replace the word GCIDE_PATH in the "gcide.conf" statement with the
296path to the gcide-0.51 dicrectory. You can omit this step and use the
297-D option instead:
2984. Check the configuration file. Run:
299 dicod --config /path/to/gcide.conf --lint
300If you skipped the step 3, supply the -D option with the acual path to
301the dictionary. For example, if you copied "gcide.conf" to /etc and
302unpacked GCIDE to /usr/local, then run:
303 dicod --config /etc/gcide.conf -D GCIDE_PATH=/usr/local --lint
304If no errors are reported, then go to the step 5.
305
3065. Start "dicod". Run the same command as described in step 4, but
307without the "--lint" option. This will start the dictionary server
308which will be avaialble on localhost (127.0.0.1) port 2628. The
309server provides extensive searching facilities. It also parses the
310GCIDE markup and automatically reformats the articles before returning
311them.
312
313Now you can access the dictionary using dico (a GNU dictionary command
314line utility), or another dictionary client program (such as Kdict or
315the like).
316
317* OTHER VERSIONS OF THE DICTIONARY
318==================================
319There are several other derivative versions of this dictionary on the
320internet, in some cases reformatted or provided with an interface.
321Those that I am aware of are:
322
323** Dicoweb
324----------
325This version of GCIDE is available online at the GNU Dico web
326site:
327
328 http://dicoweb.gnu.org.ua/?db=gcide
329
330The site provides extensive search facilities.
331
332** Project Gutenberg
333---------------------
334In the extext96 directory of Project Gutenberg
335(http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext96), there is a version of the
336original 1913 dictionary, which is in the **public domain**. The main
337files are labeled pgw050*.*. The tags for that version are a subset
338of those used in this GNU version.
339
340** The DICT development group
341------------------------------
342This group has created a program to index and search this dictionary.
343The program can be downloaded and used locally, but at present is
344available only in a Unix-compatible executable version. See their web
345site at http://www.dict.org.
346
347** The University of Chicago ARTFL project
348------------------------------------------
349Mark Olsen and Gavin LaRowe at the University of Chicago have
350converted the original 1913 dictionary to HTML and have provided an
351interface allowing search of the headwords. When the supplemented
352version has developed sufficiently to warrant the effort, a similar
353searchable version may be posted there as well. The search page is at:
354
355 http://humanities.uchicago.edu/forms_unrest/webster.form.html
356
357That page will provide links to other ARTFL projects and contact
358information for the ARTFL group, who alone can provide information
359about the HTML version or interface.
360
361
362
363Local Variables:
364mode: outline
365 paragraph-separate: "[ ]*$"
366version-control: never
367End:
368
diff --git a/README.DIC b/README.DIC
deleted file mode 100644
index 6a7ea1c..0000000
--- a/README.DIC
+++ b/dev/null
@@ -1,268 +0,0 @@
1File README.DIC
2 To accompany the GNU version of the set of files (cide.*) containing
3 the electronic version of the
4 Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
5 (called also GCIDE)
6 These files contain Version 0.51 (January 2012)
7 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
8
9The dictionary was derived from the
10 Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
11 Version published 1913
12 by the C. & G. Merriam Co.
13 Springfield, Mass.
14 Under the direction of
15 Noah Porter, D.D., LL.D.
16
17and has been supplemented with some of the definitions from
18 WordNet, a semantic network created by
19 the Cognitive Science Department
20 of Princeton University
21 under the direction of
22 Prof. George Miller
23
24and is being proof-read and supplemented by volunteers from
25around the world. This is an unfunded project, and future
26enhancement of this dictionary will depend on the efforts of
27volunteers willing to help build this free resource into a
28comprehensive body of general information. New definitions
29for missing words or words senses and longer explanatory notes,
30as well as images to accompany the articles are needed. More
31modern illustrative quotations giving recent examples of
32usage of the words in their various senses will be very
33helpful, since most quotations in the original 1913 dictionary
34are now well over 100 years old.
35
36 This electronic version is being maintained by World Soul,
37a non-profit organization in Plainfield, NJ. For additional
38information or if you are willing to assist construction of this
39data source, contact:
40
41=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
42 Patrick J. Cassidy | TEL: (908) 561-3416
43 World Soul | if no answer, (908) 668-5252
44 735 Belvidere Ave. | FAX: (908) 668-5904
45 Plainfield, NJ 07062-2054
46 pc@worldsoul.org or cassidy@micra.com
47=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
48
49 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
50
51GCIDE is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
52it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
53the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
54any later version.
55
56GCIDE is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
57but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
58MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
59GNU General Public License for more details.
60
61You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
62along with this copy of GCIDE; see the file COPYING. If not, write
63to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
64Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
65 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
66
67STRUCTURE OF THE DICTIONARY
68---------------------------
69 When the archives are unpacked, the main dictionary text of
70the GCIDE will be found in 26 files named "CIDE.*", where the
71asterisk indicates which letter of the alphabet begins the
72words in each file. For example, file "CIDE.B" contains words
73beginning with the letter "B". Additional information about the
74tagging conventions and special character symbols are contained in
75ancillary files in this directory more information below). The main
76body of the 1913 dictionary was essentially identical to the edition
77published in 1890, and was republished in 1913 with an appendix
78containing "New Words". The new words of that appendix have been
79integrated into the main file in this version. However, it is important
80to keep in mind that the definitions in this dictionary are in most
81cases over 100 years old. Use them with caution!
82 At the bottom of each paragraph in this dictionary, there is a
83bracketed and tagged "source" indicated. This tells from where the
84definition or other text in that paragraph came, as follows:
85
86[<source>1913 Webster</source>]
87 = From the original 1890 dictionary.
88[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source>]
89 = From the 1913 "New Words" supplement to the Webster.
90[<source>WordNet 1.5</source>]
91 = From the WordNet on-line semantic network.
92[<source>Century Dict. 1906.</source>]
93 = From the Century Dictionary published in 1906, especially from
94 the "proper Names" supplement (volume IX).
95 published
96[<source>XXX</source>]
97 = Added by one of the volunteers.
98
99 The original definitions have been tagged and in some cases
100reformatted or slightly rearranged. If substantive information
101is added from a second source, usually the additional source is
102also noted, as in:
103[<source>Webster 1913 Suppl.</source> + <source>WordNet 1.5</source>]
104
105 A list of the ancillary files related to the GCIDE is appended at
106the bottom of this "README.DIC" file.
107 This version is tagged with SGML-like tags of the form <pos>...</pos>
108so that the original typography (italics, bold, block quotes) can be
109reproduced. A list of the most important tags for fields in the
110dictionary is given below. The tags also serve the more important
111function of allowing the information content to be conveniently imported
112into computer programs or databases. The set of tags used is described
113in the accompanying file "tagset.web". ***NOTE*** the paragraph tags
114<p>...</p> do *not* always nest properly with certain other tags, such
115as <note> and <cs> ("collocation section"), which in some cases span
116multiple paragraphs. If you are using a tag parser which detects
117improper nesting, you should first either delete the paragraph
118tags or convert them to non-tag symbols, or, if possible, set the
119parser to ignore the <p>...</p> tags.
120 The unusual characters (such as Greek or the European accented
121characters, as well as special characters used in the pronunciations)
122are described in the accompanying file "WEBFONT.ASC". Some information
123on the pronunciation system used may be found by viewing the files
124"WXXVII.JPG" and "PRONUNC.JPG" with a GIF viewer (or any web browser),
125and additional explanations of pronunciation are in the file
126"PRONUNC.WEB".
127 Each paragraph of the original text is enclosed within tags of
128the form <p> . . . </p>. Within these paragraphs are no line
129breaks, and some of the paragraphs are over 12,000 characters long.
130These lines are too long to be handled by the vi editor, and probably
131by some other text editors. At some points, embedded line breaks within
132a "paragraph" are marked by a <br/ "entity". The file can therefore
133be converted, if necessary, to a form with shorter lines, and subsequently
134reconverted back to the form having one line per paragraph.
135
136 If additional line breaks are added, then in order remove the
137line breaks and reconstruct the original paragraphs, so that the
138page width can be adjusted, perform the following manipulations:
139 (1) convert each line break (cr-lf combination) to a space.
140 (2) convert the string "</p> " (</p> followed by two spaces)
141 to </p> followed by two line breaks (cr-lf combinations)
142 (3) convert the string "<br/ " (<br/ followed by one space)
143 to <br/ followed by one line break (cr-lf).
144There will be some "lines" (paragraphs) with over 12,000 characters,
145which may give trouble to some simple text editors.
146 A more sophisticated formatting of spaces within paragraphs may
147require the use of the fully-tagged master files. If you have
148a need for these files, contact Patrick Cassidy: cassidy@micra.com.
149 The approximate beginning of each page is marked by an SGML
150comment of the form <-- p. 345 -->. (The exact beginning was in some
151cases in the middle of a paragraph, which we decided was not a
152good location for these page-number comments, so the page number
153was usually moved to the next paragraph break). Pages which have
154been proofread by volunteers (e.g., with initials VOL) will have a
155note within that page comment: <-- p. 345 pr=VOL -->. Pages which have
156not been proofread yet (most of them) will have varying numbers of
157typographical errors in them. We still (January 2012) need
158proofreaders to get the errors out of these dictionary files.
159
160***********************************************************************
161** WARNING!!! **
162***********************************************************************
163
164 This version is only a first typing, and has numerous typographic
165errors, including errors in the field-marks. In addition, the user must
166keep in mind that this text is very old and will contain numerous
167obsolete, inaccurate, and perhaps offensive statements, which are
168included solely because this work is intended to reproduce accurately
169this historically interesting classic reference work. This text should
170not be relied upon as an accurate source of information, as in many
171cases it represents the state of knowledge around 1890. The text is
172provided "as is", and the user must accept responsibility for all
173consequences of its use. Please refer to the header of each file and
174the GNU public license. If these conditions of use are unacceptable,
175please do not use these texts.
176************************************************************************
177************************************************************************
178 This electronic dictionary is also made available as a potential
179starting point for development of a modern comprehensive encyclopedic
180dictionary, to be accessible freely on the internet, and developed by the
181efforts of all individuals willing to help build a large and freely
182available knowledge base. A large number of collaborators are needed to
183bring this dictionary to a more accurate, more modern, and more useful
184state. Anyone willing to assist in any way in constructing such a
185knowledge base should contact Patrick Cassidy (see above). All reports
186of errors will be gratefully received, and should also be transmitted to
187PC at: pc@worldsoul.org.
188
189In addition to the main text of the dictionary, additional
190explanatory material about this version of the dictionary is available
191in the ancillary files:
192
193=====================================================================
194-rw-r--r-- 1 18021 2012-01-30 00:24 COPYING
195-rw-r--r-- 1 2569796 2000-06-18 15:11 PRONUNC.JPG
196-rw-r--r-- 1 13994 2012-01-30 00:24 PRONUNC.WEB
197-rw-r--r-- 1 13507 2012-01-30 00:27 README.DIC
198-rw-r--r-- 1 144716 2000-06-18 15:13 SYMBOLS.JPG
199-rw-r--r-- 1 54783 2012-01-30 00:24 TAGSET.WEB
200-rw-r--r-- 1 34631 2012-01-30 00:24 WEBFONT.ASC
201-rw-r--r-- 1 1188380 2000-06-18 15:19 WXXVII.JPG
202=====================================================================
203
204
205Most important tags used in the GCIDE:
206<hw> tags the headword
207<pr> pronunciation
208<pos> part of speech
209<ety> etymology
210<ets> "source" word within an <ety> field, usually foreign words
211<fld> field of knowledge (e.g. Med. = medicine)
212<def> definition
213<cs> collocation section (containing word combinations)
214<col> collocation entry (word combination)
215<cd> collocation definition
216<as> illustrations of usage (within a <def>. . . </def> field)
217<au> authority for a definition, or author of a quotation
218<q> illustrative quotation -- in block quote format
219<au> author of an illustrative <q> quotation
220<altname> alternative name for the headword -- essentially a synonym
221<asp> alternative spelling of the headword
222<syn> list of synonyms for the headword
223<p> paragraph
224<b> bold type
225<it> italic type
226
227For other tags, see the file "tagset.web"
228
229
230============================================================
231 OTHER VERSIONS OF THE DICTIONARY
232=============================================================
233
234 There are several other derivative versions of this dictionary
235on the internet, in some cases reformatted or provided with an
236interface. Those that I am aware of are:
237
238(1) Project Gutenberg
239---------------------
240 In the extext96 directory of Project Gutenberg (www.prairienet.org)
241there is a version of the original 1913 dictionary, which is in
242the **public domain**. The main files are in the directory etext96,
243and sre labeled pgw050**.***. The tags for that version are a subset
244of those used in this GNU version.
245
246(2) The DICT development group
247------------------------------
248This group has created a program to index and search this dictionary.
249The program can be downloaded and used locally, but at present
250is available only in a Unix-compatible executable version.
251See their web site at http://www.dict.org.
252
253(3) The University of Chicago ARTFL project
254---------------------------------------------
255Mark Olsen and Gavin LaRowe at the University of Chicago have
256converted the original 1913 dictionary to HTML and have provided an
257interface allowing search of the headwords. When the supplemented
258version has developed sufficiently to warrant the effort, a
259similar searchable version may be posted there as well. The
260search page is at:
261 http://humanities.uchicago.edu/forms_unrest/webster.form.html
262
263That page will provide links to other ARTFL projects and contact
264information for the ARTFL group, who alone can provide information
265about the HTML version or interface.
