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path: root/lib/reqsign.c
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/* This file is part of Eclat.
   Copyright (C) 2012-2018 Sergey Poznyakoff.
 
   Eclat is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 3, or (at your option)
   any later version.
 
   Eclat is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.
 
   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with Eclat.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>. */

#include <config.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <time.h>
#include "libeclat.h"
#include "sha256.h"
#include "grecs.h"

struct pname {
	size_t i;
	char **a;
};

static int
get_param_name(void *sym, void *data)
{
	struct grecs_syment *se = sym;
	struct pname *pn = data;
	pn->a[pn->i++] = se->name;
	return 0;
}

static int
compnames(const void *a, const void *b)
{
	char * const *ac = a;
	char * const *bc = b;
	return strcmp(*ac, *bc);
}

static void
requestsign2(struct ec2_request *req, char *secret)
{
	char **pnames;
	size_t i, n;
	struct grecs_txtacc *acc;
	struct pname pn;
	char *str;
	char digest[SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE];
	char *signature;
	size_t siglen;
	const char *verb;
	char tsbuf[22];
	time_t t;
	
	acc = grecs_txtacc_create();

	/* Add default parameters */
	eclat_request_add_param(req, "AWSAccessKeyId", req->access_key);
	eclat_request_add_param(req, "SignatureMethod", "HmacSHA256");
	eclat_request_add_param(req, "SignatureVersion", "2");
	if (req->token)
		eclat_request_add_param(req, "SecurityToken", req->token);

	time(&t);
	strftime(tsbuf, sizeof(tsbuf), "%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%SZ", gmtime(&t));
	eclat_request_add_param(req, "Timestamp", tsbuf);

	eclat_request_encode(req);
	
	/* Collect and sort parameter names */
	n = grecs_symtab_count(req->params);
	pnames = grecs_calloc(n, sizeof(pnames[0]));
	pn.i = 0;
	pn.a = pnames;
	grecs_symtab_foreach(req->params, get_param_name, &pn);
	qsort(pnames, n, sizeof(pnames[0]), compnames);

	verb = (req->flags & EC2_RF_POST) ? "POST" : "GET";
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, verb);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '\n');
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, req->endpoint);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '\n');
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, req->uri);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '\n');

	/* Append a canonicalized request string */
	for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
		struct ec2_param *p, key;

		key.name = pnames[i];
		p = grecs_symtab_lookup_or_install(req->params, &key, NULL);
		if (!p)
			abort();
		if (i != 0)
			grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '&');
		grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, p->name);
		if (p->value) {
			grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '=');
			grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, p->value);
		}
	}
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, 0);
	str = grecs_txtacc_finish(acc, 0);

	hmac_sha256(str, strlen(str), secret, strlen(secret), digest);

	eclat_base64_encode((unsigned char *)digest, sizeof(digest),
			    (unsigned char**) &signature, &siglen);
	eclat_request_add_param_encoded(req, "Signature", signature);
	free(signature);
	
	grecs_txtacc_free(acc);
	free(pnames);

/*FIXME
	t += req->ttl;
	strftime(tsbuf, sizeof(tsbuf), "%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%SZ", gmtime(&t));
	eclat_request_add_param(req, "Expires", tsbuf);
*/
}

void
eclat_hex_encode(unsigned char *input, size_t inlen,
		 char **poutput, size_t *poutlen)
{
	size_t l = inlen * 2;
	char *p = grecs_malloc(l + 1);

	*poutput = p;
	*poutlen = l;

	while (inlen--) {
		static char xdig[] = "0123456789abcdef";
		unsigned c = *input++;

		*p++ = xdig[c >> 4];
		*p++ = xdig[c & 0xf];
	}
	*p = 0;
}
		
/* Ref. http://docs.aws.amazon.com/general/latest/gr/sigv4-create-canonical-request.html
 */
static void
requestsign4(struct ec2_request *req, char *secret)
{
	char **pnames;
	struct pname pn;
	size_t i, n;
	struct grecs_txtacc *acc;
	char digest[SHA256_DIGEST_SIZE];
	const char *verb;
	char tsbuf[22];
	time_t t;
	char *p;
	char const *payload;
	char *hashstr = NULL;
	size_t hashsize = 0;
	char *string_to_sign;
	static char algostr[] = "AWS4-HMAC-SHA256";
	static char termstr[] = "aws4_request";
	char *canonical_req;
	static char *signed_headers = "host;x-amz-date";
	char *credential;
	char *signature;
	struct sha256_ctx ctx;
	char *service;
	size_t service_len;

	service = req->endpoint;
	service_len = strcspn(service, ".");
	
	/* Create text accumulator */
	acc = grecs_txtacc_create();

	/* Timestamp */
	time(&t);
	strftime(tsbuf, sizeof(tsbuf), "%Y%m%dT%H%M%SZ", gmtime(&t));