266
267
268 -- PJC
diff --git a/WXXVII.JPG b/WXXVII.JPG
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1File abbrev.lst
2
3Appendix to 1913 Webster: p. lxix and lxx
4=========================================
5
6 LIST OF THE ABBREVIATIONS
7 USED IN THIS WORK
8 -----------------
9
10a., adj. ---------- adjective
11abbrev. ---------- abbreviated
12abl. ---------- ablative
13Abp. ---------- Archbishop
14acc. ---------- accusative
15Acous. ---------- Acoustics
16act. ---------- active
17adv. ---------- adverb
18Agric. ---------- Agriculture
19Alban. ---------- Albanian
20Alg. ---------- Algebra
21Am., Amer. ---------- America, American
22Am. ---------- Amos
23Am. Cyc. ---------- Appleton's American Cyclopedia
24Anal. Geom. ---------- Analytical Geometry
25Anat. ---------- Anatomy
26Anc. ---------- Ancient, anciently
27Angl. Ch. ---------- Anglican Church
28Antiq. ---------- Aniquities
29aor. ---------- aorist
30Ar. ---------- Arabic
31Arch. ---------- Architecture
32Arch. Pub. Soc. ---------- Architectural Pub. Society
33Arith. ---------- Arithmetic
34Arm., Armor. ---------- Armorican
35AS. ---------- Anglo-Saxon
36Astrol. ---------- Astrology
37Astron. ---------- Astronomy
38aug. ---------- augmentative
39
40Bank. ---------- Banking
41Beau. & Fl. | ---------- Beaumont & Fletcher
42B. & Fl. |
43Bib. ---------- Biblical
44Bib. Sacra ---------- Bibliotheca Sacra
45Bibliog. ---------- Bibliography
46Biol. ---------- Biology
47Bisc. ---------- Biscayan
48B. Jon. ---------- Ben Jonson
49Bk. of Com. Prayer -------- Book of Common Prayer
50Blackw. Mag. ---------- Blackwood's Magazine
51Bohem. ---------- Bohemian
52Bot. ---------- Botany, botanical
53Bp. ---------- Bishop
54Brande & C. ---------- Brande & Cox
55Braz. ---------- Brazilian
56Brit. Critic ---------- British Critic
57Brit. Quar. Rev. --------- British Quarterly Review
58Burl. ---------- Burlesque
59
60C. ---------- Centigrade
61Cant. ---------- Canticles (Song of Solomon)
62Carp. ---------- Carpentry
63Catal. ---------- Catalan
64Cath. Dict. ---------- Catholic Dictionary
65Celt. ---------- Celtic
66Cf. ---------- Confer (compare)
67Ch. ---------- Church
68Chald. ---------- Chaldee
69Chem. ---------- Chemistry
70Ch. Hist. ---------- Church History
71Chin. ---------- Chinese
72Chron. ---------- Chronology, Chronicles
73Civ. ---------- Civil
74Class. ---------- Classical
75Class. Myth. ---------- Classical Mythology
76Col. ---------- Colossians
77Colloq., coll. ---------- Colloquial, colloquially
78Com. ---------- Commerce, Common
79comp. ---------- compound, compounded, composition
80compar. ---------- comparative
81conj. ---------- conjunction
82Con. Sect. ---------- Conic Sections
83contr. ---------- contracted, contraction
84Copt. ---------- Coptic
85Corn. ---------- Cornish
86corrupt. ---------- corrupted, corruption
87Cotgr. ---------- Cotgrave
88Cyc. Med. ---------- Cyclopedia of Practical Medicine
89Crim. Law ---------- Criminal Law
90Crystallog. ---------- Crystallography
91Cyc. ---------- Cyclopedia
92
93D. ---------- Dutch
94Dan. ---------- Danish, Daniel
95dat. ---------- dative
96def. ---------- definitions
97Deut. ---------- Deuteronomy
98Dial. ---------- Dialectic
99dim. ---------- diminutive
100Diosc. ---------- dioscorides
101Disp. ---------- Dispensatory
102Disus. ---------- Disused
103Dom. Econ. ---------- Domestic Economy
104Dublin Univ. Mag. ---------- Dublin University Magazine
105Dyn. ---------- Dynamics
106
107E. ---------- English
108Eccl. ---------- Ecclesiastical, Ecclesiastes
109Eccl. Hist. ---------- Ecclesiastical History
110Ecclus. ---------- Ecclesiasticus
111Eclec. Rev. ---------- Eclectic Review
112Ed. Rev. ---------- Edinburgh Review
113e. g. ---------- <it>exemplia gratia</it> (for example)
114Egypt. ---------- Egyptian
115Elect. ---------- Electricity, Electrical
116emph. ---------- emphatic
117Encyc. ---------- Encyclopedia
118Encyc. Amer. ---------- Encyclopedia Americana
119Encyc. Crit. ---------- Encyclopedia Britannica
120Encyc. Dict. ---------- Hunter's Encyclopedic Dictionary
121Eng. ---------- England, English
122Eng. ---------- Engraving
123Eng. Cyc. ---------- English Cyclopedia
124Engin. ---------- Engineering
125Eol. ---------- Eolic
126Eph., Ephes. ---------- Ephesians
127equiv. ---------- equivalent
128Esd. ---------- Esdras
129esp. ---------- especially
130Etch. & Eng. ---------- Etching & Engraving
131Ethnol. ---------- Ethnology
132etym., etymol. ---------- etymology
133Ex., Exod. ---------- Exodus
134Ezek. ---------- Ezekiel
135
136F. ---------- French
137f., fem. ---------- feminine
138Fahr. ---------- Fahrenheit
139Far. ---------- Farriery
140Feud. ---------- Feudal
141Fig. ---------- Figurative, figuratively
142Fin. ---------- Finnish
143For. Quart. Rev. ---------- Foreign Quarterly Review
144Fort. ---------- Fortification
145fr. ---------- from
146Fr. ---------- French
147freq. ---------- frequentative
148Fries. ---------- Friesic
149fut. ---------- future
150
151G. ---------- German
152Gael. ---------- Gaelic
153Gal. ---------- Galen
154Gal. ---------- Galatians
155Galv. ---------- Galvanism
156gen. ---------- generally, genitive
157Geneal. ---------- Genealogy
158Gent. Mag. ---------- Gentleman's Magazine
159Geog. ---------- Geography
160Geol. ---------- Geology
161Geom. ---------- Geometry
162Ger. ---------- German
163Goth. ---------- Gothic
164Gov. of Tongue ---------- Government of the Tongue
165Gr. ---------- Greek
166Gram. ---------- Grammar
167Gris. ---------- Grisons
168Gun. ---------- Gunnery
169
170H. ---------- High
171Hab. ---------- Habakkuk
172Hag. ---------- Haggai
173Ham. Nav. Encyc. ---------- Hamersly's Naval Encyclopedia
174Heb. ---------- Hebrew, Hebrews
175Her. ---------- Heraldry
176Hind. ---------- Hindostanee
177Hipp. ---------- Hippocrates
178Hist. ---------- History
179Horol. ---------- Horology
180Hort. ---------- Horticulture
181Hung. ---------- Hungarian
182Hydraul. ---------- Hydraulics
183Hydros. ---------- Hydrostatics
184hypoth. ---------- hypothetical
185
186Icel. ---------- Icelandic
187i. e. ---------- <it>id est</it> (that is)
188Illust. ---------- Illustration, Illustrated
189imp. ---------- imperfect
190Imp. Dict. ---------- Imperial Dictionary
191incho. ---------- inchoative
192ind. ---------- indicative
193indef. ---------- indefinite
194inf. ---------- infinitive
195intens. ---------- intensive
196interj. ---------- interjection
197Internat. Cyc. ---------- International Cyclopeia
198Ion. ---------- Ionic
199i. q. ---------- <it>idem quod</it> (the same as)
200Ir. ---------- Irish
201Is., Isa. ---------- Isaiah
202It. ---------- Italian
203
204Jap. ---------- Japanese
205Jas. ---------- James
206Jav. ---------- Javanese
207Jer. ---------- Jeremiah
208Join. ---------- Joinery
209Josh. ---------- Joshua
210Judg. ---------- Judges
211
212K. ---------- Kings
213
214L. ---------- Latin
215L. ---------- Low
216Lam. ---------- Lamentations
217Lapp. ---------- Lappish
218Lat. ---------- Latin
219LD. ---------- Low Dutch
220Lett. ---------- Lettish
221Lev. ---------- Leviticus
222LG. ---------- Low German
223LGr. ---------- Low Greek
224Linn. ---------- Linn<ae/us
225Lit., lit. ---------- Literally, literally
226Lit. ---------- Literature
227Lith. ---------- Lithuanian
228LL. ---------- Low Latin
229
230M. ---------- Middle
231m., masc. ---------- masculine
232Maced. ---------- Macedonian
233Mach. ---------- Machinery
234Mad. ---------- Madam
235Mag. ---------- Magazine
236Mal. ---------- Malachi
237Malay. ---------- Malayan
238Man. ---------- Man<egrave/ge
239Manuf. ---------- Manufacturing
240Mar. ---------- Maritime
241Math. ---------- Mathematics, Mathematical
242Matt. ---------- Matthew
243Mech. ---------- Mechanic
244Med. ---------- Medicine
245Metal. ---------- Metallurgy
246Metaph. ---------- Metaphysics
247Meteor. ---------- Meteorolgy
248mgr. ---------- milligrams
249MHG. ---------- Middle High German
250Micros. ---------- Microscopy
251Mil. ---------- Military
252Min. ---------- Mineralogy
253Mir. for Mag. ---------- Mirror for Magistrates
254MLG. ---------- Middle Low German
255Moham. ---------- Mohammedan
256Mozley & W. ---------- Mozley & Whiteley
257Mus. ---------- Music
258Myst. ---------- Mysteries
259Myth. ---------- Mythology
260
261N. ---------- New
262n. ---------- noun
263Nat. Hist. ---------- Natural History
264Nat. ord. ---------- Natural order
265Naut. ---------- Nautical
266Nav. ---------- Navy
267Navig. ---------- Navigation
268N. Brit. Rev. ---------- North British Review
269Neh. ---------- Nehemiah
270neut. ---------- neuter
271New Am. Cyc. ---------- New American Cyclopedia
272New Month. Mag. ---------- New Monthly Magazine
273NF. ---------- New French
274NGr. ---------- Mew Greek
275NHeb. ---------- New Hebrew
276NL. ---------- New Latin
277nom. ---------- nominative
278Norm. F. ---------- Norman French
279North Am. Rev. ---------- North American Review
280Norw. ---------- Norwegian
281Num. ---------- Numbers
282Numis. ---------- Numismatics
283
284O. ---------- Old
285Ob. ---------- Obadiah
286Obs. ---------- Obsolete
287Obsoles. ---------- Obsolescent
288OCelt. ---------- Old Celtic
289OD. ---------- Old Dutch
290ODan. ---------- Old Danish
291OE. ---------- Old English
292OF. ---------- Old French
293OFelm. ---------- Old Flemish
294OFries. ---------- Old Friesic
295OGael. ---------- Old Gaelic
296OGr. ---------- Old Greek
297OHG. ---------- Old High German
298OIcel. ---------- Old Icelandic
299OIr. ---------- Old Irish
300OIt. ---------- Old Italian
301OL. ---------- Old Latin
302OLG. ---------- Old Low Greman
303ON. ---------- Old Norse
304OPer. ---------- Old Persian
305OPg. ---------- Old Portuguese
306OPol. ---------- Old Polish
307Opt. ---------- Optics
308orig. ---------- original, originally
309Ornith. ---------- Ornithology
310OS. ---------- Old Saxon
311OSlav. ---------- Old Slavic
312OSp. ---------- Old Spanish
313Oxf. Gloss. ---------- Oxford Glossary of Architecture
314
315p. ---------- participle, page
316p. a. ---------- participial adjective
317Paint. ---------- Painting
318Paleon. ---------- Paleontology
319pass. ---------- passive
320Pathol. ---------- Pathology
321P. Cyc. ---------- Penny Cyclopedia
322Per. ---------- Persian
323perh. ---------- perhaps
324pers. ---------- person
325Persp. ---------- Perspective
326Pert. ---------- Pertaining
327Peruv. ---------- Peruvian
328Pet. ---------- Peter
329Pg. ---------- Portuguese
330Pharm. ---------- Pharmacy, Pharmacop<oe/ia
331Phil. ---------- Phillipians
332Philem. ---------- Philemon
333Philol. ---------- Philology
334Philos. ---------- Philosophy
335Phon. ---------- Phonetics
336Photog. ---------- Photography
337Photom. ---------- Photometry
338Phr. ---------- Phrase
339Phren. ---------- Phrenology
340Phys. ---------- Physics
341Phys. Sci. ---------- Physical Science
342Physiol. ---------- Physiology
343pl. ---------- plural
344Poet. ---------- Poetry, Poetical
345Pol. ---------- Polish
346Pol. Econ. ---------- Political Economy
347Polit. Econ. ---------- Political Economy
348Pop. Sci. Monthly ---------- Polular Science Monthly
349pp. ---------- pages
350p. p. ---------- participle past
351P. Plowman ---------- Piers Plowman