	/* Build credential */	
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, req->access_key);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '/');
	grecs_txtacc_grow(acc, tsbuf, 8); /* %Y%m%d part only */
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '/');
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, req->region);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '/');
	grecs_txtacc_grow(acc, service, service_len);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '/');
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, termstr);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, 0);
	credential = grecs_txtacc_finish(acc, 0);
	
	eclat_request_add_header(req, "Host", req->endpoint);
	eclat_request_add_header(req, "X-Amz-Date", tsbuf);

	/* Encode the request */
	eclat_request_encode(req);

	/* Collect and sort parameter names */
	n = grecs_symtab_count(req->params);
	pnames = grecs_calloc(n, sizeof(pnames[0]));
	pn.i = 0;
	pn.a = pnames;
	grecs_symtab_foreach(req->params, get_param_name, &pn);
	qsort(pnames, n, sizeof(pnames[0]), compnames);

        /* Create a canonical request */
	verb = (req->flags & EC2_RF_POST) ? "POST" : "GET";
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, verb);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '\n');
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, req->uri);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '\n');
	/* Append canonicalized request string */
	for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
		struct ec2_param *p, key;

		key.name = pnames[i];
		p = grecs_symtab_lookup_or_install(req->params, &key, NULL);
		if (!p)
			abort();
		if (i != 0)
			grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '&');
		grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, p->name);
		if (p->value) {
			grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '=');
			grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, p->value);
		}
	}
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '\n');
	
	/* CanonicalHeaders */
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, "host");
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, ':');
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, req->endpoint);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '\n');

	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, "x-amz-date");
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, ':');
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, tsbuf);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '\n');
	
	/*   end of headers */
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '\n');
	/* Signed Headers */
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, signed_headers);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '\n');
	/* Payload hash */
	if (req->flags & EC2_RF_POST) {
		payload = req->postdata;
	} else
		payload = "";

	sha256_init_ctx(&ctx);
	sha256_process_bytes(payload, strlen(payload), &ctx);
	sha256_finish_ctx(&ctx, digest);
	
	eclat_hex_encode((unsigned char *)digest, sizeof(digest),
			 &hashstr, &hashsize);
	grecs_txtacc_grow(acc, hashstr, hashsize);
	free(hashstr);

	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, 0);
	canonical_req = grecs_txtacc_finish(acc, 0);

	sha256_init_ctx(&ctx);
	sha256_process_bytes(canonical_req, strlen(canonical_req), &ctx);
	sha256_finish_ctx(&ctx, digest);
	eclat_hex_encode((unsigned char *)digest, sizeof(digest),
			 &canonical_req, &hashsize);
	
        /* Create a string to sign */
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, algostr);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '\n');
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, tsbuf);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '\n');
	/*   credential scope: */
	grecs_txtacc_grow(acc, tsbuf, 8); /* %Y%m%d part only */
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '/');
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, req->region);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '/');
	grecs_txtacc_grow(acc, service, service_len);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '/');
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, termstr);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, '\n');

	/*   hashed request */
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, canonical_req);
	
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, 0);
	string_to_sign = grecs_txtacc_finish(acc, 0);
	
	/* Derive a signing key */
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, "AWS4");
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, secret);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, 0);
	p = grecs_txtacc_finish(acc, 0);
	
	hmac_sha256(tsbuf, 8, p, strlen(p), digest);
	hmac_sha256(req->region, strlen(req->region), digest, sizeof(digest), 
		    digest);
	hmac_sha256(service, service_len, digest, sizeof(digest), 
		    digest);
	hmac_sha256(termstr, strlen(termstr), digest, sizeof(digest),
		    digest);

	/* Calculate the signature */
	hmac_sha256(string_to_sign, strlen(string_to_sign),
		    digest, sizeof(digest),
		    digest);
	eclat_hex_encode((unsigned char *)digest, sizeof(digest),
			 &signature, &hashsize);

	if (req->token)
		eclat_request_add_header(req, "X-Amz-Security-Token", req->token);
	
	/* Build authorization header */
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, algostr);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, " Credential=");
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, credential);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, ", SignedHeaders=");
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, signed_headers);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, ", Signature=");
	grecs_txtacc_grow_string(acc, signature);
	grecs_txtacc_grow_char(acc, 0);
	p = grecs_txtacc_finish(acc, 0);
	eclat_request_add_header(req, "Authorization", p);
	
	free(signature);
	grecs_txtacc_free(acc);
	/* Encode the request */
	eclat_request_encode(req);
}


struct qsimpl {
	char *qs_version;
	void (*qs_fun)(struct ec2_request *, char *);
};

static struct qsimpl qstab[] = {
	{ "2", requestsign2 },
	{ "4", requestsign4 },
	{ NULL }
};

void
eclat_request_sign(struct ec2_request *req, char *secret, char *version)
{
	struct qsimpl *qs;

	for (qs = qstab; qs->qs_version && strcmp(qs->qs_version, version);
	     qs++)
		;

	if (qs->qs_version)
		qs->qs_fun(req, secret);
	else {
		err("INTERNAL ERROR: unsupported version %s", version);
		abort();
	}
}

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