352p. pr., p. ple. ---------- participle present
353Pr. ---------- Proven<cced/al
354Pref. ---------- Preface
355pref. ---------- prefix
356prep. ---------- preposition
357pret. ---------- preterit
358prin. ---------- principally
359Print. ---------- Printing
360priv. ---------- privative
361prob. ---------- probably
362pron. ---------- Pronunciation, pronounced, pronoun
363prop. ---------- properly, proper
364Pros. ---------- Prosody
365Prov. ---------- Provincial
366Prov. ---------- Proverbs
367Ps., Psa. ---------- Psalms
368Pyro.-elect. ---------- Pyro-electricity
369
370Quart. Rev. ---------- Quarterly Review
371q. v. ---------- <it>quod vide</it> (which see)
372
373R. ---------- Rare
374R. C. ---------- Roman Catholic
375R. C. Ch. ---------- Roman Catholic Church
376Rep. Sec. of War ---------- Report of Secretary of War
377Rev. ---------- Revelation
378Rev. ---------- Review
379Rev. Ver. ---------- Revised Version (of the Bible)
380Rhet. ---------- Rhetoric
381R. of Brunne ---------- Robert of Brunne
382R. of Gl. ---------- Robert of Gloucester
383Rom. ---------- Roman, Romans
384Rom. Cath. ---------- Roman Catholic
385Rom. of R. ---------- Romaunt of the Rose
386Rpts. ---------- reports
387Russ. ---------- Russian
388
389Sam. ---------- Samaritan
390Sam. ---------- Samuel
391Sat. Rev. ---------- Saturday Review
392Sax. ---------- Saxon
393sc. ---------- <it>scilicet</it> (being understood)
394Scand. ---------- Scandinavian
395Sci. ---------- Science
396Sci. Am. ---------- Scientific American
397Scot. ---------- Scotland, Scottish
398Script. ---------- Scripture, Scriptural
399Sculp. ---------- Sculpture
400Serb ---------- Serbian
401Serv. ---------- Servian
402Shak. ---------- Shakespeare
403sing. ---------- singular
404Skr. ---------- Sanskrit
405Slav. ---------- Slavonic
406Sp. ---------- Spanish
407Specif. ---------- Specifically
408Stat. ---------- Statuary
409subj. ---------- subjunctive
410superl. ---------- superlative
411Surg. ---------- Surgery
412Surv. ---------- Surveying
413Sw. ---------- Swedish
414Syd. Soc. Lex. ---------- Sydenham Society Lexicon
415Syn. ---------- Synonyms
416Synop. ---------- Synopsis
417Syr. ---------- Syriac
418
419Tart. ---------- Tartaric
420Teleg. ---------- Telegraphy
421term. ---------- termination
422Test. ---------- Testament
423Theol. ---------- Theology
424Thes. ---------- Thessalonians
425Tim. ---------- Timothy
426Todd & B. ---------- Todd & Bowman
427Trans. ---------- Translation
428Treas. ---------- Treasury
429Trig. ---------- Trigonometry
430Turk. ---------- Turkish
431Typog. ---------- Typography
432
433Univ. ---------- University
434Up. ---------- Upper
435U. S. ---------- United States
436U. S. Disp. ---------- United States Dispensatory
437U. S. Pharm. ---------- United States Pharmacop<oe/ia
438U. S. Int. Rev. Statutes --- United States Internal Revenue Statutes
439usu. ---------- usually
440
441v. ---------- verb
442var. ---------- variety
443vb. n. ---------- verbal noun
444Veter. ---------- Veterinary
445v. i. ---------- verb intransitive
446Vitr. ---------- Vitruvius
447v. t. ---------- verb transitive
448
449W. ---------- Welsh
450Wall. ---------- Wallachian
451Westm. Cat. ---------- Westminster Catechism
452Westm. Rev. ---------- Westminster Review
453
454Zech. ---------- Zechariah
455Zeph. ---------- Zephaniah
456Zo\'94l. ---------- Zo\'94logy
457
diff --git a/authors.lst b/authors.lst
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--- a/dev/null
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1<! FILE: authors.lst -- a Supplement to:
2 Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
3 Version published 1913
4 by the C. & G. Merriam Co.
5 Springfield, Mass.
6 Under the direction of
7 Noah Porter, D. D., LL. D.
8
9 comprising pages vii to xvi of that volume.
10
11NOTE: in the original printed volume, these authors were listed
12in three colums per page, each column also containing three subcolumns
13headed, respectively:
14 Quoted in dict. as
15 Names in full
16 Dates
17
18 For convenience in computerized processing, the three subcolumns
19corresponding to one entry were reorganized into paragraphs of three
20lines, separated from other entries by two carriage returns.
21The first line in each entry corresponds to "Quoted in dict. as";
22the last line of each entry corresponds to "Dates" (But where the date
23column was blank in the original, "ND" (NO date) appears in this list;
24the ND was not in the original dictionary); the second line corresponds
25to "Names in full"; but in some cases where two names are given in the
26entry, there are two lines corresponding to the "Names in full", and
27the date then appears on the fourth line of the entry. Where two
28names are given in the "Names in full", sometimes two sets of
29dates were given in the third column, one set for each author.
30In this list, the birth and death dates are always on the last
31line of each entry, and where two sets of dates are given, they
32correspond to the birth and death dates of the two authors,
33separated by a comma, and in the same order as the authors.
34 Where a single question mark appears after a date, this mark was
35present in the original dictionary and indicates uncertaintly about that
36date. WHere two question marks appear after a date, those question
37marks did not appear in the original dictionary, and this indicates
38that the date (usually the last digit) is undecipherable in the
39printed version, and the best guess is given.
40
41 !>
42
43<! p. vii ty=CW !>
44
45 <H1>LIST of AUTHORS QUOTED</H1>
46<h2>AS AUTHORITY FOR, OR IN ILLUSTRATION OF, THE FORMS AND USES OF WORDS GIVEN IN THIS DICTIONARY</H2>
47
48Abp. Abbot
49Abbot, Abp. George (English divine)
501562-1633
51
52Abbott
53Abbott, Benj. Vaughan. [<i>Law Dict.</i>]
541830-1890
55
56E. A. Abbott
57Abbott, Edwin Abbott (Eng. author)
581838-
59
60L. Abbott
61Abbott, Lyman (Am. Clergyman)
621835-
63
64Ld. Abinger
65Abinger, Sir James Scarlett, Ld. (English advocate)
661769-1844
67
68Abney
69Abney, Capt. Wm. de Wiveleslie (English writer on photog.)
701843-
71
72James Adair
73Adair, James (Indian trader) [<i>Hist. of Am. Indians</i>, 1775.]
74ND
75
76J. Adams
77Adams, John (Pres. U. S.)
781735-1826
79
80J. Q. Adams
81Adams, John Quincy (Pres. U. S.)
821767-1848
83
84S. F. Adams
85Adams, Sarah Flower (Eng. hymn writer)
861805-1848
87
88T. Adams
89Adams, Thomas (Eng. divine)
901588?-1655?
91
92Adanson (Trans.)
93Adanson, Michel (Fr. Naturalist)
941727-1806
95
96Addis & Arnold
97Addis, Wm. E., and Arnold, Thomas. [<i>Cath. Dict.</i>, 1885.]
98ND
99
100Addison
101Addison, Joseph (Eng. essayist)
1021672-1719
103
104L. Addison
105Addison, Lancelot (Eng. author)
1061632-1703
107
108Adventurer
109(English journal, 1752-1754.)
110ND
111
112Agassiz
113Agassiz, Louis John Rudolph (Swiss geol. and nat. in Am.)
1141807-1873
115
116Ainsworth
117Ainsworth, Robert (Eng. lexicog.)
1181660-1743
119
120W. H. Ainsworth
121Ainsworth, Wm. Harrison (Eng. novelist)
1221805-1882
123
124Akenside
125Akenside, Mark (Eng. poet)
1261721-1770
127
128Albany Evening Journal
129(estab. 1830 by T. Weed.)
130ND
131
132J. A. Alexander
133Alexander, Joseph Addison (Am. biblical commentator)
1341809-1860
135
136J. W. Alexander
137Alexander, James Waddell (Am. preacher)
1381804-1859
139
140Mrs. Alexander
141Alexander, Annie F. Hector (Brit. novelist)
1421825-
143
144P. P. Alexander
145Alexander, Patrick Proctor (Scot. author)
1461824-1886
147
148W. L. Alexander
149Alexander, Wm. Lindsay (Scot. theologian)
1501808-1883
151
152Alford
153Alford, Henry, Dean of Canterbury (Eng. poet)
1541810-1871
155
156Alison
157Alison, Sir Archibald (Brit. hist.)
1581792-1867
159
160Allen's (Mass.) Rpts.
161Allen, Charles (Am. jurist)
1621827-
163
164A. V. G. Allen
165Allen, Alex. Viets Griswold (Am. theologian)
1661841-
167
168D. O. Allen
169Allen, David Oliver (Am. missionary)
1701799-1863
171
172J. Allen (1761)
173Allen, John, of St. Mary Magdalen Hall, Oxford (Eng. divine).
174ND
175
176Allibone
177Allibone, Samuel Austin. [<i>Dict. of Authors</i>, Phila., 1886]
1781816-1889
179
180The American
181(a weekly journal pub. in Phila.)
182ND
183
184Am. Chem. Journal
185American Chemical Journal (bi-monthly, estab. 1879).
186ND
187
188Amer. Cyc.
189American Cyclop<ae/dia, with supplement, 1883.
190ND
191
192Ames
193Ames, Fisher (Am. statesman)
1941758-1808
195
196Anacharsis
197Anacharsis (Scythian philos.)
198fl. 6th c. B. C.
199
200Anderson (1573)
201Anderson, Anthony (Eng. divine)
202 -1593
203
204Andrews
205Andrews, Ethan Allen (Am. scholar)
2061787-1858
207
208L. Andrews
209Andrews, Lancelot (Eng. bishop)
2101555-1626
211
212Angell
213Angell, Joseph K. (Am. law writer)
2141794-1857
215
216A. S. Chron.
217Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
218ND
219
220Angus
221Angus, Joseph (Eng. author)
2221816-
223
224Annandale
225Annandale, Charles (Eng. lexicographer).
226ND
227
228Anson
229Anson, Ld. Geo. [<i>Voyage round the World</i> in 1740-44]
2301697-1762
231
232Ansted
233Ansted, David Thomas (Eng. geol.)
2341814-1880
235
236F. Anstey
237Pseud. of Thomas Anstey Guthrie (Eng. novelist)
2381856-
239
240Anti-Jacobin
241Anti-Jacobin Review and Mag. (Eng. pub., 1798-1821).
242ND
243
244Arbuthnot
245Arbuthnot, John (Brit. author)
2461667-1735
247
248Arch. Pub. Soc.
249Dict. of Arch. Issued by Architectural Pub. Soc. of Lond.
250ND
251
252Arden of Feversham
253(anon. historical tragedy, 1592.)
254ND
255
256Duke of Argyll
257Argyll, Geo. J. Douglas Campbell, eighth duke of (Brit. author)
2581823-1900
259
260Armstrong
261Armstrong, John (Scot. physician and poet)
2621709-1779
263
264E. Arnold
265Arnold, Sir Edwin (Eng. poet)
2661832-
267
268M. Arnold
269Arnold, Matthew (Eng. poet and essayist)
2701822-1888
271
272T. Arnold
273Arnold, Thomas (Eng. historian)
2741795-1842
275
276Arnould
277Arnould, Joseph. [<i>Insurance and Average</i>, Lond., 1848]
2781815-1886
279
280Arnway
281Arnway, John (Eng. Royalist)
2821601-1653
283
284Ascham
285Ascham, Roger (Eng. scholar)
2861515-1568
287
288Ash
289Ash, John (Eng. lexicographer)
2901724-1779
291
292Ashmole
293Ashmole, Elias (Eng. antiquary)
2941617-1692
295
296J. Ashurst
297Ashurst, John (Am. surgeon)
2981839-
299
300Astle
301Astle, Thomas (Eng. antiquary)
3021735-1803
303
304Sir R. Atkyns (1712)
305Atkyns, Sir Robert (Eng. hist. Writer)
3061647-1711
307
308Atlantic Monthly
309(estab. in Boston, 1857).
310ND
311
312Atterbury
313Atterbury, Francis (Eng. bishop)
3141662-1732
315
316L. H. Atwater
317Atwater, Lyman Hotchkiss (Am. mental philosopher)
3181813-1883
319
320Aubrey
321Aubrey, John (Eng. antiquary)
3221626-1697
323
324Audsley
325Audsley, George Aschdown (Eng. architect)
3261838-
327
328Audubon
329Audubon, John James (Am. naturalist)
3301780-1851
331
332Prof. August
333August, Ernest Ferdinand (Ger. mathematician)
3341795-1870
335
336Jane Austen
337Austen, Jane (Eng. novelist)
3381775-1817
339
340Ayliffe
341Ayliffe, John (Eng. jurist)
3421676-1732
343
344Bp. Aylmer
345Aylmer, Bp. John (Eng. prelate)
3461521-1594
347
348Aytoun
349Aytoun, Wm. Edmonstoune (Scot. poet and essayist)
3501813-1865
351
352Bache
353Bache, Alex. Dallas (Am. hydrog.)
3541806-1867
355
356Bacon
357Bacon, Francis, Baron Verulam (Eng. philos. and essayist)
3581561-1626
359
360N. Bacon
361Bacon, Nathaniel (Eng. author)
3621593-1660
363
364Bagehot
365Bagehot, Walter (Eng. essayist and journalist)
3661826-1877
367
368Bailey
369Bailey, Nathan (Eng. lexicog.)
370 -1742
371
372J. Baillie
373Baillie, Miss Joanna (Scot. poet)
3741762-1851
375
376R. Baillie
377Baillie, Robert (Scot. theologian)
3781602?-1662
379
380Bain
381Bain, Alex. (Scot. metaphysician)
3821818-1877
383
384H. C. Baird
385Baird, Henry Carey (Am. polit. economist)
3861825-
387
388Baird
389Baird, Wm. [<i>Cyc. of Nat. History</i>]
3901803-1872
391
392Baker
393Baker, Sir Richard (Eng. historian)
3941568?-1645
395
396Sir S. Baker
397Baker, Sir Samuel White (Eng. explorer)
3981821-1893
399
400T. Baker
401Baker, Thomas (Eng. antiquary)
4021656-1740
403
404V. Baker
405Baker, Valentine, called Baker Pasha (Eng. quar. general)
4061825-
407
408Bale
409Bale, John (Eng. bishop)
4101495-1563
411
412Balfour
413Balfour, Francis Maitland (Eng. embryologist)
4141851-1882
415
416Balfour (Cyc. of India)
417Balfour, Edward (Eng. Surg. Gen.) [<i>Cyc. of India</i>, 3d ed., Lond., 1885.]
418ND
419
420A. J. Balfour
421Balfour, Arthur J. (Eng. writer)
4221848-
423
424F. Balfour
425Balfour, Francis (Scot. physician)
426fl. 18th c.
427
428J. H. Balfour
429Balfour, John Hutton (Scot. bot.)
4301808-1884
431
432Bamfield
433Bamfield, or Bamford, Joseph (Royalist officer under Chas. I.)
434ND
435
436Bancroft
437Bancroft, Geo. (Am. historian)
4381800-1891
439
440Abp. Bancroft
441Bancroft, Abp. Richard (Eng.)
4421544-1610
443
444Banister
445Banister, John (Brit. physician)
4461540-1610
447
448Sir J. Banks
449Banks, Sir Joseph (Eng. naturalist)
4501743-1820
451
452Mrs. Barbauld
453Barbauld, Anna L. (Eng. writer)
4541743-1825
455
456Barbour
457Barbour, John (Scot. poet and historian)
4581316?-1395
459
460Barclay
461Barclay, John (Scot. anatomist)
4621760-1826
463
464Barclay (Digest)
465Barclay, John M. [<i>Digest of Rules of House of Rep. U. S.</i>]
466ND
467
468Baret
469Baret, or Barret, John. [<i>Alveary or Quadruple Dict.</i>, 1580.]
470ND
471
472Barham
473Barham, Richard Harris (Eng. divine and humorist)
4741778-1845
475
476S. Baring-Gould
477Baring-Gould, Sabine (Eng. author)
4781834-
479
480Barlow
481Barlow, Peter (Eng. math.)
4821776-1862
483
484Bp. Barlow
485Barlow, Bp. Thomas (Eng. divine)
4861607-1691
487
488J. Barlow
489Barlow, Joel (Am. poet)
4901754-1812
491
492Barnes
493Barnes, Robert (Eng. divine)
4941495-1540
495
496D. H. Barnes
497Barnes, Daniel H. (Am. conchol.)
4981785-1828
499
500W. Barnes
501Barnes, Wm. (Eng. philol. and poet)
5021820-1886
503
504Barrough
505Barrough, Philip (Eng. physician)
506fl. 1590
507
508Barrow
509Barrow, Isaac (Eng. theologian and mathematician)
5101630-1677
511
512Sir J. Barrow
513Barrow, Sir John (Eng. traveler)
5141764-1848
515
516Barry (1611)
517Barry, or Barrey, Lodowick (Brit. dramatist). [<i>Ram Alley</i>.]
518ND
519
520Barth
521Barth, Heinrich (Ger. explorer)
5221821-1865
523
524Bartlett
525Bartlett, John Russell. [<i>Dict. of Americanisms</i>, N. Y., 1848]
5261805-1886
527
528Barton
529Barton, Benj. Smith (Am. botanist)
5301766-1815
531
532J. Barton
533Barton, John. [<i>Geog. of Plants</i>, Lond., 1827.]
534ND
535
536Bartram
537Bartram, John (Am. botanist)
5381701-1777
539
540J. Bascom
541Bascom, John (Am. writer on philos. and social science)
5421827-
543
544Bastian
545Bastian, Henry Charlton (Eng. physician)
5461837-
547
548Bateman
549Bateman, Thomas (Eng. physician)
5501778-1821
551
552Bates
553Bates. Wm. (Eng. divine)
5541625-1699
555
556Edward Bates
557Bates, Edward (Am. statesman)
5581793-1869
559
560Baxter
561Baxter, Richard (Eng. divine)
5621615-1691
563
564A. Baxter
565Baxter, Andrew (Scot. antiquary)
5661686?-1750
567
568W. Baxter
569Baxter, William (Brit. antiq. and philol.)
5701650-1723??
571
572Bayard
573Bayard, James A. (Am. statesman)
5741767-1815
575
576Bayne
577Bayne, Peter (Scot. author)
5781830-1896
579
580Beaconsfield
581Beaconsfield, Benj. Disraeli, Earl of (Eng. statesman and author)
5821805-1881
583
584L. S. Beale
585Beale, Lionel Smith (Eng. physiol.)
5861828-
587
588Beattie
589Beattie, James (Scot. poet)
5901735-1803
591
592Beau. & Fl.
593Beaumont, Francis, & Fletcher, John.
594ND
595
596Beaumont
597Beaumont, Joseph (Eng. poet)
5981615-1699
599
600F. Beaumont
601Beaumont, Francis (Eng. dramatist)
6021586-1615 <! died 1616 - Century Dict. !>
603
604Sir John Beaumont
605Beaumont, Sir John (Eng. poet)
6061582-1628
607
608Beck
609Beck, Charles (Ger. philol. in Am.)
6101798-1866
611
612Beck (Draper's Dict.)
613Beck, Samuel Wm. [<i>Draper's Dict.</i>, Lond., 1882.]
614ND
615
616Beckford
617Beckford, Wm. (Eng. author)
6181759-1844
619
620Becon
621Becon, Thomas (Eng. reformer)
6221512-1570
623
624Beddoes
625Beddoes, Thomas (Eng. physician)
6261760-1808
627
628Cuthbert Bede
629Pseud. of Edward Bradley (Eng. misc. writer)
6301827-1889
631
632Bp. Bedell
633Bedell, Bp. Wm. (Eng. prelate)
6341570-1641
635
636John Bee
637Pseud. of John Badcock. [<i>Dict. of the Turf, Ring, etc.</i>, Lond., 1823.]
638ND
639
640H. W. Beecher
641Beecher, Henry Ward (Am. preacher and orator)
6421813-1887
643
644L. Beecher
645Beecher, Lyman (Am. clergyman)
6461775-1863
647
648W. G. Beers
649Beers, W. Geo. (Canadian writer on sports).
650ND
651
652E. Behnke
653Behnke, Emil. [<i>Mechanism of the Human Voice</i>, Lond.]
654ND
655
656Belknap
657Belknap, Jeremy (Am. historian)
6581744-1798
659
660Bell
661Bell, George Joseph. [<i>Law of Scot.</i>]
6621770-1843
663
664A. G. Bell
665Bell, Alex. Graham (Scot. inventor in Am.)
6661847-
667
668A. M. Bell
669Bell, Alex. Melville (Scot. deaf-mute instructor)
6701819-
671
672H. G. Bell
673Bell, Henry Glassford (Scot. writer)
6741803-1874
675
676T. Belsham
677Belsham, Thomas (Eng. divine)
6781750-1829
679
680W. Belsham
681Belsham, Wm. (Eng. historian)
6821753-1827
683
684E. van Beneden
685Beneden, Edouard van (Dutch embryologist)
6861846-
687
688Benjamin
689Benjamin, Judah Peter (Am. polit.)
6901811-1884
691
692Bp. Benson
693Benson, Bp. Martin (Eng. divine)
6941689-1752
695
696Dr. G. Benson
697Benson, George (Eng. divine)
6981699-1763
699
700Bentham
701Bentham, Jeremy (Eng. philos.)
7021748-1832
703
704G. Bentham
705Bentham, George (Eng. botanist)
7061800-1884
707
708Bentley
709Bentley, Richard (Eng. critic)
7101662-1742
711
712W. Bentley
713Bentley, Wm. (Am. author)
7141758-1819
715
716Berington
717Berington, Jos. (Eng. R. C. clerg.)
7181744-1827
719
720Berkeley
721Berkeley, Geo. (Ir. bp. and philos.)
7221684-1753
723
724M. J. Berkeley
725Berkeley, Miles Joseph (Eng. bot.)
7261803-1889
727
728J. Berners
729Berners, Juliana. [<i>Hawking and Hunting</i>, 1486]
7301388-
731
732Ld. Berners
733Berners, John Bourchier, Ld. (Eng. chan.). [<i>Trans. of Froissart</i>]
7341469?-1533
735
736W. Berry
737Berry, William. [<i>Encyc. Heraldica</i>, 1828-40]
7381774-1851
739
740Berzelius
741Berzelius, Baron J<oum/ns Jakob (Swed. chem.)
7421779-1848
743
744W. Besant
745Besant, Walter (Eng. author)
7461838-
747
748Bescherelle
749Bescherelle, Louis Nicolas (Fr. gram. and lexicog.)
7501802-1883
751
752C. E. Bessey
753Bessey, Charles Edwin (Am. bot.)
7541845-
755
756Best
757Best, Wm. Mawdesley (Eng. jurist). [<i>Evidence and Practice</i>, 1849.]
758ND
759
760Betterton
761Betterton, Thomas (Eng. actor)
7621635?-1710
763
764W. L. Bevan
765Bevan, Wm. Lotham (Eng. writer)
7661821-
767
768Beveridge
769Beveridge, Wm. (Eng. linguist)
7701637-1708
771
772Beverly
773Beverly, Robt. (Am. historian)
7741675-1716
775
776Bible (1551)
777(revised by Becke).
778ND
779
780Bib. Sacra
781Bibliotheca Sacra (Am. theolog. Quarterly, estab. 1843).
782ND
783
784Bickerstaff
785Bickerstaff, Isaac (Brit. dramatist)
7861735?-1788?
787
788Bickersteth
789Bickersteth, Edward (Eng. theol.)
7901786-1850
791
792Biddle
793Biddle, Nicholas (Am. financier)
7941786-1844
795
796Jacob Bigelow
797Bigelow, Jacob (Am. physician)
7981787-1879
799
800Birch
801Birch, Thomas (Eng. historian)
8021705-1766
803
804Bishop
805Bishop, Frederick (Eng. writer on cookery, pub. 1852)
806ND
807
808Bispham
809Bispham, Geo. Tucker (Am. jurist).
810ND
811
812Joseph Black
813Black, Joseph (Brit. chemist)
8141728-1799
815
816W. Black
817Black, William (Scot. novelist)
8181841-1898
819
820F. Blackburne
821Blackburne, Francis (Eng. clerg.)
8221705-1787
823
824J. S. Blackie
825Blackie, John Stuart (Scot. class. scholar)
8261809-1895
827
828Blackmore
829Blackmore, Sir Richard (Eng. theologian and poet)
8301650?-1729
831
832R. D. Blackmore
833Blackmore, Richard Doddridge (Eng. novelist)
8341825-1900
835
836Blackstone
837Blackstone, Sir William (Eng. jurist). [<i>Commentaries</i>]
8381723-1780
839
840Blackwall
841Blackwall, Anthony (Eng. author)
8421674-17??
843
844<! p. viii ty=CW !>
845
846Blackwood's or Blackw. Mag.
847Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine (founded 1817).
848ND
849
850Blair
851Blair, Hugh (Scot. divine and rhetorician)
8521718-1800
853
854R. Blair
855Blair, Robert (Scot. clerg. And poet)
8561699-1747
857
858Blakely
859Blakely, Edward T. [<i>Dict. Of Com'c'l Information</i>, Lond., 1878.]
860ND
861
862R. Bloomfield
863Bloomfield, Robert (Eng. poet)
8641766-1823
865
866Blount
867Blount, Thomas (Eng. legal writer)
8681618-1679
869
870C. Blount
871Blount, Chas. (Eng. deistic writer)
8721654-1693
873
874Sir H. Blount
875Blount, Sir Henry (Eng. traveler)
8761602-1682
877
878J. Boaden
879Boaden, James (Eng. dramatist)
8801762-1839
881
882W. E. Boardman
883Boardman, Wm. E. (Am. clerg.).
884ND
885
886Bolingbroke
887Bolingbroke, Henry St. John, Viscount (Eng. statesman)
8881678-1751
889
890Bolton
891Bolton, Robert (Eng. Puritan divine)
8921572-1631
893
894Bk. Of Com. Prayer
895Book of Common Prayer.
896ND
897
898Booth
899Booth, David (English lexicog.)
9001766-1846
901
902Boswell
903Boswell, James (biog. Of Dr. Johnson)
9041740-1795
905
906Bosworth
907Bosworth, Joseph (Eng. philol.)
9081789-1876
909
910Boucher
911Boucher, Jonathan (Eng. author in Am.)
9121738-1804
913
914Bourne
915Bourne, Henry. [<i>Antiquities</i>, 1725]
9161696-1733
917
918J. Bourne
919Bourne, John (Eng. engineer).
920ND
921
922Bouvier
923Bouvier, John (Am. jurist). [<i>Law Dict.</i>]
9241787-1851
925
926H. I. Bowditch
927Bowditch, Henry Ingersoll (Am. surg. And physiol.)
9281808-
929
930F. Bowen
931Bowen, Francis (Am. philos.)
9321811-1890
933
934Bowring
935Bowring, Sir John (Eng. traveler and linguist)
9361792-1872
937
938A. K. H. Boyd
939Boyd, Andrew Kennedy Hutchison (Scot. clergyman)
9401825-
941
942Boyle
943Boyle, Robert (Irish chemist)
9441626-1691
945
946Boyse
947Boyse, Samuel (Eng. poet)
9481708-1749
949
950Braction
951Braction, Henry de (Eng. lawyer) [<i>Laws</i>, 1569]
9521227?-1267
953
954Bradford
955Bradford, John (Eng. martyr)
9561510?-1555
957
958R. Brady
959Brady, Robert (Eng. historian)
9601643-1700
961
962Abp. Bramhall
963Bramhall, Abp. John (Eng. author)
9641593-1663
965
966Bramston
967Bramston, James (Eng. vicar)
968 -1744
969
970J. Brand
971Brand, John. [<i>Description of Orkney</i>, Edin., 1701]
9721668?-1738
973
974Brande
975Brande, William Thomas (Eng. chemist)
9761788-1866
977
978Brande & C.
979Brande, Wm. Thos., and Cox, Geo. Wm. [<i>Dict. of Sci., Lit., and Art</i>, Lond., 1875.]
980ND
981
982Brathwait
983Brathwait, Richard (Eng. poet)
9841588-1673
985
986T. Bray
987Bray, Thomas (Eng. clerg. and philan.)
9881656-1730
989
990Brende
991Brende, John. [<i>Quintus Curtius</i>, Lond., 1553.]
992ND
993
994Brerewood
995Brerewood, Edward (Eng. math. and antiq.)
9961565-1615
997
998Breton
999Breton, Nicholas (Eng. poet)
10001542?-1626?
1001
1002Brevint
1003Brevint, Daniel (Eng. divine)
10041616-1695
1005
1006Brewer
1007Brewer, Edward Cobham (Eng. compiler)
10081810-1897
1009
1010A. Brewer
1011Brewer, Anthony (Eng. dram., time of Charles I.).
1012ND
1013
1014Sir D. Brewster
1015Brewster, David, Sir (Brit. physicist)
10161781-1868
1017
1018Brieger
1019Brieger, Ludwig (Ger. physiol. chemist)
10201849-
1021
1022J. Bright
1023Bright, John (Eng. statesman)
10241811-1889
1025
1026Brimley
1027Brimley, George (Eng. critic)
10281819-1857
1029
1030Brinton
1031Brinton, Dan. Garrison (Am. ethnol.)
10321837-1899
1033
1034C. A. Bristed
1035Bristed, Charles Astor (Am. writer)
10361820-1874
1037
1038Brit. Critic
1039British Critic (Eng. review, organ of High Church party, 1793-1843).
1040ND
1041
1042British Pharm.
1043British Parmacop<oe/ia.
1044ND
1045
1046Brit. Quart. Rev.
1047British Quarterly Review (estab. London, 1845).
1048ND
1049
1050Britton
1051Britton, John (Eng. antiquary)
10521771-1857
1053
1054Brockett
1055Brockett, John Trotter (Brit. antiquary)
10561788-1842
1057
1058Brome (1659)
1059Brome, Richard (Eng. dramatist)
1060 -1652
1061
1062C. Bront<eacute/
1063Bront<eacute/, Charlotte (Eng. novelist)
10641816-1855
1065
1066Brooke (Eastford)
1067Brooke, Wesley. [<i>Eastford, or Household Sketches</i>, Boston, 1855.]
1068ND
1069
1070H. Brooke
1071Brooke, Henry (Eng. poet)
10721706-1783
1073
1074W. K. Brooke
1075Brooke, Wm. Keith (Am. biologist)
10761848-
1077
1078Broom
1079Broom, Herbert (Eng. legal writer)
10801815-1882
1081
1082Broome
1083Broome, Wm. (Eng. translator)
10841689-1745
1085
1086Brougham
1087Brougham, Lord Henry (British statesman)
10881778-1868
1089
1090Dr. J. Brown
1091Brown, John (Scot. preacher)
10921810-1882
1093
1094G. Brown
1095Brown, Goold (Am. grammarian)
10961791-1857
1097
1098R. Brown
1099Brown, Robert (Scot. botanist)
11001773-1858
1101
1102T. Brown
1103Brown, Tom (Eng. author)
11041663-1704
1105
1106E. Browne
1107Browne, Edward (Eng. physician)
11081644-1708
1109
1110P. Browne
1111Browne, Peter (Eng. bishop)
1112 -1735
1113
1114Sir T. Browne
1115Browne, Sir Thomas (Eng. physician)
11161605-1682
1117
1118W. Browne
1119Browne, William (Eng. poet)
11201590-1645?
1121
1122Mrs. Browning
1123Browning, Eliz. Barrett (Eng. poet)
11241809-1861
1125
1126R. Browning
1127Browning, Robert (Eng. poet)
11281812-1889
1129
1130O. A. Brownson
1131Brownson, Orestes Augustus (Am. journalist and theologian)
11321803-1876
1133
1134James Bruce
1135Bruce, James (Scot. traveler)
11361730-1794
1137
1138Robert of Brunne
1139Mannyng, Robert, called R. of B. (Eng. chron. and poet. trans.)
11401260?-1340?
1141
1142Lauder Brunton
1143Brunton, Thomas Lauder (Scot. physician)
11441844-
1145
1146Bryant
1147Bryant, William Cullen (Am. poet)
11481794-1878
1149
1150J. Bryant
1151Bryant, Jacob (Eng. theol. And mythol. Writer)
11521715-1804
1153
1154Brydges
1155Brydges, Sir Samuel Egerton (Eng. bibliographer)
11561762-1837
1157
1158Bryskett
1159Bryskett, Lodowick (Brit. poet and translator)
1160fl. 1571-1611
1161
1162Buchanan
1163Buchanan, James. [<i>Dict.</i>, 1757.]
1164ND
1165
1166C. Buchanan
1167Buchanan, Claudius (Scot. divine)
11681766-1815
1169
1170J. Buchanan
1171Buchanan, James (Pres. U. S.)
11721791-1868
1173
1174W. M. Buchanan
1175Buchanan, W. M. [<i>Technological Dict.</i>, Lond., 1846.]
1176ND
1177
1178Buck
1179Buck, Gurdon (Am. surgeon)
11801807-1877
1181
1182Sir G. Buck
1183Buck, Sir George (Eng. historian)
1184 -1623
1185
1186Duke of Buckingham
1187Buckingham, Geo. Villiers, second duke of (Eng. poet)
11881627-1687
1189
1190Buckland
1191Buckland, William, Dean of Westminster (geol. and paleon.)
11921784-1856
1193
1194Buckle
1195Buckle, Henry Thomas (Eng. historian)
11961821-1862
1197
1198A. B. Buckley
1199Buckley, Arabella Burton (Eng. scientific writer)
12001840-
1201
1202Buckminster
1203Buckminster, Joseph Stevens (Am. Unitarian divine)
12041784-1812
1205
1206Budgell
1207Budgell, Eustace (Eng. writer)
12081685-1736
1209
1210Buffon
1211Buffon, Georges Louis Leclerc (Fr. naturalist)
12121707-1788
1213
1214Bp. Bull
1215Bull, Bp. George (Eng. theologian)
12161634-1710
1217
1218Bullinger
1219Bullinger, Heinrich (Swiss reformer)
12201504-1575
1221
1222Bullokar
1223Bullokar, William (Eng. gram.)
1224fl. 1580
1225
1226Bungay
1227Bungay, George W. (Am. journalist and poet)
12281825-
1229
1230Bunyan
1231Bunyan, John (English preacher) [<i>Pilgrim's Progress</i>]
12321628-1688
1233
1234J. Burdon-Sanderson
1235Burdon-Sanderson, John Scott (Eng. physiologist)
12361828-1882
1237
1238Burke
1239Burke, Edmund (Eng. statesman)
12401729?-1797
1241
1242Sir B. Burke
1243Burke, Sir Bernard (Eng. antiq.)
12441815-
1245
1246Ld. Burleigh
1247Burleigh, or Burghley, Lord, Wm. Cecil (Eng. statesman)
12481520-1598
1249
1250Burn
1251Burn, Richard (Eng. law writer)
12521720-1785
1253
1254Bp. Burnet
1255Burnet, Bp. Gilbert (Scot. historian)
12561643-1715
1257
1258T. Burnet
1259Burnet, Thomas (Eng. writer). [<i>Theory of the Earth</i>]
12601635-1715
1261
1262Burney
1263Burney, Charles (Eng. author)
12641726-1814
1265
1266G. P. Burnham
1267Burnham, George Pickering (Am. journalist)
1268ND
1269
1270Burns
1271Burns, Robert (Scot. poet)
12721759-1796
1273
1274F. Burr
1275Burr, Fearing, Jr. [<i>Vegetables of America</i>, Boston, 1865.]
1276ND
1277
1278Burrill
1279Burrill, Alexander Mansfield. [<i>Law Dict.</i>, N. Y., 1859]
12801807-1869
1281
1282J. Burroughs
1283Burroughs, John (Am. nat. and essayist)
12841837-
1285
1286Burrow
1287Burrow, Sir James. [<i>Reports in King's Bench</i>, 1756-72]
12881701-1782
1289
1290Burt
1291Burt, Captain Edward. [<i>Letters</i>, Lond., 1754]
1292 -1755
1293
1294Burton
1295Burton, Robert (Eng. philos.). [<i>Anat. of Melancholy</i>]
12961577-1640
1297
1298J. H. Burton
1299Burton, John Hill (Scot. advocate)
13001809-1882
1301
1302R. F. Burton
1303Burton, Sir Richard Francis (Eng. traveler)
13041821-1890
1305
1306Busby
1307Busby, Thomas (Eng. mus. writer)
13081755-1838
1309
1310H. Bushnell
1311Bushnell, Horace (Am. clergyman)
13121802-1876
1313
1314Bp. Butler
1315Butler, Bp. Joseph (Eng. theol.)
13161692-1752
1317
1318C. Butler
1319Butler, Charles (Eng. clergyman)
13201559-1647
1321
1322S. Butler
1323Butler, Samuel (Eng. poet)
13241612-1680
1325
1326Byles
1327Byles, Sir John Barnard (Eng. writer on commercial law)
13281801-1884
1329
1330Byrd
1331Byrd, Wm. (Eng. musician)
13321538?-1623
1333
1334James Byrne
1335Byrne, James. [<i>Eng. Language</i>, Lond., 1885.]
1336ND
1337
1338Byrom
1339Byrom, John (Eng. poet)
13401691-1763
1341
1342Byron
1343Byron, George Noel Gordon, Ld. (Eng. poet)
13441788-1824
1345
1346G. W. Cable
1347Cable, Geo. W. (Am. writer)
13481844-
1349
1350Caird
1351Caird, John (Scot. clergyman)
13521820-
1353
1354Cairnes
1355Cairnes, John Elliot (Eng. polit. Economist)
13561823-1875
1357
1358Calamy
1359Calamy, Edm. (Eng. divine)
13601600-1666
1361
1362Calderwood
1363Calderwood, David (Scot. author)
13641575-1650
1365
1366Calderwood (Fleming's Vocabulary)
1367Calderwood, Henry (Scot. philos.)
13681830-
1369
1370Callander
1371Callander, John (Scot. lawyer and editor)
1372 -1789
1373
1374Calthrop
1375Calthrop, or Calthorp, Sir Harry (Eng. jurist). [<i>Customs of Lond.</i>, 1612]
13761686-1637??
1377
1378F. C. Calvert
1379Calvert, Fred. Crace (Eng. chem.)
13801819-1873
1381
1382G. H. Calvert
1383Calvert, Geo. H. (Am. misc. writer)
13841803-
1385
1386Camden
1387Camden, Wm. (Eng. antiquarian)
13881551-1623
1389
1390Campbell
1391Campbell, Thomas (Brit. poet)
13921777-1844
1393
1394Campbell (Dict. Mil. Sci.)
1395Campbell, E. S. N. [<i>Dict. Mil. Science</i>, Lond., 1830.]
1396ND
1397
1398Dr. J. Campbell
1399Campbell, John (Scot. polit. hist.)
14001708-1775
1401
1402G. Campbell
1403Campbell, Geo. (Scot. divine)
14041719-1796
1405
1406Lord Campbell
1407Campbell, Lord, John. [<i>Lives of Ld. Chancellors</i>]
14081779-1861
1409
1410J. V. Cane
1411Cane, John Vincent (Eng. friar)
1412 -1672
1413
1414Canning
1415Canning, Geo. (Eng. statesman)
14161770-1827
1417
1418Capgrave
1419Capgrave, John (Eng. historian)
14201393-1464
1421
1422Carew
1423Carew, Richard (Eng. antiq.). [<i>Survey of Cornwall</i>, Lond., 1602]
14241555-1620
1425
1426T. Carew
1427Carew, Thomas (Eng. poet)
14281598?-1639?
1429
1430Carleton
1431Carleton, Capt. Geo. [<i>Memoirs of an Eng. Officer</i>, Lond., 1728.]
1432ND
1433
1434Bp. of Carlisle
1435Carlisle, Harvey Goodwin, Bp. of
14361818-
1437
1438Carlton
1439Carlton, Robert, pseud. of B. R. Hall (Am. writer)
14401798-1863
1441
1442Carlyle
1443Carlyle, Thomas (Brit. essayist and historian)
14441795-1881
1445
1446Dr. A. Carlyle
1447Carlyle, Alexander (Scot. divine)
14481722-1805
1449
1450Carpenter
1451Carperter, Wm. Benj. (Eng. physiol.)
14521813-1885
1453
1454L. Carroll
1455Carroll, Lewis, pseud. of C. L. Dodgson (Eng. writer)
14561833?-1898
1457
1458Cartwright
1459Cartwright, Thomas (Eng. Puritan divine)
14601535-1603
1461
1462W. Cartwright
1463Cartwright, Wm. (Eng. poet and dramatist)
14641611-1643
1465
1466H. F. Cary
1467Cary, Henry F. (English poet and translator)
14681772-1844
1469
1470Sir L. Cary
1471Cary, Sir Lucius (Brit. political writer)
14721610?-1643
1473
1474Cassell (Dict. of Cookery)
1475Cassell's Dictionary of Cookery, London.
1476ND
1477
1478Dr. Castell (1673)
1479Castell, Edmund (Eng. orientalist)
14801606-1685
1481
1482Caton
1483Caton, John Dean (Am. author)
14841812-
1485
1486Caulfeild & S. (Dict. of Needlework)
1487Caulfeild, S. F. A., & Saward, Blanche C. [<i>Dict. of Needlework</i>, Lond., 1885.]
1488ND
1489
1490Cavendish
1491Cavendish, Geo. (Eng. author)
14921500-1561?
1493
1494Cawthorn
1495Cawthorn, James (Eng. poet)
14961719-1761
1497
1498Caxton
1499Caxton, Wm. (first Eng. printer)
15001422?-1492
1501
1502Cecil
1503Cecil, Robert, Earl of Salisbury (Eng. statesman)
15041563?-1612
1505
1506Mrs. Centlivre
1507Centlivre, Susanna (Eng. dramatist)
15081667?-1723
1509
1510The Century
1511The Century Illust. Monthly Mag. (establ. in N. Y., 1881).
1512ND
1513
1514J. W. Chadwick
1515Chadwick, John White (Am. Unit. divine)
15161840-
1517
1518Chalkhill
1519Chalkhill, John, perhaps pseud. of Izaak Walton.
1520ND
1521
1522Chalmers
1523Chalmers, Thomas (Scot. divine)
15241780-1847
1525
1526A. Chalmers
1527Chalmers, Alex. (Brit. editor) [<i>Todd's Johnson's Dict.</i>]
15281759-1834
1529
1530Chambers
1531Chambers, Ephraim (Eng. editor)
15321680?-1740
1533
1534Chambers
1535Chambers, William and Robert (Scot. compilers and publishers).
1536ND
1537
1538Chambers's Encyc.
1539Chambers's Encyclopedia, 1860-1868.
1540ND
1541
1542Chambers's Journal
1543Chambers's Edinburgh Journal, (estab. 1832).
1544ND
1545
1546Champness
1547Champness, William Swain. [<i>Insur. Dict.</i>, Lond.]
1548ND
1549
1550Channing
1551Channing, Wm. Ellery (Am. Unit. divine)
15521780-1842
1553
1554A. L. Chapin (Johnson's Cyc.)
1555Chapin, Aaron Lucius (Am. divine, and writer on polit. econ.)
15561817-
1557
1558Chapman
1559Chapman, Geo. (Eng. dramatist and poet)
15601557-1634
1561
1562Mrs. Chapone
1563Chapone, Hester (Eng. author)
15641727-1801
1565
1566Charles I.
1567Chas. Stuart (k. of Eng., 1640-49)
15681600-1649
1569
1570T. Chase
1571Chase, Thomas (Am. educator)
15721827-
1573
1574Ld. Chatham
1575Chatham, Wm. Pitt, Lord (Eng. statesman)
15761708-1778
1577
1578Chatterton
1579Chatterton, Thomas (Eng. poet)
15801752-1770
1581
1582Chaucer
1583Chaucer, Geoffrey (Eng. poet)
15841340?-1400
1585
1586Chaucer's Dream
1587(poem formerly attrib. to Chaucer).
1588ND
1589
1590Chauncy
1591Chauncy, Chas. (Am. Unit. divine)
15921705-1787
1593
1594Chauvenet
1595Chauvenet, Wm. (Am. math.)
15961820-1870
1597
1598Cheever
1599Cheever, Geo. Barrell (Am. clerg.)
16001807-1890
1601
1602Sir J. Cheke
1603Cheke, Sir John (Eng. scholar)
16041514-1557
1605
1606Chenevix
1607Chenevix, Richard (Irish writer)
16081774-1830
1609
1610Ld. Chesterfield
1611Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Lord. [<i>Letters</i>]
16121694-1773
1613
1614Chevy Chase
1615(Eng. ballad, in Percy's <i>Reliques</i>).
1616ND
1617
1618Cheyne
1619Cheyne, Geo. (Scot. phys. and phil.)
16201671-1743
1621
1622Sir J. Child
1623Child, Sir Josiah (Eng. economist)
16241630-1699
1625
1626Chillingworth
1627Chillingworth, Wm. (Eng. divine and controversialist)
16281602?-1644
1629
1630Chipman
1631Chipman, Nathaniel (Am. jurist)
16321752-1843
1633
1634Chitty
1635Chitty, Joseph (Eng. jurist)
16361776-1841
1637
1638R. Choate
1639Choate, Rufus (Am. orat. and jur.)
16401799-1859
1641
1642W. D. Christie
1643Christie, Wm. Dougal (Eng. dip.)
16441816-1874
1645
1646Churchill
1647Churchill, Chas. (Eng. poet and sat.)
16481731-1764
1649
1650Churton
1651Churton, Ralph (Eng. divine)
16521754-1831
1653
1654Cibber
1655Cibber, Colley (Eng. dramatist and actor)
16561671-1757
1657
1658Circular of Mass. Representatives (1768).
1659<i></i>
1660ND
1661
1662Clarendon
1663Clarendon, Edward Hyde, first earl of (Eng. historian)
16641608-1674
1665
1666D. A. Clark
1667Clark, Daniel A. (Am. divine)
16681779-1840
1669
1670W. S. Clark
1671Clark, Wm. Smith (pres. Amherst Agricultural College)
16721826-1886
1673
1674Clarke
1675Clarke, Henry Hyde (Eng. philol.)
16761815-1895
1677
1678A. Clarke
1679Clarke, Adam (Brit. philol. and commentator)
16801762?-1832
1681
1682Cowden Clarke
1683Clarke, Charles C. (Eng. writer)
16841787-1877
1685
1686John Clarke
1687Clarke, John (Eng. phys. & writer)
16881609-1676
1689
1690Mary Cowden Clarke
1691Clarke, Mary Victoria Cowden (Eng. author)
16921809-1898
1693
1694S. Clarke
1695Clarke, Samuel (Eng. philosopher)
16961675-1729
1697
1698Claus & Sedgwick
1699Claus, Carl Friedr. (Ger. biologist)
1700Sedgwick, Adam (Eng. geologist)
17011835-, 1785-1873
1702
1703Clausius
1704Clausius, Rudolf Julius Emanuel (Ger. physicist)
17051822-
1706
1707Clayton
1708Clayton, John. [<i>Repts. and Pleas of Assizes at York</i>, 1651.]
1709ND
1710
1711P. Cleaveland
1712Cleaveland, Parker (Am. geologist)
17131780-1858
1714
1715Cleland
1716Cleland, John (Eng. writer)
17171709-1789
1718
1719Dr. R. Clerke
1720Clerke, Richard (Eng. divine)
1721 -1634
1722
1723Cleveland
1724Cleveland, John (Eng. poet)
17251613-1659
1726
1727W. K. Clifford
1728Clifford, Wm. Kingdon (Eng. phil.)
17291845-1879
1730
1731Clifton
1732Clifton, William (Am. poet)
17331772-1799
1734
1735De Witt Clinton
1736Clinton, De Witt (Am. statesman)
17371769-1828
1738
1739A. H. Clough
1740Clough, Arthur Hugh (Eng. poet)
17411819-1861
1742
1743F. P. Cobbe
1744Cobbe, Frances Power (Brit. writer)
17451822-
1746
1747Cobbett
1748Cobbett, Wm. (Eng. polit. writer)
17491762-1835
1750
1751R. Cobden
1752Cobden, Richard (Eng. economist)
17531804-1865
1754
1755Cobham
1756Cobham, Sir John Oldcastle, Ld. (Eng. martyr)
17571360?-1417
1758
1759Cocker
1760Cocker, Edw. (Eng. mathematician)
17611631-1675
1762
1763Cockeram
1764Cockeram, Henry. [<i>Eng. Dict.</i>, 1632.]
1765ND
1766
1767Codrington
1768Codrington, Robt. (Eng. misc. writer)
17691602-1665
1770
1771Cogan
1772Cogan, Thomas (Eng. physician and divine). [<i>The Passions</i>]
17731736-1818
1774
1775Cogan (1595)
1776Cogan, Thomas (Eng. physician)
17771545?-1607
1778
1779Coke
1780Coke, Sir Edward. [<i>Laws of Eng., including Coke on Littleton</i>]
17811552-1634
1782
1783Colebrooke
1784Colebrooke, Hen. T. (Eng. orient.)
17851765-1837
1786
1787Coleman
1788Coleman, Lyman (Am. scholar)
17891796-1882
1790
1791Coleridge
1792Coleridge, Samuel T. (Eng. poet)
17931772-1834
1794
1795H. Coleridge
1796Coleridge, Hartley (Eng. poet)
17971796-1849
1798
1799Coles
1800Coles, Elisha (Eng. lexicographer)
18011640?-1680
1802
1803Collection of Records (1642)
1804Title to a Collection of Records (cited from Latham's Dict.).
1805ND
1806
1807Collier
1808Collier, Jeremy (Eng. divine)
18091650-1726
1810
1811J. P. Collier
1812Collier, John Payne (Eng. lit. hist.)
18131789-1883
1814
1815<! p. ix ty=CM !>
1816
1817Collins
1818Collins, Wm. (Eng. poet)
18191721-1759
1820
1821M. Collins
1822Collins, Mortimer (Eng. writer)
18231827-1876
1824
1825T. W. Collins
1826Collins, Thomas Wharton (Am. poet and economist)
18271812-1879
1828
1829W. Collins
1830Collins, Wm. Wilkie (Eng. novelist)
18311824-1889
1832
1833J. Collyer
1834Collyer, John. [<i>Law of Partnership</i>, Lond., 1840.]
1835ND
1836
1837Colman
1838Colman, Geo., the Younger (Eng. dramatic poet)
18391762-1836
1840
1841Colman & Garrick
1842Colman, George, the Elder, and Garrick, David. [<i>Clandestine Marriage</i>.]
1843ND
1844
1845Colman, the Elder, or (1761)
1846Colman, George, the Elder (Eng. essayist and dramatist)
18471732-1794
1848
1849P. Colquhoun
1850Colquhoun, Patrick (Scot. statis.)
18511745-1820
1852
1853G. Combe
1854Combe, Geo. (Scot. phrenol. writer)
18551788-1858
1856
1857Comber
1858Comber, Thos. (Dean of Durham)
18591644-1699
1860
1861Compton
1862Compton, Henry (Eng. bishop)
18631632-1713
1864
1865Congreve
1866Congreve, Wm. (Eng. dram. poet)
18671670-1729
1868
1869Constitution of U. S.
1870Constitution of the United States (framed in the Federal Convention, 1787).
1871ND
1872
1873Contemp. Rev.
1874Contemporary Review (founded in London, 1866).
1875ND
1876
1877Conybeare
1878Conybeare, Wm. J. (Eng. divine)
18791815-1857
1880
1881J. Conybeare
1882Conybeare, John (Eng. bishop)
18831692-1755
1884
1885Cook
1886Cook, Capt. Jas. (Eng. navigator)
18871728-1779
1888
1889Joseph Cook
1890Cook, Joseph (Am. lecturer)
18911838-
1892
1893Cooke (1615)
1894[<i>Description of the Body of Man</i>] quoted rom Richardson's Dict.
1895ND
1896
1897J. P. Cooke
1898Cooke, Josiah P. (Am. chemist)
18991827-1894
1900
1901M. C. Cooke
1902Cooke, Mordecai Cubitt (Eng. bot.)
19031825-
1904
1905Cooley
1906Cooley, Thos. M. (Am. lawyer, ed. Story's and Blackstone's Comm.)
19071824-1898
1908
1909A. J. Cooley
1910Cooley, Arnold James. [<i>Prac. Receipts</i>, 4th ed., Lond., 1864.]
1911ND
1912
1913Coombe
1914Coombe, Wm. (Eng. humorous poet)
19151741-1823
1916
1917Cooper
1918Cooper, Jas. Fenimore (Am. nov.)
19191789-1851
1920
1921J. G. Cooper
1922Cooper, John Gilbert (Eng. writer on classics)
19231723-1769
1924
1925Cope
1926Cope, Edward Drinker (Am. nat.)
19271840-1897
1928
1929Copland
1930Copland, Jas. (Scot. physician)
19311791-1870
1932
1933A. Copley
1934Copley, Anthony. [<i>Fits, Wits, and Fancies</i>, 1595]
19351567-1607?
1936
1937Bp. Corbet
1938Corbet, Bp. Richard (Eng. poet)
19391582-1635
1940
1941Cornhill Mag.
1942Cornhill Magazine (London monthly journal, estab. 1859).
1943ND
1944
1945B. Cornwall
1946Cornwall, Barry, pseud. of B. W. Procter (Eng. poet)
19471787-1874
1948
1949Sir C. Cornwallis
1950Cornwallis, Sir Charles (Eng. diplomat)
1951-1630?
1952
1953The Coronation
1954(a comedy of 17th cent., either by John Fletcher or by Shirley).
1955ND
1956
1957E. L. Corthell
1958Corthell, Elmer L. (Am. engineer)
19591840-
1960
1961Bp. Cosin
1962Cosin, John (Eng. author)
19631594-1672
1964
1965Cotgrave
1966Cotgrave, Randle (Eng. lexicog.)
1967-1634
1968
1969J. Cotgrave
1970Cotgrave, John [<i>Wit's Interpret.</i>, or <i>Eng. Parnassus</i>, Lond., 1665]
1971fl. 1655
1972
1973Cotton
1974Cotton, Chas. (Eng. trans. and poet)
19751630-1687
1976
1977N. Cotton
1978Cotton, Nath. (Eng. phys. and poet)
19791707-1788
1980
1981Coues
1982Coues, Elliott (Am. naturalist)
19831842-1899
1984
1985The Council Book (1651)
1986The Council Book of the Eng. Commonwealth.
1987ND
1988
1989Court of Love
1990(a poem attributed to Chaucer).
1991ND
1992
1993Courthope
1994Courthope, Wm. John (Eng. essayist)
19951842-
1996
1997Coventry
1998Coventry, Henry (Eng. writer)
19991710?-1752
2000
2001Coverdale
2002Coverdale, Miles (Eng. divine)
20031488-1568
2004
2005Cowell
2006Cowell, John (Eng. jurist)
20071554-1611
2008
2009Cowley
2010Cowley, Abraham (Eng. poet)
20111618-1667
2012
2013Cowper
2014Cowper, William (Eng. poet)
20151731-1800
2016
2017Lady Cowper
2018Cowper, Mary (Eng. writer). [<i>Diary</i>, 1864]
20191685-1724
2020
2021G. W. Cox
2022Cox, Geo. Wm. (Eng. historian)
20231827-
2024
2025Coxe
2026Coxe, John Redman (Am. phys.)
20271773-1864
2028
2029Bp. Coxe
2030Coxe, Arthur Cleveland (Am. poet)
20311818-1896
2032
2033W. Coxe
2034Coxe, Wm. (Eng. hist. writer)
20351747-1828
2036
2037Cozzens
2038Cozzens, Fred S. (Am. writer)
20391818-1869
2040
2041Crabb
2042Crabb, Geo. (Eng. lexicog.) [<i>Syn.</i>]
20431778-1851
2044
2045Crabbe
2046Crabbe, Geo. (Eng. poet)
20471754-1832
2048
2049B. Cracroft
2050Cracroft, Bernard (Eng. essayist)
20511826?-1888
2052
2053Craft of Lovers (1448)
2054(a poem formerly attributed to Chaucer).
2055ND
2056
2057Craig
2058Craig, John. [<i>Eng. Dict.</i>, Lond., 1852.]
2059ND
2060
2061Sir T. Craig
2062Craig, Sir Thomas (Scot. lawyer and antiquary)
20631538-1608
2064
2065W. P. Craighill
2066Craighill, Wm. Price (Am. soldier)
20671833-
2068
2069Craik
2070Craik, Geo. Lillie (Scot. writer)
20711799-1866
2072
2073Cranch
2074Cranch, Wm. (Am. jurist)
20751769-1855
2076
2077Cranmer
2078Cranmer, Thomas (Eng. reformer)
20791489-1556
2080
2081Crashaw
2082Crashaw, Richard (Eng. poet)
20831613?-1649
2084
2085J. Crawfurd
2086Crawfurd, John (Scot. author)
20871783-1868
2088
2089Creech
2090Creech, Thomas (Eng. translator)
20911659-1701
2092
2093Creed of Pope Pius IV.
2094Creed of Pius IV. (Pope, 1559-65)
20951499-1565
2096
2097Croft
2098Croft, Herbert (Eng. bishop)
20991603-1691
2100
2101Croker
2102Croker, John W. (Brit. statesman)
21031780-1857
2104
2105Croly
2106Croly, Geo. (Brit. divine and poet)
21071780-1860
2108
2109Crompton
2110Crompton, Hugh (Eng. poet)
2111fl. 1657
2112
2113Oliver Cromwell
2114Cromwell, Oliver (lord protector of the Eng. Commonwealth)
21151599-1658
2116
2117W. Crookes
2118Crookes, Wm. (Eng. physicist)
21191832-
2120
2121Crosby
2122Crosby, Alpheus (Am. educator)
21231810-1874
2124
2125Cross (Life of G. Eliot)
2126Cross, John Walter (husband of Geo. Eliot, and ed. of her Life).
2127ND
2128
2129Crowley
2130Crowley, Robert (Eng. divine)
21311518-1588
2132
2133Croxall
2134Croxall, Samuel (Brit. divine)
2135-1752
2136
2137Cruise
2138Cruise, William (Eng. legal writer)
2139-1824
2140
2141Cudworth
2142Cudworth, Ralph (Eng. divine and philosopher)
21431617-1688
2144
2145W. Cullen
2146Cullen, Wm. (Scot. med. writer)
21471712-1790
2148
2149R. Cumberland
2150Cumberland, Richard (Eng. poet and dramatist)
21511732-1811
2152
2153Cumming
2154Cumming, Roualeyn Geo. Gordon (Scot. traveler)
21551820-1866
2156
2157J. Cunningham
2158Cunningham, John (Irish poet)
21591729-1773
2160
2161P. Cunningham
2162Cunningham, Peter (Eng. antiq.)
21631816-1869
2164
2165Curran
2166Curran, John Philpot (Irish orator)
21671750-1817
2168
2169Cursor Mundi
2170(a metrical version of the Old and New Testaments, interspersed with legends, about 1320).
2171ND
2172
2173B. R. Curtis
2174Curtis, Benj. Robbins (Am. judge)
21751809-1874
2176
2177G. T. Curtis
2178Curtis, Geo. Ticknor (Am. lawyer and author)
21791812-1894
2180
2181G. W. Curtis
2182Curtis, Geo. W. (Am. author and ed.)
21831824-1892
2184
2185Cushing
2186Cushing, Luther S. (Am. lawyer)
21871803-1856
2188
2189Cussans
2190Cussans, John Edwin. [<i>Handbook of Heraldry</i>, Lond., 1869.]
2191ND
2192
2193Cuvier
2194Cuvier, Georges Chr<eacute/tien L. F. D., Baron (Fr. naturalist)
21951769-1832
2196
2197Cyc. of Arts & Sciences
2198(a division of the English Cyclop<ae/dia).
2199ND
2200
2201Cyc. Mec.
2202Cyclop<ae/dia of Practical Medicine, 1833-35, ed. by A. Tweedie, John Forbes, and John Conolly).
2203ND
2204
2205Da Costa
2206Da Costa, Emanuel Mendes (conchologist, For. Sec. to Royal Soc.)
2207-1788?
2208
2209D. Daggett
2210Daggett, David (Am. jurist)
22111764-1851
2212
2213Dalgarno
2214Dalgarno, George (Scotch writer)
22151626?-1687
2216
2217W. H. Dall
2218Dall, Wm. Healey (Am. explorer in Alaska)
22191845-
2220
2221Dalton
2222Dalton, John Call (Am. physician)
22231825-1889
2224
2225M. Dalton
2226Dalton, Michael (Eng. lawyer)
22271554-1620
2228
2229Dampier
2230Dampier, Wm. (Eng. navigator)
22311652-1715
2232
2233Dana
2234Dana, James Dwight (Am. geol.)
22351813-1895
2236
2237E. S. Dana
2238Dana, Edward S. (Am. mineral.)
22391849-
2240
2241R. H. Dana, Jr.
2242Dana, Richard Henry, Jr. [<i>Two Years before the Mast. Practical Seamanship</i>]
22431815-1882
2244
2245Daneil
2246Daniel, Samuel (Eng. poet and hist.)
22471562-1619
2248
2249Daniell
2250Daniell, Edmund Robert (Eng. jurist) [<i>Prac. of High Court of Chanc.</i>, 1845]
2251-1854
2252
2253D'Anville (Trans.)
2254D'Anville, Jean B. B. (Fr. geog.)
22551697-1782
2256
2257Mad. D'Arblay
2258D'Arblay, Frances Burney, Madame (Eng. novelist)
22591752-1840
2260
2261W. Darlington
2262Darlington, Wm. (Am. botanist)
22631782-1863
2264
2265J. Dart
2266Dart, John (Eng. writer)
2267-1730
2268
2269Darwin
2270Darwin, Chas. Robt. (Eng. nat.)
22711809-1882
2272
2273E. Darwin
2274Darwin, Erasmus (Eng. bot. and poet)
22751731-1802
2276
2277Davenant
2278Davenant, Sir Wm. (Eng. Dram. )
22791606-1668
2280
2281John Davidson
2282Davidson, John. [<i>Prac. Math.</i>, Edin., 1852.]
2283ND
2284
2285S. Davidson
2286Davidson, Samuel (Brit. bib. critic)
2287ND
2288
2289Davies (with name of work)
2290Davies, John, of Hereford (Eng. poet)
22911565?-1618
2292
2293Davies & Peck (Math. Dict.)
2294{Davies, Chas.}
2295{Peck, Wm. G.} [<i>Math. Dict.</i>, N. Y., 1856.]
22961798-1876, 1820-
2297
2298Sir J. Davies
2299Davies, Sir John (Eng. phil. poet)
23001570-1626
2301
2302E. Davis
2303Davis, Emerson (Am. clergyman)
23041798-1866
2305
2306Mrs. R. H. Davis
2307Davis, Rebecca Harding (Am. author)
23081840-
2309
2310F. Davison
2311Davison, Francis (Eng. statesman)
2312fl. 1600
2313
2314Davy
2315Davy, Sir Humphry (Eng. nat. philosopher)
23161778-1829
2317
2318T. Dawes
2319Dawes, Thomas (Am. judge)
23201757-1825
2321
2322Dawkins
2323Dawkins, Wm. Boyd (Brit. geol.)
23241838-
2325
2326B. Dawson
2327Dawson, Benj. (Eng. Presb. divine)
23281729-1814
2329
2330Day
2331Day, Jeremiah (Am. math.)
23321773-1867
2333
2334De Bary
2335De Bary, Heinrich Anton (Ger. bot.)
23361831-1888
2337
2338Decker
2339Decker or Dekker, Thomas (Eng. dramatist)
23401570?-1640
2341
2342The Declaration of Independence
2343(written by Thomas Jefferson, 1776).
2344ND
2345
2346De Colange
2347De Colange, Auguste Leo (Fr. poet and journalist)
23481819-
2349
2350J. Dee
2351Dee, John (Eng. math. and astrol.)
23521527-1608
2353
2354De Foe
2355De Foe, Daniel (Eng. writer)
23561661?-1731
2357
2358De Morgan
2359De Morgan, Augustus (Eng. math.)
23601806-1871
2361
2362Denham
2363Denham, Sir John (Eng. poet)
23641615-1669
2365
2366Dennis
2367Dennis, John (Eng. dram. and polit. writer)
23681657-1734
2369
2370De Quincey
2371DeQuincey, Thomas (Eng. author)
23721785-1859
2373
2374Derham
2375Derham, Wm. (Eng. philosopher)
23761657-1735
2377
2378E. Dering (1576)
2379Dering, Edwd. (Eng. Puritan divine)
2380-1576
2381
2382Sir E. Dering
2383Dering, Sir Edward (Eng. polit.)
23841598-1644
2385
2386Sir A. De Vere
2387De Vere, Sir Aubrey (Irish poet)
23881788-1846
2389
2390De Watteville
2391De Watteville, Armand (med. elec. in Eng.) [<i>Introd. to Med. Elec.</i>, Lond., 1878.]
2392ND
2393
2394Dewey
2395Dewey, Orville (Am. clergyman)
23961794-1882
2397
2398Dibdin
2399Dibdin, Thos. F. (Eng. bibliog.)
24001775-1848
2401
2402T. Dick
2403Dick, Thomas (Scot. author)
24041772-1857
2405
2406Dickens
2407Dickens, Charles (Eng. novelist)
24081812-1870
2409
2410Dict. of Education
2411Dictionary of Education (ed. by Henry Kiddle, and Alex. J. Schem, N. Y., 1877).
2412ND
2413
2414Diet's Dry Dinner (1599)
2415(notes on foods, with stories for the table, by Henry Buttes, or Butts).
2416ND
2417
2418Ld. Digby
2419Digby, Ld. Geo. (Eng. politician)
24201612-1676
2421
2422R. Digby
2423Digby, Robert (Eng. poet) [<i>Letter to Pope</i>]
2424-1726
2425
2426Sir K. Digby
2427Digby, Sir Kenelm (Eng. philosopher)
24281603-1665
2429
2430Digges (1579)
2431Digges, Leonard (Eng. math.)
2432-1573?
2433
2434I. Disraeli
2435Disraeli, Issac (Eng. misc. writer)
24361766-1848
2437
2438Ditton
2439Ditton, Humphrey (Eng. math.)
24401675-1715
2441
2442W. H. Dixon
2443Dixon, Wm. Hepworth (Eng. writer)
24441821-1879
2445
2446Doddridge
2447Doddridge, Philip (Eng. divine)
24481702-1751
2449
2450Dodsley
2451Dodsley, Robert (Eng. author)
24521703-1764
2453
2454A. E. Dolbear
2455Dolbear, Amos E. (Am. physicist)
24561837-
2457
2458Domat
2459Domat, Jean (Fr. jurist)
24601625-1696
2461
2462Domesday Book
2463See in the Dictionary.
2464ND
2465
2466Donaldson
2467Donaldson, John Wm. (Eng. classical scholar)
24681811-1861
2469
2470Donne
2471Donne, John (Eng. divine)
24721573-1631
2473
2474Dorset
2475Dorset, Chas. Sackville, 6th earl of
24761637-1706
2477
2478Douay version
2479Douay version of Bible. See in Dict.
2480ND
2481
2482Douce
2483Douce, Francis (Eng. antiquarian)
24841757-1834
2485
2486G. Douglas
2487Douglas, Gawin (Eng. translator)
24881474-1522
2489
2490E. Dowden
2491Dowden, Edward (British literary critic)
24921843-
2493
2494A. J. Downing
2495Downing, Andrew Jackson (Am. agric. writer)
24961815-1852
2497
2498Major Jack Downing
2499Downing, Major Jack, pseud. of Seba Smith (Am. journalist)
25001792-1868
2501
2502J. R. Drake
2503Drake, Joseph Rodman (Am. poet)
25041795-1820
2505
2506N. Drake
2507Drake, Nathan (Eng. writer)
25081766-1836
2509
2510Sir F. Drake
2511Drake, Sir Francis (Eng. navigator)
25121540?-1596
2513
2514Drant
2515Drant, Thos. (Eng. divine made first met. transl. of Horace, 1567)
2516-1578?
2517
2518J. W. Draper
2519Draper, John Wm. (Eng. philos. and scientist in America)
25201811-1882
2521
2522Sir W. Draper
2523Draper, Sir Wm. (Eng. controvers.)
25241721-1787
2525
2526Drayton
2527Drayton, Michael (Eng. poet)
25281563-1631
2529
2530Drummond
2531Drummond, Wm. of Hawthornden (Scot. poet)
25321585-1949
2533
2534A. Drummond
2535Drummond, Alex. (Eng. traveler)
2536-1769
2537
2538H. Drummond
2539Drummond, Henry (Scot. writer)
25401857?-1897
2541
2542Sir. W. Drummond
2543Drummond, Sir Wm. (Scot. diplom. and writer)
25441760?-1828
2545
2546Dryden
2547Dryden, John (Eng. poet)
25481631-1701
2549
2550C. Dryden
2551Dryden, Chas. (Son of J. Dryden, and translator of Juvenal)
25521666-1704
2553
2554J. Dryden, Jr.
2555Dryden, John, Jr. (Eng. translator)
25561668-1701
2557
2558Dryden & Lee
2559Dryden, John and Lee, Nathaniel. [<i>Oedipus</i>. <i>Duke of Guise</i>.]
2560ND
2561
2562Du Bartas (trans.)
2563Du Bartas, Guillaume Salluste (Fr. poet). [<i>Works, trans. by Sylvester</i>]
25641544-1590
2565
2566Dublin Univ. Mag.
2567Dublin University Magazine (estab. 1832).
2568ND
2569
2570Dubois-Reymond
2571Dubois-Reymond, Emil Henrich (Ger. writer on physical science)
25721818-1896
2573
2574Du Chaillu
2575Du Chaillu, Paul B. (Fr.-Am. trav.)
25761835-
2577
2578Lord Dufferin
2579Dufferin, Fred. Temple Blackwood, 1st earl of (Eng. statesman)
25801826-
2581
2582Dugard
2583Dugard, Wm. (Eng. teacher and poet)
25841606-1662
2585
2586Dugdale
2587Dugdale, Sir Wm. (Eng. antiq.)
25881605-1686
2589
2590R. L. Dugdale
2591Dugdale, Richard L. (Am. social scientist)
25921841-1883
2593
2594L. A. Duhring
2595Duhring, Louis A. (Am. physician)
25961845-
2597
2598W. Dunbar
2599Dunbar, Wm. (Scot. poet)
26001465?-1530?
2601
2602Dunglison
2603Dunglison, Robley (Am. physician). [<i>Med. Dict.</i>]
26041796-1869
2605
2606Dunlop
2607Dunlop, John Colin (Scot. lit. hist.)
2608-1842
2609
2610Duponceau
2611Duponceau, Peter Stephen (Am. legal writer, born in France)
26121760-1844
2613
2614Duppa
2615Duppa, Brian (Bp. of Salisbury)
26161588-1662
2617
2618D'Urfey
2619D'Urfey, Thomas (Eng. dramatist)
26201653-1723
2621
2622Dr. T. Dwight
2623Dwight, Timothy (Am. educator)
26241752-1817
2625
2626J. S. Dwight
2627Dwight, John S. (Am. mus. critic)
26281813-1893
2629
2630S. E. Dwight
2631Dwight, Sereno E. (Am. author)
26321786-1850
2633
2634Dyche
2635Dyche, Thomas (Eng. schoolmaster)
2636fl. 1719
2637
2638Dyer
2639Dyer, John (Brit. clerg. and poet)
26401700-1758
2641
2642T. H. Dyer
2643Dyer, Thomas Henry (Eng. hist.)
26441804-1888
2645
2646Eadie
2647Eadie, John (Eng. theologian)
26481810-1876
2649
2650Earle
2651Earle, John (Eng. scholar). [<i>Philol. of Eng. Tongue</i>, 1871]
26521824?-
2653
2654Bp. Earle
2655Earle, Bp. John (Eng. prelate)
26561601-1665
2657
2658East
2659East, Sir Edw. Hyde (chief justice of Calcutta)
26601764-1847
2661
2662C. L. Eastlake,
2663Eastlake, Sir Charles Locke (Eng. painter)
26641793-1865
2665
2666Eaton
2667Eaton, Amos (Am. physicist)
26681776-1842
2669
2670D. C. Eaton
2671Eaton, Daniel Cady (Am. botanist)
26721834-1895
2673
2674Echard
2675Echard, Laurence (Eng. divine)
26761671-1730
2677
2678Eclec. Rev.
2679Eclectic Review (estab., Eng. 1805).
2680ND
2681
2682Eden
2683Eden, Richd. (Eng. trans. of travels)
26841521?-1576
2685
2686Miss Edgeworth
2687Edgeworth, Maria (Eng. novelist)
26881767-1849
2689
2690R. Edgeworth
2691Edgeworth, Roger (Roman Catholic divine)
2692-ab. 1560
2693
2694Ed. Encyc.
2695Edinburgh Encyclopaedia (ediuted by Sir David Brewster, 1810-1839).
2696ND
2697
2698Ed. Rev.
2699Edinburgh Review (estab. 1802).
2700ND
2701
2702T. A. Edison
2703Edison, Thos. A. (Am. electrician)
27041847-
2705
2706Edwards
2707Edwards, Eliezer (Eng. compiler). [<i>Words, Facts, and Phrases</i>, 1881.]
2708ND
2709
2710A. B. Edwards
2711Edwards, Amelia Blandford (Eng. novelist and Egyptologist)
27121831-1892
2713
2714B. Edwards
2715Edwards, Bryan (Eng. writer in the West Indies)
27161743-1800
2717
2718J. Edwards
2719Edwards, Jonathan (Am. clerg. and metaphys.)
27201703-1758
2721
2722S. Edwards
2723Edwards, Henry Sutherland (Eng. author)
27241828-
2725
2726T. Edwards
2727Edwards, Thomas (Eng. critic)
27281699?-1737??
2729
2730E. Eggleston
2731Eggleston, Edward (Am. writer)
27321837-
2733
2734Eikon Basilike
2735Portraiture of Chas. I. (attributed to Bp. Gauden).
2736ND
2737
2738Lord Eldon
2739Eldon, John Scott (Eng. lord chancellor)
27401751-1838
2741
2742Eliot (1809)
2743Eliot, John. [<i>New Eng. Biog. Dict.</i>]
27441754-1813
2745
2746G. Eliot
2747pseud. of Mary Ann (b. Evans) Lewes (later, Cross) (Eng. nov.)
27481820-1880
2749
2750Queen Elizabeth
2751Elizabeth, queen of England
27521533-1603
2753
2754Ld. Ellenborough
2755Ellenborough, Edward Law (lord chief justice of Eng.)
27561750-1818
2757
2758C. J. Ellicott
2759Ellicott, Charles John (Eng. com.)
27601819-
2761
2762Ellis
2763Ellis, George (Eng. misc. writer)
27641753-1815
2765
2766A. J. Ellis
2767Ellis, Alex. John (Eng. philol. and writer on phonetics)
27681814-1890
2769
2770J. Ellis
2771Ellis, John (vicar of St. Catherine's, Dublin)
2772fl. 1743
2773
2774O. Ellsworth
2775Ellsworth, Oliver (chief justice of U. S.)
27761745-1807
2777
2778T. Ellwood
2779Ellwood, Thomas (Eng. Quaker)
27801639-1713
2781
2782Elmes
2783Elmes, James (Eng. writer on art)
27841782-1862
2785
2786Elton
2787Elton, Chas. Isaac (Eng. jurist)
27881839-
2789
2790Sir T. Elyot
2791Elyot, Sir Thomas (Eng. writer)
27921490?-1546
2793
2794Emerson
2795Emerson, Ralph Waldo (Amer. essayist and philosopher)
27961803-1882
2797
2798Encyc. Brit.
2799Encyclop<ae/dia Britannica (9th. edition, also 8th).
2800ND
2801
2802Encyc. Dict.
2803Encyclop<ae/dic Dictionary (ed. by Robert Hunter, 1879-1888).
2804ND
2805
2806<! p. x ty=CM !>
2807
2808Encyc. Dom. Econ.
2809Encyclop<ae/dia of Domestic Economy (ed. by Thos. Webster, 1845)
2810ND
2811
2812Encyc. of Rural Sports
2813(ed. by J. H. Walsh, 1st Am. edition).
2814ND
2815
2816Eng. Cyc.
2817English Cyclop<ae/dia, (1795-1801).
2818ND
2819
2820Eng. Statute
2821Act of Henry VIII. (cited fr. Johnson's Dict.).
2822ND
2823
2824Enfield
2825Enfield, Wm. (Eng. divine)
28261741-1797
2827
2828Entick
2829Entick, John (Eng. misc. writer)
28301713-1773
2831
2832Erskine
2833Erskine, John (Scot. prof. of law)
28341695-1768
2835
2836Lord Erskine
2837Erskine, Thomas (lord chancellor of Eng.)
28381750-1823
2839
2840Eton
2841Eton, Wm. (Eng. writer in Turkey)
2842fl. 1800
2843
2844Euclid
2845Euclid of Alexandria (geom.)
2846fl. B. C. 300
2847
2848Eusden
2849Eusden, Lawrence (Eng. poet and transl.)
2850-1730
2851
2852Eustace
2853Eustace, John Chetwode (R. C. divine)
28541765?-1815
2855
2856Evans
2857Evans, John (Brit. antiquary)
28581823-
2859
2860J. Evarts
2861Evarts, Jeremiah (Am. writer)
28621781-1831
2863
2864Evelyn
2865Evelyn, John (Eng. diarist)
28661620-1706
2867
2868Everest
2869Everest, Chas. Wm. (Am. clerg. and poet)
28701814-1877
2871